FY 2008 Education Appropriations

Power struggles, vetoes and uneasy consensus marked this year's Congressional Appropriations process. In the end, Congress and the President agreed upon a Consolidated Appropriations bill that included funding for 11 of the 12 appropriations bills -- excluding only Defense Appropriations which was signed into law by November 13th. Wrapping up just after Christmas, the FY'2008 appropriations process was put to bed. Congress and the President will begin immediately at the beginning of the year to work on the Administration's Budget proposal and the 2009 Fiscal Year Appropriations bill. FY'2009 may just be as contentious and dramatic as the last one!

Below are education programs of interest to the members of the American Psychological Association.

Program FY'06 FY'07 FY'08 Program Descriptions
Work Study $980.4 million  $980.4 million  $980.5 million  Campus based program that provides grants to institutions of higher education to pay wages for needy undergraduate and graduate students working part-time to help pay for college costs.
Teacher Quality  $59.9 million  $59.9 million  $33.7 million  Competitive grant program to institutions of higher education and states for pre-service teacher education.
Pell Grant Program/Maximum Grant Amount $13.2billion/

$13.7 billion/

 $13.7 billion/
Need-based financial grant program designed to provide access to postsecondary education by providing aid to low and middle income undergraduate students.
Perkins Loans
(capital contributions and loan cancellations)
 $0/$65.5 million  $0/$65.5 million  $0/$64.3 million Program provides long-term, low-interest loans to undergraduate and graduate students with demonstrated financial need. The cancellations component reimburses the institution's revolving account for borrowers whose loans are canceled in exchange for certain public services.
GAANN/Javits  $30.1/$9.7 million  $30.1/$9.7 million  $29.5/$9.5 million

The Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need program provides fellowships in areas of national need to academic departments of institutions of higher education to assist graduate students with excellent academic records who demonstrate financial need and plan to pursue the highest degree available in their course of study.

The Javits program provides financial assistance to students who have demonstrated superior academic ability and achievement, exceptional promise, and financial need to undertake graduate study leading to a doctoral degree or a master's degree in which the master's degree is the terminal highest degree in the selected field of study of the arts, humanities and social sciences.

TRIO/GEAR UP $828.2/$303.4 million $828.2/$303.4 million $828.2/$303.4 million TRIO and GEAR UP provide student support services to low-income, first-generation, disadvantaged individuals to help them enter and complete post secondary study.
IES $517.5 million $517.5 million $546.1 million IES seeks to provide rigorous evidence on which to ground education practice and policy.
Regional Labs $65.5 million $65.5 million $65.5 million  These funds support 5-year contracts with qualified entities to establish a system of ten Regional Educational Laboratories to carry out applied research, development, dissemination, and technical assistance activities. Eligible applicants include research organizations, institutions, agencies, institutions of higher education, partnerships or individuals, with the demonstrated ability or capacity to carry out the authorized activities.
Research  $162.6 million $162.6 million $159.7 million This program supports rigorous research that contributes to the solution of significant education problems in the United States.
Research in Special Ed $71.9 million $71.8 million $70.6 million This program supports a comprehensive research program to promote the highest quality and rigor in research on special education and related services, and to address the full range of issues facing children with disabilities, parents of children with disabilities, school personnel, and others.
Elementary and Secondary School Counseling  $34.7 million $34.7 million $48.6 million Provides competitive grants to local educational agencies (LEAs) to help develop promising and innovative approaches for initiating or expanding elementary and secondary school counseling programs.
Character Education/Civic Education  $24.2/$29.1 million $23.8/$31.9 million The Character and Civic Education programs support initiatives in character and civics education, including providing financial assistance for character and citizenship education activities in elementary and secondary schools and institutions of higher education, and reporting on issues and programs, disseminating information, and providing technical assistance to state agencies and state and local correctional institutions. These activities may be carried out by state and local educational agencies and by other public and private nonprofit organizations.
Gifted and Talented $9.7 million $7.6 million $7.5 million The purpose of the this program is to carry out a coordinated program of scientifically based research, demonstration projects, innovative strategies, and similar activities designed to build and enhance the ability of elementary and secondary schools to meet the special educational needs of gifted and talented students.
Safe and Drug Free State/National $346.5/$141.1 million $346.5/$141.1 million $294.8/$137.7 million Provide financial assistance for drug and violence prevention activities and activities that promote the health and well being of students in elementary and secondary schools, and institutions of higher education. Activities may be carried out by State and LEAs and by other public or nonprofit organizations.
 …Alcohol Abuse Reduction Program $32.4 million $32.4 million $32.4 million This program enables LEAs to develop and implement innovative and effective programs to reduce alcohol abuse in secondary schools. Up to 25 percent of funding may be reserved for grants to low-income and rural LEAs.
Title I $12.7 billion $12.8 billion $14 billion Formula based supplemental funds for educationally disadvantaged students particularly those attending schools in high poverty areas.
IDEA  $11.4 billion $11.8 billion $12.1 billion Formula program that supports educational and early interventions for children with disabilities – paying for the excess cost of providing special education and related services to children with disabilities.
…Personnel Prep $89.7 million $89.7 million $88.2 million  Program provides support to train personal with skills and knowledge necessary to help children with disabilities succeed educationally.
Reading First/Early Reading First Program  $1 billion/$104.2 million  $1 billion/$117.7 million  $393 million/$112.5 million Formula program designed to implement high quality scientifically based reading research on school reading instruction to states and school districts though professional development. Early reading first supports enhancing early reading skills in preschool programs.
21st Century Community Learning Centers  $981.2 million $981.2 million $1.1 billion Helps communities establish or expand community learning centers that provide extended learning opportunities for students and related services for their families.
Even Start  $99 million  $82.3 million  $66.5 million Improving educational opportunities by integrating early childhood education, adult education, and parenting education into “family literacy” programs.

Program descriptions taken primarily from the Department of Education website.