Volume 9, Number 1

March, 2005

Submissions Welcome!

The Editors encourage submission of any announcements, and/or letters to the editors, regarding psychological science. 

Comments on the content and presentation of the newsletter are also appreciated.

Submit to:

krmulthaup@davidson.edu

Editors, The Experimental Psychology Bulletin

Kristi S. Multhaup

Davidson College

(704) 894-2008

krmulthaup@davidson.edu

Mark E. Faust

Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte

(704) 687-3564

mefaust@uncc.edu

 Humor Needed…

Why waste your time subjecting your family and friends to your humor when you can elicit guffaws from your colleagues?  Send us your science related humor: krmulthaup@davidson.edu 

Division 3 E-mail Listserve Access

Subscribe to the Division 3 E-mail network to keep informed about Division 3 and issues regarding psychological science.  This is a monitored network to keep the number of e-mails down.

Subscribe:  Send an e-mail to listserv@lists.apa.org.  Leave the Subject line blank and type “subscribe div3” in the body of the message.

Send a Message (once subscribed):  div3@lists.apa.org

Questions:  Send e-mail to Neal Johnson, Ohio State University, johnson64@osu.edu

Division Representatives

   2004-2005

President

Alice Healy

University of Colorado

(303) 492-5032

ahealy@psych.colorado.edu

President-Elect

Thomas R. Zentall

University of Kentucky

(859) 257-4076

zentall@uky.edu

Past President

Randall W. Engle

Georgia Institute of Technology

(404) 894-8036

randall.engle@psych.gatech.edu

Secretary-Treasurer

David S. Gorfein

University of Texas at Arlington

(817) 272-3200

gorfein@uta.edu

Historian

Charles L. Brewer

Furman University

(803) 2943216

charles.brewer@furman.edu

Members-At-Large of the Executive Committee

Ralph R. Miller (8/04-07)

Binghamton Univ., SUNY

(607) 777-2291

rmiller@binghamton.edu

Nelson Cowan (8/04-07)

University of Missouri

(573) 882-7710

cowann@missouri.edu

Veronica J. Dark (8/03-06)

Iowa State University

(515) 294-1688

vjdark@iastate.edu

Thomas R. Zentall (8/03-06)

University of Kentucky

(859) 257-4076

zentall@uky.edu

Earl B. Hunt (8/02-05)

University of Washington

(206) 543-8995

ehunt@u.washington.edu

Judith F. Kroll (8/02-05)

Pennsylvania State University

(814) 863-0126

jfk7@psu.edu

Representative to APA Council

Lewis P. Lipsitt (8/04-07)

Brown University

(401) 863-2332

Lewis_Lipsitt@Brown.edu

Emanuel E. Donchin (8/03-06)

University of South Florida

(813) 974-0466

donchin@shell.cas.usf.edu

Board of Directors

J. Bruce Overmier

University of Minnesota

(612) 625-1835

psyjbo@tc.umn.edu

Committee Chairs

James H. Neely (Awards)

SUNY at Alabany

(518) 442-5013

jn562@csc.albany.edu

Mark H. Ashcraft (Fellows)

Cleveland State University

(216) 687-2545

m.ashcraft@csuohio.edu

Randall W. Engle (Membership)

Georgia Institute of Technology

(404) 894-8036

randall.engle@psych.gatech.edu

Sharon L. Armstrong (Program)

LaSalle University

(215) 951-1297

armstrong@lasalle.edu

Deborah Clawson (Program)

Catholic University of America

(202) 319-6263

clawson@cua.edu

 

 

 

The Prospects for Experimental Psychology in View of a Tight Federal Budget and Re-Organization at the National Institutes of Health

Howard Egeth, egeth@jhu.edu

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences

Johns Hopkins University

PsychDrollery

(Humor from members and the internet)

A grad student, a post-doc, and a professor are walking through a city park and they find an antique oil lamp. They rub it and a Genie comes out in a puff of smoke. The Genie says, "I usually only grant three wishes, so I'll give each of you just one." "Me first! Me first!" says the grad student. "I want to be on a beach in Hawaii." Poof! He's gone. "Me next! Me next!" says the post-doc. "I want to be relaxing on a cruise ship in the Caribbean." Poof! She's gone. "You're next," the Genie says to the professor.

The professor says, "I want those guys back in the lab after lunch."

http://psychology.about.com

Send humor to: krmulthaup@davidson.edu

I have been asked to discuss how recent changes at NIH affect experimental psychology.  I presume I was asked because I am currently President of the Federation of Behavioral, Psychological, and Cognitive Sciences, and the Federation has been working on this situation for well over a year now.  In particular, our Executive Director, Barb Wanchisen, knows as much as anyone about what is going on, and I have leaned heavily on her advice in preparing this brief statement.

As anticipated, and as verified in the President’s FY 2006 budget released on February 7th, all of the basic sciences are facing very difficult times because of federal budget cuts.  Will the behavioral sciences find it even worse than the

so-called “life” and “physical” sciences?  If history repeats itself, yes they will.  But it is also unlikely, in the near future, that any “academic” area of science will likely flourish in terms of federal funding.  That is, R&D in areas of defense and terrorism will do quite well in 2006, and probably beyond, but this is mostly intramural research or research associated with federal laboratories, and not the science funded in academic laboratories.  So what about experimental psychology in academic institutions? 

Most of our scientists are funded (federally) through the National Institutes of Health (NIH).  Instigated by a congressional request, the NIH assembled a special Working Group last year to address the role of the basic behavioral (and social) sciences.  A team of scientists from across the United States met three times during the course of 2004 and compiled the following report: (http://obssr.od.nih.gov/Activities/Basic%20Beh%20Report_complete.pdf)

As the report indicates, there is concern that the basic behavioral sciences are not funded at a level commensurate with their value at the NIH, and that, specifically, there should be a place for our sciences at the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS).  The report was presented at the December 2004 meeting of the Council that advises the Office of the Director, and by all accounts, the report was not met with enthusiasm by NIH Director Elias Zerhouni.  There is ongoing work to address his reaction to the report by the Federation, APA and other advocacy groups. 

Since that presentation, the NIH’s Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research (OBSSR) hired a new Director, David Abrams.  This office had gone without a director for almost two years; it is hoped that Abrams can help increase the visibility of the basic behavioral sciences to the 27 institutes and centers of the NIH.  As you know, some institutes are more amenable to our work than others, for example, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has been one of, if not the, largest supporter of basic behavioral science.  As you undoubtedly have heard, a reorganization of that institute has been ongoing, the changes officially put into existence on October 1, 2004, and this has been a source of serious concern to behavioral scientists.  Basic behavioral science is clearly not a major focus for the new director, Thomas Insel. He has suggested that NIH needs to spend its money where it will give real traction addressing the core mission of NIMH (i.e., the alleviation of mental disease).  Consequently, greater “health-relevance” must be demonstrated in applications; there needs to be more than just the traditional paragraph explaining the connection of the proposed work to mental health.

The pain is not distributed equally among the various fields of psychology.  Social psychology has been hit especially hard and the social psychology community has become quite vocal about its experiences in recent months.  While things are still rather fluid, it appears that most of the “truly basic” social psychology has been relegated to the Adult Translational Division and, as such, will do well to the extent that it can show very direct translation to medical applications.  For these researchers, and for all scientists in basic behavioral areas, I can’t emphasize enough two things: 1) actively engage the relevant program officer at the NIMH before submitting a proposal and 2) do not cease applying for grants at the NIMH.  In the latter case, even if you fear your ideas would no longer be welcome, if you walk away without trying, and if others follow suit, then surely your area will disappear from their portfolio.  Consider simultaneous submission of your grant – to NSF and NIH for example - to maximize your chances of success but also as a service to your science.  One thing about federal agencies: if people keep showing up, they have to acknowledge this in their reports and the “pressure” stays on. 

Now that the President’s budget is showing less than 1% increase for the NIH, doubtless all grants will be under a microscope.  However, Director Zerhouni continues to push to fund high-risk basic science (and received a 42% increase for that “Roadmap” initiative bringing it to $33 million).  That means there is room for optimism and that we must keep at this, keep bringing our best ideas to both NIH and NSF.

I can tell you that there are active efforts to change the current situation.  For example, the Federation is in the processing of organizing a group of distinguished scientists to visit high-level Washington officials responsible for setting the priorities of our national research effort.  Their purpose will be to discuss the broad health relevance of psychosocial and behavioral science.  So, do not give up!  And remember, re-organization happens frequently at the NIH and we must try to hold our ground for some better times in the future.