Council of Representatives Approved Minutes: February 23-25, 2001

MINUTES OF MEETING

A.(1) Council voted to approve the minutes of the August 3 & 6, 2000, Council of Representatives meeting.

I. ELECTIONS, AWARDS, MEMBERSHIP AND HUMAN RESOURCES

A.(2) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 110-7., Guidelines for the Conduct of President-Elect Nominations and Elections, as follows (underlined material to be added):

A. Eligibility, Published Statements, Campaign Restrictions

3. Call to membership of potential presidential nominees. An announcement will be made in the December Monitor informing potential presidential nominees of the opportunity to speak at the February Council meeting and to submit a brief statement (50 words or less) that would accompany the President-Elect Nomination ballot. The deadline for submission of the statement will be January 15.

(Note: Subsequent paragraphs of the Guidelines will be renumbered.)

B.(3) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23J, "New Member Slates for Committees."

C.(3A) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 30D, "Creation of a New Member Category."

D.(53) The new business item "Elections and Nominations for the Board of Directors" was referred to the Election Committee, the Board of Scientific Affairs (BSA), the Policy and Planning Board (P&P), the Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice (CAPP) and the Committee on the Structure and Function of Council (CSFC)

E.(54) The new business item "Elections to APA Governance by Members of the Council of Representatives other than the Board of Directors" was referred to the Election Committee, CAPP and CSFC.

F.(58A) The new business item "Cost of 2001 APA Directory" was referred to the Membership Committee and the Publications and Communications Board (P&C).

G.(68) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "New Criteria for Dues-Exempt Status."

II. ETHICS

A.(4) Council discussed the report of the Ethics Committee regarding adjudication process reforms. Ethics Chair Robert Kinscherff, PhD, JD, and Board members Ronald F. Levant, EdD, and Ruth Ullmann Paige, PhD, provided brief presentations to the Council prior to its discussion.

B.(59) Council discussed recent activities concerning the Ethics Code Revision. Celia Fisher, PhD, provided a brief presentation to Council prior to its discussion.

C.(60) Council received information on stipulated resignations.

IV. BOARD OF DIRECTORS

A.(5) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item 32A:

All Council motions, properly submitted under the rules of the Association, shall be brought to the floor of Council for vote within three years of submission.

B.(6) Council voted to refer the item "Turnaround Time Council Business Items" and the proposed "Resolution on Attending to New Business" to the Committee on the Structure and Function of Council and requested that the item come back to Council in August 2001.

C.(7) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item 32G:

That the document listing the new business in progress items be distributed to Council members along with the agenda book, and that Council members be given a form to notify the president that they are requesting that one or more of the items be moved to the agenda for Council's deliberation (prior to the formal adoption of the agenda by Council).

D.(8) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item 23K:

Each Council meeting shall include at least one breakout session where members shall discuss current major issues facing the profession and the Association.

E.(9) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 30A, "Fostering Career Development of Young Professionals."

F.(39) Council voted to approve the addition of the word "health" to APA's Mission Statement, Article 1 of the APA Bylaws (underlined materials to be added):

Article I :Objects

The objects of the American Psychological Association shall be to advance psychology as a science and profession and as a means of promoting health and human welfare by the encouragement of psychology in all its branches in the broadest and most liberal manner; by the promotion of research in psychology and the improvement of research methods and conditions; by the improvement of the qualifications and usefulness of psychologists through high standards of ethics, conduct, education, and achievement; by the establishment and maintenance of the highest standards of professional ethics and conduct of the members of the Association; by the increase and diffusion of psychological knowledge through meetings, professional contacts, reports, papers, discussions, and publications; thereby to advance scientific interests and inquiry, and the application of research findings to the promotion of health and the public welfare.

The amendment will be forwarded to the membership for a vote in April 2001. Council voted to not include a pro/con statement with the Bylaw Amendment Ballot.

G.(40) The item "Request for Contingency Funds to Support a Meeting to Reconsider the APA Policy that Prohibits Advertisements from the U.S. Military in APA Media" was withdrawn.

H.(58E) The new business item "Streamlining the Presentation of Information to Members of Council" was referred to CSFC.

I.(69) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Resolution on the Death Penalty."

V. DIVISIONS AND STATE AND PROVINCIAL ASSOCIATIONS

A.(10) Council voted to approve the Division of Clinical Child Psychology, Division 53 of the American Psychological Association, as a permanent APA division.

B.(11) Council voted to approve the Division for the Society of Pediatric Psychology, Division 54 of the American Psychological Association, as a permanent APA division.

C.(55) The new business item "Guidelines for Education and Training at the Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Level in Consulting Psychology-Organizational" was referred to the Board of Educational Affairs (BEA), BPA and the Committee on Legal Issues (COLI).

D.(56) The new business item "Guidelines for Provision of Humanistic Psychology" was referred to BPA and COLI.

E.(70) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Amend APA Rule 100-2.1 for Signing Petitions to APA Council in Order to Permit Electronic Endorsements for Petitions for New Divisions."

F.(71) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Division Petition."

VI. ORGANIZATION OF THE APA

A.(12) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item 26E:

That the Association Rules 110-15.1 and 110-16.1 be amended to describe the composition of standing boards and committees and continuing committees of the association to require that: "Except for members of the public selected to represent societal interests, all those elected to serve on standing boards and committees or continuing committee of the association shall be members of the association. Resignation or expulsion from membership automatically terminates any term of service on such boards or committees."

B.(13) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 50-3.1 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

50-3. AD HOC GROUPS

50-3.1 The standing boards and committees and continuing committees [shall] may, in exceptional circumstances, appoint, for designated time periods, such ad hoc groups (e.g., task forces, work groups, ad hoc committees, subcommittees) as may be necessary. [The term of ad hoc groups shall expire at the close of the annual meeting following their appointment, unless they complete their assignment and are discharged earlier. If the appointing board or committee wishes the continuance of an ad hoc group, it shall so report to Council. Ad hoc groups reported by a board or committee may be included in an official list of ad hoc groups. A formal vote by Council is not necessary to establish an ad hoc group, unless the appointing board or committee requests special powers for the ad hoc group beyond the competence of the board or committee to grant.]

If funding is already available for an ad hoc group, the Board of Directors shall be informed at its next meeting of the establishment of the group and provided with a description of the following: purpose; progress to date; membership roster (if available); duration of the group's appointment; funding amount and source of funding. If new funding is needed for the ad hoc group, prior approval must be obtained from the Council of Representatives or Board of Directors as appropriate. The request for approval shall include a description of the following: purpose; membership roster (if available); duration of the group's appointment; funding amount required and the source from which funding is requested. Requests for Council contingency funds or for funds to be added to the budget require Council approval.

If the appointing body determines that an ad hoc group should continue beyond its initially designated term, the Board of Directors shall be informed at its next meeting and shall be advised of the group's progress; the new designated time period; and the amount and source of funds. If funding is needed for the group's continuance, prior approval must be obtained from the Council of Representatives or Board of Directors as appropriate.

The Council of Representatives shall receive a listing annually of all ad hoc groups as an integral part of the budget document.

C.(14) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23B, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Board and Committee Structure."

D(15) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23E, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Board of Directors."

E.(16) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23F, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Policy and Planning Board."

F.(17) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23G, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Committee on International Relations in Psychology."

G.(18) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23H, "Governance Renaissance Plan: National College of Professional Psychology."


H.(19) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23I, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology."

I.(20) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23J, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Committee on Division/APA Relations."

J.(21) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item 23K, "Governance Renaissance Plan: Committee on Legal Issues."

K.(41) Council voted to approve the following motion:

The Council of Representatives directs the Research Office to develop a method of determining association priorities at a regularly scheduled interval. Data gathering should include a variety of member and APA staff groups similar to those used in the 1998 P&P Information Request. Results of this survey should be reported widely, but specifically to the Policy and Planning Board for its use in long-range planning and to the Board of Directors and the Council of Representatives for their use in determining association priorities and initiatives. Council allocates $8,500 from its 2001 contingency fund for the cost of conducting the survey.

L.(42) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item 23O:

That the Council of Representatives establish an Office of APA Ombudsman to facilitate direct communications with individual members who seek an avenue by which their concerns can be addressed and to publicize the existence of this office in the APA Monitor and the American Psychologist.

M.(58B) The new business item "Work Group to Study Equity Between Divisions and Affiliates of the Numbers of Members and Representation on Council" was referred to P&P, the Committee on Division/APA Relations (CODAPAR), BSA, CAPP and CSFC.

N.(58J) The new business item "Better Articulation Between the Council of Representatives and its Board and Committee Structure" was referred to CSFC and P&P.

O.(61) Council received as information the Report of the Task Force on Council Representation 2.

P.(72) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "P&P/Panel Governance Renaissance Plan: Redesign of the Council of Representatives."

P.(73) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "P&P/Panel Governance Renaissance Plan: Using Division Expertise."

Q.(74) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Change in Council's Name."

R.(75) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Council Seats for State Associations and Divisions."

S.(76) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "APA Policy on Utilization of Technology."

VII. PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS

A.(22) Council voted to approve Division 18's proposal to publish a division journal.

B.(61A) Council received as information a publications update. The Publications and Communications (P&C) Board met twice in 2000: March 31-April 1, 2000 and October 28-29, 2000. Janet Shibley Hyde, PhD, served as 2000 Chair, and Sara Kiesler, PhD, as Co-Chair. The P&C Board continued its policy oversight of the Association's major knowledge and information dissemination programs: The APA Journals program, PsycINFO database products and services, the APA Books program, and APA Internet Services. The P&C Board made 5 editor appointments in 2000 for new editors, naming the following as editors: Steve West, PhD, (Psychological Methods); Stephen Lindsay, PhD (JEP: General); Phillip L. Ackerman, PhD (JEP: Applied); John F. Disterhoft, PhD (Behavioral Neuroscience); James T. Becker, PhD (Neuropsychology). The P&C Board opened 5 editor searches in 2000 for the following journals: Journal of Applied Psychology; Psychological Bulletin; Journal of Educational Psychology; Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Interpersonal. Six APA journal special issues were published in 2000: the January issue of the American Psychologist (Special Issue on Happiness, Excellence, and Optimal Human Functioning); a supplemental special issue of the January issue of Health Psychology (Maintenance of Behavior Change in Cardiorespiratory Risk Reduction); the June issue of Professional Psychology: Research and Practice (Training and Employment of Professional Psychologists); the August issue of Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology (The Decade of Behavior: Psychopharmacology and Substance Abuse Research); the September issue of the Journal of Family Psychology (Cultural Variation in Families); and the November issue of Psychological Bulletin (Psychology in the 21st Century). Three EPF special issues were published in 2000: the January issue of Group Dynamics (One Hundred Years of Groups Research); the winter issue of Consulting Psychology Journal (Consulting to Team-Based Organizations); and the June issue of Review of General Psychology (Adult Attachment). The P&C Board continued to discuss and evaluate policies and practices involving the online display and dissemination of information, revisiting the interim policy on pre-print posting of journal articles and evaluating the APA web sites featuring APA books, journals, and PsycINFO products and services. Digitization for the APA and EPF journals continued in 2000, adding the 1988 records along with the 2000 issues as they came off press. The Full-text Journal Article database will have 12 years of records at the beginning of 2001. The APA Full-Text Article database and the APA-provided PsycINFO abstract database were well used by members in 2000. Over 10,200 individuals requested one of the fee-for-access programs, an increase of 10% from 1999. Subscriptions closed out the year with approximately 356,935 APA and 18,586 EPF paid subscriptions. The APA Books Program released 50 books copyrighted in 2000. Magination Press released 10 new children's books. The 8-volume APA/Oxford University Press encyclopedia came off press in spring 2000. The APA Monitor transition to the magazine format Monitor on Psychology was completed and the first issue came off press in January 2000. There was a reorganization of the Sales, Advertising, and Marketing department in fall 2000; a new Director of Sales and Marketing and a new Marketing Manager were hired. Sales and marketing staff directly promoting APA information products completed in 2000 one major book catalog, as well as catalogs for Magination Press and APA/EPF journals. More than 25 direct mail campaigns promoted books and journals in specific areas. APA publications were also promoted in bookstore operations and in exhibit booth engagements. The DC convention store gross sales were $159,557. Total advertising sales for 2000 reached nearly $3,100,000 or more than $280,400 above the 1999 year end figure of $2,819,600. Exhibit sales that were also supported by Advertising staff reached $441,000 or nearly $18,000 more than in 1999 when the total was $423,000. PsycINFO developed a new resource for locating audiovisual productions relevant to psychology. A printed volume, Videos in Psychology: A Resource Directory, containing summaries of more than 900 videos, was published in March 2000. PsycVIDEO™, an electronic version of the video publication with more than 2,000 videos, was offered in December 2000 to APA members who purchased access to the Online Member Services platinum package and to the general public in January 2001. PsycSCAN: Psychopharmacology, a new searchable online collection of abstracts drawn from the PsycINFO database, was launched in May 2000. It is designed to provide access to the latest research in experimental and clinical psychopharmacology and is being marketed to APA members, non-members, and organizations such as clinics and federal agencies. On October 1, 2000 APA's new pricing model for the PsycINFO® site lease program went into effect. The structure is an annual access fee based on the number of potential users at each site. The model has encouraged small- and mid-sized institutions to lease access to the full PsycINFO database. Also in October, the PsycINFO database became APA's single comprehensive secondary database. The PsycLIT® CD-ROM product was changed to PsycINFO site leasing with a focus on online and Internet access. All PsycLIT customers were migrated to a PsycINFO site lease on their renewal dates. The PsycINFO database began offering weekly updates in June 2000. A fully reloaded database that includes new features such as links to full text, journal publisher location, publisher URL, country of publication, and coverage of electronic journals was sent to vendors in November 2000. As of January 2001, PsycINFO has 2484 institutional leases and licenses. In summer and fall 2000, APA beta-tested PsycARTICLES™—the APA full-text database—with two libraries and one consortium. APA continued to offer the database to APA members via the Online Member Services web site. Colleges participating in the Small College Access program now have subscription rights to the full PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES databases. The 9th Edition of the Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms was added to the PsycINFO database with the November reload and will be off press as a print product in February 2001.

VIII. CONVENTION AFFAIRS

A. Council discussed preliminary information, provided by William C. Howell, PhD, Chair of the Board of Convention Affairs, on plans to restructure the annual convention beginning in 2002. Council was informed that the Council meeting will take place on Wednesday, August 21 and Sunday, August 25 during the 2002 Convention in Chicago, IL.

X. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(23) Council voted to approve the proposed changes to the Approval of Sponsors of Continuing Education for Psychologists: Criteria and Procedures Manual (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

Section II: TERMS OF APPROVAL

    1. Responsibilities of the Approved Sponsor to APA
    1. Sponsors must submit [Interim] Status Reports

APA-approved sponsors must submit [Interim] Status Reports of their CE activities after 1 year of approval notice. Status Reports should cover[ing] such items as effectiveness of planning procedures, results of needs assessment and evaluations, any changes in administration or activities since initial application, copies of promotional or informational materials, and responses to issues raised in the most recent letter of approval. "Requirements for [Interim] Status Reports" will be included in a start-up packet sent to newly-approved sponsors. [Interim] Status Reports are due [midway through the approval cycle] from sponsors approved for 2- and 5-year [approvals] cycles after their first year of approved status. Conditionally approved sponsors will not submit [Interim] Status Reports, because they will be reapplying at the end of 1 year. Sponsors will be notified in advance of the due date. Failure to submit [Interim] Status Reports will cause probation and may result in termination of approval.

B. (24) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item #26B:

Moved to amend the Policies for Accreditation Governance of the American Psychological Association's Committee on Accreditation to add "Section 6(e): The Committee on Accreditation shall require that all members of site visiting teams be members of the Association.

C.(25) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item #33 and the substitute motion which added the phrase "in his or her role as teacher or adminstrator" after "civil or criminal misconduct" to the end of line 3 of the main motion:

No psychologist whose license to practice psychology has been suspended or revoked by a state or provincial licensing authority; who has been disciplined by the APA Ethics Committee; or who has been adjudicated in state or federal court to have engaged in civil or criminal misconduct causing harm to a student or other person associated with a training program may be permitted to serve in any evaluative capacity associated with the APA accreditation process. This bar to service shall include service on any board, committee, or task force of the Association that has authority for accreditation matters, service as a site visitor, or service as an accreditation trainer for the Association.

D.(26) Council voted to approve the following motion regarding the report and recommendations of the
Commission on Education and Training Leading to Licensure in Psychology:

That the Council of Representatives receives the report of the Commission and expresses its gratitude to the Commission for its efforts and that the Council refers the report and recommendations of the Commission to all APA governance groups, Divisions, State and Provincial Psychological Associations, and relevant external organizations, for their discussion and recommendation, with specific instructions to consider ways to ensure eligibility for licensure for psychologists in all areas of the profession.

Council referral does not imply any endorsement of the Commission report, recommendations, or statement of proposed policy. The products of the Commission do not represent APA policy. Referring the report to APA governance groups, Divisions, SPPAs and relevant external organizations is intended to generate comments to inform further Council discussion and action on the Commission recommendations.

E.(58I) The new business item "Resolution on the Accreditation of the Newly Emerging Substantive Area of Clinical Child Psychology at the Predoctoral Level" was referred to BEA, BAPPI, BPA, P&P and the Committee on Children, Youth and Families (CYF).

F.(58K) The new business item "Impact of School Size on Psychological Well-Being and Educational Achievement of Students" was referred to BEA, BAPPI and CAPP.

G.(77) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Future Composition of the Committee on Accreditation."

H.(78) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Interval Review of Committee on Accreditation Effectiveness."

I.(79) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Greater Autonomy for Committee on Accreditation."

J.(80) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Education and Training Standards."

X. PROFESSIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(27) Council voted to approve the strategic plan as developed by CAPP of publishing information, developing conference programs and facilitating meetings among parties of interest, for helping to provide a climate within which existing mechanisms for professional mobility can continue to develop.

B.(43) Council voted to approve the affiliation of the Guam Psychological Association with the American Psychological Association.

C.(44) Council voted to allocate $35,000 from its 2001 contingency fund to strategically assist states well positioned to pass a prescriptive authority bill this year.

D.(57) The new business item "Guidelines for Multicultural Counseling Proficiency for Psychologists" was referred to BPA, BAPPI, BEA, BSA, CAPP, CEMA and COLI.

E.(58D) The new business item "Creation of a Task Force on Health Care Policy" was referred to CAPP, BPA and P&P.

F.(58G) The new business item "Primary Care Psychology" was referred to CAPP, BEA, BPA and BSA.

G.(58H) The new business item "Changes in Association Rules Regarding the Promulgation of Guidelines was referred to BPA, BEA, BSA, P&P, CAPP, COLI and CODAPAR.

H.(58L) The new business item "Re-Title Guidelines" was referred to BPA and COLI.

I.(62) Council received information regarding the proposed amendment to Association Rule 130-3 to Add the American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Contributions to Mental Health Services.

J.(62A) Council discussed an update on Guidelines activities.

K.(81) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Coalition Building to Design and to Implement Health Care Reform."

L.(82) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Board Certification for Psychologists in Applied Fields of Specialization in Professional Psychology."

M.(83) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Information Services for Practitioners."

N.(84) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "The Task Force on Implementation of Primary Health Care Policy."

O.(85) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Coordination of Trauma Activity within APA."

XI. SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS

A.(28) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 140-4.1 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

140-4 COMMITTEE ON ANIMAL RESEARCH AND ETHICS

140-4.1 "There shall be a Committee on Animal Research and Ethics whose responsibility it shall be to (a) safeguard responsible [animal experimentation] research with animals, other than humans, and [to] establish and maintain cooperative relations with [other] organizations sharing common interests, (b) disseminate in cooperation with other organizations accurate information about [animal experimentation] such research, (c) review the ethics of [animal experimentation] such research and recommend guidelines for [the] its ethical conduct [of research, and appropriate care of animals in research], and (d) disseminate, in cooperation with other organizations, guidelines for protecting the welfare of animals, other than humans, that are used in research, teaching, and practical applications, and to consult on the implementation of these guidelines.

The Committee shall consist of six members, two of whom shall be elected each year for a term of three years. The Committee shall report to Council through the Board of Scientific Affairs."

B.(45) The item "Task Force on Psychological Testing on the Internet" was withdrawn.

XII. PUBLIC INTEREST

A.(29) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item #21:

Council of Representatives' motions proposing that the American Psychological Association go on record on public interest and/or social policy positions be made into two sections:

1. On the main purpose and intent of the motion; and
2. On specific ways and means of implementation including which APA directorates, departments and committees shall assume the responsibilities.

Consideration of the second motion shall immediately follow the passage of the first or in the best interest of the spirit of the first, be added to the upcoming C/R legislative agenda.

B.(30) Council voted to adopt the following resolution:

Resolution on Assisted Suicide

Whereas the issue of assisted suicide is complex, involving areas of ethics, religion, medicine, psychology, sociology, economics, the law, public policy, and other fields; and

Whereas in the United States there is significant social stratification related to cultural, ethnic, economic, gender, and religious differences; and

Whereas these differences in our society are associated with an equally diverse range of views regarding assisted suicide; and

Whereas in the United States decisions about assisted suicide are made in the context of serious social inequities in access to resources such as basic medical care; and

Whereas autonomy is an important guiding principle in the law and in psychological and medical aspects of decision-making, but in and of itself is insufficient to capture the full range of complex medical, familial, social, financial, psychological, cultural, spiritual, and legal issues involved in the practice of assisted suicide; and

Whereas there is increasing public support for assisted suicide, but this support is weakest among groups who express concerns about being pressured to die (i.e., older adults, people with less education, women, and ethnic minorities) (Blendon, Szalay, & Knox, 1992); and

Whereas reasonable, well-informed people starting from different positions about costs and gains associated with assisted suicide disagree about the potential effects of legalizing the practice; and

Whereas people with different values and priorities can reach different conclusions about the advisability of assisted suicide; and

Whereas some evidence suggests that there are fluctuations in the will to live (Chochinov, Tataryn, Clinch, & Dudgeon, 1999) and in wishes regarding life-sustaining treatments (Weisman, Haas, & Fowler, 1999); and

Whereas pain and clinical depression are frequently under-treated, which can lead to suffering that may result in requests for assisted suicide (Foley, 1995); and

Whereas evidence suggests that some people rescind their requests for assisted suicide when they receive more aggressive and comprehensive care (Ganzini et al., 2000); and

Whereas psychological, familial, social, and financial factors seem to be more important than physical factors in requests for assisted suicide (Breitbart, Rosenfeld, & Passik, 1996; Emanuel, Fairclough, Slutsman, & Emanuel, 2000; Sullivan, Hedberg, & Fleming, 2000); and

Whereas little empirical data exist to determine the effects of assisted suicide on survivors and on society (Cooke et al., 1998); and

Whereas the empirical database, legal developments, and policy discourse related to assisted suicide are evolving rapidly;

Therefore, be it resolved that the American Psychological Association take a position that neither endorses nor opposes assisted suicide at this time.

However,

Given that psychologists have many areas of competence, including assessment, counseling, teaching, consultation, research, and advocacy skills that could potentially enlighten the discourse about assisted suicide, end-of-life treatment, and support for dying persons and their significant others; and

Given that psychologists could be instrumental in helping health care providers to understand and cope with the concerns and needs of dying individuals and their families; and

Given that practicing psychologists may receive requests to be involved in the education of various groups regarding assisted suicide; and

Given that there is one state in which assisted suicide is legal and psychological or psychiatric assessment and consultation is required under certain circumstances; and

Given that practicing psychologists may be part of multidisciplinary end-of-life care teams including ones exploring requests for assisted suicide;

Let it be further resolved that the American Psychological Association will assist in preparing the profession to address the issue of assisted suicide by taking the following actions:

Advocate for quality end-of-life care for all individuals; and

Encourage and promote the development of research on assisted suicide; and

Monitor legal, policy, and research developments that may require or encourage psychologists to involve themselves in assisted suicide cases; and

Promote policies that reduce suffering that could lead to requests for assisted suicide; and

Promote psychologists' involvement in research on ethical dilemmas faced by clinicians and researchers dealing with issues related to assisted suicide; and

Promote psychologists' participation in multidisciplinary teams and ethics committees involved with reviewing end-of-life requests; and

Encourage psychologists to obtain training in the area of ethics as it applies to end-of-life decisions and care; and

Encourage practicing psychologists to inform themselves about criminal and civil laws that have bearing on assisted suicide in the states in which they practice; and

Encourage practicing psychologists to recognize the powerful influence they may have with clients who are considering assisted suicide; and

Encourage psychologists to identify factors leading to assisted suicide requests (including clinical depression, levels of pain and suffering, adequacy of comfort care, and other internal and external variables) and to fully explore alternative interventions (including hospice/palliative care, and other end-of-life options such as voluntarily stopping eating and drinking) for clients considering assisted suicide; and

Encourage practicing psychologists to be aware of their own views about assisted suicide, including recognizing possible biases about entitlement to resources based on disability status, age, sex, sexual orientation, or ethnicity of the client requesting assisted suicide; and

Encourage psychologists to be especially sensitive to the social and cultural biases which may result in some groups and individuals being perceived by others, and/or being encouraged to perceive themselves, as more expendable and less deserving of continued life (e.g., people with disabilities, women, older adults, people of color, gay men, lesbians, bisexual people, transgendered individuals, and persons who are poor).

References

Blendon, R. J., Szalay, U. S., & Knox, R. A. (1992). Should physicians aid their patients in dying? The public perspective. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267, 2658-2662.

Breitbart, W., Rosenfeld, B. D., & Passik, S. D. (1996). Interest in physician-assisted suicide among ambulatory HIV infected patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 238-242.

Chochinov, H. M., Tataryn, D., Clinch, J. J., & Dudgeon, D. (1999). Will to live in the terminally ill. Lancet, 354, 816-819.

Cooke, M., Gourlay, L., Collette, L., Boccellari, A., Chesney, M. A., & Folkman, S. (1998). Informal care givers and the intention to hasten AIDS-related death. Archives of Internal Medicine, 158, 69-75.

Emanuel, E. J., Fairclough, D. L., Slutsman, J., & Emanuel, L. L. (2000). Understanding economic and other burdens of terminal illness: The experience of patients and their caregivers. Annals of Internal Medicine, 132, 451-459.

Foley, K. M. (1995). Pain, physician-assisted suicide, and euthanasia. Pain Forum, 4, 163-178.

Ganzini, L., Nelson, H. D., Schmidt, T. A., Kraemer, D. F., Delorit, M. A., & Lee, M. A. (2000). Physicians' experiences with the Oregon Death with Dignity Act. New England Journal of Medicine, 342, 557-563.

Sullivan, A. D., Hedberg, K., & Fleming, D. W. (2000). Legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon -- The second year. New England Journal of Medicine, 342, 598-604.

Weisman, J. S., Haas, J. S., & Fowler, F. J. (1999). The stability of preferences for life
sustaining care among persons with AIDS in the Boston Health Study. Medical Decision Making, 19, 16-26.

C.(31) Council voted to adopt the following resolution:

Resolution on End-of-Life Issues and Care for Adults

Whereas the nature of dying and death has changed across the twentieth century, occurring primarily in an institutional setting rather than at home (Benoliel & Degner, 1995); and

Whereas death has become more frequently the result of chronic illness (Battin, 1996); and

Whereas medicine and technology have evolved to the point where the terminal period can be significantly prolonged (Field & Cassel, 1997); and

Whereas there are many more people living longer with terminal diagnoses and thus having more time to make end-of-life decisions; and

Whereas end-of-life decision-making is complex, involving areas of ethics, religion, medicine, psychology, sociology, economics, the law, public policy, and other fields; and

Whereas the population of the United States is aging, resulting in larger numbers of people who may request psychological support in making end-of-life decisions; and

Whereas in the United States there is significant social stratification related to cultural, ethnic, economic, gender, and religious differences; and

Whereas this diversity in our society leads to an equally diverse range of views regarding end-of-life care and decisions; and

Whereas reasonable, well-informed people starting from different values and priorities concerning what is valuable at the end of life can and do hold different positions regarding end-of-life care and decisions; and

Whereas autonomy is an important guiding principle in the law and in medical, ethical, and psychological aspects of decision-making, but in and of itself is insufficient to capture the full

range of complex medical, familial, social, financial, psychological, cultural, spiritual, and legal issues involved in end-of-life decision-making; and

Whereas there is increasing public support for control over end-of-life decisions but this support is weakest among groups who express concerns about being pressured to die (i.e., older adults, people with less education, women, and ethnic minorities) (Blendon, Szalay, & Knox, 1992); and

Whereas in the United States medical end-of-life decisions are made in a context of serious social inequities in access to resources such as basic medical care; and

Whereas some evidence suggests that there are fluctuations in the will to live (Chochinov, Tataryn, Clinch, & Dudgeon, 1999) and in wishes regarding life-sustaining treatments (Weisman, Haas, & Fowler, 1999); and

Whereas pain and clinical depression are frequently under-treated, which can lead to suffering that may result in requests for, or assent to, medical interventions that affect the timing of death (Foley, 1995); and

Whereas more people are aware of the possible benefits to be gained by using psychological services to help them make end-of-life decisions; and

Whereas psychology has been largely invisible in the end-of-life arena; and

Whereas psychologists have many areas of competence, including assessment, counseling, teaching, consultation, research, and advocacy skills that could potentially contribute to the science of end-of-life care and to the treatment and support of dying persons and their significant others; and

Whereas psychological research on end-of-life issues is limited in comparison with the magnitude of the issue; and

Whereas there have been no systematic efforts to educate psychologists about end-of-life issues; and

Whereas psychologists in clinical practice have not typically been involved in end-of-life decisions to the degree that they could be; and

Whereas psychologists could assume a significant role in helping health care providers to understand and cope with the concerns and needs of dying individuals and their families; and

Whereas psychologists could be instrumental in supporting public education efforts to raise awareness of issues related to dying, death, grief, mourning, and loss;

Therefore, be it resolved that the American Psychological Association, an organization committed to promoting the psychological well-being of individuals across the life span, should redress psychology's historical under-commitment to end-of-life care by actively promoting and supporting psychology's involvement in end-of-life care. In order to advance this involvement, be it further resolved that the American Psychological Association:

Promote and encourage research and training in the area of end-of-life issues within psychology programs at all levels; and

Encourage and promote the development of a research agenda on end-of-life issues; and

Support efforts to increase funding for research associated with end-of-life issues; and

Encourage psychologists to obtain training in the area of ethics as it applies to end-of-life decisions and care; and

Promote and facilitate psychologists' acquisition of competencies with respect to end-of-life issues, including mastery of the literature on dying and death and sensitivity to diversity dimensions that affect end-of-life experiences; and

Encourage practicing psychologists to be aware of their own views about the end of life, including recognizing possible biases about entitlement to resources based on disability status, age, sex, sexual orientation, or ethnicity of the client making end-of-life decisions; and

Encourage psychologists to be especially sensitive to the social and cultural biases which may result in some groups and individuals being perceived by others, and/or being encouraged to perceive themselves, as more expendable and less deserving of continued life (e.g., people with disabilities, women, older adults, people of color, gay men, lesbians, bisexual people, transgendered individuals, and persons who are poor); and

Support interdisciplinary efforts to increase the competency of psychologists and other health care professionals in end-of-life issues; and

Promote quality end-of-life care including palliative care, access to hospice services, support for terminally ill people and family members, accurate assessment of depression and cognitive capabilities of dying persons, and assistance with end-of-life decision-making; and

Advocate for access to, and reimbursement for, professional mental health services for seriously ill individuals and their families; and

Promote and support public policies that provide for the psychosocial services for dying individuals and their families; and

Support psychologists who wish to participate in ethics committees dealing with end-of-life issues; and

Support psychologists as they work cooperatively with caregivers, medical providers, and multidisciplinary teams to enhance understanding of the psychological aspects of dying and death and to improve quality of care for the dying; and

Endorse the following principles on end-of-life care as articulated in the Institute of Medicine Report entitled Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life (Field & Cassel, 1997):

  • Care for those approaching death is an integral and important part of health care;

  • Care for those approaching death should involve and respect both patients and those close to them;

  • Good care at the end of life depends on clinicians with strong interpersonal skills, clinical knowledge, technical proficiency, and respect for individuals, and it should be informed by scientific evidence, values, and personal and professional experience;

  • The health community has a special responsibility for educating itself and others about the identification, management, and discussion of the last phase of fatal medical problems;

  • More and better research [in the areas of biomedical, clinical, psychosocial, and health services] is needed to increase our understanding of clinical, cultural, organizational, and other practices or perspectives that can improve care for those approaching death;

  • Changing individual behavior is difficult, but changing a culture or an organization is potentially a greater challenge -- and often is a precondition for individual change.

References 

Battin, M. P. (1996). The death debate: Ethical issues in suicide (pp. 175-203). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Benoliel, J .Q. & Degner, L. F. (1995) Institutional dying: A convergence of cultural values, technology, and social organization. In H. Wass & R. A. Neimeyer (Eds.) Dying: Facing the facts (pp. 117-141). Washington, DC: Taylor and Francis.

Blendon, R. J., Szalay, U. S., & Knox, R. A. (1992). Should physicians aid their patients in dying? The public perspective. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267, 2658-2662.

Chochinov, H. M., Tataryn, D., Clinch, J. J., & Dudgeon, D. (1999). Will to live in the terminally ill. Lancet, 354, 816-819.

Field, M. J., & Cassel, C. K. (Eds.). (1997). Approaching death: Improving care at the end-of-life. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Foley, K. M. (1995). Pain, physician-assisted suicide, and euthanasia. Pain Forum, 4, 63-178.

Weisman, J. S., Haas, J. S., & Fowler, F. J. (1999). The stability of preferences for life sustaining care among persons with AIDS in the Boston Health Study. Medical Decision Making, 19, 16-26.

D.(32) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item #30J, "Convention Projects in Site Cities."

E.(33) Council voted to approve the withdrawal of new business item #34A, "Physician Assisted Suicide."

F.(46) Council voted to allocate $5,000 from its 2001 contingency fund to support a School Superintendents Forum, to be held in conjunction with APA's 2001 annual convention in San Francisco.

G.(47) Council voted to allocate $13,200 from its 2001 contingency fund to support two meetings of the APA Task Force on Advertising and Children.

H.(48) Council voted to allocate $13,200 from its 2001 contingency fund to support two meetings of an APA Task Force on Workplace Violence. The Task Force, housed within the Public Interest Directorate, will be charged with compiling available research information on: 1) the identification of factors that contribute to workplace violence; 2) the impact of workplace violence in today's work force; and 3) features of successful workplace prevention programs which provide suggestions on how to prevent and reduce workplace violence. The Task Force will also be charged with issuing a report which includes an evaluation of current literature on the issue of workplace violence along with recommendations for future actions by APA related to this issue.

I.(58C) The new business item "Rural Children's Mental Health Services" was referred to BAPPI, BPA, CAPP, COLI, CYF and the Committee on Rural Health.

J.(58F) The new business item "APA Commitment to Equal Employment Opportunity and Reporting of EEO/Affirmative Action Statistics" was referred to BAPPI and COLI.

K.(86) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Proposed Resolution on Creating an APA Council Task Force on Pro Bono Affairs."

XIII. ETHNIC MINORITY AFFAIRS

A.(34) Council voted to adopt the following resolution:

Resolution on Racial/Ethnic Profiling and
Other Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Law and Security Enforcement Activities

Whereas psychologists are ethically guided to "respect the fundamental rights, dignity, and worth of all people" (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, American Psychological Association, 1992, Principle D, p. 3-4); and

Whereas "psychologists are aware of their professional and scientific responsibilities to the community and the society in which they work and live" (Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, American Psychological Association, 1992, Principle F, p. 4); and

Whereas the ways in which people react to racial/ethnic differences between themselves and others may reveal racial/ethnic biases; and that the responses to these biases can "operate without conscious intervention or awareness" (Jones, 1997a; Jones, 1997b; Mio & Awakuni, 2000; Ridley, 1995); and

Whereas some law and security enforcement officers may use stereotypical notions to determine alleged suspects of criminal behavior in a variety of circumstances including: traffic stops, border stops, "out of place" stops such as questioning of racial/ethnic minorities in predominantly White suburban areas and in other locations and venues where law and security officers might perceive ethnic minorities as being "out of place", disturbances in education environments, and other situations where local, state, or federal law and security enforcement have independent decision making authority (American Civil Liberties Union, 1999; American Psychological Association, 2000; Bachman, 1996; Government Accounting Office, 2000; Harris, 1997; Irving, 1989); and

Whereas it has been reported that members of racial/ethnic minority groups are stopped by police more often than majority group members (American Civil Liberties Union, 1999; Government Accounting Office, 2000; Wordes, Bynum, & Corley, 1994); and

Whereas it has been reported that of people who are stopped, more African Americans and other racial/ethnic minorities report being treated unfairly as compared to White/European Americans (American Civil Liberties Union, 1999; American Psychological Association, 2000; Cervantes, Salgado de Snyder, & Padilla, 1989; Jackson & Volckens, 1998; Norris, 1992; Vrana & Rollock, 1996); and

Whereas reliable statistics regarding the prevalence of racial/ethnic profiling and other racial/ethnic disparities in law and security enforcement activities and research on related psychological effects on victims and communities of color are quite limited (American Psychological Association, 2000);

THEREFORE, be it resolved that the American Psychological Association (APA) advocates for and encourages research efforts to investigate: (a) the role of racial/ethnic bias and stereotyping in traffic stops, other law enforcement activities, and security activities (e.g., airport and border security); (b) the prevalence of racial/ethnic profiling and racial/ethnic disparities in law enforcement and security activities; and (c) related effects on individuals, communities of color, and law and security enforcement officers and agencies. Also, APA should promote programs to increase awareness of local, state, and federal government officials, as well as the public, about issues and concerns related to racial/ethnic profiling and other racial/ethnic disparities in law and security enforcement. APA also should encourage the development of strong community-police relationships. APA also should promote programs that help law/security enforcement agencies recognize and overcome racial/ethnic profiling and other racial/ethnic disparities in law and security enforcement.

References

American Civil Liberties Union. (1999, May). Driving while Black: Racial profiling on our nation's highways. New York: Author.

American Psychological Association. (1992). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Washington, DC: Author.

American Psychological Association. (2000, August 4). APA fact sheet: Psychology and law enforcement roundtable. Washington, DC: Author.

Cervantes, R. C., Salgado de Snyder, V. N., & Padilla, A. M. (1989). Posttraumatic stress in immigrants from Central America and Mexico. Hospital & Community Psychiatry, 40, 615-619.

Harris, D. A. (1997). "Driving while Black" and all other traffic offenses: The Supreme Court and pretextual traffic stops. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 87, 544.

Irving, P. J. (1989). Minority group threat, crime, and policing: Social context and social control. New York: Praeger.

Jackson, J. S., & Volckens, J. (1998). Community stressors and racism: Structural and individual perspectives on racial bias. In X. B. Arriaga & S. Oskamp (Eds.), Addressing community problems: Psychological research and interventions (pp. 19-51). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jones, J. (1997a, August 14). Can America be colorblind? Research finding suggest not; even well-intentioned people are influenced by racial bias. News Release of: Can or should America be color-blind: Psychological research reveals fallacies in a color-blind response to racism? [Brochure]. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Jones, J. (1997b). Prejudice and racism (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Mio, J. S., & Awakuni, G. I. (2000). Resistance to multiculturalism: Issues and interventions. Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel.

Norris, F. H. (1992). Epidemiology of trauma: Frequency and impact of different potentially traumatic events on different demographic groups. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 409-418.

Ridley, C. R. (1995). Overcoming unintentional racism in counseling and therapy: A practitioner's guide to intentional intervention. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

U. S. Government Accounting Office. (2000). U.S. Customs Service: Better targeting of airline passengers for personal searches could produce better results. Washington, DC: Author.

Vrana, S. R., & Rollock, D. (1996). The social context of emotion: Effects of ethnicity and authority/peer status on the emotional reports of African American college students. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 297-306.

Wordes, M., Bynum, T. S., & Corley, C. (1994). Locking up youth: The impact of race on detention decisions. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 31, 140-165.

allocate $19,800 from its 2001 contingency fund to support one additional meeting in 2001 of the Textbook Guidelines Initiative Work Group.

C.(63) Council received as information the 2nd Annual Progress Report (FY2000: CEMRRAT Grants).

  1. INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(49A) Council voted to adopt the following resolution and allocate $5,600 from its 2001 contingency fund to support the establishment of a six-person working group as outlined in the resolution.

APA Resolution on UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
and the Convention's Optional Protocols

WHEREAS psychologists have ethical duties to promote human dignity and welfare;

WHEREAS the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides a comprehensive policy framework for the protection of the dignity of children;

WHEREAS research shows that ratification of the Convention frequently leads to governments' thoughtful review of policies affecting children and to the formation of coalitions of organizations interested in the well-being of children;

WHEREAS the Convention provides for the establishment of systems to monitor the well-being of children in diverse contexts;

WHEREAS psychologists may contribute to the development and enhancement of such systems for data collection and analysis;

WHEREAS psychologists may also contribute to the design and evolution of structures for children's participation in their communities and of programs to enhance respectful service delivery for children and their families;

WHEREAS the Convention recognizes children's right to a family environment and provides support as a matter of human right for the protection of relationships critical to children's healthy development;

WHEREAS the Convention shows due respect for cultural differences in children's lives and for gender equity in resources available to children;

WHEREAS the Convention provides a framework for humane educational, health, mental health, child welfare, and juvenile justice systems;

WHEREAS psychologists can contribute to an understanding of the nature of, and requisites for, children's sense of dignity;

WHEREAS psychologists can also contribute to the design of systems to ensure children's survival and to promote their healthy development;

WHEREAS the American Psychological Associations (APA) has declared the development of a national strategy for the protection of children to be "a matter of the highest urgency";

WHEREAS the United States has signed the Convention but is the only country in the world with a working government that has not ratified the Convention;

WHEREAS APA in 1989 endorsed the "spirit and principles of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provided that the language is not used to limit freedom of reproductive choice";

WHEREAS the traveaux preparatoires (drafting history) of the Convention clarify that such a limitation is not addressed or supported by the Convention;

WHEREAS scores of other national professional, civic, and religious organizations have endorsed US ratification of the Convention;

WHEREAS optional protocols to the Convention -- on involvement of children in armed conflict and on the sale of children, child prostitution, and pornography – were adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2000;

WHEREAS the United States was one of the first countries to sign these protocols;

WHEREAS psychologists abhor the sexual exploitation of children and the targeting of children in armed conflict and recognize the trauma and degradation often experienced by children in such situations;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that APA reaffirms its support for the spirit and principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and calls on the U.S. Senate to ratify it with due urgency;

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA affirms its support for the optional protocols to the Convention and calls on the U.S. Senate to ratify them with due urgency;

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that, until the Senate ratifies the Convention and its protocols, states and municipalities should adopt the principles in the Convention as guides to their own policies and practices affecting children;

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA encourages state psychological associations to advocate such action by state legislatures, city and county councils, and state and local school boards;

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA should apply the principles in the Convention in its own work related to children;

THEREFORE BE IT ENACTED that the APA Committee on International Relations in Psychology shall establish and appoint a working group to examine the implications of the principles in the Convention for psychologists' practice, research, education and advocacy.

XV. CENTRAL OFFICE

A.(64) Council received as information the 2000 Report on Environmental Issues.

XVI. FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

A.(35) Council voted to approve the following motion:

That each Executive Director be directed to update its respective board on the status of the Directorate budget as well as the overall condition of the APA budget on a continuing basis to foster ongoing dialogue. To facilitate this process, each group shall annually have a standing item on its agenda to review and discuss priorities, direction and values of its respective area. It is the feeling of Council that this ongoing dialogue will enhance unified progress toward the agreed upon goals.

B.(36) Council voted to approve the following motion:

In order to enhance the effectiveness of APA's Central Office operations and to maximize the effective use of APA's resources, the Council of Representatives directs the CEO to:

1. Design, in cooperation with the Finance Committee and the Board's Budget Subcommittee, a plan for a systematic evaluation of the efficiency of APA's operations;
2. Identify best practices to deliver services and products in the most efficient manner;
3. Identify appropriate external consultation as needed;
4. Implement new structures and procedures as appropriate; and,
5. Submit progress reports to the Board of Directors, the Finance Committee, the Policy and Planning Board and the Council of Representatives in a timely manner.

C.(37) Council voted to reject the following main motion of new business item #23H:

Staff is directed to undertake a study of the feasibility of a sale/leaseback/ownership reversion plan for APA's properties. A cost/benefit analysis of such a plan shall be reported to the C/R no later than August 2000. As part of such analysis, mechanisms by which APA's assets to be made liquid can be suitably preserved and protected for growth.

D.(38) Council voted to approve the following amendment to Article VIII of the APA Bylaws (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

"8. The Treasurer of the Association shall be a Member of the Association, elected by the immediately previous Council following nominations by the Board of Directors. The Treasurer shall take office for a term of three [five] years, beginning at the end of the fiscal year during which his/her election is announced, and shall not succeed himself/herself in this office more than once…."

The amendment will be forwarded to the membership for a vote in November 2001. Council voted to not include a pro/con statement with the Bylaw Amendment Ballot.

E.(50) Council voted to approve the Proposed 2001 Final Budget calling for revenues of $86,315,100 and expenses of $86,626,600 for a net bottom-line deficit of $311,500.

In addition, the Council voted to approve the following 2000 end-of-year reserve setasides to the extent possible within the 2000 Final Budget approved by Council: 1) Ad Council Campaign ($150,000), 2) Retiree Gap Health Insurance ($300,000); 3) Education Leadership Initiative ($110,000); and Adolescent Girls Film Project ($150,000).

F.(51) Council voted to approve the change to Section 2.2 of the Responsible Spending Policy calling for the presidential travel to be increased from $12,000 to $18,000 and that the president-elect and past president combined travel amounts be increased from $12,000 to $15,000.

G.(52) Council voted to postpone to its August 2001 meeting the item "Dues Equity."

H.(65) Council received as information the Annual Review of the APA Employee Compensation Package.

I.(66) Council received as information the December 2000 Finance Committee Minutes.

J.(67) Council received information on APA's real estate investments.


On Friday morning, Patrick H. DeLeon, PhD, JD, was presented with a presidential citation lauding the work he has done in several arenas of top importance to psychologists.

On Friday morning, James Jones, PhD, presented the Affirmative Action Report.

On Friday afternoon, breakout sessions were held on Assessing APA's Priorities. Feedback on the breakout groups was provided to Council on Sunday morning.

On Saturday afternoon, breakout sessions were held on the Commission on Education and Training Leading to Licensure in Psychology. Drs. Levant and Paige provided Council with a brief presentation regarding the Commission prior to the breakout group discussions.

On Saturday afternoon, Council was shown the Ad Council video. Presidential Citations were presented to The Advertising Council and Flashpoint Advertising for their work on the ACT (Adults and Children Together) Against Violence Project.