Board of Directors Approved Minutes: June 5-7, 2008

Approved Minutes

Present: Alan E. Kazdin, PhD; James H. Bray, PhD; Sharon Stephens Brehm, PhD; Barry S. Anton, PhD; Paul L. Craig, PhD; Norman B. Anderson, PhD; Armand R. Cerbone, PhD; Lisa Grossman, JD, PhD; Douglas C. Haldeman, PhD; Nadia T. Hasan, MA; Suzanne Bennett Johnson, PhD; Melba J. T. Vasquez, PhD; Michael Wertheimer, PhD

Absent: None.

I. Minutes of Meeting

A.(1) The Board voted to approve the minutes of the February 20 & 21, 2008, Board of Directors Meeting.

II. Elections, Awards, Membership and Human Resources

A.(2) The Board discussed proposals for changing the dues structure and recommended the model providing a $35 dues reduction for all members who pay full dues. The Board asked that the Membership Board make a recommendation regarding whether or not to continue the current dues discount provided to members of the Canadian Psychological Association if the dues reduction for all members paying full dues is approved. The Board was informed that an information item will be provided to Council in August 2008 and that an item will go to the boards and committees in the fall for comment before coming back to the Board in December 2008 and Council in February 2009 for action.

B.(3) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following motion:

That the Council of Representatives approves the inclusion of $60,000 in the 2009 Preliminary Budget to fund the pilot test of the APA Accomplishment Reports for membership recruitment, retention and engagement. In addition, Council approves continued funding for this effort and the addition of $60,000 per year to the 2010-2012 budgets.

C. In executive session, the Board voted to appoint Margaret Bull Kovera, PhD, and Linda A. Reddy, PhD, to the Committee on Division/APA Relations with terms starting January 1, 2009 and ending December 31, 2011.

D. In executive session, the Board approved the slates of nominees for APA standing and continuing boards and committees after receiving the report from the Nominations Subcommittee.

III. Ethics

None.

IV. Board of Directors

A.(4) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following motion:

Council requests that diversity training on aging be provided to Council at its February 2009 meeting and to boards and committees at the Spring or Fall 2009 Consolidated Meetings. The training shall be developed by the Office on Aging with assistance from the Governance Affairs Office.

Council also requests that one of the 2009 diversity training presentations be videotaped and provided to boards and committees that do not meet during the Consolidated Meetings.

The Board recommended that Council members who participate in the Consolidated Meetings be told that they may be excused from diversity training at Consolidated Meetings if they already participated in the training at the Council meeting.

B.(5) The Board referred the item "Board, Committee and Task Force Reports" to the Executive Management Group.

C.(6) The Board voted to allocate $3,700 from its 2008 discretionary fund and recommended that Council allocates $4,000 from its 2008 discretionary fund to support a second meeting in 2008 of the 2009 Presidential Task Force on the Future of Psychology Practice.

D.(39) The Board received as information an update on the Joint APA/ASPPB Task Force on Licensing Boards and Ethics Committees.

E. In executive session, the Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following motion:

That Council approves the inclusion of $50,000 in the 2009 Preliminary Budget to support the 2009 Presidential Summit on the Future of Psychology Practice to be held May 14-17, 2009, in San Antonio, Texas. Council also approves matching up to $25,000 for any additional funds raised from APA entities and affiliates.

Dr. Craig abstained from voting on this item.

F. In executive session, the Board of Directors reviewed the petition regarding restrictions on location of services. The petition was transmitted by the Recording Secretary to the Board of Directors after it was determined that the petition was signed by 1% of the Members in good standing. Dr. Kazdin, with input from the Board, determined that the petition is a proper motion.

Consistent with the provisions of Association Rule 30-3.1, the Board took the following actions with relation to the petition:

In order to balance the petitioner's request that the petition be processed with urgency and the practical matters of producing the ballot, etc., the Board set a goal of mailing the petition ballot on or about August 1. The ballot will be sent to the voting membership via third class mail as is customary with all APA ballots. An outside firm will coordinate the ballot mailing and will receive and tabulate the returned ballots. The voting period will be 45 days which sets a timeline to have the voting completed by mid-September. A majority of those voting will determine the outcome of the balloting.

The Board determined that it would be helpful to have pro and con statements and rebuttals accompany the ballot in addition to an informational preamble (this preamble will address the ballot process and not the substantive issues raised by the petition). The pro and con statements are not to exceed 750 words and the rebuttal statements are limited to 375 words. The petition sponsors are responsible for selecting an author(s) for the pro statement and rebuttal. The Recording Secretary will invite an author or authors for the con statement and rebuttal. The only caveat on this choice of statement authors is the author cannot be a current candidate for the office of APA president; nor can the name of any current candidate be mentioned in the statement. The reason for this limitation is to adhere to the current central office practice of ensuring that no presidential candidate gains an electioneering advantage by use of an APA publication or process, in this case the balloting process on this resolution. Web page URLs are also not permitted as part of the pro or con statements or rebuttals. The pro/con statements are due to APA no later than July 7. The rebuttal statements are due to APA on July 15.

V. Divisions and State and Provincial Associations

A.(7) The Board voted to accept the 2007 division annual reports and requested that a letter be sent to Division 25 on behalf of the B/D asking that the division submit its 2007 annual report.

B.(8) The Board voted to accept the 2008 5-year reviews of Divisions 2, 8, 14, 19, 24, 29, 34, 39, 44 and 49.

C.(9) The Board voted to approve the inclusion of $10,000 in the 2010 Preliminary Budget to support a division membership campaign for early career psychologists.

D.(10) That Board voted to recommend that Council approve the inclusion of $20,000 in the 2009 Preliminary Budget to fund hotel accommodations for the primary representative of each division attending the Division Leadership Conference. Drs. Bray and Craig abstained from voting on this item.

VI. Organization of the APA

A.(11) The Board referred the item "Proposed Association Rule 30-9: Council Policy Statements and Resolutions" to the Policy and Planning Board (P&P) and requested that P&P incorporate the language in the Guidelines for Council Resolutions instead of adding it to the Association Rules. The Board requested that the amended Guidelines for Council Resolutions be forwarded to boards and committees for comment before being brought back to the Board and Council for action.

VII. Publications and Communications

A.(12) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the Division 14 request for authorization to publish a divisional journal, to be titled Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice.

B.(13) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the Division 56 request for authorization to publish a divisional journal, tentatively titled, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research and Practice.

C.(39A) The Board was informed of the status of a proposal for APA to host and distribute the PEP-WEB Psychoanalytic Archival Database. The PEP database would represent APA's 6th database and is anticipated to generate $500K annually net of fees over the long term.

VIII. Convention Affairs

A.(14) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve amending the Association Rules as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

210-2. Budget

210-2.1 In the financial policy of the APA, a distinction shall be made between general programs, direct service programs, and support functions.

General programs (e.g. scientific affairs, public affairs) shall be supported by the dues of the membership and by any surplus of income over expenses generated from the direct service programs. General programs do not render a direct service but rather are activities that are intended to benefit psychology as a whole.

A direct service program provides to individuals or organizations a product, benefit, or service for a fee. The financial goals for each current direct service program such as CE Credit Programs, Convention, Publications and Databases and Sponsor Approval shall be set annually by the Chief Executive Officer during the budget process. [are as follows:

Convention goal: to produce a 12% profit (over allocations) annually over a 5-year period of time.

Sponsor Approval Goal: to produce a 10% profit (over allocations) annually over a 5-year period of time.

CE Credit Programs Goal: to produce a 5% profit (over allocations) annually over a 5-year period of time and that the least profitable activities are considered for eliminations if it is deemed necessary to meet the established goal.

Communications Goal: shall be set annually by the Chief Executive Officer during the budget process.]

These overall financial goals should be considered with APA's commitment to providing programs and services that meet the changing priorities of the association.

Support functions comprise administrative or other services potentially used by all programs/offices of the Association, excluding common-use space and benefits which are direct charged. Support functions (e.g., human resources, administrative services) shall be conducted so that the total costs (including allocated costs) do not exceed 15% of the total gross expenses of the Association. The support functions shall have their net costs reallocated to program areas as indirect expense.

Financial plans shall be made with the aim of insuring that only necessary expenses shall be incurred in carrying out policies and programs approved by Council and that those expenses are consistent with the need to maintain a reasonable standard of performance. With respect to income, financial plans shall maximize income from all sources other than dues and shall support programs consistent with the basic objectives and professional standards of the APA. Membership dues shall be used essentially as a means for compensating for the difference between income and expenses resulting from Association programs. It shall be the goal to present a surplus budget annually (after consideration of the cash flow from building operations) of between 1% and 2% of budgeted revenues, in order to provide a basis for orderly expansion of operations and services in successive years and to provide a margin of safety against contingencies.

B.(14A) The item "Entertainment at the 2009 Convention: Request for Funding" was withdrawn.

IX. Educational Affairs

A.(15) The Board voted to approve the following proposed changes to Section 8 of the Accreditation Operating Procedures (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

8. Confidentiality and Public Disclosure of Information

An annual list of the status of accredited programs and the year of each program's next scheduled site visit will be published in the American Psychologist, and an up-to-date listing of all accredited programs will be regularly available on the Office of Program Consultation and Accreditation website. Included in all published lists will be the identity of programs whose accreditation has been denied, or revoked, as well as those voluntarily withdrawing from accredited status. The CoA will make public notice of all accreditation decisions no later than 30 days following the CoA meeting at which the decisions were made. In the case of programs for which appealable decisions have been reached, and appeal has been filed, the CoA will note that the decision is under appeal.

An updated list that includes changes in status or new programs since the previous annual list will be published midyear in the American Psychologist. In addition, after each meeting of the CoA, the published lists of accredited programs will be updated as necessary by an addendum of decisions and will also be available through other means as appropriate. The CoA will share the accreditation status of programs with regional and specialized accrediting bodies as appropriate. All other information, and the records used in accreditation decisions, will be kept confidential by the CoA.

The Commission will identify and make public all applicant programs applying for initial review by the CoA as appropriate to allow for third-party comment. The CoA will also make public the outcomes of those applications, including withdrawals of applications.

The CoA will notify the Department of Education of any accredited program that the CoA has reason to believe is failing to comply with financial aid responsibilities as outlined in Title IV of the Higher Education Act, or any purported fraud and abuse by accredited programs, and its reasons for such concern. The CoA also will take action to correct in a timely manner any incorrect or misleading information released by an accredited program about the accreditation status of the program, the contents of the site visit report, and the CoA's accrediting actions with respect to the program.

In addition, the Office of Program Consultation and Accreditation will make disclosure as required by the U.S. Department of Education and in those instances when the CoA is legally required to disclose such information.

B.(16) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the final report on Teaching, Learning and Assessing in a Developmentally Coherent Curriculum developed by the Board of Educational Affairs Task Force on Strengthening the Teaching and Learning of Undergraduate Psychological Sciences.

C.(17) The Board voted to recommend that Council adopt the revised Principles for the Recognition of Proficiencies in Professional Psychology.

D.(18) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the renewal of recognition of Psychological Treatment of Alcohol and other Psychoactive Substance Disorders as a proficiency in professional psychology for a period of seven years, to be reviewed again in 2015 unless otherwise warranted by provisions outlined in the CRSPPP Procedures for Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology.

E.(19) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the recognition of Police Psychology as a proficiency in professional psychology for a period of seven years, to be reviewed again in 2015 unless otherwise warranted by provisions outlined in the CRSPPP Procedures for Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology.

F.(20) The Board voted to recommend that Council grant an extension of recognition of Psycho- pharmacology as a proficiency in professional psychology for a period of one year.

G.(21) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the renewal of the recognition of Forensic Psychology as a specialty in professional psychology for a period of seven years, to be reviewed again in 2015 unless otherwise warranted by provisions outlined in the CRSPPP Procedures for Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology.

H.(22) The Board voted to recommend that Council grant an extension of recognition of Behavioral Psychology as a specialty in professional psychology for a period of one year until August 2009.

I.(40) The Board received as information an update on the BEA Task Force on Translating Psychological Science into Classroom Practice.

J.(41) The Board received as information an update from BEA regarding the Board's request for BEA to make recommendations regarding the need to develop new policies or revise current practices related to the recommendations within the Final Report of the Task Force on External Funding.

K.(42) The Board received as information an update on the BEA/Committee on International Relations Psychology Task Force on APA's Role in International Quality Assurance.

X. Professional Affairs

A.(23) The item "Task Force to Develop Guidelines for Parenting Coordination" was withdrawn.

B.(24) The Board voted to recommend that Council adopt the Criteria for the Evaluation of Quality Improvement Programs and the Use of Quality Improvement Data as APA policy. Dr. Bray abstained from voting on this item.

C. In executive session, the Board voted to approve the establishment of a Task Force for the Development of Parenting Coordination Guidelines and to appoint the following members to the Task Force: Helen Thomas Brantley, PhD, Robin M. Deutsch, PhD, Giselle Aguilar Hass, PsyD, Joan Kelly, PhD, Marsha Kline Pruett, PhD, Arnold L. Stolberger, PhD.

XI. Scientific Affairs

A.(25) The Board voted to recommend that Council reject the following motion due to budgetary contraints:

That the Council of Representatives approves the addition of $35,000 to the 2009 Preliminary Budget and the following Association Rule changes to increase the monetary prizes for APA awards (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

120-2. Committee on Education and Training Awards

120-2.1 There shall be a Committee on Education and Training Awards consisting of six members, two to be elected annually for terms of three years.

The committee shall announce the recipients of the awards at the annual convention, and it shall report other matters to Council through the Board of Educational Affairs.

120-2.2 The APA shall award annually (up to) two awards, one for $3,000 [$1,000] for short or long term Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training in psychology and a second award of up to $3,000 [$1,000] for Distinguished Contributions for Applications of Psychology in Education. The intent of the Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training Award is to recognize psychologists who make traditional contributions, who provide innovations, or who are involved in developmental phases of programs that influence education and training in psychology. The intent of the Distinguished Contribution for Applications of Psychology to Education and Training is to recognize psychologists who contribute to new teaching methods or the solution of learning problems through the use of research findings or evidence-based practices. Particular emphasis will be placed on the use of psychological knowledge to improve learning in educational settings, including pre-kindergarten to 12, or communities.

120-2.3 Ineligible for the awards are members serving currently on the committee, former recipients of the awards, and the current APA President and President-elect.

120-2.4 Nominations for these awards shall be solicited in the broadest possible manner, including through announcements in appropriate publications. The committee may also nominate candidates as well as specify which nominees will be carried over to the following year.

Additionally, the Committee shall systematically review promising nominations from previous years. Deadlines for receipt of nominations shall be established by the committee each year.

120-2.5 Award recipients shall be invited to the annual convention to receive the awards and to address annual convention attendees in the year following the receipt of the award.

130-3. Professional Awards

130-3.1 The Board of Professional Affairs shall announce its professional awards in a timely fashion in advance of the annual convention.

130-3.2 The APA may award annually up to three prizes of up to $3,000 [$2,000] each for outstanding contributions to psychology as a profession. The Board of Professional Affairs shall select as recipients for the awards those who have made outstanding contributions to the knowledge base of professional psychology, in technical applications in the applied practice of psychological knowledge, or in the use of the knowledge base or the practice base in psychology for the betterment of the general public. These contributions should be seminal or innovative in ways that are judged to have improved or changed significantly the conceptual understanding of behavior or the applied practice of such conceptual understanding of behavior, or to have accrued significant benefit to the public.

1. The APA Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Applied Research. This award is given to a psychologist whose research has led to important discoveries or developments in the field of applied psychology. To be eligible, this research should have led to innovative applications in an area of psychological practice, including but not limited to assessment, consultation, instruction, or intervention (either direct or indirect). Research involving the original development of procedures, methodologies, or technical skills that significantly improve the application of psychological knowledge and provide direct and immediate solutions to practical problem areas will be considered, as will research that has informed psychologists on how better to observe, define, predict, or control behavior. Original integration of existing theories or knowledge is also eligible for consideration.

2. The APA Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent or Institutional Practice in the Private Sector. This award recognizes outstanding service delivery by a licensed psychologist who is primarily engaged in the practice of psychology in a private sector setting. The award is intended to recognize outstanding practitioners in psychology. Nominations will be considered for psychologists working in any area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent or institutional practice setting. Services provided to diverse client groups or patient populations, including but not limited to children/adolescents/adults/older adults; urban/rural/frontier populations; minority populations; and persons with serious mental illness, will be considered. Contributions can be judged distinguished by virtue of peer recognition, advancement of the public's recognition of psychology as a profession, relevant professional association honors, or other meritorious accomplishments denoting excellence as a practitioner including advancement of the profession.

3. The APA Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Practice in the Public Sector. This award recognizes outstanding service delivery by a psychologist who is primarily engaged in the practice of psychology in a public sector setting (e.g., state hospital, military, veteran's administration, etc.). The award is intended to recognize outstanding practitioners in psychology. Nominations will be considered for psychologists working in a wide variety of public sector settings. Services provided to diverse client groups or patient populations, including but not limited to children/adolescents/adults/older adults; urban/rural/frontier populations; minority populations; and persons with serious mental illness, will be considered. Contributions can be judged distinguished by virtue of peer recognition, advancement of the public's recognition of psychology as a profession, relevant professional association honors, or other meritorious accomplishments denoting excellence as a practitioner including improvement of public service delivery systems or development of psychologically informed public policy.

130-3.3 The Board of Professional Affairs shall seek diversity in selecting recipients, avoiding as far as possible the consecutive selection of more than one person representing a specialized topic, a specific material, a given method, a particular application, or a specific specialized service.

130-3.4 Ineligible for the awards are members serving currently on the Board of Professional Affairs and the current APA President and President-elect. The following rules also apply: No person can receive a professional award in any two consecutive years; recipients are permitted to receive only one award in their lifetime per category of the professional awards; current members of the Board of Professional Affairs cannot vote for members of their own family; and those with a history of ethical violations at a state or national level or who have received disciplinary action from a state board of examiners in psychology are not eligible.

130-3.5 Nominations for these awards shall be solicited in the broadest possible manner, including announcements in appropriate publications. The category of the three awards in which the nomination is placed shall be based, insofar as possible, on a determination of the candidate's primary area of work. Deadlines for receipt of nominations shall be established by the Board of Professional Affairs each year. Nominators are responsible for providing the Board of Professional Affairs with an up-to-date resume and bibliography and a narrative statement detailing the nature of the contributions and focus of the nomination. Endorsements from other individuals and groups are also considered part of the record. All nominations are good for two years, after which nominators must reapply for another review. Nominators of the award recipients are also responsible for the wording of the awards' citation.

130-3.6 Award recipients shall be invited to be present at the annual convention to receive the awards and to address convention attendees in the year following the receipt of the awards.

140-3. Committee on Scientific Awards

140-3.1 There shall be a Committee on Scientific Awards consisting of six members, two of whom shall be elected each year for terms of three years. The Committee shall announce the recipients of the awards at the annual convention, and it shall report other matters to Council through the Board of Scientific Affairs.

140-3.2 The APA may award annually up to four prizes of up to $3,000 [$2,000] each for outstanding contributions to the science of psychology. Three of these awards are to be known as the "APA Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions." The Committee shall select recipients for the awards who, in its opinion, have made distinguished theoretical or empirical contributions to basic research in psychology. The fourth award in the amount of up to $3,000 [$2,000] shall be known as the "APA Distinguished Scientific Award for the Applications of Psychology." The award is for distinguished theoretical or empirical advances leading to the understanding or amelioration of important practical problems. The Committee shall seek diversity in selecting recipients, avoiding so far as possible the selection of more than one person representing a specialized topic, a specific material, a given method, or a particular application.

There shall be an increase in the number of these senior scientific awards from four to seven per year for calendar years 1987, 1988, and 1989.

140-3.3 The APA may award three annual prizes of up to $2,000 [$1,000] for important contributions to the science of psychology made by younger people early in their career. The award is known as the "APA Distinguished Scientific Awards for an Early Career Contribution to Psychology." It is expected that award will focus more on specific contributions rather than on continuing contributions.

140-3.4 Ineligible for the awards are members serving currently on the Committee, former recipients of the award in question, and the current APA President and President-elect.

140-3.5 Nominations for these awards shall be solicited in the broadest possible manner, including announcements in appropriate publications. Deadlines for receipt of nominations shall be established by the Committee each year. Additionally, the Committee shall systematically review promising nominations from previous years.

140-3.6 Award recipients are invited to the APA annual convention to receive the award and to address convention attendees in the year following the receipt of the award.

150-3. Committee on Psychology in the Public Interest Awards

150-3.1 There shall be a Committee on Psychology in the Public Interest Awards consisting of the current Chair of the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest, the two past Chairs, and two psychologists appointed by Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest who are members of the Association but not members of the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest and who will reflect the diversity of public interest constituencies. The Committee shall announce the recipients of the awards at the annual convention, and it shall report other matters to Council through the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest.

150-3.2 The APA may award annually up to three prizes of up to $3,000 [$2,000] each for outstanding contributions to psychology in the public interest and for outstanding contributions to research in public policy. Two of these awards are to be known as the "APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest." The Committee shall select recipients whose single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions have met one or more of the following criteria: (a) courageous and distinctive contribution in the science or profession of psychology that makes a material contribution to the solution of one of the world's intransigent social problems; (b) distinctive and innovative contribution that makes the science and/or profession of psychology more accessible in a positive manner to a greater number of persons; and (c) an integration of the science and/or profession of psychology with social action in a manner beneficial to all.

150-3.3 The third award in the amount of up to $3,000 [$2,000] shall be known as the "APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy." The award is for a distinguished empirical or theoretical contribution to research in public policy. This contribution may consist of: (a) sound research that leads others to view specific national policies differently;

(b) research that provides evidence directly relevant to public policy alternatives; (c) research that demonstrates the importance of the application of psychological methods and theory to public policy; and (d) research that clarifies the ways in which scientific knowledge regarding human behavior informs public policy.

150-3.4 Ineligible for the awards are members serving on the Committee and on the Board for the Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest, former recipients of the award, and the current APA President and President-elect.

150-3.5 Nominations for these awards shall be solicited in the broadest possible manner, including placement of announcements in appropriate publications. The Committee may also nominate candidates. Additionally, the Committee shall systematically review promising nominations from previous years. Deadlines for receipt of nominations shall be established by the Committee each year.

150-3.6 Award recipients shall be invited to the APA annual convention to receive the awards and to address convention attendees in the year following the receipt of the awards.

B.(26) The Board voted to recommend that the Council of Representatives approve the following amendment to the Association Rule (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

140-3. Committee on Scientific Awards

140-3.1 There shall be a Committee on Scientific Awards consisting of six members, two of whom shall be elected each year for terms of three years. The Committee shall announce the recipients of the awards at the annual convention, and it shall report other matters to Council through the Board of Scientific Affairs.

140-3.2 The APA may award annually up to four prizes of up to $2,000 each for outstanding contributions to the science of psychology. Three of these awards are to be known as the "APA Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions." The Committee shall select recipients for the awards who, in its opinion, have made distinguished theoretical or empirical contributions to basic research in psychology. The fourth award in the amount of up to $2,000 shall be known as the "APA Distinguished Scientific Award for the Applications of Psychology." The award is for distinguished theoretical or empirical advances leading to the understanding or amelioration of important practical problems. The Committee shall seek diversity in selecting recipients, avoiding so far as possible the selection of more than one person representing a specialized topic, a specific material, a given method, or a particular application.

There shall be an increase in the number of these senior scientific awards from four to seven per year for calendar years 1987, 1988, and 1989.

140-3.3 The APA may award five [three] annual prizes of up to $1,000 for important contributions to the science of psychology made by younger people early in their career. The award is known as the "APA Distinguished Scientific Awards for an Early Career Contribution to Psychology." It is expected that award will focus more on specific contributions rather than on continuing contributions.

140-3.4 Ineligible for the awards are members serving currently on the Committee, former recipients of the award in question, and the current APA President and President-elect.

140-3.5 Nominations for these awards shall be solicited in the broadest possible manner, including announcements in appropriate publications. Deadlines for receipt of nominations shall be established by the Committee each year. Additionally, the Committee shall systematically review promising nominations from previous years.

140-3.6 Award recipients are invited to the APA annual convention to receive the award and to address convention attendees in the year following the receipt of the award.

C.(27) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the Task Force on Recommending Changes to the APA Convention That Would Appeal to Scientists.

D.(28) The item "Request to Establish a Continuing Committee on Human Research" was withdrawn.

D.(29) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the 2007 APA Presidential Task Force on Institutional Review Boards and Psychological Science.

XII. Public Interest

A.(30) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the Task Force on Mental Health and Abortion.

B.(31) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the Task Force on Resilience and Strength in Black Children and Adolescents.

C.(32) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the Report of the Task Force on Evidence- Based Practice with Children and Adolescents.

D.(33) The Board voted to recommend that Council receive the report of the Task Force on Gender Identity and Gender Variance. The Board commended the Task Force for producing an excellent report in the face of considerable scrutiny from sometime highly critical audiences.

E.(34) The Board voted to recommend that Council adopt the following resolution as APA policy:

Resolution on Transgender, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression Non-Discrimination

WHEREAS transgender and gender variant people frequently experience prejudice and discrimination and psychologists can, through their professional actions, address these problems at both an individual and a societal level;

WHEREAS the American Psychological Association opposes prejudice and discrimination based on demographic characteristics including gender identity, as reflected in policies including the Hate Crimes Resolution (Paige, 2005), the Resolution on Prejudice Stereotypes and Discrimination (Paige, 2007), APA Bylaws (Article III, Section 2), the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (APA 2002, 3.01 and Principle E);

WHEREAS transgender and other gender variant people benefit from treatment with therapists with specialized knowledge of their issues (Lurie, 2005; Rachlin, 2002), and that the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct state that when scientific or professional knowledge ...is essential for the effective implementation of their services or research, psychologists have or obtain the training....necessary to ensure the competence of their services..." (APA 2002, 2.01b);

WHEREAS discrimination and prejudice against people based on their actual or perceived gender identity or expression detrimentally affects psychological, physical, social, and economic well-being (Bockting et al., 2005; Coan et al., 2005; Clements-Nolle, 2006; Kenagy, 2005; Kenagy & Bostwick, 2005; Nemoto et al., 2005; Resolution on Prejudice Stereotypes and Discrimination, Paige, 2007; Riser et al., 2005; Rodriquez-Madera & Toro-Alfonso, 2005; Sperber et al., 2005; Xavier et al., 2005);

WHEREAS transgender people may be denied basic non-gender transition related health care (Bockting et al., 2005; Coan et al., 2005; Clements-Nolle, 2006; GLBT Health Access Project, 2000; Kenagy, 2005; Kenagy & Bostwick, 2005; Nemoto et al., 2005; Riser et al., 2005; Rodriquez-Madera & Toro-Alfonso, 2005; Sperber et al., 2005; Xavier et al., 2005);

WHEREAS gender variant and transgender people may be denied appropriate gender transition related medical and mental health care despite evidence that appropriately evaluated individuals benefit from gender transition treatments (De Cuypere et al., 2005; Kuiper & Cohen-Kettenis, 1988; Lundstrom, et al., 1984; Newfield, et al., 2006; Pfafflin & Junge, 1998; Rehman et al., 1999; Ross & Need, 1989; Smith et al., 2005);

WHEREAS gender variant and transgender people may be denied basic civil rights and protections (Minter, 2003; Spade, 2003) including: the right to civil marriage which confers a social status and important legal benefits, rights, and privileges (Paige, 2005); the right to obtain appropriate identity documents that are consistent with a post-transition identity; and the right to fair and safe and harassment-free institutional environments such as care facilities, treatment centers, shelters, housing, schools, prisons and juvenile justice programs;

WHEREAS transgender and gender variant people experience a disproportionate rate of homelessness (Kammerer et al., 2001), unemployment (APA, 2007) and job discrimination (Herbst et al., 2007), disproportionately report income below the poverty line (APA, 2007) and experience other financial disadvantages (Lev, 2004);

WHEREAS transgender and gender variant people may be at increased risk in institutional environments and facilities for harassment, physical and sexual assault (Edney, 2004; Minter, 2003; Peterson et al., 1996; Witten & Eyler, 2007) and inadequate medical care including denial of gender transition treatments such as hormone therapy (Edney, 2004; Peterson et al., 1996; Bockting et al., 2005; Coan et al., 2005; Clements-Nolle, 2006; Kenagy, 2005; Kenagy & Bostwick, 2005; Nemoto et al., 2005; Newfield et al., 2006; Riser et al., 2005; Rodriquez-Madera &Toro-Alfonso, 2005; Sperber et al., 2005; Xavier et al., 2005);

WHEREAS many gender variant and transgender children and youth face harassment and violence in school environments, foster care, residential treatment centers, homeless centers and juvenile justice programs (D'Augelli, Grossman, & Starks, 2006; Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network, 2003; Grossman, D'Augelli, & Slater, 2006);

WHEREAS psychologists are in a position to influence policies and practices in institutional settings, particularly regarding the implementation of the Standards of Care published by the World Professional Association of Transgender Health (WPATH, formerly known as the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association) which recommend the continuation of gender transition treatments and especially hormone therapy during incarceration (Meyer et al., 2001);

WHEREAS psychological research has the potential to inform treatment, service provision, civil rights and approaches to promoting the well-being of transgender and gender variant people;

WHEREAS APA has a history of successful collaboration with other organizations to meet the needs of particular populations, and organizations outside of APA have useful resources for addressing the needs of transgender and gender variant people;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT APA opposes all public and private discrimination on the basis of actual or perceived gender identity and expression and urges the repeal of discriminatory laws and policies;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports the passage of laws and policies protecting the rights, legal benefits, and privileges of people of all gender identities and expressions;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports full access to employment, housing, and education regardless of gender identity and expression;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA calls upon psychologists in their professional roles to provide appropriate, nondiscriminatory treatment to transgender and gender variant individuals and encourages psychologists to take a leadership role in working against discrimination towards transgender and gender variant individuals;

THEREFORE, BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA encourages legal and social recognition of transgender individuals consistent with their gender identity and expression, including access to identity documents consistent with their gender identity and expression which do not involuntarily disclose their status as transgender for transgender people who permanently socially transition to another gender role;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports access to civil marriage and all its attendant benefits, rights, privileges and responsibilities, regardless of gender identity or expression;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports efforts to provide fair and safe environments for gender variant and transgender people in institutional settings such as supportive living environments, long-term care facilities, nursing homes, treatment facilities, and shelters, as well as custodial settings such as prisons and jails;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports efforts to provide safe and secure educational environments, at all levels of education, as well as foster care environments and juvenile justice programs, that promote an understanding and acceptance of self and in which all youths, including youth of all gender identities and expressions, may be free from discrimination, harassment, violence, and abuse;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports the provision of adequate and medically necessary mental and medical health care treatment for transgender and gender variant individuals;

THEREFORE, BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA recognizes the efficacy, benefit and medical necessity of gender transition treatments for appropriately evaluated individuals and calls upon public and private insurers to cover these medically necessary treatments;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports access to appropriate treatment in institutional settings for people of all gender identities and expressions; including access to appropriate health care services including gender transition therapies;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports the creation of educational resources for all psychologists in working with individuals who are gender variant and transgender;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports the funding of basic and applied research concerning gender expression and gender identity;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports the creation of scientific and educational resources that inform public discussion about gender identity and gender expression to promote public policy development, and societal and familial attitudes and behaviors that affirm the dignity and rights of all individuals regardless of gender identity or gender expression;

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT APA supports cooperation with other organizations in efforts to accomplish these ends.

References

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Bockting, W. O., Huang, C., Ding, H., Robinson, B., & Rosser, B. R. S. (2005). Are transgender persons at higher risk for HIV than other sexual minorities? A comparison of HIV prevalence and risks. International Journal of Transgenderism, 3(2/3), 123-131.

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Coan, D. L., Schranger, W., & Packer, T. (2005). The role of male sex partners in HIV infection among male-to-female transgendered individuals. International Journal of Transgenderism, 3(2/3), 21-30.

D'Augelli, A. R., Grossman, A. H., & Starks, M. T. (2006). Childhood gender atypicality, victimization, and PTSD among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(11), 1462-1482.

De Cuypere G., TSjoen, G., Beerten, R., Selvaggi, G., De Sutter, P., Hoebeke, P., Monstrey, S., Vansteenwegen A., & Rubens, R. (2005). Sexual and physical health after sex reassignment surgery. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 34(6), 679-690.

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Grossman, A. H., D'Augelli, A. R., & Slater, N. P. (2006). Male-to-female transgender youth: Gender expression milestones, gender atypicality, victimization, and parents' responses. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 2(1), 71-92.

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Kenagy, G. P. (2005). The health and social service needs of transgender people in Philadelphia. International Journal of Transgenderism, 3(2/3), 49-56.

Kenagy, G. P., & Bostwick, W. B. (2005). Health and social service needs of transgender people in Chicago. International Journal of Transgenderism, 3(2/3), 57-66.

Kuiper, B., & Cohen-Kettenis, P. (1988). Sex reassignment surgery: a study of 141 Dutch transsexuals. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 17(5), 439-457.

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Lurie, S. (2005). Identifying training needs of health-care providers related to treatment and care of transgendered patients: A qualitative needs assessment conducted in New England. International Journal of Transgenderism, 3(2/3), 93-112.

Meyer III, W., Bockting, W., Cohen-Kettenis, P., Coleman, E., DiCeglie, D., Devor, H., et al. (2001). The standards of care for gender identity disorders, sixth version. International Journal of Transgenderism, 5(1). Retrieved January 15, 2007.

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F.(35) The Board voted to approve the addition of $8,000 to the 2008 Probable to support the inaugural Committee on Women in Psychology Leadership Institute for Women in Psychology.

XIII. Ethnic Minority Affairs

No items.

XIV. International Affairs

A.(43) The Board received as information the CIRP Report on APA's Activities and Representation at the United Nations.

XV. Central Office

No Items.

XVI. Financial Affairs

A.(36) The Board voted to recommend that Council approve the following motion:

That Council approves the 2009 Preliminary Budget, in principle, calling for a 2008 probable deficit of $937,900 and a surplus of $721,100 for the 2009 Preliminary Budget. This 2009 Preliminary Budget shall serve as the framework for the 2009 Final Budget that will be presented to Council for approval in February of 2009.

On the recommendation of the Finance Committee and Board, consistent with the actions of Council in August 2000 and 2002 to institute the practice of increasing the APA base member dues and graduate student affiliate fees annually by an amount linked to the consumer price index for all urban consumers (CPI-U), Council specifically approves a $8 increase in the APA base member dues ($279 to $287) and a $1 increase in the graduate student affiliate fee from $51 to $52.

B.(37) The Board voted to recommend that the Council of Representatives approve the following motion:

Based on the 2009 Preliminary Budget and the 2009—2011 Financial Forecast, Council adopts the following Net Asset Allocation Plan and Financial Forecast for the period 2009—2011:

1. The goal for attainment of net assets as stated in Association Rule 210-3 is reaffirmed; namely, that the Association strives to maintain net assets equal to at least one year's operating budget.

2. Consistent with accounting practices, conventional wisdom and comparable financial data from other organizations, the Association should not consider any portion of theoretical building equity toward attainment of the net assets goal mentioned in item 1 above.

3. Currently, rather than specifically set aside funds outside the normal budget process for development of programs deemed to be of high priority to the membership, the Association enthusiastically supports consideration of proposals (in the form of a business plan) for new revenue generating ideas. [Such proposals for new revenue generating ideas should be thoroughly detailed including all direct costs, indirect costs, and staff costs. Such proposals reviewed by the FC, the Board and approved by Council, will be funded out of ongoing revenues or out of the Association's net assets, as necessary, assuming that full consideration is also given to the impact of such funding on progress towards the Association's net assets goal mentioned in item 1 above.]

4. Each year, based on actual results and an analysis of our net assets, future financial forecasts and the net asset allocation plan will be adjusted accordingly.

5. Once the net asset goals are attained, any number of future actions could be taken including the long-term stabilization of dues; the long-term availability of funds for the development of programs deemed to be of high priority to the membership; further apportionment of building and investment proceeds toward operational expenses, etc.

6. The specific Financial Forecast for 2009 - 2011 is as follows:

a. Strive to attain a net asset goal equal to at least one year's operating budget consistent with Association Rule 210-3;

b. Include $3.5M net cash flow from building operations in the operating budget as a regular source of revenue (consistent with Council's action of February 2008);

c. Include funding in the operating budget for the Public Education Campaign, Psychology Public Education Campaign (planning), Academic Enhancement Initiative and PSY21, through the forecast period (2009 - 2011);

d. Restrict capital expenditures to no more than $12M over the forecast period (this limit excludes the capital purchases planned as part of the Web Relaunch designation);

e. Continue to reinvest net realized gains/losses from our long-term portfolio activity;

f. Reinvest all interest/dividends from our long-term portfolio activity (during 2009, the CEO has proposed that long-term interest/dividends be transferred to supplement operations);

g. Treat Federal income tax expenses as non-operating activity;

h. Treat all real estate cash flow in excess of $3.5M annually from building operations as an increase to net assets (increase to investment and/or debt extinguishment) after the operating line of credit has been paid off;

i. Continue to pay down the long-term debt (under the newly refinanced terms of the APA 750 LLC and Series B loans and the corresponding renegotiated swaps). No sale of our real estate is anticipated over this forecast period; and,

j. To present annual budgets that are consistent with Association Rule 210-2.1 that calls for a surplus of between 1% and 2% of budgeted revenues (after consideration of the cash flow from buildings) in order to provide a basis for orderly expansion of operations and services in successive years and to provide a margin of safety against contingencies.

C.(38) The Board voted to accept the consolidated audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2007, Report to Management, the Supplemental Financial Report (A-133), the APA 750 LLC and the APA Ten G LLC financial statements as of December 31, 2007.

D.(38A) The Board, in light of the projection that the Accreditation Stabilization Designation of Net Assets Fund will be depleted during 2009, voted to request that the Accreditation Office provide a long-term plan for the fund to the Finance Committee and Board given that the fund was established primarily to stabilize fees charged to participant programs over time.

E. At its April 10 & 11 meeting, the Board voted to approve the following resolution authorizing the Board's approval of the debt refinancing based on Council's direction at its February 2008 meeting:

Recitals:

A. The Board of Directors (the "Board") is the administrative agent of the Council of Representatives (the "Council") of the American Psychological Association, Inc. (the "Association") and is charged with exercising general supervision over the affairs of the Association under Article VII of the Association's bylaws.

B. APA 750 LLC (the "LLC") is a Delaware single-member limited liability company, the sole member and manager of which is the Association.

C. On February 22, 2008, the Council authorized the Board, on behalf of both the Association and the LLC, to move forward with, and to approve the final terms of, a proposed refinancing of the Association's and the LLC's existing debt (the "Proposed Refinancing"), which may include some or all of the following components:

1. Prepaying all of the outstanding Series B Senior Secured Notes, due July 1, 2012, issued by the Association in the original principal amount of $25,000,000 (the "Prepayment").

2. Obtaining a loan from Bank of America, N.A. (the "Bank") in an original principal amount of not more than $30,000,000 on terms substantially consistent with the commitment letter attached as Exhibit A and incorporated by reference into these Resolutions (the "Commitment Letter") to effect the Prepayment and to finance the prepayment penalty associated with the Prepayment.

3. Amending an existing loan with the Bank in the original principal amount of $30,900,000, which loan was entered into on November 15, 2002, on terms substantially consistent with the Commitment Letter, in order to, among other things, reduce the cost of the loan and extend the term of the loan.

4. Amending the terms of the Bank's existing letter of credit with respect to the District of Columbia Variable Rate Revenue Bonds (American Psychological Association Issue) Series 2003 in the original aggregate principal amount of $21,100,000 (the "Bonds"), issued by the District of Columbia on behalf of the LLC, to provide for a longer term, and to provide for other terms, substantially consistent with the Commitment Letter.

5. Entering into one or more interest rate swap agreements and/or amendments to existing interest rate swap agreements (in each case, a "Swap"), on a current or forward basis, with respect to any of the Association's or the LLC's variable interest rate obligations on its existing debt (or on any debt to be incurred in connection with the Proposed Refinancing), as more fully described below.

D. The Board has determined that it is advisable and in the best interests of the Association and the LLC to proceed with the Proposed Refinancing.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, as follows:

1. All actions of the Association and the LLC, and of their officers and staff, previously taken in connection with the Proposed Refinancing are hereby approved, authorized, ratified and confirmed.

2. The Board authorizes the Association and the LLC to proceed with any or all of the Proposed Refinancing on terms substantially consistent with the Commitment Letter, to the extent applicable, as determined by any of the now- or then-incumbent (at the time of the execution of any documents in connection with any part of the Proposed Refinancing) CEO of the Association, the Deputy CEO of the Association and the CFO of the Association (each, an "Authorized Officer"), in any such officer's sole discretion, and with such changes to the terms as determined to be necessary by any such officer in his/her sole discretion.

3. The Board authorizes the Association and/or the LLC to enter into and/or to amend one or more Swaps to effectuate one or more interest rate swaps, on a current or forward basis, with respect to all or any portion of the Association's or the LLC's variable interest rate obligations on its existing debt (or on any debt to be incurred in connection with the Proposed Refinancing), such that, for any such Swap, the Association and/or the LLC will pay a fixed interest rate not to exceed 5.5 percent calculated on a notional amount of no more than the original principal amount of the existing debt (or debt to be incurred) to which the Swap relates, for a term ending not later than 30 years and one month from the effective date of any such Swap.

4. The Board authorizes the approval, or execution and delivery, of any agreements, amendments, certificates and documents required in connection with the Proposed Refinancing (the "Financing Documents"), which Financing Documents may include security agreements, financing statements, mortgages and/or amendments to any of the foregoing, and/or one or more of any of the following documents relating to any Swap: an ISDA Master Agreement, a Schedule, a Credit Support Annex, a Confirmation, and/or amendments to any of the foregoing.

5. Any of the Authorized Officers is authorized, empowered and directed to execute and deliver, for and on behalf of the Association or the LLC, as applicable, those of the Financing Documents requiring the signature of an Authorized Officer in connection with the Proposed Refinancing, and any and all other certificates, agreements, instruments and documents related to the Proposed Refinancing, with such changes, modifications, additions or deletions as any Authorized Officer, in such officer's sole and absolute discretion, from time to time, deems necessary, desirable advisable or appropriate and in the best interests of the Association or the LLC; such officer's execution of the applicable Financing Documents and related documents to constitute conclusive evidence of such officer's approval of any and all such changes, modifications, additions or deletions, and all such changes, modifications and amendments and instruments, certificates, agreements and documents shall be binding upon the Association or the LLC, as applicable.

6. Any Authorized Officer is authorized to approve for and on behalf of the Association or the LLC any legally permitted use, and the distribution, form and content of, a Remarketing Circular, with such other disclosure documents and materials as any Authorized Officer and the Remarketing Agent shall deem to be advisable and in the best interests of the Association or the LLC in connection with the remarketing of the Bonds; and any Authorized Officer's execution of any instrument evidencing such approval shall be deemed conclusively to constitute approval thereof by the Association and the LLC.

7. Any Authorized Officer is authorized to agree to, and to execute and to deliver, for and on behalf of the Association and the LLC any and all additional agreements, certificates, documents, instruments, escrow agreements, opinions, letters and other papers (including, without limitation, deeds of trust, security agreements, financing statements and other like documents necessary to create and maintain security interests in monies and revenues pledged as security) as any Authorized Officer, in such officer's sole and absolute discretion, from time to time determines to be necessary, desirable, advisable or appropriate and in the best interests of the Association or the LLC to implement and carry out the intent and purpose of these Resolutions and to complete the Proposed Refinancing (the "Other Documents"); such officer's execution of such Other Documents to constitute conclusive evidence of such determination and all such changes, modifications, amendments, instruments, certificates, agreements and documents shall be binding upon the Association or the LLC, as applicable.

8. Any Authorized Officer is authorized, empowered and directed to perform all other acts and to do all other things and to execute all such documents for and on behalf of the Association and the LLC as any Authorized Officer, in such officer's sole and absolute discretion, from time to time determines to be necessary, desirable, advisable or appropriate and in the best interests of the Association and the LLC to comply with the provisions of the Financing Documents as executed and as amended from time to time, and of the Other Documents, to implement and carry out the intent and purpose of these Resolutions and to complete the Proposed Refinancing.

9. The Association, the LLC and each of their officers are hereby authorized and directed to cause the Association and the LLC to perform each and every one of their respective obligations, undertakings, covenants, commitments, representations and agreements arising under the Financing Documents, the Other Documents and all other documents, instruments, agreements and certificates executed and delivered in connection with or under the authority of these Resolutions, all as amended from time to time.

10 .Susan Graves, Deputy CFO is hereby appointed as Assistant Secretary of the Association for all purposes relating to these Resolutions, including attesting to the signature of any Authorized Officer with respect to any of the Financing Documents or Other Documents.

11 .The provisions of these Resolutions shall be separable and if any section, phrase or provision of these Resolutions shall for any reason be declared invalid, such declaration shall not affect the validity of the remainder of the sections, phrases or provisions of these Resolutions.

12. These Resolutions shall be effective as of April 11, 2008.