The Psychological Needs of U.S. Military Service Members and Their Families: A Preliminary Report

February 2007

Since September 11, 2001, American military service personnel and their families have endured challenges and stressful conditions that are unprecedented in recent history, including unrelenting operational demands and recurring deployments in combat zones.

In response to concerns raised by members of the military community, the American Psychological Association President, Dr. Gerald Koocher, established the Task Force on Military Deployment Services for Youth, Families and Service Members in July of 2006.

This Task Force was charged with:

  • Identifying the psychological risks and mental health-related service needs of military members and their families during and after deployment(s)

  • Developing a strategic plan for working with the military and other organizations to meet those needs

  • Constructing a list of current APA resources available for military members and families, as well as additional resources that APA might develop or facilitate in order to meet the needs of this population

This Task Force was established to examine potential risks to the psychological well-being of service members and their families, acknowledging the changing context and impact of the deployment cycle, and to make preliminary recommendations for change and further review at the provider, practice, program and policy levels.