Council of Representatives Approved Minutes: August 13 & 17, 1998

I. MINUTES OF MEETING

A.(1) Council voted to approve the minutes of the February 20-22, 1998, Council of Representatives meeting.

II. ELECTIONS, AWARDS, MEMBERSHIP AND HUMAN RESOURCES

A.(2) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 90-7 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

90-7 AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF GRADUATE STUDENTS COMMITTEE

There shall be an American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) Committee whose mission shall be to (a) promote the highest standards in the research, teaching, and practice of psychology in order to further the education and development of all students involved in the study of psychology; (b) represent all graduate study specialties of psychology, and facilitate exchange of information between these groups; (c) promote graduate student leadership development in order to communicate and advocate the concerns of graduate students; and (d)establish and maintain channels of communication between APAGS and schools, universities, training centers, institutions, and other members of the psychological community.

The APAGS Committee shall consist of nine members, three of whom serve three-year terms (the chair-elect, chair, and past chair), six of whom serve two-year terms. All shall be graduate student affiliates of the Association.

Each year, a call for nominations for the four open positions that will become vacant in the following year shall be broadly disseminated. Following the call, the committee shall prepare a slate of candidates for each position and hold an election in which all APAGS affiliates are eligible to vote. Following the election, names of the winners of the election shall be forwarded to the Board of Directors as information [for final approval to serve on the APAGS Committee].

The APAGS Committee shall report to Council through the APA Board of Directors.

B.(3) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 110-7 as follows (bracketed material to deleted; underlined material to be added):

110-7. Guidelines for the Conduct of President-elect Nominations and Elections

110.7.1 2. Eligibility and appropriateness of standing for the APA Presidency while standing for another APA office. Individuals serving in the APA Presidency cycle shall not hold offices within the Association other than the ex officio positions that accompany that office. [Therefore, (a)candidates for the APA Presidency shall be restricted from running for any other elective office, such as divisional offices, within the Association while they are candidates for the Presidency and(b) a] A person elected to the APA Presidency shall, during the term of President-elect, President, and Past President, be restricted from holding any other APA office, including divisional offices, that is not an ex officio extension of the Presidential office.

C.(4) Council voted to approve amending the APA Association Rules as follows (underlined material to be added):

110-14. RULES GOVERNING SIMULTANEOUS SERVICE ON BOARDS AND COMMITTEES

110-14.1 Members shall not serve simultaneously on any of the following governance groups,

except as ex-officio (non-voting) members or if other exceptions are provided below.

Boards

Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest
Convention Affairs
Educational Affairs
Policy and Planning
Publications and Communications
Professional Affairs
Scientific Affairs

Committees

Accreditation
Advancement of Professional Practice
Aging
Animal Research and Ethics
Approval of Continuing Education Sponsors
Children, Youth and Families
Continuing Education
Disability Issues in Psychology
Division/APA Relations
Employment and Human Resources
Ethics
Ethnic Minority Affairs
Finance
(except that two members are also members of the Investment Committee)
Investment Committee
(except that two members are also on Finance Committee)
International Relations in Psychology
Legal Issues (ad hoc)
Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Concerns
Membership
Professional Practice and Standards
Psychology and AIDS (ad hoc)
Public Information
Rural Health
Structure and Function of Council
Psychological Tests and Assessment
Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools
Women in Psychology
Urban Initiatives

Other

College of Professional Psychology
Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology

110-14.2 Members shall not simultaneously run for election (e.g., appear on the board and committee election ballot) for more than one of the following governance groups. In addition, members shall not run for election for one of the following governance groups if the term of service will begin prior to the end of a term the member is currently serving on one of the governance groups listed in Association Rule 110-14.1.

Boards

Advancement of Psychology in the Public Interest
Convention Affairs
Educational Affairs
Policy and Planning
Publications and Communications
Professional Affairs
Scientific Affairs

Committees

Advancement of Professional Practice
Employment and Human Resources
Ethics
Finance
International Relations in Psychology
Membership
Public Information
Rural Health
Structure and Function of Council

Other

College of Professional Psychology
Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology

(Note: Current sections 110-14, 110-15 and 110-16 will be renumbered.)

D.(4A) Council voted to elect 163 members to initial Fellow status, on the nomination of the indicated divisions and on the recommendation of the Membership Committee and the Board of Directors.

E.(26E) A new business item on "Membership on Standing Boards and Committees and on Continuing Committees" was referred to the Policy and Planning (P&P) Board and the Board of Educational Affairs(BEA).

F.(26A) A new business item on "New Criteria for Dues Exempt Status" was referred to the Membership Committee, the Finance Committee and P&P Board.

G.(36) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Creation of a New Membership Category.

H.(37) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Multi-Year Memberships."

III. ETHICS

A.(27A) Council received as information an update on the Ethics Code Task Force.

B.(27B) Council received information on the Ethics Committee's policy regarding final notification of final actions in case-related matters.

IV. BOARD OF DIRECTORS

A.(5) Council voted to approve the following resolution regarding Mandatory Minimum Drug Sentencing Regulations:

WHEREAS mandatory minimum drug sentencing laws reduce judicial discretion and require incarceration of offenders whose criminal behavior is limited to drug possession and use, and who may be first time offenders;

WHEREAS minor drug offenders receive harsh mandatory minimum sentences, regardless of their limited role in the offense, leaving the Chief Justice of the United States, William Rehnquist(commenting on a first-time offender sentenced to life imprisonment) to call such mandatory drug sentencing good examples "of the law of unintended circumstances;"

WHEREAS convicted offenders with substance abuse problems typically are remanded to prisons that lack adequate substance abuse treatment and HIV prevention programs that are essential for drug abusers;

WHEREAS mandatory minimum drug sentencing laws have contributed significantly to the more than threefold increase in the U.S. prison population during the past decade and have disproportionately involved minorities and the poor, especially African American and Hispanic males;

WHEREAS research on the cost-effectiveness of different drug control strategies has shown that substance abuse treatment, even with its known limitations, is a cost-effective strategy to reduce drug use;

WHEREAS the U.S. federal drug control budget heavily favors interdiction approaches to the U.S. drug problem to the detriment of providing adequate funding for drug treatment and prevention;

WHEREAS research on cocaine dosage forms has shown that the differences in the severity of sentences for powder and crack cocaine are not based on supportable differences in the psychological or biological impact of these dosage forms;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the American Psychological Association supports in principle the restoration of reasonable boundaries in mandatory drug sentencing laws, the phasing out of such laws at both the state and federal levels for drug-related offenses that do not involve drug trafficking and when no other offense or harm to others is involved, and the proper emphasis on prevention and treatment of substance-related problems as alternative to and in addition to legal actions.

B.(27) Council received information on the reauthorization of the Ad Hoc Committee on Psychology and AIDS.

C.(38) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Making Provisions for Death, Disablement, or Retirement."

D.(39) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Legislative Remedies for Conflicting Law."

E.(40) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Fostering Career Development of Young Professionals."

F. Council voted to approve the following

Resolution Recognizing Neil Massoth

WHEREAS Neil has been a tireless advocate for the development and application of psychology, especially in the growth of independent practice, and

WHEREAS Neil has treated all with respect and grace in achieving the goals of APA, and

WHEREAS Neil has championed the rights and well-being of mental health clients, and

WHEREAS Neil has been a thorn in the side of managed care companies that refused to place the well-being of clients above corporate profits, and

WHEREAS Neil has been a pioneer in the development of the Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity (Division 51) and was selected as the Division's fourth President, and

WHEREAS Neil has fostered the growth and influence of the State and Provincial Caucus of the APA Council of Representatives, and

WHEREAS Neil's practical approach of not abiding lightly foolishness or fuzzy thinking has kept the Executive Committee of the State and Provincial Caucus of the APA Council of Representatives more focused than it otherwise would be, and

WHEREAS the Executive Committee of the State and Provincial Caucus and the APA Council of Representatives continues to need his clarity of purpose, honesty and integrity;

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that APA recognizes Neil Massoth as a vital and influential member of the APA Council of Representatives and extends to him our respect, friendship and wishes for a speedy recovery and looks forward to his presence among us in the near future.

V. DIVISIONS AND STATE AND PROVINCIAL ASSOCIATIONS

A.(6) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 100-1.5 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

"...When an APA Division or one of its official sub-units [authors] sponsors and/or disseminates a published document that the Division does not intend to be standards or guidelines but which the public may reasonably construe as a set of standards or guidelines for professional practice, the Division shall make it clear that the contents of the publication are not intended to set a standard or guideline for practice..."

B.(41) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Enhancing Inter-divisional Activity."

VI. ORGANIZATION OF THE APA

No items.

VII. PUBLICATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS

A.(7) Council voted to reject a motion requesting that all editors, associate editors and consulting editors listed on the mastheads of APA journals be required to be members of the Association for their full term of

service, and that no individual be considered as a potential editorial candidate if they were not a member of the Association at the time the editorial search is initiated.

B.(8) Council voted to approve the Division 45 request for authorization to publish a divisional journal.

VIII. CONVENTION AFFAIRS

A.(9) Council voted to approve the following motions regarding APA's environmental responsibility:

1. That APA encourage convention and APA meeting facilities to facilitate environmentally responsible practices.

2. APA Central Office will report annually as an information item in the Council agenda on progress toward environmentally-responsible practices, including resource reduction, re-use, and recycling at meeting hotels and APA Central Office.

IX. EDUCATIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(10) Council voted to approve the following recommendations regarding the use of the term "clinical" in specialty and proficiency titles:

1. That the Commission for the Recognition of Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology (CRSPPP) may consider any new specialty or proficiency that incorporates the modifier "clinical" in its title if the petition for recognition of that specialty or proficiency was received by CRSPPP on or before January 1, 1998; and Council may act upon the recommendations forwarded by CRSPPP pertaining to such petitions.

2. That subsequent to January 1, 1998, new specialty or proficiency petitions for recognition using in their titles modifiers that duplicate existing general practice specialty designations (i.e., clinical, counseling, school, industrial/organizational) will not be accepted for review by CRSPPP with the use of such title.

3. That, consistent with recommendation #1, the proficiency Geropsychology, approved by Council at the February 1998 meeting, be allowed to retain the modifier "clinical" in its title, such that the name of the proficiency shall be "Clinical Geropsychology."

4. That the term "Health Service Psychologist" or "Health Service Provider in Psychology" be the preferred term in language used to describe practicing psychologists or professional psychology students in relation to statutes, rules or regulations, and commercial policies that pertain to eligibility for health services reimbursement and health professions education and training. In using that term, or for instances in which other language is already used (e.g., use of the term "clinical" as a modifier for "psychologist" or "psychology") and change in that language is unlikely, it is further recommended that language used in the interpretive rules or implementing regulations be consistent with the definition of psychologists as health service providers approved by the Council of Representatives in February 1996, as follows:

Psychologists who are duly trained and experienced in the delivery of preventive, assessment, diagnostic, and intervention services relative to the psychological and physical health of consumers based on: 1) having completed scientific and professional training resulting in a doctoral degree in psychology; 2) having completed an internship and supervised experience in health care settings; and 3) having been licensed as psychologists at the independent practice level.

Or, as recently accepted by the Health Care Financing Administration, in defining the term "clinical psychologist" that was in that agency's regulatory language, to the following effect:

a clinical psychologist is an individual who

holds a doctoral degree in psychology; and (2) is licensed or certified, on the basis of the doctoral degree in psychology, by the state in which he or she practices, at the independent practice level of psychology to furnish diagnostic, assessment, preventive, and therapeutic services directly to individuals.

5. That the APA be consistent in its use of the term "specialty" or "specialties" in publishing information about APA member interests, educational background, or teaching, research, and practice focus, reserving use of those terms for reference to formally recognized professional practice specialties in psychology.

B.(11) Council voted to formally confirm 1) the continued recognition of Clinical Psychology as a specialty in professional psychology and 2) the recognition of Clinical Child Psychology as a specialty in professional psychology.
C.(12) Council voted to approve the archival descriptions of Clinical, Counseling, School and Industrial/Organizational Psychology.

D.(13) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 120-2.2 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

120-2.2 COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND TRAINING AWARDS

The APA shall award annually up to two awards, one for $1,000 for short or long term D [d]istinguished C [c]ontributions to E [e]ducation and T [t]raining in psychology and a second award of up to $1,000 for D [d]istinguished C [c]ontributions for A [a]pplications of P [p]sychology in [to] E [e]ducation. The intent of the [Education and Training Awards Program] Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training Award is to recognize psychologists who make traditional contributions, who provide innovations, or who are involved in developmental phases of programs that influence education and training in psychology. The intent of the Distinguished Contribution for Applications of Psychology to Education and Training is to recognize [or] psychologists who contribute to new teaching methods or the solution of learning problems through the use of research findings or evidence-based practices. Particular emphasis will be placed on the use of psychological knowledge to improve learning in educational settings, including pre-kindergarten to 12, or communities [develop applications of psychology in programs that educate or train specific individuals or demographic groups].

E.(26B) A new business item on "Membership on Accreditation Site Visiting Panels" was referred to BEA, the Board of Scientific Affairs (BSA) and P&P Board.

F.(28) Council received information on the BEA Task Force on 1999 Convention Planning.

G.(29) Council received as information a report of the BEA Working Group on the Issues of Professional Psychology Internship Timing.

H.(42) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Bar to Service in the Accreditation Process."

I.(43) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Guidelines for Education and Training at the Doctoral Level in Industrial/Organizational Psychology."

J.(44) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Amendment to Association Rule 120-4.1.

X. PROFESSIONAL AFFAIRS

A.(14) Council voted to approve the following APA activities bearing on licensure challenges:

1. Encouragement and assistance to State Psychological Associations (SPAs) and state licensing boards to move to single level doctoral licensure.

2. Active consulting to SPAs in states that have dual level licensure.

3. Encourage the recognition of individuals holding terminal masters degrees in psychology under existing state statutes, provided that such statutes do not recognize, regulate or govern the title or practice of psychology.

4. Convening exploratory meetings focusing on issues involving education, training and credentialling, at the Consolidated meetings with the Board of Directors, Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice, Board of Professional Affairs, Board of Educational Affairs, American Psychological Association of Graduate Students, the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards and other relevant groups.

B.(15) Council voted to withdraw the item "Council New Business Item 41D: Sources of Funding Policy."

C.(16) Council voted to approve amending Association Rule 130.5 as follows (bracketed material to be deleted; underlined material to be added):

130.5 COLLEGE OF PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

There shall be a College of Professional Psychology. It shall be governed by a Board of Governors. It shall have the authority to [issue certificates of proficiency to health service providers in psychology] certify psychologists in recognized proficiency areas of practice and in other professional practice domains. Psychologists seeking such certification shall be health service providers in psychology who are licensed in a state or Canadian province. The College shall: (a) specify from among recognized practice proficiencies and from among professional practice domains those for which certificates ought to be made available to providers; such specification will be based on an assessment of need and feasibility that will include an opportunity for the submission of written public comment: designation of all such proficiencies and domains shall be subject to ratification by the Council of Representatives, (b) develop procedures for identifying candidates [petitioning for proficiency recognition] applying for certification who shall be qualified to sit for examination, (c) develop and refine examinations for evaluating candidates' [proficiency] knowledge and skills, (d) review and select training and continuing education offerings and sequences delivered by APA-approved continuing education vendors that conform to College proficiency education and training criteria, and (e) adopt standards for renewal of certificates.

The College shall consist of 12 members, each of whom shall serve a staggered term of 3 years. CAPP, BPA, BSA, BAPPI, BEA, and the practice divisions, as defined in Association Rule 90-4.2, shall each be represented by two seats on the College Board. One-third of the members shall retire each year. College members shall be limited to two successive full terms of service and may not further succeed themselves without a break in such service. All members of the Board of Governors shall be APA members and at least 11 of the 12 members shall be licensed psychologists. The non-licensed member may be elected only to a seat representing BSA. The members shall be chosen by the APA Council of Representatives through a nomination process solicited from APA membership in the manner described in Association Rule 110-14.1. The names identified as a result of this solicitation shall be supplied to CAPP, BPA, BSA, BAPPI, BEA, and the practice divisions. CAPP, BPA, BSA, BAPPI, and BEA shall each forward to the College Board of Governors not more than nine, nor less than five names for a vacancy in an appropriately representative seat. The practice divisions may each forward to the College not more than two names for a vacancy in a seat assigned to them. From the names provided by CAPP, BPA, BSA, BAPPI, BEA and the practice divisions, the College Board of Governors shall prepare ranked slates of five names for each vacancy and shall transmit the proposed slates to the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors shall develop three-person slates for each vacancy. The three-person slates must be taken from the ranked, five-person slates submitted to the Board of Directors by the College Board of Governors. The Board of Directors' slates will be developed in a manner to ensure gender and ethnic diversity of membership and will be submitted to the Council for election in the usual fashion.

The College shall report to the Council of Representatives through the Board of Directors.

The College functions will be established administratively within the Central Office, subject to legal consultation to establish policy and procedures that will create appropriate autonomy of the College. The College shall establish rules that govern its procedures, subject to the approval of the Board of Directors acting for Council.

D.(17) Council voted to reject a motion requesting the formation of a Task Force on Guidelines for Psychologists Working in the Area of Family Violence.

E.(18) Council voted to reject a motion requesting that Council direct the Board of Professional Affairs to establish an ad hoc committee to review the issue of criteria for classification of deficits in adaptive behavior in the mentally retarded.

F.(18A) Council voted to approve an increase in the special assessment of $20 effective with the 1999 budget year.

G.(30) Council received as information an update on the item "Coalition Building to Design and Implement Health Care Reform."

H.(31) Council received as information an update on the item "A Taxonomy for Professional Psychology."

I.(32) Council received an update on the development of a psychopharmacology examination.

J.(25) A new business item on "Resolution on a National Fund Raising Campaign for Litigation" was discussed and referred to the Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice (CAPP), the Finance Committee, the Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and BEA.

K.(26C) Council voted to approve the following resolution regarding Support for Protesting Colorado Mental Health Workers:

WHEREAS the mental health workers employed by Kaiser-Permanente in Denver/Boulder Colorado concluded in July of this year that the rules adopted by management precluded the provision of adequate care to those in their charge and were designed mainly to contain costs,and

WHEREAS dialogues between the workers and management failed to resolve the matter, and

WHEREAS those mental health workers staged a one-day protest of these intolerable care, and

WHEREAS the involved professionals were speaking out for the well-being of those entrusted to their care, and

WHEREAS Principle C of Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct states, "Psychologists uphold professional standards of conduct....," and

WHEREAS it also states in Principle F that "Psychologists are aware of their professional and scientific responsibilities to the community and the society in which they work and live," and

WHEREAS Standard 1.14 states that "Psychologists take reasonable steps to avoid harming their patients or clients....," and

WHEREAS Standard 8.03 states, "If the demands of an organization with which psychologists are affiliated conflict with this Ethics Code, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and to the extent feasible, see to resolve the conflict in a way that permits the fullest adherence to the Ethics Code."

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT:

1) the American Psychological Association commends the involved professionals for their courageous and selfless action in calling attention to the serious problem. They chose to stand up for the care of those in their charge at the risk not only of personal distress but of dissonance in their workplace. In so doing, they demonstrated an exemplary form of professional integrity.

2) although many of the professionals involved are not psychologists, as a group they have demonstrated a commitment to the kinds of ethical principles that represent the aspirations and best forms of conduct of psychologists.

L.(26F) A new business item on "Board Certification for Psychologists in Applied Fields of Specialization in Professional Psychology" was referred to BPA, CAPP, BEA and P&P Board.

M.(45) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Resolution on Stigma and Discrimination toward People with Serious Mental Illness and Severe Emotional Disturbance."

N.(46) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Provisional Licensure for Post-Doctoral Psychologists."

XI. SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS

A.(19) Council voted to adopt the Committee on Animal Research and Ethics' (CARE's) Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Behavioral Projects in Schools. Nancy Ator, PhD, former chair of CARE, presented the CARE video to Council.

B.(20) Council discussed the item "Ad Hoc Committee of Council on the Revisions of the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing." Council recognized Andrew Czopek, PhD, for his dedication and hard work while serving as member on the Ad Hoc Committee.

C.(26G) A new business item on "Authorization of APA to Consider Psychological Test Publication" was referred to BSA, BPA, P&P Board, CAPP and the Publications and Communications Board.

XII. PUBLIC INTEREST

A.(21) Council voted to adopt the following resolution:

Proposed APA Policy Statement on Legal Benefits
for Same-Sex Couples

WHEREAS there is evidence that homosexuality per se implies no impairment in judgement, stability, reliability, or general social and vocational capabilities (Conger, 1975) for individuals;

WHEREAS legislation, other public policy, and private policy on issues related to same-sex couples is currently under development in many places in North America (e.g., Canadian Psychological Association, 1996);

WHEREAS the scientific literature has found no significant difference between different-sex couples and same-sex couples that justify discrimination (Kurdek, 1994;1983; Peplau, 1991);

WHEREAS scientific research has not found significant psychological or emotional differences between the children raised in different-sex versus same-sex households (Patterson, 1994);

WHEREAS APA has, as a long established policy, deplored "all public and private discrimination against gay men and lesbians in such areas as employment, housing, administration, and licensing ..." and has consistently urged "the repeal of all discriminatory legislation against lesbians and gay men" (Conger, 1975);

WHEREAS denying the legal benefits that the license of marriage offers to same-sex households (including, but not limited to, property rights, health care decision-making, estate planning, tax consequences, spousal privileges in medical emergency situations and co-parental adoption of children) is justified as fair and equal treatment;

WHEREAS the absence of access to these benefits constitutes a significant psychosocial stressor for lesbians, gay men, and their families.

WHEREAS APA provides benefits to its members' and employees' domestic partners equivalent to those provided to members' and employees' spouses;

WHEREAS psychological knowledge can be used to inform the current public and legal debate on "same-sex marriage" (e.g., Baehr v. Levin);

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that APA supports the provision to same-sex couples of the legal benefits that typically accrue as a result of marriage to same-sex couples who desire and seek the legal benefits; and

THEREFORE BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that APA shall provide relevant psychological knowledge to inform the public discussion in this area and assist state psychological associations and divisions in offering such information as needed.

References

Canadian Psychological Association. (1996). Policy statement on equality for lesbians, gay men, and their relationships and families. [Available from the Canadian Psychological Association.]

Conger, J.J. (1975). Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, Incorporated, for theyear 1974: Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Council of Representatives. American Psychologist, 30, 620-651.

Kurdek, L.A. (1993). The nature and correlates of relationship quality in gay, lesbian, andheterosexual cohabiting couples: A test of the individual difference, interdependence, and discrepancy models. In B. Greene & G.M. Herek (Eds.), Lesbian and gay psychology: Theory, research, and clinical issues (pp. 133-155). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Patterson, C.J. (1993). Children of the lesbian baby boom: Behavioral adjustment, self-concepts, and sex role theory. In B. Greene & G.M. Herek (Eds.), Lesbian and gay psychology: Theory, research, and clinical issues (pp. 156-175). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Peplau. A.L. (1991). Lesbian and gay relationships. In J.C. Gonsiorek and J.D. Weinrich (Eds.), Homosexuality: Research implications for public policy (pp. 177-196). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

B.(22) Council voted to approve the following motion regarding the Collection of Information About the Representation of Women, Ethnic Minorities, Gay Men, Lesbians and Bisexuals, and Individuals with Disabilities in APA Governance:

That staff is directed to 1) annually collect and disseminate information on the number of women, ethnic minorities, gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and individuals with disabilities serving on Council and boards and committees; 2) at least every five years, collect and disseminate information on the number of women, ethnic minorities, gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and individuals with disabilities who have been nominated to boards and committees and/or put on a board/committee election slate and to nominees on the Council of Representatives election ballot. The information will be collected by mailing a survey requesting voluntary self disclosure regarding gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and disability status from board/committee members and Council members (annually) and board/committee nominees and members running for Council (at least every five years). The results of the survey will be disseminated to APA governance groups and will be used in determining whether further action to increase diversity is warranted based on the results and, if so, at what point in the nomination/election process diversity issues may need to be most vigorously addressed

Council requested that the APA Research Office be involved in the development of the survey and analyzation of the data.

C.(47) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Identification, Training and Organizational Responses to Workplace Violence."

D.(48) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Proposed Resolution on Creating an APA Council Task Force of Pro Bono Affairs."

E.(49) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Physician Assisted Suicide."

F.(50) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Convention Projects in Site Cities."

G.(51) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Approval of Funding for the Five Year Plan of the Commission on Ethnic Minority Recruitment, Retention and Training in Psychology."

H.(52) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Affirmative Action."

XIII. ETHNIC MINORITY AFFAIRS

No items.

XIV. INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

No items.

XV. CENTRAL OFFICE

No items.

XVI. FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

A.(23) Council, based on the recommendation of the Finance Committee and the Board of Directors, voted to accept the 1999-2001 Financial Forecast and to direct the CEO, boards and committees, and staff to set in motion annual budgets and plans that move the Association toward the attainment of the following financial goals over the forecast period (1999-2001):

[1) Limit our dependency on the building subsidy to cover operational deficits during the forecast period to not more than: 1999 - $900,000; 2000 - $800,000; 2001 - $700,000]*

2) Develop budgets for 1999 through 2001 that provide for the continued funding of the Public Education Campaign as mandated by Council (February 1996).

3) Restrict capital expenditures to no more than $3,500,000 over the forecast period.

4) Leave our long-term portfolio intact, reinvesting all gains/losses from such activity(estimated at $1,673,000 over the forecast period).

Council, based on the recommendation of the Board of Directors, voted to defer to its February 1999 meeting action on motion 1 of the financial forecast, in order that current information may be assembled and provided to the Board in order to reconsider the policy regarding the use of the cash flow derived from our real estate partnerships.

B.(24) Council voted to approve the 1999 Preliminary Budget, in principle, including a $900,000 building subsidy and full funding for the Public Education Campaign, to serve as the framework for the 1999 Final Budget that will be presented to Council for approval in February of 1999. Council voted to approve a package of recommended changes (see attachment A) as part of the 1999 Preliminary Budget.

C.(33) Council received as information the Arthur Andersen LLP 1997 audited financial statements.

D.(34) Council received as information the draft minutes of the Finance Committee's May 31-June 1,1998, meeting.

E.(35) Council received information regarding the emergency action taken by the Board at its June meeting authorizing the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer to enter into a revolving loan of up to $10 million with NationsBank to fund the Association's working capital needs as required over the next several years.

F.(53) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Setting Priorities for Future APA Budgets."

G.(54) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Voluntary Contribution for Public Education."

H.(55) Council received an update on the new-business-in-progress item "Accountability."


On Sunday morning, Russell Newman, PhD, JD, presented an update on the Public Education Campaign.

On Sunday morning, Toni Bernay, PhD, presented a progress report of the Working Group on Developing Psychology in the Marketplace."