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Featured member:
Alan Entin and "Photography as Media Psychology"

Spring 2004 Table of Contents


Photography as Visual Media
by Alan Entin

Photography is visual media. The use of photography to produce psychological experiences is one way I am a media psychologist. As a media psychologist, I am a family systems psychotherapist who engages people in dialogues about their families to understand their family processes, which operate and shape their ideals, values, character, and traditions. The conversion of emotional processes and relationships into a visual or pictorial image in space challenges me as a media psychologist and as a family systems therapist as well as an artist.

I have been interested in photography since my childhood. In the beginning there was photography. Images. Lots of images. Photographs of my family, people I have never met, people whose existence preceded mine, people I only know through stories and photographs. Next came pictures of me, and then pictures of my brother and me. Then I began to take pictures, pictures of my family, images that would be passed down as heirlooms, precious icons of the family, and would one day be seen by generations whose existence I preceded. I donned the mantle of family historian in preserving the visual archives through the family photo album and its oral equivalent, the family genogram.

From there, in retrospect, it was only a short step to exploring the use of photographs in family therapy as a technique for facilitating, understanding and mapping the relationship patterns of individuals and their families. Finally, I began to wonder how these photographs were related to my being as a family psychologist, and how my being as a family psychologist informs my photographic interests and activities.

My professional and personal interests merged in the evolving field of Phototherapy—the use of any and all photographic materials, techniques, and activities in psychotherapy (Entin, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985). In addition to being a psychotherapist using media in clinical work, I also began speaking professionally on the topic. In 1979 I presented an illustrated paper “The Differentiated Eye: The Use of Photographs in Family Psychotherapy.” This presentation operationalized Bowenian concepts such as triangles, differentiation of self, and emotional cutoffs in the family and presented them visually.

I have used photographs to study self-concept, eating disorders and obesity within the context of the family, and how one’s self image and feelings of sexuality change as a concomitant to this process. Photographs can be used in the treatment of marital sexual conflicts and sexual dysfunction. In such cases, the size and prominence and whereabouts of family pictures and portraits might function to inhibit sexual activity. Favorite pictures of one’s self, spouse, children, and parents are significant in helping to understand their view of the emotional processes operating at the time within the self and family. In contrast “hated” pictures probably function in the same way. And photographs, like all art and creative processes, I believe, are autobiographical, which is another aspect of the processes that I have been engaged in studying for many years.

Another important marker in my career was a story that appeared on the front page of the Science Times of the New York Times in July 1984, entitled “Photos Speak Volumes about Relationships.” The article led to many other stories in most of the major newspapers and magazines, and to radio and television interviews about photographs and family relationships. This popular field of endeavor also burgeoned into my involvement with psychology and the media, which I have found to be a wonderful outlet for my creative impulses, and which is especially welcome as a counterpoint to the rhythm of a psychotherapy session.

What is striking to me is the translation of a theoretical framework into a visual representation. More generally, understanding the relationship between psychology and art as a medium of expression, theory and pictorial form, drawings and photographs is important for me to maintain my professional balance.

Photography serves as my source of balance. I usually carry my camera with me, taking pictures for professional newsletters and archives and personal expression. I am primarily interested in the expressive potential and the evocative qualities of the photographs, not the technical aspects of photography.

With encouragement and support from artist friends, I started entering juried competitions about a decade ago, and to my delight was accepted into shows, such as the 2nd APA Exhibit of Psychologists’ Work in 1995, and won best in show in a small works show the following year. Throughout, I did not want to be burdened by lots of equipment and often used simple point and shoot cameras.

I am interested in psychological photography, exploring the interior world of the photographer and the expressive potential and evocative qualities of photographs.

I now mostly use a Holga Camera, a plastic, toy camera, which enables me to create dreamlike, magical, and impressionistic images that reflect my vision. Creativity is unlocked with this approach: Being able to produce multiple exposures allows me to create in-camera photographic collages, or photomontages, layered images that can be read many times and in many ways to reveal the wealth of information they contain. Thus I am able to break free from dependence on technology, precision, and sharpness to explore my inner world.

Photographs portraying a psychological landscape relate to the dynamic creative structure and psychological mindedness of the photographer. I want my photographs to have a sense of mystery and be open for interpretation, initiating a dialogue with the audience, raising questions, communicating an impression of infinite possibilities, and pushing the boundaries of their thinking.

After using a Holga camera on a trip to Paris the resulting photographs were magical. I returned to again photograph Paris and subsequently I have had 4 solo exhibitions of my photographs in the past few years. I have been included in a number of juried exhibitions, for which my photographs have also been recognized with various awards. This fall and spring I have been invited to participate in a number of different exhibitions. One of my photographs was recently selected for the cover of a psychology book (Roberts & Ilardi, 2003), and another has been chosen for a national print biennial.

I hope to communicate an impression of infinite possibilities through my photographs. If my photographs, and this article, inspire interest and push the boundaries of your thinking, then my goals will have been met.
Brody, J. E. (1984, July 17). Photos speak volumes about relationships. New York Times, The Science Times [front page], New York.
Entin, A. D. (1979, September). The differentiated eye: The use of photographs in family psychotherapy. Photographic Essay presented at the Georgetown University Symposium on Family Psychotherapy.
Entin, A. D. (1980). PhotoTherapy: Family albums and multigenerational portraits. Camera Lucida,1(2), 39–51.
Entin, A. D. (1982). Family icons: Photographs in family therapy. In L. E. Abt & I. R. Stuart (Eds.), The newer therapies: A sourcebook (pp. 207–227). New York: Van Nostrand.
Entin, A. D. (1983). The family photo album as icon: Photographs in family psychotherapy. In J. Fryrear & D. Krauss (Eds.), Phototherapy in mental health (pp. 117-132). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
Entin, A. D. (1985). Phototherapy: The uses of photography in psychotherapy. The Independent Practioner, 5(1), 15–16.
Roberts, M. C. & Ilardi, S.S. (2003). Handbook of research methods in clinical psychology. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

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Virtual Reality Debuts at National Institutes of Health
By Brenda Wiederhold, PhD, MBA, BCIA, and Mark D. Wiederhold, MD, PhD, FACP

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), at the National Institutes of Health, sponsored a one-day symposium entitled “Virtual Reality: Opportunities for the National Institutes of Health” on February 24, 2004, featuring eight of the leading experts who are using virtual reality (VR) in healthcare. After an opening introduction by Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of NIDA, several specialty areas of VR applications were presented. Specific topic areas included treatment and evaluation of anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obesity and eating disorders, cue exposure for drug treatment, distraction during painful medical procedures, and explorations for using VR in neurorehabilitation and physical therapy. The conference then concluded with a discussion of potential new uses for VR, current technical issues and limitations, and potential new targets for funding by the institutes.

This NIH conference followed the 3-day CyberTherapy 2004 Conference ( held January 10-12 in San Diego, CA. The conference, organized by the Interactive Media Institute (IMI), began with a 1-day series of workshops covering basic aspects of clinical VR applications and an introductory workshop that focused on currently available equipment and technical issues. Over 100 speakers from 15 countries presented controlled clinical trials on using VR for mental health care treatment and training healthcare providers, and showcased many cutting edge applications including VR for schizophrenia, autism, HIV counseling, and prevention. In addition other technologies were represented, including shared virtual worlds, personal robotics, adaptive displays, and VR delivery over the Internet. The conference brought together entrepreneurs and funding agencies including NIDA, National Cancer Institute, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and the Army’s Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center. An overview of the CyberTherapy Conference can be found at The 10th Annual CyberTherapy Conference will be held next year, June 2005, in Switzerland and will feature special sessions on using VR for training, education, preventive healthcare, healthcare delivery over the Internet, and many other exciting topics.

(Editor’s note: Drs. Wiederhold more extensively report on their virtual reality work in the Summer Amplifier.)

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Guest Article from International Experts: How Psychology in the Media Affects the Work of A Minister of Health and the Health Sector in Uganda
By Hon. Capt Mike Mukula and Dr. Fred Kigozi

The term Media connotes the various means used to disseminate information to the public. The common Media in Uganda are Print Media (newspapers and magazines), Electronic Media (TV, radio, cinema etc), and the Internet lately. The Media audience is largely rural, as nearly 80% of the population is of a peasantry background, hence susceptible to manipulation or misinformation especially with unethical journalism. The Minister of Health has a duty to advocate for sound Primary Health Care policies, which emphasize promotion, prevention and treatment for better health outcome, with information, education, and communication (IEC), usually through the Media. Consequently Media Psychology can impact either positively or negatively on the outcome of the health sector.

Role of Media
The Health sector expects the Media as a partner to:

  1. Disseminate information on policies and programs thereby raising public awareness and concern,
  2. Put sector issues/challenges on the agenda for policymaking,
  3. Give sector issues visibility and prominence among the population and key decision makers,
  4. 4. Promote community involvement and participation,
  5. 5. Promote demand and utilization of services,
  6. 6. Provide feedback about the community’s satisfaction/dissatisfaction, and
  7. 7. Mobilize both local and international support for the sector.

Impact of Media Psychology
The Media in Uganda is widely trusted and effective in reaching the majority of the population. The Ministry’s challenge is the unpredictable but expected behavioral change from Media input, which must occur within the individuals despite the cultural values and peer influence within the communities.

In spite of these challenges, the health sector has been able to register substantial progress using the Media. Notable examples are in the area of HIV/AIDS, where Uganda has made tremendous progress in the journey to substantially reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. Usually referred to as a success story, HIV/AIDS decreased from a very high countrywide prevalence of about 20% a decade ago to the current 5% (UNAIDS 2000–2002). Also a success story is the successful immunization campaigns, especially against polio and measles (Annual Health Report, 2003, MoH) and for mobilization for extra funding with key stakeholders.

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Committee Reports

The Media Watch Committee: Our History
Keri L. Heitner, PhD, and Chair Harriet T Schultz, PhD

Under the leadership of our late colleague, Shirley Glass, the Media Watch Committee was formed in the winter of 1998 in reaction to the portrayal of psychologists in film and television. Shirley was our first chair, and served in this capacity until 2000, when Harriet Schultz took over this role. Shirley served as Vice Chair until 2003, when she became Chair Emeritus.In summer of 1999, a core group of Committee members, with Shirley at the helm, crafted a set of goals to guide our mission. The following goals continue to set a frame for our work:

Next, we developed a Rating System for the portrayal of fictional mental health professionals in film, TV, and books. Committee members suggest films, TV episodes, or books that might be award-worthy, and we rate the practitioner’s professional/ethical behaviors (e.g., competence, respect for boundaries, confidentiality.) We also rate the show’s producers for Responsible Portrayal of Professional Standards.

This led to the creation of the Golden Psi Award, given to producers who exhibit excellence in the responsible portrayal of professional standards; either they show highly appropriate professional/ethical behavior or, if the behavior is inappropriate, it is clearly labeled as such. The Golden Psi is presented at the APA Convention when the committee finds a work that demonstrates our standards of excellence.

The first awards were given in 1999 for specific television episodes of “Chicago Hope” and the “Sopranos.” In 2001 the award went to episodes of the television shows “Law & Order” and “Once and Again.” The mental health professionals portrayed had either excellent boundaries or if they didn’t, this was pointed out. “Once and Again” featured a warm, competent therapist, the type who might encourage the public to seek help. The 2002 recipient was psychologist Dr. Stephen White for two of his mystery novels in which the main character is a psychologist who struggles with ethical complexities. No award was given in 2000 or 2003. A French film was a strong contender in 2003, and, thanks to a major effort by a Committee member, was shown at the Convention; however, after much debate, the committee decided not to give the award because the therapist, while conducting a very successful treatment with a teenager, had not sought the required parental consent. We are in the process of determining whether a suitable candidate exists for a 2004 Golden Psi Award.

The Chair of the Finance Committee has worked closely with Treasurer Gloria Gottsegen and past-President Elizabeth Carll on reviewing our Division income and expenses for 2003, and preparing the budget for 2004, which was unanimously approved by the Board at its February 19 meeting in Washington. By holding this meeting at the APA Headquarters Building, we facilitated our working with APA Chief Financial Officer, Jack McKay, on investing our reserve funds in safe but higher yielding securities that will contribute to our income and Division operations. We also discovered that we are the only Division that sends its newsletter to members via first class mail. We have modified this to save on postage, which will require advancing the deadlines for the Amplifier so that information about Division activities can continue to be communicated to our members in a timely manner.

Awards Committee: Call for Nominations
Elizabeth Carll, PhD, Chair

The Awards Committee has been soliciting nominations for the 2004 APA Division 46 Annual Awards. As the Division has many distinguished members, recognition of the contributions to the diverse field of media psychology of our members is an important function. The Awards Committee is composed of two committees, one for the evaluation of the nominations for the member recognition awards and the other for the evaluation of dissertations submitted for the student award.

Distinguished Lifetime Contribution to Media Psychology—for a sustained body of work, in developing, refining, and/or implementing applications, procedures, and methods, that have had a major impact on the public and the profession of media psychology. A letter of nomination highlighting the nominee’s contributions should be submitted along with the nominee’s vita.

Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Media Psychology—for outstanding empirical and/or theoretical contributions to the field of media psychology. Individual must be ten or more years post doctorate. A letter of nomination highlighting the nominee’s research, publications, teaching, training, leadership, and other relevant information should be submitted along with the nominee’s vita.

The Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Media Psychology alternates annually with the Distinguished Professional Contributions to Media Psychology, which will be awarded in 2005.

Student Dissertation/Research Award—for research relating to any form of media including Internet, radio, TV, or print research/applications; multimedia telecommunications; virtual reality; distance learning; telehealth/telepsychology services; and product development. The award includes a $200 stipend and one year of free membership in the Division. Applicants must be graduating from a doctoral program and have completed the dissertation between January 2003 and March 2004. Applicants are not required to be Div. 46 members. The Student Dissertation Award Committee will evaluate submissions through blind review.

The Committee developed the following criteria for evaluation of dissertations to be rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale:
1. Relevance and contribution to Media Psychology
2. Originality/Innovation
3. Clarity of Writing
4. Quality of Methodology/Research Design
5. Overall Evaluation

The deadline for application for the awards was April 15, 2004, and the recipients will be announced at the APA Convention in Hawaii. It’s not too early to start thinking about nominations for next year. For more information contact Dr. Elizabeth Carll at

The Nominations and Elections Committee
Peter Sheras, Chair

The Nominations and Elections Committee is composed of the President-Elect of the Division as Chair, the President, and the Secretary or Treasurer, whichever is most recently elected. Their charge is to make sure that a call for nominations goes out to members in The Amplifier and further solicit nominations prior to the deadline for candidate submission. The committee requests candidate statements for distribution to the membership as well. The quality and continuity of leadership in the Division depends upon the committee’s ability to communicate with the membership and identify those interested in leadership activities. Candidates are often selected from those who have participated on Division taskforce and interest groups as well as members of other standing committees.

Membership Committee
Rochelle Balter, Chair

Division 46’s time has finally come. Our 2003 expanded mission statement (reprinted below) makes us a cutting edge division, and we want to sell that and use it to help bring in new members. As part of our recruitment campaign, I would like us to focus on the newer communication technologies such as Internet, telehealth, distance learning, and virtual reality as well as the mind–machine interface, and use our personal communications skills to invite friends who are interested in these technologies to become Division 46 members. Look for APA members who are gung ho Internet people, or virtual reality people. If they appear interested, email their names to me at, and I will guarantee that they receive information and a membership application. For those of you who have not seen the new mission statement, it follows below. One to one is usually effective so let’s go for it.

Division 46 Mission Statement: The Division of Media Psychology’s mission is to enhance psychologists’ roles in the research, application, training, teaching, and practice of both traditional media and newer information and communication technologies. Traditional media technologies include radio, television, film, video, and print media. Newer information and communication technologies include areas such as Internet, telehealth, distance learning, virtual reality, and new developments utilizing the interface between the human mind and machine such as robotics and various forms of brain signal communication. The Division also seeks to facilitate interaction between psychology and media representatives, to prepare psychologists to interpret psychological research to the lay public and to other professionals.

Editorial Policies and Guidelines Committee
Helen Friedman, PhD, Chair

The Editorial Policies and Guidelines Committee is designed to consider any editorial issues that arise and, when appropriate, to present the information and make recommendations to the Board. Division 46 has a number of venues in which such issues may arise, including the Division’s website, listserv, and newsletter. Standing members of the committee include the newsletter editor, the administrator of the website and listserv, and one or two additional Division members. We look forward to serving you.

News Media, Public Education, and Public Policy Committee
Elizabeth K. Carll, PhD, Chair The mission of the News Media, Public Education, and Public Policy Committee (NMPEPP) is to promote the dissemination of psychological information relating to various social issues, such as violence and children, community mental health issues, portrayal of minorities, portrayal of women, social conflict, and terrorism via the news media. Disseminating accurate information through the news media is important to the formation of public opinion and possibly influencing public policy. In previous years the committee has sponsored APA Convention symposiums on children, violence, and the media, and also on news portrayal of social issues in media and its influence on social policy.

In addition, the Committee developed the News Media Recognition Award for excellence in the reporting of psychological information and research. The third annual Award will be presented at the 2004 APA Convention in Hawaii. If you have recommendations or would like to nominate an outstanding print or broadcast journalist who has reported on important psychological stories, please contact Dr. Elizabeth Carll at

Fellows Committee
Elizabeth K. Carll, PhD, Chair

Achieving initial Fellow status in APA has been associated with the recognition that the individual has achieved great distinction in his or her field. The criteria for eligibility for nomination to fellow status in Division 46 includes:

If you are currently a Fellow in another Division, the process is more rapid. If you are interested in attaining Fellow status, or are a fellow in the Division and are interested in serving on the Fellows Committee, please contact Dr. Elizabeth Carll, Fellows Committee Chair at or 631-754-2424.

Program Committee
James H. Bray, PhD, Chair, Jean Carillo, Co-Chair

Hawaii is around the corner—make your travel plans NOW. The program for the APA Annual Convention in Honolulu will be fantastic!!! We will have 3 invited addresses, one invited symposium, 2 workshops, one film discussion, a poster session and 10 symposia that cover a broad range of media psychology. Our invited programs will prove to be real crowd pleasers. Dr. Elizabeth Carll organized an invited talk by Dr. Paul Ekman on “Enhancing the Communication of Emotions.” We will also have two invited programs with other divisions: “Challenges of Being The Psychologist Advisor to Heads of State in Europe” and “Media/ICT, Psychology and World Events.” The invited symposium is on “Scientists Talking to the Media: Getting it Right.” The complete program will be published in the Summer edition of The Amplifer.

Be sure to attend our social hour on Thursday evening. It is be GREAT fun!!! Aloha.

Long Range Planning Committee
Lili Friedland, PhD, Chair

Members Participating in Conference Call: Lilli Friedland, chair; Elizabeth Carll, Alan Entin, Gloria Gottesegen, Florence Kaslow, Peter Sheras, and Charles Spielberger.

VISION: The Long-Range Planning Committee recommended and the Board approved the redefinition of the vision statement of Division 46 to include new media, technology, research and content, in addition to the traditional “on-air” areas.

GOALS: Proposed the following goals to actualizing the vision: 1) recruiting new members in technology area and 2) establishing additional credibility and salience of including new technologies in Division 46 throughout APA and outside.

3–5 year goals focused on expansion of awareness, activities, and members from traditional Media Psychology domain to include expanded new media technologies areas such as robotics, nanotechnology, and telehealth.

Issues Facing Division: Achieving acceptance of full arena of media psychology (including telehealth and new technologies) and adding value to the membership was discussed. There was discussion of marketing the resources of the Division and publicizing the expertise.

Ethics Committee
Kate M. Wachs, PhD, Chair

APA and Division 46 have both changed in the past 20 years. Besides the 2002 revisions to the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, APA’s attitude toward individual divisions promulgating guidelines has also changed. So the Ethics Committee has three main projects this year:

  1. We will be working closely with Dr. Stephen Behnke, Director of APA’s Ethics Office, to redefine the charge of our Ethics Committee. We will also draft an updated Ethics Committee description for use by our D46 Ad Hoc By-Laws Revision Committee when they update our division bylaws.
  2. President-Elect Peter Sheras and I will be working enthusiastically on the Media Psychology Casebook, with assistance from Dr. Behnke and others.
  3. We’ll also explore an update/repackaging of “Suggestions For Psychologists Working With The Media” (a document I edited/co-wrote as PIC Chair several years ago that still stands as the most recent/most official media psychology guidelines/suggestions document). PIC charged D46 with the promulgation of this document several years ago, but it was delayed pending the revision of the Principles. Once we fully understand APA’s position, we’ll know if we can fulfill our charge to distribute some form of the document.

Peter, Stephen, and I will be presenting a Conversation Hour at the convention this year (tentatively scheduled for Saturday, 7/31/04, from 9 to10 AM) to update D46 members and answer media guidelines/suggestions/casebook questions. We’ll also have more to say about all these topics, as well as the future of the Ethics Committee, in future Amplifiers.

Division 46 Website and ListServ
Rich Bedrosian, PhD, Web and ListServ Master

We are reviewing the current website design with an eye towards making it more informative and user friendly. Comments from members would greatly assist our efforts. If you have any ideas, please send them to Rich Bedrosian (

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Presidential Message
By Louis A. Perrott, PhD

Just As An Ocean Liner Slowly Turns, . . .

Many past Division 46 years have featured twelve-month agendas. As one of my major themes this year, I’d like to emphasize CONTINUITY.

But, first of all, special recognition goes out to Past President Betsy Carll. You will remember that she stepped in early to fulfill presidential duties while she was still President-Elect, pinch-hitting for then-President Rhoda Fisher who was attending to health issues. During the presidency year just concluded, Betsy formulated a great many new ideas and initiatives that have started the Division turning in new and important directions. She aimed at expanding and redefining our vision of what “Media Psychology” encompasses. She developed new awards, to highlight contributors to the field. She was instrumental in drawing attention to media’s close interconnections with technology developments. She created a Student Committee, now chaired by June Wilson, to interface with graduate students and young professionals. A very hearty “Thank You, Betsy” for your vision, time, and energy, your dedication, and multiple past contributions to Division 46!

What Betsy has started, I would like to continue and extend. In doing so this year, what I hope is that future presidents will continue this trend and join in with existing projects, and/or start some new projects having life spans of greater than one year. Betsy initiated the Long Range Planning Committee, chaired by past president Lilli Friedland, who has graciously agreed to continue on with this role for at least another year. This committee consists of an assembly of people charged with the task of taking a 5-year perspective on the division and calling attention to matters needing attention sooner, based on this longer range outlook. Its recommendations will be an important means of keeping “big picture” issues in the forefront, as well as encouraging continuity.

Looking shorter term, I have begun and will continue discussions with President-Elect Peter Sheras aimed at projects the Division has underway that will extend into his presidency year. One of these, Peter is initiating, in collaboration with Kate Wachs, whom I have appointed to chair this year’s Ethics Committee. This promising project has to do with media ethics. Now that the revised APA Code of Ethics has come out, it is timely for our division to be attentive to specific ethical issues pertinent to media psychology. The most recent document that we have related to this matter is the “Suggestions for Psychologists Working with the Media,” formulated by Kate Wachs and her committee at the conclusion of a 4-year journey ending in 1998. Kate and Peter will work together toward both presenting a program at the 2004 APA convention on this topic. In addition, they will work toward beginning the work of developing an ethics casebook, in collaboration with APA. This project will not be concluded until into 2005 and will be featured in Peter Sheras’s presidential year.

I want the second major emphasis for this year to be STRENGTHENING THE DIVISIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE. The recent all-day Division 46 Board meeting on February 19 covered a great many issues and topics touching upon current divisional issues, organization, and operations. The appointments of Pauline Wallin, as Secretary, and Alan Entin, as Treasurer, were approved, replacing Sarah Benolken and Gloria Gottsegen, respectively, who had resigned. One of the recommendations of the Long-Range Planning Committee was to review and revise the By-Laws. Although in early 2003, the membership had voted to amend our bylaws in one area (length of terms of the members-at-large), the Board concurred that now is an opportune moment for a broader review of the divisional bylaws. I have appointed and will work with an Ad Hoc Committee, chaired by Charles Spielberger, to complete this project in a timely fashion.

The upgrade of the divisional website (, begun last year, will be continued and expanded. Richard Bedrosian has accepted the charge of being the division’s new Website Administrator. One goal will be for our website to become more of a resource and depository for information about media psychology, both for our own members and for website visitors. As our conception of “Media Psychology” grows beyond print, radio, and television, into applications the new technologies make possible, it is very important for our website to reflect these changes in its appearance, format, and content. Alterations will be forthcoming.

Clicking on is also one important way for non-divisional members to acquire information about media psychology in general, about specific education and training opportunities in media psychology, about specialized topics of interest—such as telehealth—and also about contributions of people in our division to the evolution of the field. Putting this kind of information on the Div 46 website allows for broader dissemination of media psychology communications, thereby getting the word out, and also provides a means for prospective members to know about the division and perhaps an inspiration to join us.

Another aim will be for the website to become an additional means of communicating divisional information—which will be posted in the “For Members Only” section. There, we will aim to have more extensive divisional reports and information available, which might only be synopsized in the Amplifier, and/or referenced briefly on the divisional listserv. And, by the way, if you are not already subscribed to the divisional listserv, you may do so by sending an e-mail to

I have appointed Helen Friedman to chair the Editorial Policies and Guidelines Committee. As its name implies, the mission of this committee will be to monitor and oversee policy applications and practices relevant to our division-sponsored communications, including the website, listserv, and Amplifier.

Meredith Cary has agreed to chair the Telehealth and New Technologies Committee. Her interest and expertise in media and web-based applications of healthcare information has resulted in innovative thinking about linking consumers with healthcare information, so they can more actively participate in decision-making and their own treatment. Ways that Division 46 might relate to these efforts are under consideration. Information pertinent to these activities will eventually be placed on the website.

Thanks to Harriet Schultz for agreeing to stay on as Chair and continue providing leadership for the Media Watch Committee. They have completed a longitudinal compilation of their own history, which Harriet recently submitted as one part of her report to the Board. This history may be viewed by going to our website.

Another big thanks goes out to past president Florence Kaslow for staying on again as the Publication Board Chair. Florrie has been tireless in her efforts to add to our divisional publications, beyond what now stands at two volumes. Information about purchasing these (Volume One is Perspectives on Psychology and the Media and Volume Two is Psychology and the Media: A Second Look) appears elsewhere in this Amplifier issue. Owning these volumes is an excellent means for students and young professionals, as well as anyone wishing to learn more about the field, to become acquainted with prominent issues in Media psychology, in addition to supporting the Division.

In the next Amplifier issue, you will be hearing more about the exciting divisional programs being planned for the 2004 APA Convention in Hawaii, July 28–August 1. Chair James Bray and Co-Chair Jean Cirillo have been hard at work making preparations. Two of these presentations involve collaborations with other divisions with whom we share common ground.

The third major emphasis for this year will be EXPANDING MEMBER BENEFITS. By doing this, we will be giving our current members good reasons for continuing to pay their annual dues, good reasons for members currently in arrears to pay their annual dues, and good reasons for prospective members to “take the plunge” and pay their first year’s dues. Rochelle Balter has agreed to stay on as Membership Chair and is developing a series of initiatives in these areas. I will be actively working with Rochelle throughout the year, as these important efforts aimed at attracting and retaining members are implemented.

The fourth and final 2004 emphasis will be upon Division 46’s INFLUENCE with APA psychologists and with APA, itself. The division slowly continues to change its image beyond the fairly exclusive past focus upon psychologists making media appearances. This still represents one small but significant slice of the total Media Psychology pie.

What other psychologists’ attitudes are towards media and how extensive is their knowledge of media effects will directly influence how much they attend to involving media and communication technologies in their planned work projects. Research findings about psychology in media can only be used, if they are known to psychologists and are deemed relevant and useful. The Division will look for ways to assist psychologists to better plan for media involvement—and especially new technologies—for advancing their agendas. Being active and resourceful about recognizing and promulgating important research findings about psychology and media will be one important means of doing this. Involving our existing divisional members strategically with ongoing or new psychology projects that have significant media components is another way of doing this.

There is a season . . . Turn, Turn, Turn. . . .

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President-Elect Paragraphs
Peter Sheras, PhD

I am honored to begin my term serving as the President-Elect of the Division of Media Psychology. Many of you know and realize that the time we spend in office is very short and the chance to accomplish useful initiatives may be brief. I was asked to speak a little in each edition of the Amplifier about ideas and initiatives I see for the coming two to three years. Today I want to speak about two major areas I would like to have the Division address: media ethics and collaborations with other divisions.

Since the inception of the Division 46 in 1987, the Division’s mission has included enhancing the roles of psychologists in all aspects of research and practice in the media. The need to provide guidelines for psychologists’ behaviors in interacting with the media or evaluating it has always been present. With the recent explosion of old and new forms of media the need to address the issue seems more pressing. The desire to create “ethical standards” has been under discussion for many decades in the Division and at APA with little real lasting progress. With the publication of the new APA “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” in 2002, the move away from strict requirements toward guidance and community standards is evident. Creating a strict ethics code for those working in matters related to the media continues to be difficult and hard to describe.

Given the increase in the need for guidance and the continuing reticence to publish a strict ethical code, I believe that it would be useful to provide at least some coherent information to psychologists who work regularly or even occasionally with media to inform the novice and guide the veteran. Toward that end, it is my hope that in the next year the Division will produce a publication that captures the common experiences and dilemmas facing psychologists working with the media and provide some meaningful suggestions and models for behavior. Such a volume would be a collection of cases from members of our Division and others, along with commentary from experienced media psychologists, the APA Ethics office, and the APA Office of Public Communications. Plans to create this volume are underway, and you will be solicited for ideas and contributions on the Division Listserv and elsewhere soon.

This Project will provide an opportunity for increased collaboration with other APA divisions who have an interest in the media as well. Three other divisions are considering participation already, and more will be invited. It is clear that as a small division with many overlapping members, cooperation is essential to creating a useful document and disseminating it widely. Hopefully our partnership with other divisions will give rise to additional joint initiatives. In this way Division 46 will be seen as a contributing player with other divisions, providing our particular expertise to them and finding additional ways to be of service. We will draw from others’ strengths and contribute our own experience. It is my hope that these initiatives will be enlivening to the Division and add to the many exciting projects ongoing at the moment. Please let me know your comments and suggestions for other projects

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Editor’s Column
The Amplifier NEWs

Mary Banks (Jasnoski) Gregerson, PhD, Editor

Media is about communication, connection between people. Communication is about merging thoughts and images into a shared vision. The vision of The Amplifier will be “messaged” this year as an experimental medium. Pioneering modes and formats will creatively convey the substance, people, and activities of APA Division 46 Media Psychology. Let us know for future issues what you think about the new format, about the multi-media aspect, and about the style.

By taking literally Marshall McLuhan’s phrase “the medium is the message,” the very format of The Amplifier as a medium will convey messages. For this year, format changes in style and content. We go multi-media.

If future shock were The Amplifier reality, a robot would be delivering this newsletter, or at least turning its pages or clicking the mouse for you. Or, your computer would respond to your voice rather than your fingers. As it is, we must settle for tastes of the future by fostering a multi-media experience for readers and creating a new format amenable to connect Internet and hard copy.

A continuation format of the articles connect hard and Internet copies of The Amplifier. In the hard copy Amplifier delivered via snail mail, the front page features introductory paragraphs, almost like abstracts, of a variety of media psychologists’ articles and columns. These features conclude elsewhere in the hard copy Amplifier and are printed in one locale online. The hard copy is like Cliff’s Notes to the Internet unabridged edition. Even some articles will appear as a two part series like a cliffhanger Perils of Pauline episode to be continued later. Definitely we want readers to return.

In subsequent pages of this Spring Amplifier other aspects like Board Columns appear in the hard copy while the succinct Board Paragraphs appear entirely online. Because of their import, the President, President-Elect, and Editor’s contributions appears en toto in the hard copy

Besides multiple modes and an innovative sequence to convey our messages, the messages themselves have changed. Each issue this year will sample from the wide range of specialties that Div. 46 Media Psychology encompasses. This issue focuses upon visual media, both still and moving. Do bring to our attention a worthy topic or professional you would like to see featured. Please make The Amplifier your clarion to others.

Continue to let us know about your activities as well as media events and activities important and interesting for others to know. The impressive Member News in this issue serves as an outreach clarion to prospective members. Certainly Division 46 Media Psychology is a varied group doing a variety of media related activities. Each issue will feature columns from selected Division Committees so that members may consider how to become involved further.

The Amplifier is our high fidelity town crier. In addition to Division 46 Media Psychology news, invited articles from outside experts provide a context for our own activities. So, The Amplifier connects us to each other and to those outside our circle. Let us know the satisfactions of your experience as well as the static to this new, shared vision called The Amplifier.

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Schmooze or You Lose in Telehealth
Meredith Cary, PsyD, Chair, Telehealth and New Technologies Committee

“The train has left the station and we’re in a cab chasing it,” said Peter Sheras punctuating the end of my report to the Division’s Board in February. It was unanimous. This year’s top issue is to help position psychologists to thrive in the business of telehealth* vis-à-vis an exploding home telehealth market (accelerated by Medicare coverage of cardiac home telehealth). The Board, however, did not discuss how to do it. This is my take on (1) telehealth now, (2) our problem, (3) a proposed solution, and (4) Telehealth and New Technologies (TNT) goals.

Telehealth Now
On the Hill, when the Department of Commerce rolled out its report, Innovation, Demand, and Investment in Telehealth (2004),** its principal author declared, “Americans will expect and demand access to telehealth for quality care—just like they do now with ATMs for banking.” Globally, the market for our world-class healthcare via telehealth is vast. And, the UK is investing $93 billion over the next 10 years.

No longer is telehealth just for the military, rural, or underserved. You can walk into the 15-bed Nantucket Cottage Hospital for a teleconsult with Harvard specialists. A host of health systems offer teleconsults—more frequently than not—with a psychiatrist.

No longer is home telehealth just monitoring vital signs. Using a TV or a computer monitor, it’s patient–provider teleconferencing. If you do therapy, assessments, or consulting—this means you! The VA will cover 30,000 with home telehealth. Currently, psychologists aren’t positioned to compete for those contracts. Nurses are.

Where are we in telehealth? Some research its efficacy. And, as Betsy Carll points out, many get buried in interdisciplinary teams—rather than lead them. A few hundred intrepid ones are entrepreneurs. But, by and large, their interactive health communication*** (IHC) products aren’t exactly household words yet.

Physicians get it—it’s the business of telehealth. The American Telemedicine Association, for one, is open to all stakeholders to collaborate. And schmooze they do. The physicians and nurses have made fast friends with the leaders of the Telecom and Telehealth industries and the DoD. By the way, in 2004 the DoD doled out $9 billion in telehealth contracts. DoD leaders not only sponsor several American Telehealth (ATA) meetings, they line the Board.

In addition to an annual convention, ATA’s Industry Council sponsors a 2-day Business Opportunity Meeting in DC. Last December, I met the Saudi royals’ rep, who was ready to spend tens of millions! The home telehealth industry hosts a separate Florida getaway. That’s where the ATA home telehealth clinical guidelines originated. Nurses wrote it. What we call behavior change and self-management, they call patient education—which they own. Similarly, the mental telehealth group, the most utilized specialty, is run primarily for and by psychiatrists.

Bottom line, psychologists are NOT schmoozing on the Hill or at the associations where the heavy hitters hang out and powerful industry partnerships are fast forming in telehealth.

Our Problem
If psychologists are experts in evidence-based self-management, and 85% of healthcare is self-care, then why are we not the “household word” that APA President-Elect Ron Levant would have us be? Worse, will we be the dinosaurs of the Telehealth Age?

Can we say the “M” word (marketing) yet, without choking? Are we not ready to heed Richard Winett’s argument in the 1995 American Psychologist (A framework for health promotion and disease prevention programs) to pay attention to the 5 Ps: product, price, promotion, place, and positioning? Or shall we remain mired in “contemplation” and run the very real risk of being even more professionally marginalized?

Alternatively, if we were ready, perhaps we’d leverage telehealth, during this transformational period in healthcare, to take Norman Anderson’s challenge, to move to the center of the healthcare delivery system. Maybe we’d learn from Bandura—to copy the success of others and entertain people while educating them.

A Potential Solution
Consider the Chronic Care model of William Dietz, MD, PhD, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Director of Nutrition and Physical Activity. He sees self-management as the central link between the entire community and the entire medical system.

With proliferating technology, already baffled consumers will next be asking, “Do I pick Bronkie the Bronchiasaurus eGame for Suzy? And, which online cancer support network is best for mom?” Health systems, employers, and home telehealth vendors will ask, “Do I invest in a nurse teleconsulting group or license a ProChange IHC for my cardiac patients at home?”

As pressures mount for healthier lifestyles at lower cost, science matters more. In my view, we need to position ourselves to be the independent voice, the experts for science-based self-management and technology—that can appeal to ALL consumers. This is our niche anyway—we just haven’t promoted it. We could promote an expert panel of Media Psychologists and partner with popular media, such as Consumer Reports, JD Powers, or U.S. News and World Report to publish the annual ratings.

We need an industry-sponsored place where we build relationships. We could create a place to annually invite the private sector (Information Technology [IT], Telehealth) and public sector (Department of Defense [DoD], Small-Business Innovative Research [SBIR] granters of IHC) to display their wares, while our expert panel rates the next generation of self-management technology.

We need to make it an entertaining competition—a Technology Challenge. The government did it, quite successfully. The “Technology Games 2000” was fun. This was a state-of-the-art health technology showcase, at a Healthy People conference, located in a sponsored section of the exhibit area. Both private and public developers set up their rows of laptops—allowing judges (sponsored by the Annenberg School of Communication), as well as conference attendees, to “test drive” their applications. Both peer-reviewed and “popular vote” awards were conferred (

In my view, we don’t need to chase that train that’s already left the station. Why not build a bigger train? Ours would carry ALL consumers, not just the medical system side of the Dietz model. This is my proposal.

TNT Goals
At the 2005 APA Convention in Washington, DC, Media Psychology would co-sponsor the kick off of its annual TNT Challenge—a showcase of the state-of-the-art technology (market-ready products) for delivering self-management. Our Media Psychology expert panel would give peer-reviewed ratings and awards. Exhibit attendees would be encouraged to “test drive” applications and vote for the ‘popular’ award. Additionally, we’d:

As an Authentic Happiness graduate, I learned from Marty Seligman that if we optimistically engage and share our strengths in this effort, both the process and the product promise to be meaningful. I hope you’ll join in and deploy your strengths—wherever they fit into the above areas. Let’s begin discussion on the Media Psychology listserv.

Because it’s my passion, I’m in this to finish it. I’ll develop this idea wherever it’s most enthusiastically facilitated. Hopefully, that’ll be APA. Otherwise, I wouldn’t have chosen to chair this committee. So, let’s get this train on track!

*Telehealth is “the use of telecommunications and information technologies to provide health care services at a distance, to include diagnosis, treatment, public health, consumer health information, and health professions education.” (Office for the Advancement of Telehealth [2002]. 2001 Report to Congress on Telemedicine.)

**Principal Authors/Project Managers: David Brantley, Technology Policy Analyst, Office of Technology Competitiveness; Karen Laney-Cummings, Chief, Office of Technology Competitiveness; Dr. Richard Spivack, Economist, Advanced Technology Program, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

***Interactive Health Communication is the interaction of an individual (consumer, patient, caregiver, or professional) with or through an electronic device or communication technology to access or transmit health information or to receive or provide guidance and support on a health-related issue (as used by the Science Panel on Interactive Communication & Health, 1999)

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Guest Article from APA Public Comunications: Successful Promotion of the Children and Advertising Task Force Report
Pam Willenz, APA Manager of Public Affairs
Rhea Farberman, APA Executive Director of Public and Member Communications

The Report of the APA Task Force on Children and Advertising got excellent media coverage. Why? First, a sound media strategy was developed to highlight the report’s empirical findings. Second, the association’s adopting the report’s findings as official APA policy further strengthened the report’s news value. Third, the two members of the task force were chosen as spokespersons and were involved in the formulation of media strategy and were fully prepared for media interviews. Finally, the timing of the report was carefully planned to involve key journalists and allow enough time for preparation but not too much time for a possible embargo break. Having no major catastrophe in the world that day also helped us secure news space in newspapers and air spots on radio and television.

In 2000, the APA Council of Representatives created a task force to study and make recommendations regarding the impact of advertising on children. At the beginning of 2004, the task force report was completed and the Public Affairs Office was asked to promote its findings and recommendations to the media. A press release was prepared, along with talking points. The report and media materials were also posted on the web to give reporters easy access to them. The press release emphasized the report’s examination of 40 years of research as the news angle. This angle served to clarify that the association’s recommendation to restrict television advertising to children under the age of eight years was based on science.

By using the strong science of the report as the lead of the press release, APA could comfortably announce its official position of recommending a restriction on television advertising for children. Most news outlets don’t like to miss out on covering a large organization’s official statement. The report’s timing also fit nicely with a new Kaiser Foundation’s report, which showed that children who spent more time with media (TV, Internet) were more likely to be overweight. APA’s report had similar findings backed by research: Television commercials can lead to children’s overindulging in sugary foods, which could be partially responsible for the unhealthy eating habits as evidenced by today’s youth obesity epidemic.

A few weeks before the release of the report, the two co-chairs of the task force, the Manager of Public Affairs and the Executive Director of Public and Member Communications discussed what the media would be looking for, potential problems with the report, and what kinds of questions the media would ask.

When APA’s council of representatives received the report and adopted its recommendations on a Friday afternoon, it was decided that the press release be embargoed [embargo means a time and date set for release so all journalists wanting to cover the story will have the same start time] for the following Monday night at 6 PM. This decision was made for two reasons. First, such timing would give reporters a day (Monday) besides the weekend to prepare their stories. The second reason was that waiting might give APA an opportunity to try and capitalize on Tuesday’s newspaper’s special science and health sections (specifically the Washington Post and New York Times).

The media strategy worked. The Task Force on Advertising and Children received strong coverage from February 24 through February 27, 2004. The coverage focused on the research findings, and all the stories were accurate. National television airings included CNN and NBC. ABC, CBS, NBC, and Fox Television affiliates around the country covered the report. According to the Nielsen Media Research, Inc., the report generated 68 television stories with an estimated audience of 3,538,058. Radio coverage included Associated Press, CNN, CBS, and National Public Radio, with a total estimated audience of more than 9 million listeners.

Print coverage reached most of the national daily papers, thanks to the Associated Press and Reuters coverage and quite a few international papers. The report also got coverage on a front-page story of the Washington Post Business section, two stories in the New York Times (one by the advertising columnist), a story in USA Today, and a story in the Wall Street Journal.

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Member News

Presentations and Interviews
Robert E. Thayer, PhD, reports that descriptions of his book, Calm Energy: How People Regulate Mood With Food and Exercise, and his ideas from it have now appeared in dozens of articles in national woman’s, health, and psychology magazines like Shape (3 issues), Weight Watchers (2 issues), Lifetime, Natural Health, Self, Ladies’ Home Journal, Woman’s Day, Fitness, Allure, Psychologie Heute (German Psych Today), USA Weekend (cover story on “Energy”), Cosmopolitan, MSFocus, Cooking Light, Real Simple Magazine, and Oprah

Elizabeth Carll, PhD, 2003 president of Division 46, was interviewed recently by various news outlets including the New York Times, Associated Press, Newsday, and the “CBS Early Show” on various topics including the impact of new technologies in retail stores on the public, post traumatic stress and soldiers returning from Iraq, stress and marriage, and violence in the media. 

Drs. Jerry and Dorothy Singer were invited to present two lectures in March 20–21, 2004, one on violence and electronic media and one on play and imagination, at a medical seminar in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam.

On April 16, 2004, in Roanoke, Virginia, Div 46 President Louis Perrott, PhD, served as Chair for a symposium, Media Psychology Meets the 21st Century, with participants Alan Entin, PhD, Past President, Division 46; Peter Sheras, PhD, President-Elect, Division 46; and Mary Gregerson, PhD, Amplifier Newsletter Editor.

On November 3, 2003, Irene Dietch, PhD, served as Cable TV producer and host for Making Connections on the topic of “Cancer Research: Possibilities and Promise” for the Professional Education Committee of Eastern Division of American Cancer Society. She was an Invited Presenter on November 15, 2003, speaking on “Empowerment 101,” for World of Women Annual Conference at Wagner College. On November 25, 2003, Irene video-taped: “What’s on Your Mind?” for Cable TV–Group of Older Adults. On December 12, 2003, for the American Red Cross, Staten Island Division, she was the Group Facilitator for Survivors of 9/11(PTSD). On December 15, 2003, Binghamton Press interviewed Irene on “Pet-Assisted Psychotherapy.” In January 2004, Irene was certified in Thanatology: Death, Dying, Bereavement, and Death Education by the Association for Death Education and Counseling. Then in March 2004 she served as Moderator for a Patient Services Panel at the Eastern Division of the American Cancer Society.

Linda Sapadin, PhD, will be presenting seminars and book signings on her book, entitled Master Your Fears, at Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, on March 28, 2004, and at the Smithsonian Institution Resident Associate Program ( in Washington, DC, on May 15, 2004.

On January 9–12, 2004 in San Diego, California, Brenda Wiederhold, PhD, chaired the 9th Annual CyberTherapy 2004: Interactive Media in Training and Therapeutic Interventions Conference in addition to appearing on ABC, NBC, CBS, and FOX news to promote the conference and the 501c3 non-profit, Interactive Media Institute, which organized the conference. In February 2004 the National Institutes of Health invited her to speak on Anxiety Disorders and VR. On March 13, 2004, she also presented a symposium “VR: Is it Ready for Prime Time?” and had a book signing (see below Books section of this column) at the Anxiety Disorders Association of America Conference in Miami, Florida. Finally, MSNBC interviewed her on Monday, March 15, 2004, for “VR for Phobias.”

Helen Friedman, PhD, presented a workshop entitled “Advancing Psychology Via the Media: Media Interview Do’s and Don’ts” at the 2003 Annual Convention of the Missouri Psychological Association. She presented on a panel entitled “Using Media to Promote and Protect Healthy Sexuality” at the 2003 National Conference of the National Council on Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity (NCSAC; she is the Midwest media liaison and on the Advisory Board of the NCSAC). She recently was interviewed on the K-Love Radio Network (with stations in 37 states) on the topic of compulsive sexual behavior and on the local CBS affiliate television station on priest abuse.

Doug Gentile, PhD, has had numerous print, radio, and TV interviews mostly about the Journal of Adolescence study cited below in the Research section of this column.

Kate M. Wachs, PhD, continues to be interviewed by a wide variety of online and offline publications—those mentioned in the last Amplifier, as well as the Wall Street Journal, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago Tribune, In Touch, Cosmo, Twist, Ladies’ Home Journal, Mademoiselle, Lifetime, AARP Magazine, Us, and Woman’s Day. Kate does 3–5 interviews a week, and is happy to report that she has survived yet another, busier Valentine’s Day—anyone know a good clipping service?! 

Bernard Luskin, Director of the Media Psychology Program reports that Fielding Graduate Institute has admitted its second group of students into the PhD Media Psychology program. There are now fourteen PhD students enrolled, in addition to a number of clinical students taking courses in media psychology. The cluster includes several IT directors, faculty members in universities, a K-12 faculty member, a telemedicine specialist and a manager of an e-learning program in a major university. The spread validates the findings of the Division Task for Study on Psychology and New Technologies completed by the division in 1998. This is the first Media Psychology PhD program in a school of psychology and was launched in September 2003.

Mary Gregerson, PhD, in her Introductory Psychology at Northern Virginia Community College, has adopted for the first time a media approach, using such films as “What About Bob?” “CopyCat,” and “Chariots of Fire.”

Rich Bedrosian, PhD, and Nanci Pradas, PhD, of will be releasing ”Take Control of Bulimia” and “Hope for HIV and Depression, the latest additions to their series of self-help Internet programs. “Help for Compulsive Buying” and “Overcoming Guilt and Shame” will soon follow. Psychologists who are interested in examining their programs for no charge can send them e-mails at

Barry Gordon has developed a series of LIVE online CE courses, using state-of-the-art video webcast technology. The instructor is seen and heard in high definition streaming video, and participants may send questions directly from their computers. All colleagues with a Broadband connection (cable, DSL ) to the Internet may take these exciting, interactive courses—at less cost than most brick and mortar workshops. The live video quality is exceptional, and it may be viewed in full-screen mode for extra clarity. The first 6-hour course on CA Laws, Ethics and Regulations will be presented live online over three consecutive Saturdays in March, 2004. Each module offers 2 hours APA CE credits, and may be taken separately or together. Modules are digitally recorded during each webcast, and will be available 24/7 by Broadband streaming video. Colleagues with dial-up connections to the Internet may purchase CD, DVD, or VHS versions. All recorded modules will satisfy home study and distance learning requirements for APA CE credits.
Additional course information, demonstration videos, and online registration may be seen at

Jina Carvalho, Director of Communication for the Glendon Association, announces that The Gelndon Association is offering Challenging Critical Inner Voices: Applications of Voice Therapy in Your Clinical Practice, for the third time as a Continuing Education COURSE (12 CE credits for Psychologists, MFTs, LCSW, Nurses, & Certified Counselors will be provided by Fielding Graduate Insititute. The training will be held in Santa Barbara, California on 21-23 May 2004 with instructors Lisa Firestone, Ph.D., and Joyce Catlett, MD. Learning to deal effectively with the "critical inner voice" is central to all areas of life. This seminar will give you new tools to help your clients enhance their personal development, create healthy relationships, and overcome problems of addiction and depression. This training is designed to provide clinicians and counselors with in-depth knowledge of an innovative cognitive/affective/behavioral technique called Voice Therapy ( developed by Robert Firestone) that can enhance a therapist's ability to achieve positive treatment outcomes for their clients. Further details can be found at the Amplifier website, at, by calling toll free: 800-663-5281 Ext 29, or emailing organizer Jina Carvalho at

Chapters and Books
Robert E. Thayer, PhD, had Oxford University Press publish the 2003 paperback edition of his book, Calm Energy: How People Regulate Mood With Food and Exercise. The subtitle best describes the content of the book, which is written for general audiences but mainly deals with the best scientific evidence of how and why people regulate mood with food (a kind of emotional eating), and how different levels of exercise represent preferable substitutes for mood regulation under various circumstances.

Kate M. Wachs, PhD, is pleased to announce that her book Relationships for Dummies was also featured in a lively John Wiley and Sons promotion. 

Michael Fenichel, PhD, has written “Online Behavior, Communication, and Experience,” which Elsevier Academic Press published in winter 2003 in Drs. Ron Kraus, Jason Zack, and George Stricker’s book Online Counseling: A Handbook for Mental Health Professionals. See

Drs. Dorothy and Jerry Singer have just finished their new book for Harvard University press, called Imagination and Play in the Electronic Age.

Linda Sapadin, PhD, has a new book, Master Your Fears, published through John Wiley, which presents new treatment approaches for the five fearful lifestyles: shy, hypervigilant, compliant, macho, and controlling. Her other two books, Beat Procrastination And Make The Grade: The Six Styles of Procrastination and How Students Can Overcome Them, in 1999, and, in 1996, It’s About Time! The Six Styles of Procrastination and How To Overcome Them were published by Penguin and Viking/Penguin, respectively.

Florence Kaslow, PhD, has co-edited with Lita Linzer Schwartz, PhD, a new book, Welcome Home! An International and Nontraditional Adoption Reader, which Haworth Press published.

Doug Gentile, PhD, edited a 2003 book produced by Praeger Publishing on Media violence and children in the series Advances in Applied Developmental Psychology, which I. Sigel edited. See

Linda De Villers, PhD, is pleased to announce that her book, Love Skills: A Fun, Upbeat Guide to Sex-cessful Relationships (Rev Ed.), has just completed its 3rd printing by Aphrodite Media press.

Lenore Walker, PhD, and her colleagues Drs. Dorothy Cantor, Carol Goodheart, Sandra Haber, Ellen McGrath, Alice Rubinstein, Lenore Walker, & Karen Zager with Andrea Thompson have published with John Wiley & Sons a (2004) book, Finding Your Voice: A Women’s Guide to Using Self-Talk for Fulfilling Relationships, Work, and Life, for adjunctive use with therapy as well as by individuals wanting to move past unproductive, blameful thoughts and unrealistic expectations by using the self-talk process.

Brenda K. Wiederhold, PhD, has published Expose Yourself!™ San Diego, which is a tool to help those who are attempting to overcome specific phobias with self-guided exposure therapy and Conquering Panic, Anxiety, and Phobias: Achieving Success Through Virtual Reality and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, a resource to enable those suffering from anxiety to take control of their lives and become an active participant in their own recovery.

Drs. Jerry and Dorothy Singer are continuing their research project with parents, teachers, and home care providers of inner city children, training them to play imaginative games. Embedded in these games are the skills needed for kindergarten entry.

Mary Gregerson, PhD, has published an article “Media and Psychology Can Partner to Counter Terrorism,” in a 2003 special edition on terrorism of the Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless,12(4), 279–306.

Doug Gentile, PhD, and colleagues Drs. P. J Lynch, J. R. Linder, and D.A Walsh have published an article “The effects of violent video game habits on adolescent aggressive attitudes and behaviors,” (2004). Journal of Adolescence, 27, 5–22.

Rochelle Balter, PhD, JD, was sworn in for the First Department in New York on January 20, 2004. She was also appointed to the NYSPA Program Committee.

Business Ventures
Kate M. Wachs, PhD, is pleased to announce that she’s been appointed “Romance Expert” for Doubletree Hotels, a division of the Hilton Hotel chain. Besides consulting with them to design an improved romance package, her “Romance Reminders” (tips for improving emotional and physical intimacy) are given out to guests, along with discounted rates on her book, Relationships for Dummies. In addition, Kate’s suggestions were sent out electronically over the PR newswire, and the story was picked up in many cities. 

Helen Friedman, PhD was appointed to the Advisory Board of CosmoGirl!, a national magazine for teenage girls. She serves as a professional advisor for the magazine’s advice column, as an expert in adolescent psychology, and appears on their masthead.

Elizabeth Carll, PhD, 2003 president of Division 46, participated in the United Nations World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) held in Geneva, Switzerland. As a result of her participation in the drafting of the WSIS Civil Society Declaration, the importance of the right of access for all people to mental health information via information and communication technologies was included, which highlighted the importance of two-way flows of communication to address prevention, treatment, and the promotion of mental health.

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Publication and Submission Guidelines

The Amplifier is the official newsletter of APA Division 46, Media Psychology, and is published three times each year (Spring, Summer, and Fall). Unsolicited contributions from members are welcomed and encouraged. Articles must be relevant to media psychology and should not have been published elsewhere. All submissions should be sent to the Editor by e-mail at Submissions must be received by March 1 for Spring issue, April 15 for the Summer issue, and September 1 for the Winter double issue. Authors should ensure that their manuscripts comply with all APA publication and ethical guidelines.

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