Hate Crimes

Originally adopted by the American Psychological Association Council of Representatives on August 27 & 30, 1987. Revised February 18-20, 2005.


Whereas the experience of criminal and violent victimization has profound psychological consequences; and

Whereas the frequency and severity of crimes and violence manifesting prejudice have been documented; and

Whereas the American Psychological Association opposes prejudice and discrimination based upon race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or physical condition;

Therefore be it resolved that the American Psychological Association condemns harassment, violence, and crime motivated by such prejudice;

Be it further resolved that the American Psychological Association encourages researchers, clinicians, teachers, and policy-makers to help reduce and eliminate hate crimes and bias-related violence and to alleviate their effects upon the victims, particularly those victims who are children, youth, and elderly;

Be it further resolved that the American Psychological Association supports government's collection and publication of statistics on hate crimes and bias-related violence, provision of services for victims and their loved ones, and interventions to reduce and eliminate such crimes and violence, and policies that perpetuate them.

Please cite this policy statement as:
Paige, R. U. (2005). Proceedings of the American Psychological Association, Incorporated, for the legislative year 2004. Minutes of the meeting of the Council of Representatives July 28 & 30, 2004, Honolulu, HI. Retrieved November 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web http://www.apa.org/governance/. (To be published in Volume 60, Issue Number 5 of the American Psychologist.)