Paycheck Fairness Act introduced in U.S. Senate, House
On Jan. 23, 2013, Sen. Barbara Mikulski, D-Md., and Rep. Rosa DeLauro, D-Conn., reintroduced the Paycheck Fairness Act (S. 84/H.R. 337). This legislation would close loopholes in current law that enable wage discrimination based on gender and make key progress toward eliminating the gender wage gap. Specifically, the bill’s provisions:
- Enhance enforcement of equal pay requirements, including requiring employers to demonstrate that wage discrepancies are not sex-based and have a business justification, prohibiting employer retaliation, and improving remedies for pay discrimination.
- Train Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) employees and affected individuals and entities on matters involving wage discrimination.
- Provide negotiation skills training programs for girls and women.
- Empower employers, labor organizations and the general public with means to eliminate pay disparities between men and women.
- Establish the secretary of labor's National Award for Pay Equity in the Workplace to encourage proactive compliance efforts.
- Collect data on women workers and pay equity.
During the last Congress, a procedural vote blocked the bill’s progress, despite strong advocacy by APA members and colleagues. As APA recognizes the fourth anniversary of the president’s historical signature of the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act and plans for progress in the 113th Congress, the association continues to advocate for this critical legislation to ensure pay equity for men and women.