Board of Directors Approved Minutes: December 7-9, 2001

Present: Norine G. Johnson, PhD; Philip G. Zimbardo, PhD; Patrick H. DeLeon, PhD, JD; Ronald F. Levant, EdD; Gerald P. Koocher, PhD; Raymond D. Fowler, PhD; Laura H. Barbanel, EdD; Charles L. Brewer, PhD; ; Katherine C. Nordal, PhD; J. Bruce Overmier, PhD; Ruth Ullmann Paige, PhD; and Nathan W. Perry, PhD; incoming Board members Carol D. Goodheart, EdD, and Robert J. Sternberg, PhD

Absent: None.


I. MINUTES OF MEETING

A.(1) The Board voted to approve the minutes of the August 22 & 25, 2001, meeting of the Board of Directors.


II. ELECTIONS, AWARDS, MEMBERSHIP AND HUMAN RESOURCES

A.(2) The Board voted to refer the item “Prohibiting the Running for Two Offices Simultaneously” to the March 2002 Cross-Cutting Agenda, the Division Leadership Conference and State Leadership Conference for discussion. The Board requested that the item be brought back to the Board at its June 2002 meeting.

B.(3) The Board voted to approve changing the order of appearance of presidential candidates in the APA Monitor on Psychology beginning in 2003. Candidates names will be chosen randomly by the Chair of the Election Committee for the order in which they will appear in the first issue of the APA Monitor on Psychology and then will be rotated into the next position for subsequent issues of the Monitor on Psychology and on the ballot.


C.(4) The Board voted to reject the following motion:


That all President-elect and Board of Directors campaign materials to be provided at the February Council meeting be distributed in one packet by Governance Affairs staff. Potential President-elect and Board of Directors candidates will be informed that they shall provide to Governance Affairs staff any campaign materials they wish to distribute to Council and that they are prohibited from distributing materials at the Council meetings themselves.

D.(5) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve amending Association Rule 40-1.8 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):


The appointment of an alternate representative [other than an officer within the] for a voting unit shall be certified in writing to the Recording Secretary in advance of the [meeting at which the alternate is seated] alternate representative being seated. The certification shall be from [the president or secretary] an officer or director of the voting unit so represented[, or shall make clear by what authority or custom the appointment has been made] or from a person authorized in writing by the voting unit to make such appointments. Consistent with the APA Bylaws, an alternate representative shall be a member of the voting unit who is also a member of APA and shall not be a member who has served as a Council representative for the six consecutive years prior to the year in which they serve as an alternate

E.(6) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following motion:


(1) candidates for the APA Board of Directors will have an opportunity to submit a statement of 500 words (or less) when they return their questionnaire indicating interest in nomination. These statements will be mailed to members of Council with the nomination ballots; (2) these statements will also be posted on the APA-website with the permission of each individual, and (3) the Council of Representatives encourages candidates and final nominees for the APA Board of Directors to utilize the above standard mechanisms that are designed to inform Council members of their unique qualifications and interests relevant to the respective governance groups and discourages nominees from engaging in additional direct campaigning efforts. All actions will be approved for a three-year trial basis. An evaluation of these actions in meeting their intended outcomes will be presented to Council after the completion of three election cycles, by the Election Committee.

The Board noted that the proposal is too restrictive.

F.(7) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following motion:


(1) nominees for each APA board or committee (excluding the Board of Directors) elected by Council members will be invited to submit a statement of 300 words (or less) that will accompany election ballots; (2) nominees for each APA board or committee (excluding the Board of Directors) will be also have the option of having their statement posted on the APA website; and (3) the Council of Representatives encourages nominees for each APA board or committee (excluding the Board of Directors) to utilize the above mechanisms that are designed to inform Council members of their unique qualifications and interests relevant to the respective governance groups and discourages nominees from engaging in additional direct campaigning efforts. All actions will be approved for a three-year trial basis. An evaluation of these actions in meeting their intended outcomes will be presented to Council after the completion of three election cycles, by the Election Committee.

The Board noted that the proposal is too restrictive.

G.(8) The Board postponed the item “Membership Recruitment and Retention Fund Proposal” to its February 2002 meeting. The Board requested that additional information regarding the proposal be provided.

H. In executive session, the Board took the following action on appointments:

  1. Approved Elizabeth Lira Kornfeld as the recipient of the 2002 APA International Humanitarian Award.

  2. Approved the appointment of Frederick R. Kobrick as a non-voting member of the Finance Committee for a term beginning 1/1/2002 and ending 12/31/2004.

  3. Approved the appointment of Patricia Hollander as a non-voting member of the Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology for a term beginning 1/1/2002 and ending 12/31/2004.

  4. Approved the appointment of Max Heinrich, PhD, as APA's representative to the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' Behavioral Health Care Professional Technical Advisory Committee (JCAHO PTAC) and Richard Hunter, PhD, as alternate representative, for terms beginning 1/1/2002 and ending 12/31/2003.

  5. Approved the appointment of Nicole B. Barenbaum, PhD, to the History Oversight Committee for a term beginning 1/1/2002 and ending 12/31/2004.

  6. Approved the appointments of Natacha Blain, JD, PhD, Robert T. Kinscherff, JD, PhD, and Sandra B. McPherson, PhD, to the Committee on Legal Issues for terms beginning 1/1/2002 and ending 12/31/2004.

  7. Approved appointments to continuing committees. Terms will begin 1/1/2002 and end 12/31/04, except where noted. See Attachment A for list of appointments.


III. ETHICS

A.(31) The Board received an update on work by the Ethics Code Task Force in the ongoing revision of the Ethics Code.

B.(32) The Board received an update regarding the Ethics Committee's plan to award a prize for a graduate student paper on psychology and ethics.

C. In executive session, the Board took action on seven cases.

D. In executive session, the Board voted to approve the following revisions to the Ethics Committee's Rules and Procedures (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):


Part III, Section 2.1.

Specific Jurisdiction. The Ethics Committee has the authority to review and make recommendations concerning all applications for readmission by persons who have lost membership as a result of unethical behavior, who have resigned while under an ethics investigation, or whose membership was voided because it was obtained on the basis of false or fraudulent information. The Membership Committee shall transmit all such applications for readmission to the Director of the Ethics Office.


Part IV, Section 6.

Review and Recommendation by the Committee Following a [Response] Request for Review . Upon receipt of the respondent's [response] request for review and supporting statement and upon conclusion of any necessary further investigation, the case shall be reviewed by the Ethics Committee. (Note: No changes to remainder of this section.)


IV. BOARD OF DIRECTORS

A.(9) The Board approved the following meeting dates for 2003: February 12 & 13, April 25-27 (retreat), June 6-8, August 5 & 9, October 10-12 (retreat), December 5-7.

B.(10) The Board took emergency action and approved the following Resolution on Terrorism:

WHEREAS On September 11, 2001, terrorists hijacked four commercial airplanes and attacked the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in the Washington, DC, area and crashed the fourth plane in rural Pennsylvania;
WHEREAS Those attacks caused the deaths of thousands and great destruction of property;

WHEREAS The physical impact of terrorism is death and destruction; its behavioral effects include disorganization, fear, anger, a sense of helplessness, loss of confidence, and problems in coping;

WHEREAS The fear of anthrax contamination has heightened these psychological states;

WHEREAS Different segments of our diverse society use different methods of coping with and managing stress, some being more comfortable with individually-focussed methods like behavioral, affective and cognitive self-management and relaxation techniques, while others are more comfortable receiving support from their extended families, communities and places of worship.

WHEREAS Psychology as a discipline and a profession has much that it can contribute through application of psychological knowledge and expertise;

WHEREAS The events of September 11 have led to a dramatic increase in the incidence of hate crimes based on ethnicity, ranging from harassment at work to murder;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Psychological Association, an organization devoted to the promotion of health and well being, calls upon the psychology community to work toward an end to terrorism in all its manifestations;

Be it further resolved that the American Psychological Association:

Encourages its members to use their knowledge and expertise to help alleviate the public's high levels of stress, anxiety, fear and insecurity and to mobilize the public's strength and resilience to cope with terrorism and its aftermaths;

Provides relevant information to its members which will enable them to reduce the public's high levels of anxiety, fear, stress and insecurity;

Advocates at the congressional and executive levels for increased use of behavioral experts and behavioral knowledge in dealing with both the threat and impact of terrorism;

Encourages increased support for behavioral research that will produce greater understanding of the roots of terrorism and the methods to defeat it, including earlier identification of terrorists and the prevention of the development of terrorism and its related activities;

Encourages increased research, treatment and prevention of trauma-related and disaster-induced problems among children, adolescents and adults;

Encourages ways to develop stress management, fear management and support programs specifically designed to help citizens deal with the continuing threat of terrorism;

Condemns prejudice leading to harassment, violence and hate crimes.


Council will be informed at its February 2002 meeting of the emergency action taken by the Board.

The Board also voted to allocate 2 of its 2002 convention hours for a Symposium and Town Hall Meeting on Psychology Responds to the Threat and Impact of Terrorism sponsored by the APA Board of Directors Subcommittee on Psychology's Response to Terrorism.

C(11). The Board voted to allocate $33,000 from the President's contingency fund to support the 2002 presidential initiative “Psychology Making a Significant Difference: Psychological Science and Research Enrich Our Lives” and $2,000 from the President's contingency fund to support a reception for ethnic minority students in the Division 45 hospitality suite at the 2002 APA convention.

D.(12) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the addition of $77,000 to the 2002 Final Budget to 1) enhance central office research capabilities and 2) provide electronic access to APA journals and research tools for the Congressional Research Office.

E.(12A) The Board requested that a plan be brought to the Board in February 2002 regarding a request for new staff to work with issues on Psychology and Health.

F.(33) The Board received as information the annual report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Early Career Psychologists.

G.(34) The Board received an update regarding the activities of the Board of Professional Affairs in relation to APA guidelines.

H. In executive session, the Board discussed the coordination of Board activities relating to terrorism.

I. In executive session, the Board took action on the following Psychology Defense Fund Case:


#2001-6: On recommendation of the Executive Management Group, the Board voted to grant $15,000 to the Missouri Psychological Association to help fund their pursuing a lawsuit against the Missouri Department of Social Services, Division of Medical Services.

J. In executive session, the Board voted to recommend that Council approve and forward to the membership for a vote the following amendments to the APA Bylaws to provide that an APAGS Representative serve as a voting member of Council and non-voting member of the Board of Directors (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):


ARTICLE V: Composition of the Council of Representatives

  1. Council shall be composed of Representatives of Divisions, Representatives of State and Provincial Psychological Associations, members of the Board of Directors [and] the Officers of the Association (the chief staff officer shall serve without vote), and the APAGS Representative….

  2. The APAGS Representative shall begin his or her term on Council in January of their term as Chair of the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students Committee and will serve for a term of one year.

ARTICLE VII: Board of Directors

  1. The Board of Directors shall consist of the President, the President-Elect, the Past-President, the Recording Secretary, the Treasurer, the Chief Staff Officer (without vote), the APAGS Representative to the Council of Representatives (without vote), and six others elected by a preferential ballot by those Members and from those Members holding seats on Council during the year immediately preceding the election. Directors not serving ex officio shall serve for staggered terms of three years. All members of the Board of Directors shall serve until their successors are elected and qualify.
    An item will be forwarded to Council in August 2002 after the Finance Committee has reviewed the item.


V. DIVISIONS AND STATE AND PROVINCIAL ASSOCIATIONS

A.(13) The Board voted to recommend that the Council of Representatives approve the American Society for the Advancement of Pharmacotherapy, Division 55 of the American Psychological Association, as a permanent APA division.


VI. ORGANIZATION OF THE APA

No items.


VII. PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS

A. In executive session, the Board discussed the report of the Board of Directors American Psychologist Task Force. The Board voted to approve the continuation of the model of having the Chief Executive Officer serve as the editor of the American Psychologist. The Board also approved the following revised editorial coverage statement:


The American Psychologist is the official journal of the American Psychological Association. As such, the journal contains archival documents and articles covering current issues in psychology, covering the science and practice of psychology, and regarding psychology's contribution to public policy.
Archival and Association documents include, but are not limited to, the annual report of the Association, Council minutes, the Presidential address, editorials, other reports of the Association, ethics information, surveys of the membership, employment data, obituaries, calendars of events, announcements, and selected award addresses.

Articles published cover all aspects of psychology. Submissions should be current, timely, and of interest to the broad APA membership; they should be written in a style that is accessible to and of interest to all psychologists, regardless of area of specialization. American Psychologist contributions often address national and international policy issues as well as topics relevant to Association policy and activities. The first step in the AP editorial review process is performed by the AP editor/APA CEO. Approximately 70% of author-submitted manuscripts are returned without review within 30 days for a host of reasons: empirical manuscript more appropriate for one of the APA primary journals; topic of the manuscript or style of the writing too narrow for the broad AP readership; topic of the manuscript recently covered in the AP; inappropriate content or style; or other, more typical reasons such as not a major contribution to the field or simply not written well enough. As the official journal of the APA, AP does not publish papers advocating policies contrary to officially adopted APA policy, although debates of the evidence supporting such policies may appear from time to time.

Comments on the policies of the Association and articles published in the American Psychologist are also considered for the AP Comment section.


VIII. CONVENTION AFFAIRS

A.(14) The Board voted to approve Boston, Massachusetts, as the site for the 2008 Convention to be held within the period of Thursday, August 14 to Tuesday, August 19, 2008, as determined by the approved convention structure. The Board recommended that the Board of Convention Affairs book conventions earlier so as not to conflict with the start of the school year.


IX. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(15) The Board voted to approve the following motion:

The Board of Directors directs the Board of Professional Affairs, the Board of Educational Affairs, the Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice, and relevant staff to develop an implementation plan for recommendations C-J of the Commission on Education and Training Leading to Licensure in Psychology. The implementation plan should describe the resources necessary to implement the various programmatic activities and infrastructure recommendations and the extent to which the recommendations may be implemented using existing resources. The implementation plan should be presented to the Board of Directors at its June 2002 meeting for its use in making a recommendation to Council on the Commission recommendations.

B.(16) The Board voted to recommend that the Council of Representatives confirm the recognition of Family Psychology as a specialty in professional psychology.

C.(17) The Board voted to approve the proposed changes to the Guidelines and Principles for Accreditation of Programs in Professional Psychology (G&P) and the Accreditation Operating Procedures. The Board noted the policy changes were minor and therefore did not require Council approval.

D.(18) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following motion:


In order to realize the benefits that would accrue from more uniform education and training standards, the American Psychological Association (APA) urges all U.S. and Canadian jurisdictions to seek changes in administrative policies and regulations and, where necessary, in law that would require all health service provider applicants for licensure to have completed a doctoral training program in psychology that is accredited by an accrediting body recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education (or comparable recognition in Canada). The Association adopts this position as official policy and calls upon its affiliated state and provincial psychological associations, state and provincial regulatory bodies, the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB), the Council of Graduate Departments of Psychology (COGDOP), the Councils of Training Directors in Psychology, and the National Council of Schools of Professional Psychology (NCSPP) to endorse and support the implementation of the policy.

E.(19) The item “APA/CPA Memorandum of Understanding for Concurrent Accreditation” was withdrawn.

F.(35) The Board received information regarding the creation of an Undergraduate Advisory Panel.

G.(36) The Board received an update on the Task Force for Distance Education in Professional Psychology.

H.(37) The Board was informed of the decision by the Committee on Accreditation to retain Footnote 4 of the Guidelines and Principles for Accreditation of Programs in Professional Psychology.

I.(38) The Board received an update on recent activities of the Board of Educational Affairs regarding the Committee on Accreditation.


X. PROFESSIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(20) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following motion:


That the Council of Representatives recommends that existing APA and Divisional guidelines be re-titled, terming them “considerations” and to title all future such documents with this term.

B.(21) The item, “AACAP Policy Statement on Juvenile Death Sentences” was withdrawn.


XI. SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS

A.(39) The Board received an update on Science Directorate activities in the areas of research regulations and institutional review boards.


XII. PUBLIC INTEREST

A.(22) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the report of the Working Group on Children's Mental Health and refer the report to the Committee on Children, Youth and Families for consideration of specific proposals.

B.(23) The Board voted to recommend that Council adopt the following Resolution on Ageism:


WHEREAS ageism is defined as prejudice toward, stereotyping of, and/or discrimination against any person or persons directly and solely as a function of their having attained a chronological age which the social group defines as “old”; and

WHEREAS psychologists have documented the role of ageism in assessment and treatment of older adults, the degree to which aging does (or does not) affect human behavior and performance, the effects of age stereotypes, the extent to which ageism is a factor in workplace discrimination, among other concerns related to age and behavior; and

WHEREAS over the past several years APA has affirmed its opposition to discrimination and stereotyping based on gender, race, physical disability, sexual orientation, and ethnicity; and

WHEREAS most recently (February 1999) APA affirmed by Council resolution its support of Affirmative Action and equal opportunity for all persons regardless of race, gender, age, religion, disability, sexual orientation and national origin; and

WHEREAS APA embraces diversity in all efforts and programs and recognizes the dimension of age as an important element of diversity;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Psychological Association rejects ageism in all its forms and is committed to support efforts to eliminate it from our society.

References

Calasanti, T.M. (1999) Feminism and gerontology: Not just for women. Hallym International Journal of Aging, 1, 44-56.

Kimmel, D.C. (1988) Ageism, psychology, and public policy. American Psychologist, 43,175-178.

Laws, G. (1995) Understanding ageism: Lessons from feminism and postmodernism. The Gerontologist, 35, 112-118.

Palmore, E. (1990). Ageism, negative and positive. New York: Springer.

Schaie, K.W. (1988). Ageism in psychological research. American Psychologist, 43, 179-183.


C.(40) The Board received as information a report on the meeting Sexual Orientation and Mental Health: Toward Global Perspectives on Practice and Policy, International Meeting on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Concerns in Psychology.

D.(41) The Board receive an update on the activities of the Task Force on Advertising and Children.

E.(42) The Board received information regarding the APA response to recent correspondence to the APA President and President-elect from the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality.


XIII. ETHNIC MINORITY AFFAIRS

No items.


XIV. INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(24) The Board postponed to its February 2002 meeting the item, “Draft Resolution on the Mexico City Policy.”


XV. CENTRAL OFFICE

No items.


XVI. FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

A.(25) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following motion:


Council approves the Proposed 2002 Final Budget calling for a net bottom-line deficit of $1,585,600.

In addition, Council supports the passage of this budget authorizing management to do what is necessary to ensure that the deficit for 2002 is no greater than the $1,585,600 deficit being proposed at this time and asks that the CEO develop a plan to achieve a balanced budget by 2004 including substantial progress toward a balanced budget in 2003.

B.(26) The Board voted to recommend changing the name “contingency fund” to “discretionary fund” and requested that relevant Association Rule changes be drafted and provided to the Board and Council for action.

The Board voted to postpone action on the recommendations that an allowance pool be included in the budget to provide funding of core and fully loaded costs for contingency (discretionary) requests and that the core and fully loaded costs be included in each agenda item with fiscal implications beginning in 2002.

C.(27) The item, “APA Dues Payment Mechanisms/Options” was withdrawn.

D.(28) The Board postponed the item “Association Wide Operational Review” until additional information is received.

E.(29) The Board voted to approve, in principle, that:

  1. the Sponsor Approval System (a) be managed to strive to generate over time an average 10% profit margin after overhead beginning in 2003; (b) be made to increase the profit margin in 2002 from 3% to 5% to the extent possible; and (c) be managed in a way that future fee increase not be disproportionately imposed on affiliated sponsors to the extent possible. 2) the CE Credit Programs (a) be managed to strive to generate over time an average of 5% profit margin after overhead beginning with 2002; and (b) be managed whereby the least profitable activities be considered for elimination if it is deemed necessary to meet the establish goal.
    The Board requested that relevant Association Rule changes be drafted and provided to the Board in June 2002.

F.(43) The Board received as information the report from the Finance Committee on the annual review of the employee compensation package.


XVII. COMMUNICATIONS CONCERNING OUTSIDE ORGANIZATIONS

A.(30) The Board voted to postpone the item “Facilitating APA/ABA Relations” to its February 2002 meeting.