Board of Directors Approved Minutes: December 12-14, 2008

Approved Minutes

Present: Alan E. Kazdin, PhD; James H. Bray, PhD; Sharon Stephens Brehm, PhD; Barry S. Anton, PhD; Paul L. Craig, PhD; Norman B. Anderson, PhD; Armand R. Cerbone, PhD, Lisa Grossman, JD, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Nadia T. Hasan, MA; Suzanne Bennett Johnson, PhD; Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD; Michael Wertheimer, PhD; and incoming Board members Rosie Phillips Bingham, PhD; Jean A. Carter, PhD; Carol D. Goodheart, EdD; and Konjit V. Page, MS.

Absent: None.

I. Minutes of Meeting

A.(1) The Board voted to approve the minutes of the August 12 & 16, 2008, Board of Directors Meeting.

II. Elections, Awards, Membership and Human Resources

A.(2) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following motion:

That Council requests that dual discount currently offered to APA members who are also members of the American Psychological Society (APS) or a member of any one of the organizations that are part of the Federation of Behavioral, Psychological and Cognitive Sciences (Federation) be eliminated beginning in 2010.

B.(3) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following main motion:

That Council approve the inclusion of the Society for Neuroscience on the list of predominantly psychological science organizations that participate in the APA dual membership discount dues program.

The Board recommended rejection in light of its recommendation to eliminate the dual membership discount for APS and Federation members beginning in 2010.

C. In executive session, the Board took action on the following nominations/appointments:

1. Appointed Ian Nicholson, PhD, to serve a three-year term (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) on the History Oversight Committee.

2. Appointed Oksana Yakusho, PhD, and Michael Edwards, PhD, to serve three-year terms (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) on the Committee on Early Career Psychologists.

3. Appointed Mary Alice Conroy, PhD, David DeMatteo, JD, PhD, and Eugene F. Griffin, JD, PhD, to serve three-year terms (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) on the Committee on Legal Issues.

4. Appointed Steven C. Howell to serve a three-year term (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) as the non- voting audit/finance community member on the Finance Committee.

5. Approved Ronald E. Fox, PhD, as the recipient of the 2009 Raymond D. Fowler Award for Outstanding Contributions to APA – Member.

6. Approved the continuing committee appointments.

7. Appointed Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD, to fill a vacancy on APAIT for a term that begins immediately and ends on 12/31/2009. Dr. Craig recused from voting on this item.

8. Appointed Deanna Chitayat, PhD, to serve a five-year term (1/1/2010-12/31/2014) as APA NGO Main Representative to the United Nations.

9. Appointed Norma Simon, EdD, to serve a three-year term (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) as Department of Public Information Representative to the United Nations.Appointed Sherry Dingman, PhD, Susan Nolan, PhD, and Susan Stepakoff, PhD, to serve five-year terms (1/1/2009-12/31/2013) as APA NGO Representatives to the United Nations.

 

D. In executive session, the Board was informed that APAIT reappointed Jana Martin, PhD, Richard Morris, PhD, and Mr. Gary Smith (one of the Trustees with insurance experience) to serve three-year terms (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) on the APA Insurance Trust.

III. Ethics

A.(28) The Board received information regarding the activities of the Joint APA/ASPPB Task Force on Licensing Boards and Ethics Committees.

B. In executive session, the Board took action on three Ethics cases.

IV. Board of Directors

A.(4) The Board voted to approve the allocation of $38,500 from the president's discretionary fund to be used to support Dr. James Bray's 2009 presidential initiatives: The Future of Psychology Practice, The Future of Psychology Science Education and Homelessness. Funds will be allocated as follows: Future of Psychology Practice, $15,000. The remaining $23,500 will be divided between the Science Education Task Force and the Homelessness Task Force as further plans are developed.

B.(5) The Board voted to approve the following meeting dates for 2010: February 17 & 18, April 9-11, June 11-13, August 10 & 14; October 8-10, December 10-12.

C.(6) The Board voted to approve the allocation of one hour of convention programming to the Task Force on Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation.

D.(7) The Board postponed the item "Addressing Diversity Issues in Agenda Items" to its February 2009 meeting.

E.(7A) The Board postponed the item "APA's Response to Domestic and International Disasters" to its February 2009 meeting.

F.(7B) The Board approved implementing electronic voting at the February 2009 meeting contingent on a survey being sent to the 2009 Council prior to the February 2009 meeting to determine Council member preferences regarding the use of electronic voting at Council meetings.

G.(7C) The Board approved the allocation of three hours of convention programming to the Convention Within the Convention.

H. In executive session, the Board took action on the following Psychology Defense Fund (PDF) case:

Petition #2008-1: On recommendation of the Executive Management Group, the Board voted to grant $15,000 to the New York State Association of Neuropsychology to assist its continued efforts to reverse state restrictions on the use of neuropsychology technicians.

I. In executive session, the Board voted to postpone the Board Manual to its February 2009 meeting. Drs. Cerbone and Grossman will assist Dr. Anton with making additional changes needed in response to additional feedback from Board members.

J. In executive session, the Board received as information an update on the APA Presidential Advisory Group on the Implementation of the Petition.

V. Divisions and State and Provincial Associations

A.(8) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following main motion:

That Council approves amending Association Rule 100-1 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

100-1. Reports, liability insurance, public statements, contracts, and political activities

100-1.1 On or about February 1 of each year, Divisions shall submit to the Board of Directors a report that covers the activities of the Division during the preceding year. The report shall be in a format requested by the Recording Secretary.

100-1.2 The annual report of the Division shall cover financial activities (including a copy of the division's annual tax return), membership, elections, special projects undertaken during the year, new committees, new chapters and sections, political advocacy, interorganizational linkages, and such other matters as may be required to present an accurate accounting of the Division's activities during the reporting period.

100-1.3 The Board of Directors shall inform Divisions of activities that appear to be out of compliance with the Bylaws, Association Rules or policies of the Association. Continued failure or refusal to comply with these requirements may constitute good and sufficient reason for the imposition of sanctions, including the dissolution of a Division by the Council of Representatives. The Board shall seek to resolve issues of concern with Divisions on an informal basis before placing the issue on Council's action agenda.

[100-1.4 Every five years, the Board of Directors shall evaluate the reports of each Division, including its chapters and sections, for overall compliance with the Bylaws, Association Rules, and APA policies and report the results of these evaluations to the Council of Representatives.]

100-1.[5]4 A division of the Association or a subunit of a division may release a position or policy statement on public policy matters in its field in its own name so long as the statement "complies with all relevant association bylaws, rules and current association policies" (APA Bylaws, Article VI.5) and does "not establish or enforce standards for ethics, accreditation, certification, or credentialing of specialty recognition" (APA Bylaws, Article VI .5). If the position or policy statement is intended to establish or could be construed by APA members or the public as establishing a standard or guideline for psychologists or for individuals or organizations that work with psychologists, the provisions of Association Rule 30-8 apply. Unless a division or division subunit obtains approval for a proposed statement on public policy issues from Council, such statements shall contain a disclaimer clause making it clear that the division or subunit is not speaking for the APA or for any other division or unit of the APA. Position or policy statements issued in the name of the APA require prior approval by Council.

When issuing statements on public policy matters in its field, a division or its subunit should contact the Division Services office, which will consult with APA legal counsel and executive directors, to determine if the proposed position or policy statement is in conflict with APA Bylaws, rules or policies and to determine if Rule 30-8 applies. Provided there is no such conflict, the Division Services office, in consultation with APA legal counsel, will determine appropriate disclaimer language to accompany the position or policy statement.

For positions or policy statements to be presented by a division or its subunit in amicus curiae briefs, affidavits or other statements in legal proceedings, the provisions of Rule 100-1.[9] 8 apply.

100-1.[6].5 As stated in Article VI, Section 9 of the APA Bylaws, divisions shall publish journals only with the approval of Council. Proposals for division journal publication go to Council via the Publications and Communications Board. Such journals shall be operated in a manner consistent with APA and Publications and Communications Board policies on division journals.

100-1.[7]6 APA shall obtain liability insurance for publications of APA and its divisions.

100-1.[8].7 A Division may execute contracts or negotiate grants with outside entities. Such contracts or grants (with the exception of those for routine, annually recurring events or expenses, e.g., meetings) which provide for payment or receipt by a Division or the Association of funds, goods, services or other value in excess of $10,000 must be submitted to the APA Executive Office for prior legal and financial review. The legal and financial reviews will be conducted in a timely manner.

100-1.[9].8 A division or other unit of the Association may participate in amicus briefs according to the procedures approved by the Board of Directors. In the event that the Board decides that APA will file an amicus curiae brief in a case, a division or other APA-related entity may not file a separate brief in the same case.

100-1.[10].9 A division or other unit of the Association may not support, either directly or indirectly, any candidate for federal, state, or local office including contributions or other support to any political action committees.

B.(9) The Board voted to reject the recommendations set forth by CODAPAR for funding the 2008 Interdivisional Grant Projects due to the interdivisional grant funds being cut from the 2009 budget.

VI. Organization of the APA

In executive session, the Board voted to forward the Report of the Task Force on Council Representation to Council at its February 2009 meeting without a recommendation from the Board.

VII. Publications and Communications

No items.

VIII. Convention Affairs

A.(10) The Board approved Orlando, Florida as the site for the 2012 Convention to be held Thursday, August 2 to Sunday, August 5.

B.(11). The Board approved Denver, Colorado as the site for the 2016 Convention, from Thursday, August 4 to Sunday, August 7 and the District of Columbia as the site for the 2017 Convention from Thursday, August 3 to Sunday, August 6.

C.(12) The Board approved the use of the 2009 Abatement Funds for enhancing the annual convention as follows: $12,000 — APA Night at Toronto Blue Jays; $10,000 — Speed Mentoring with Prominent Psychologists/Past Presidents; $48,000 — Convention Within the Convention Invited Speaker Travel Funds.

D. At its October 2008 meeting, the Board voted to approve the following motions:

1. The Board voted to approve the addition of up to $48,000 in the 2009 Final Budget to fund travel for speakers for the Convention within the Convention.

2. The Board voted to approve the appointment of a subcommittee to work with the Board of Convention Affairs (BCA) regarding the role of BCA vis-a-vis the President-elect.

3. The Board voted to refer a proposal regarding Continuing Education for the Convention within the Convention to BCA for their input. 

 

IX. Educational Affairs

A.(13) The Board voted to approve forwarding the revised Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology (CRSPPP) Procedures for Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology to APA boards and committees and other relevant groups for review and comment.

B.(14) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following proposed revisions to the Sponsor Approval System Criterion D.1.2. (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

Standard D: Curriculum Content

Principle

The content of continuing education is the crucial component of programs intended to maintain, develop, and increase conceptual and applied competencies that are relevant to psychological practice, education, and science. CE programs may include content related to well-established psychological principles, or may be based on content that extends current theory, method, or practice. CE programs may provide information related to ethical, legal, statutory or regulatory policies, guidelines, and standards that impact psychology.

Criteria

1. Sponsors must be prepared to demonstrate that information and programs presented are based on a methodological, theoretical, research, or practice knowledge base. This requirement must be met by at least one of the following:

1.1. Program content has obtained credibility, as demonstrated by the involvement of the broader psychological practice, education, and science communities in studying or applying the findings, procedures, practices, or theoretical concepts;

1.2. Program content has been [studied according to] supported using established research procedures [of] and scientific scrutiny [that can be reasonably relied upon].

1.3. Program content has peer reviewed, published support beyond those publications and other types of communications devoted primarily to the promotion of the approach;

1.4. Program content is related to ethical, legal, statutory or regulatory policies, guidelines, and standards that impact psychology.

C.(15) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the Joint Board of Educational Affairs/Committee on International Relations in Psychology Task Force on APA's Role in International Quality Assurance APA as a Learning Partner.

D.(16) The Board voted to recommend that Council adopt the following resolution as APA policy:

Resolution on Quality Assurance in International Education and Training: APA as a Learning Partner

Whereas psychology as a discipline in the United States has a formal system of quality assurance in professional psychology in its accreditation and licensure standards,

Whereas international colleagues in countries that may not have formal systems of quality assurance for psychology education and training have expressed an interest and desire to develop such systems,

Whereas APA desires to learn from others,

Whereas APA desires to serve as a useful source of information about its own systems,

Whereas international discussions of quality assurance may inform future directions in mobility across national boundaries,

Therefore,

APA will not engage in quality assurance reviews of psychology education and training programs at the international level,

In international education and training arenas APA will strive to be:

1. A source of information and expertise to work and learn with and from others in the international arena

2. A collaborator in convening with others around shared goals for policy in quality assurance for psychology

3. An agent of capacity building about quality assurance in education and training internationally among its own members and with other psychologists around the world

4. A collaborating organization in developing policies to promote international mechanisms for review of professional credentials.

And APA will strive to:

5. Use the knowledge gained from collaborations with others to evaluate, enhance, and refine its own efforts in this area. 

E.(29) The Board was informed that the Task Force on Taxonomy has been disbanded and its charge has been assumed by CRSPPP.

F.(30) The Board received information regarding the status of the fee stabilization fund that supports the operations of the Commission on Accreditation.

G.(31) The Board received an update on the Task Force to Develop an APA Designation Process for Postdoctoral Psychopharmacology Education and Training Programs.

H.(32) The Board received an update about the most recent steps taken regarding the availability of internship positions for students enrolled in professional psychology doctoral programs.

I.(33) The Board received information regarding the 2008 National Conference on Undergraduate Education in Psychology.

J. In executive session, the Board received as information the Complaint Against the Commission on Accreditation.

X. Professional Affairs

A.(17) The Board postponed the item "Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluation in Family Law Proceedings" to its February 2009 meeting.

B.(18) The Board postponed the item "Guidelines Regarding Psychologists' Involvement in Pharmacological Issues" to its February 2009 meeting.

XI. Scientific Affairs

A.(19) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the Task Force for Increasing the Number of Quantitative Psychologists.

B.(20) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following amendments to the Association Rules to establish a continuing Committee on Human Research (underlined material to be added):

140-6 Committee on Human Research

140-6.1 There shall be a Committee on Human Research whose responsibility it shall be to (a) facilitate the conduct of and training in scientifically and ethically responsible research involving humans, and establish and maintain cooperative relations with organizations sharing common interests, (b) examine issues related to the ethics of and regulatory requirements for research involving humans and disseminate accurate information about such research, and (c) develop and disseminate guidelines for protecting the rights and welfare of humans involved in research, and consult on the implementation of these guidelines.

The Committee shall consist of seven members elected by the Board of Scientific Affairs. Each year, two members will be elected for a term of three years; the seventh member will be elected from a slate developed jointly by the Board of Scientific Affairs and the Ethics Committee, and will also serve a term of three years. The Committee shall report to Council through the Board of Scientific Affairs.

50-5. List of Continuing Committees
50-5.1 The list below presents APA continuing committees and their reporting lines. (relevant section only included)

Reporting through the Board of Scientific Affairs
Animal Research and Ethics
Human Research
Psychological Tests and Assessment
Scientific Awards
110-14. Rules Governing Simultaneous Service on Boards and Committees

110-14.1 Members shall not serve simultaneously on any of the following governance groups, except as ex-officio (non-voting) members or if other exceptions are provided below.

Boards

Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest
Convention Affairs
Educational Affairs
Membership
Policy and Planning
Publications and Communications
Professional Affairs (except that one member is also a member of the Committee on Professional Practice and Standards)
Scientific Affairs

Committees

Advancement of Professional Practice
Aging
Animal Research and Ethics
Children, Youth and Families
Continuing Education
Disability Issues in Psychology
Division/APA Relations
Early Career Psychologists
Ethics
Ethnic Minority Affairs
Fellows
Finance
Human Research
International Relations in Psychology Legal Issues (ad hoc)
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Concerns Professional Practice and Standards (except that one member is also a member of the Board of Professional Affairs)
Psychology and AIDS (ad hoc) Rural Health
Socioeconomic Status
Structure and Function of Council Psychological Tests and Assessment Psychology Teachers at Community Colleges Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools Women in Psychology

Other

Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology Commission on Accreditation

C.(35) The Board received as information the Statement on Recent Developments Affecting the Disclosure of Test Data and Materials: Comments Regarding the 1996 Statement on the Disclosure of Test Data.

XII. Public Interest

A.(21) The Board voted to recommend that Council adopt the following resolution as APA policy:

APA Resolution on Promotion of Healthy Active Lifestyles and Prevention of Obesity and Unhealthy Weight Control Behaviors in Children and Youth

WHEREAS significant numbers of children and youth between 2 and 19 years of age are considered obese and obesity disproportionately affects low income and minority children and youth (Ogden, Carroll, Curtin, McDowell, Tabl, & Flegall, 2006; Ogden, Carroll, & Flegall, 2008)

WHEREAS racial and ethnic minority children and youth raised in poor neighborhoods are at greater risk for obesity, eat fewer fruits and vegetables, and less likely to engage in physically active lifestyles (Delva, Johnston, & O'Malley, 2007; Neumark-Sztainer, Wall, Perry, & Story, 2003)

WHEREAS obesity is embedded in a socio-cultural context influenced by eating habits, access to healthy affordable foods, the physical and built environment, and access to safe environments for physical activity (Baker, Schootman, Barnidge, & Kelly, 2006; Schwartz & Brownell, 2007)

WHEREAS second and third generation children of immigrant parents are at increased risk for obesity (Popkin & Udry, 1998) and the socio-economic contexts of parental acculturation may play a role in access to healthy foods (Mazur, Marquis, & Jensen, 2003)

WHEREAS there are significant disparities in physical environments that support active lifestyles (e.g., access to parks and recreation centers) (Kumanyika et al., 2007), healthier foods including fresh fruits and vegetables are more difficult to purchase in low income neighborhoods (Yancey & Kumanyika, 2007), and inequities in access to health care may translate into less access (The Henry J. Kaiser Foundation, 2007) to counseling about healthy lifestyles and behavioral changes to prevent obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors (e.g., fasting; skipping meals; eating very little food; vomiting; using diet pills, laxatives, or diuretics)

WHEREAS more resources need to be directed to culturally centered prevention efforts for childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors (Bernal & Saez-Santiago, 2006; Black & Young-Hyman, 2007; Kumanyika et al., 2007)

WHEREAS obesity in childhood places children and youth at risk for becoming obese as adults and associated poor health such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer (Serdula, Ivery, Coates, Freedman, Williamson, &Byers, 1993; Whitaker, Wright, Pepe, Seidel, & Deitz, 1997) and prevention efforts should be aimed at reducing excess weight gain throughout childhood (Pratt, Stevens, & Daniels, 2008)

WHEREAS it is reported that 54 million people in the United States, or roughly 21 percent of the population, has some level of disability (U.S. Census Bureau, 2000) effective strategies for reducing the risk of overweight/obesity in adolescents with disabilities must begin with greater awareness of the behavioral and environmental antecedents that lead to higher rates of obesity in this underserved segment of the youth population (Rimmer, Rowland, Yamaki, 2007)

WHEREAS to promote active lifestyles children, youth, and families need access to safe spaces for physical activities, access to a variety of foods, and opportunities for physical activity regardless of physical ability (Sallis & Glanz, 2006)

WHEREAS youth who are obese engage in both binge eating and unhealthy weight control behaviors more often than their non overweight peers (Neumark-Sztainer Wall, Haines, Story, Sherwood, & van den Berg, 2007)

WHEREAS binge eating and unhealthy weight control behaviors are prevalent among youth across ethnic/racial and socioeconomic backgrounds, indicating a need to ensure that the specific needs of different groups are addressed in the development of prevention efforts (Neumark- Sztainer, Croll, Story, Hannan, French, & Perry, 2002)

WHEREAS children spend a significant portion of their day in schools and physical activity at school or with family members has been associated with better academic performance (Carlson et al., 2008; Castelli, Hillman, Buck, & Erwin, 2007)

WHEREAS effective partnerships with day care settings, preschools, schools and the broader community are essential in promoting healthy and active lifestyles for children and youth (Schwartz & Brownell, 2007)

WHEREAS poor nutrition habits, lack of regular physical activity, and unmonitored television viewing is associated with obesity in children and youth (Anderson & Butcher, 2006)

WHEREAS experts have linked the increase of childhood obesity to targeted marketing and advertising to children and youth (Kunkel, Wilcox, Cantor, Palmer, Linn, & Dowrick, 2004)

WHEREAS marketing and advertising aimed at objectifying girls and women may contribute to body dissatisfaction, eating disorders, low self esteem, and depressive affect (Zurbriggen, Collins, Lamb, Roberts, Tolman, Ward, et al., 2007)

WHEREAS weight bias may marginalize children and youth considered obese by their peers and teachers (Puhl & Latner, 2007)

WHEREAS body dissatisfaction and weight related concerns extend across ethnic groups and weight related stigma has been found to co-occur with depression, low self esteem, and suicidal thought (Ackard, Neumark-Sztainer, Story, & Perry, 2003; Davison & Birch, 2002; Neumark- Sztainer, Croll, Story, Hannan, French, & Perry, 2002)

WHEREAS active healthy lifestyles including moderate television viewing (Gable, Chung, & Krull, 2007), regular family mealtimes (Fulkerson, Strauss, Neumark-Sztainer, Story, & Boutelle, 2007), and regular exercise (Ekeland, Heian, & Hagan, 2005) are associated with physical and mental health in children and youth

WHEREAS a change in family eating patterns outside the home, family mealtime behaviors, and family food choice practices are associated with improved nutrition habits and healthy weight (Jacobs & Fiese, 2007; Kremers, Brug, deVries, & Engels, 2003; Taveras et al., 2005)

WHEREAS the development of obesity is influenced by genetic, metabolic and physiological factors, there are environmental, behavioral, and societal factors that can be the focus of prevention efforts, especially in children and youth (Brownell & Horgen, 2004)

WHEREAS research on psychological treatments for obesity and overweight prevention has been extensive and growing in establishing an evidence-based for effectiveness and implementation (Jelalian & Steele, 2008)

WHEREAS professional psychologists are often well-suited to implement psychology based preventive interventions in schools, primary-care, community organizations, and other practice- settings (Jelalian & Steele, 2008)

WHEREAS psychology training programs are important to developing professional psychologists to implement treatments and preventive interventions as well as prepare the next generation of clinical researches in the promotion of healthy active lifestyles for youth and their families

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Psychological Association encourage the promotion and support of evidence-based, including practice based, preventive interventions that focus on effective weight management for children and youth that are culturally relevant, encourage behavioral and psychosocial research and policy attention to the promotion of healthy active lifestyles and prevention of childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors in children and youth in the following targeted areas of behavioral science:

  • Socio-economic conditions that influence active lifestyles and effectively prevent obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors in children and youth

  • Cultural and economic context of food choice, exercise, and diet for children, youth, and families

  • Promotion of physically active lifestyles in low income neighborhoods and rural communities

  • Prevention of obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors in children and adolescents with disabilities

  • Culturally sensitive community, school, and family based prevention efforts for childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors

  • Effects of targeted food advertising to children and youth

  • Stigma and weight bias as barriers in participating in healthy active lifestyles and preventing obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors

  • Reduction of weight related bias and teasing and initiatives to mediate long-term consequences of such bias

  • Community, school, and work settings that promote active lifestyles and support families in preventing childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors

  • Family school partnerships to promote adequate time and resources for exercise and healthier diets in schools

  • Education and support programs for families to practice healthy family mealtimes and engage in active lifestyles

  • Initiatives that effectively help individuals maintain healthy eating and physically active lifestyles

  • Promotion of healthy body image in children and youth

  • Interventions that prevent obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors while also maintaining positive body image

  • Support of effective partnerships among day care settings, preschools, schools, families, and communities to promote healthy active lifestyles

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA work with funders, government agencies, American Indian/Alaskan Native Tribes and leaders, and other professional organizations to increase the priority given to support healthy active lifestyles for families and the prevention of childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA devote efforts in all levels of psychology education and training, to promote awareness and knowledge of psychologists and the general public regarding obesity, unhealthy weight control behaviors, and healthy active lifestyles for children and youth.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA's government relations office be encouraged to pursue legislative opportunities aimed at encouraging healthy active lifestyles for families, preventing childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors, promoting positive body image, and reducing weight related bias and teasing for children and their families

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA encourage cross-disciplinary collaboration among psychologists, pediatricians, nutritionists, educators and public health professionals to create a roadmap of prevention of childhood obesity and unhealthy weight control behaviors in children and youth and to set a national agenda for behaviors that lead to healthy eating and active family lifestyles

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA stress that childhood obesity and the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors in children and youth is a national public health concern embedded in a cultural and economic context with behavioral solutions that affects all sectors of society

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Anderson, P. M., & Butcher, K. F. (2006). Childhood obesity: Trends and potential causes. Future of Children, 16, 19-46.

Baker, E. A., Schootman, M., Barnidge, E., & Kelly, C. (2006). The role of race and poverty in access to food that enable individuals to adhere to dietary guidelines. Preventing Chronic Disease, 3, 1-11.

Bernal, G., & Saez-Santiago, E. (2006). Culturally centered psychosocial interventions. Journal of Community Psychology, 34, 121-132.

Black, M. M., & Young-Hyman, D. (2007). Introduction to the special issue: Pediatric overweight. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32, 1-5.

Brownell, K. D., & Horgen, K. B. (2004). Food Fight: The Inside Story of the Food Industry, America's Obesity Crisis, and What We Can Do About It. New York: McGraw Hill.

Carlson, S. A., Fulton, J. E., Lee, S. M., et al., (2008). Physical education and academic achievement in elementary school: Data from the early childhood longitudinal study. American Journal of Public Health, 98, 721-727.

Castelli, D., Hillman, S. M., Buck, S. M., & Erwin, H. E. (2007). Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29, 239-252.

Delva, J., Johnston, L, & O'Malley, P. M. (2007) The epidemiology of overweight and related lifestyle behaviors. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33, S178-S186. 2007.

Davison, K. K., & Birch, L. L. (2002). Processes linking weight status and self concept among girls form ages 5 to 7 years. Developmental Psychology, 38, 735-748.

Ekeland, E., Heian, F., Hagen, K. B. (2005). Can exercise improve self esteem in children and young people? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. British Jouranl Sports Medicine, 39, 792-798.

Fulkerson, J. A., Strauss, J., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Story, M., & Boutelle, K. (2007). Correlates of psychosocial well-being among overweight adolescents: The role of the family. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 181-186.

Gable, S., Chang, Y., & Krull, J. (2007). Television watching and frequency of family meals are predictive of overweight onset and persistence in a national sample of school-aged children. Journal of American Dietetics Association, 107, 53-61.

Jacobs, M. P., & Fiese, B. H. (2007). Family mealtime interactions and overweight children with asthma: Potential for compounded risks? Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32, 64-68.

Jelalian, E., & Steele, R.G. (Eds.). (2008). Handbook Of Childhood And Adolescent Obesity. New York: Springer.

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Kremers, S. P., Brug, J., deVries, H., & Engels, R. C. (2003). Parenting style and adolescent fruit consumption. Appetite (41), 43-50.

Kumanyika, S. K., Whitt-Glover, M. C., Gary, T. L., Prewitt, T. E., Odoms-Young, A. M., Banks- Wallace, J., et al. (2007). Expanding the obesity research paradigm to reach African American communities. Preventing Chronic Disease, 4, 1-12.

Kunkel, D., Wilcox, B. L., Cantor, J., Palmer, E., Linn, S., & Dowrick, P. (2004). Report of the APA Task Force on Advertising and Children. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Mazur, R. E., Marquis, G. S., & Jensen, H. H. (2003). Diet and food insufficiency among Hispanic youths: Acculturation and socioeconomic factors in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, American Journal Clinical Nutrition, 78, 1120-1127.

Neumark-Sztainer, D., Croll, J., Story, M., Hannan, P. J., French, S. A., & Perry, C. (2002). Ethnic/racial differences in weight-related concerns and behaviors among adolescent girls and boys: Findings from Project EAT. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 53, 963-974.

Neumark-Sztainer, D., Wall, M., Haines, J., Story, M., Sherwood, N. E., & van den Berg, P. A. (2007). Shared risk and protective factors for overweight and disordered eating in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33, 359-369.

Neumark-Sztainer, D., Wall, M., Perry, C., & Story, M. (2003). Correlates of fruit and vegetable intake among adolescents: Findings from Project EAT. Preventive Medicine, 37, 198-208.

Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., Curtin, L. R., McDowell, M. A., Tabak, C. J., & Flegal, K. M. (2006). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States, 1999-2004. JAMA 295, 1549- 1555.

Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., & Flegal, K. M. (2008). High body mass index for age among US children and adolescents, 2003-2006. JAMA, 299, 2401-2405.

Popkin, B. M., & Udry, J. R. (1998). Adolescent obesity increases significantly in second and third generation U. S. immigrants: The national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Journal of Nutrition, 128, 701-706.

Pratt, C. A., Stevens, J., & Daniels, S. (2008). Childhood obesity prevention and treatment recommendations for future research. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 35, 249-252.

Puhl, R. M., & Latner, J. D. (2007). Stigma, obesity, and the health of the nation's children.Psychological Bulletin, 133, 557-580.

Rimmer, J.H., Rowland, J.L., Yamaki, K. (2007). Obesity and Secondary Conditions in Adolescents with Disabilities: Addressing the Needs of an Underserved Population. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41 (3), 224 – 229.

Sallis, J. F., & Glanz, K. (2006). The role of built environments in physical activity, eating, and obesity in childhood. The Future of Children: Childhood Obesity, 16, 89-108.

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Schwartz, M. B., & Brownell, K. D. (2007). Actions necessary to prevent childhood obesity: Creating the climate for change. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, 35, 78-89.

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Yancey, A. K. & Kumanyika, S. K. (2007). Bridging the gap: Understanding the structure of social inequalities in childhood obesity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33, (no 4S): S172-S174.

Whitaker, R. C., Wright, J. A., Pepe, M. S., Seidel, K. D., & Deitz, W. H. (1997). Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine, 37, 869-873.

Zurbriggen, E. L., Collins, R. L., Lamb, S., Roberts, T., Tolman, D. L., Ward, L. M., et al. (2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.

B.(22) The Board voted to postpone the item "Proposed APA Resolution in Support of Ethnic Minority Training in Psychology (NBI #32B)" to its February 2009 meeting.

C.(23) The Board voted to reauthorize the Committee on Psychology and AIDS for an additional five years from February 2009 through February 2014. The Board commended the work of the Office on AIDS and the Ad Hoc Committee on Psychology and AIDS.

XIII. Ethnic Minority Affairs

No items.

XIV. International Affairs

A.(24) The Board voted to postpone the item "Draft Procedures for Appointment and Preparation of APA Delegations to UN Conference and Events" to its February 2009 meeting.

B.(25) The Board voted to approve the following motion:

Given the APA policies of intolerance and discrimination, including:

  • Resolution on Discrimination against Homosexuals (1975)

  • Resolution on Discrimination against Teachers Based on Sexual Orientation (1981)

  • Resolution against racism and in support of the Goals of the 2001 UN World Conference Against Racism (2001)

  • Resolution on Racial/Ethnic Profiling and other Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Law and security (2001)

  • Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational change for Psychologists (2002)

  • Resolution on Culture and Gender Awareness in International Psychology (2004)

  • Resolution Requesting the Immediate Retirement of American Indian Mascots, Symbols, Images, and Personalities by Schools, Colleges, Universities, Athletic Reams and Organizations (2005)

  • Resolution on Enhancing Diversity in APA (2005)

  • Resolution on Hate Crimes(1987, revised 2005)

  • Resolution on Anti-Semitic and Anti-Jewish Prejudice (2005; amended 2007)

  • Report of the Task Force on poverty and Socioeconomic Status (2006)

  • Resolution on Prejudice, Stereotypes, and Discrimination (2006)

  • Resolution to Enhance ethnic Minority Recruitment, Retention, and training in Psychology (2007)

  • Resolution Opposing Discriminatory Legislation and Initiatives Aimed at Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Persons (2007)

  • Resolution on Religious, Religion-Based and/or Religion-Derived Prejudice (2007)

  • Resolution on Anti-Semitic and Anti-Jewish Prejudice (2005 policy amended in 2007)

  • Resolution Against Genocide (2008)

  • Resolution on Transgender, Gender Identity and Gender Expression Non-Discrimination (2008)

  • Resolution on Americans with Disabilities Act (2008);

1. The Board resolves that APA's most effective intervention in combating racism, anti-Semitism, discrimination and other intolerances is to prepare and disseminate a strong statement outlining harmful mental health effects of and highlighting strategies to combat racism, anti-Semitism, discrimination and related intolerances. The Board refrains from sending a delegation to the 2009 Anti-Racism Review conference. The Board takes this action because of preliminary indications that the Durban Review Conference will be a highly politicized event and APA's concerns that the important objectives of the conference cannot be achieved in such a forum.

2. The Board votes to send to the organizers of the 2009 Anti-Racism Review Conference APA policies and psychological research that address racism, anti-Semitism, discrimination and related intolerances citing the earlier material previously sent to the conference organizers and other relevant information.

3. APA is not sending a delegation to the 2009 Anti-Racism Review Conference, therefore no APA division or member may present themselves as a representative of the American Psychological Association.

 

The Board also voted to approve the following Dual Service policy for APA-NGO representatives at the United Nations:


Individuals who serve as APA-NGO representatives or associate representatives at the United Nations may not serve as representatives for another organization at the United Nations. This policy is in effect starting December 2008 and applied to all new appointments. Current APA representatives with dual service are exempt from this policy until the end of their current term.

C.(36) The Board received as information the Committee on International Relations in Psychology Report on APA's Activities and Representation at the United Nations.

XV. Central Office

No Items.

XVI. Financial Affairs

A.(26) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the 2008 year-end probable deficit of $3,422,700 and a 2009 Final Budget surplus of $309,400 (after recognition of the $3,500,000 cash flow from the buildings).

B.(27) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following changes to Association Rule 210- 2.10:

210-2.10 Discretionary funds.

The Board of Directors and Council each shall have a discretionary fund to be used at their own discretion [of up to $110,000]. The discretionary fund level shall be recommended annually by the Chief Executive Officer during the budget process. After APA Council and Board have adopted a budget, new unbudgeted expenditures to be made from their respective discretionary funds shall be approved as follows:

(a) If emerging from Council action, the proposed allocation from the Council discretionary fund shall require approval by a simple majority vote of the Council members voting.

(b) If emerging from Board action, the proposed allocation from the Board discretionary fund shall require approval by a two-thirds majority of Board members voting.

(c) If either action involves the support of a task force and/or ad hoc committee, the authorization would be for one year only and assigned to the appropriate office/program. If the mission of the task force or committee is to continue beyond one year, it must be reauthorized and funded on a year-to-year basis.

(d) All allocations other than those described in (c) will be sent to Council for review if authorized for an additional period of time.

The President and President-Elect shall each have a special discretionary fund [of up to $38,500 and $16,500 respectively]. The discretionary fund level for each shall be recommended annually by the Chief Executive Officer during the budget process. Use of these special discretionary funds must be approved in advance by the Board of Directors and be limited exclusively to presidential initiatives. Costs related to each initiative must be incurred within the respective Presidents and President-Elects term (calendar year).

The Finance Committee annually shall review and make recommendations [increases] on changes to the discretionary fund level as appropriate [(inflation, etc.) to the discretionary funds]. The Finance Committee's recommendation will be forwarded to the Board of Directors and submitted to Council for approval.

C.(27A) The Board was briefed on recommendation from the Finance Committee's regarding APA's activities in the area of health care reform.

D. In executive session, the Board received as information the Annual Review of APA Employee Compensation Package. The Board was informed that the Finance Committee is recommending to Council that it suspend the annual CPI increase for Board member honoraria for 2009.