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DIVISION 51 BULLETIN Winter,2004
volume 9, number 2

Table of Contents:

Presidential Message
Editorial
Candidates for Division 51 Offices
Division 51 Program for APA Meeting in Hawaii
McKeachie to be Honored at APA convention
Psychology of Men and Masculinity
Nominations for Fellows

Special Focus Section: East Meets West: Reflections on Masculinity and Faith
An "Ideal" Masculinity: A Buddhist Approach
Relational Masculinity: A Christian Perspective

Fatherhood for Gay Men, Book Review

Exploring Paths to Masculinity Symposium Review
Listserv |Mission Statement | Div. 51 Central Office
Diversity in Human Interactions, Book Review
Membership Application | Policy on Book Reviews
Ray's Race and Walk | Cookbook | Governance

SPSMM Bulletin Deadlines: January 31, April 30, October 31


 

PRESIDENTIAL MESSAGE

Of Microwaves and Masculinities
John M. Robertson, PhD


Last week, I decided to get a small microwave for my office. I went to a local department store where I was greeted by middle aged woman in the appliances department. She was quite helpful in explaining the various choices I faced in selecting a microwave. When finally I had settled on a model, she asked, “What color would you like—black, white, or stainless steel?”

As I started to ponder this question, she continued. “I have a recommendation for you. Most men don’t notice the fingerprints they leave behind, so you shouldn’t choose stainless. And white is more feminine. I think you need a nice black one; it would look very masculine in your office, don’t you think?”

Really? Do I leave fingerprints on stainless steel because I’m a man? Would I be more feminine if I chose white? How does she know these things? And more to the point, why does she think this bit of information will help be buy the right microwave?

How do any of us know the answers to these daily and somewhat trivial questions? Or, to enlarge the question, how do any of us know anything about the major issues our culture is facing this year—concerns that go far beyond the choice of a microwave. Consider the issues that are being discussed in the Presidential primaries: how this country got into a war and how to get out of it, whether or not to provide health care to all, whether or not we can widen our definition of marriage to include persons of the same sex, how to reign in corporate mismanagement, what to do about manufacturing job losses, and much more. None of these issues can be fully addressed without some awareness of gender—particularly the ways in which men are socialized to think, to feel, and to act.

It is my view that members of our Division have something to say about the gender implications of these issues—from the more mundane (perhaps) questions about the colors of microwaves to the more complex issues that mix color, ethnicity, and sexuality with masculinity. These matters take enormous time and effort to understand. The stakes are high, and well documented. Compared with women, men have higher rates of completed suicides, higher rates of serious injuries, and higher death rates from nearly all the leading causes of death. They continue to engage in violence against each other, against women, and against other cultures. Surely, the voices of our division’s members need to be present in the nation’s discussions of these issues.

Division 51’s first president was Ronald Levant, who is now president-elect of the American Psychological Association. He has announced that he will be supporting activities that make psychology a “household word” in our society. My hope is that part that thrust will include an increased awareness of the contributions of members of our division. Some of those contributions are more formal, some are more personal, and some expand our understanding of the multicultural dimensions of masculinity.

Formal Contributions
Many members of our division are thinking about the major questions that confront our culture. Simply glance at the presentations and posters being prepared for our convention in Hawaii at the end of July. Division members are considering these questions, puzzling over them, and researching them. These efforts make Division 51 a place where ideas can be offered to the national discussions that so deeply affect people’s lives. Is it too much to hope that thinking can be swayed? Or that legislation can be informed? Or that social policy can be influenced? Or that help for boys and men can be more informed, more focused, more effective? My answer is No. I know first-hand that our work is read, and that it can be used in positive ways. This past year, I participated in a study (about the increasing severity of presenting problems at university counseling centers) that has been used to support the introduction of a bill in the United States Congress that would provide funding for university counseling centers.

I’d like to acknowledge the forums in our division where members are making contributions. The results of these efforts can be found in refereed journals of the American Psychological Association, our own Psychology of Men and Masculinity journal, papers and symposia presented annual at the APA convention, and in the many books available. Results can also be seen in the consultation rooms of therapists who work with men, and who have read the work of contributors to The New Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy Approaches for Men (Brooks & Good, 2000). Our division may be small compared to others in APA (only 6 divisions have fewer members), but the hundreds of men and women in our division are highly active in research and practice activities.

Our division’s journal, Psychology of Men and Masculinity, has quickly developed a reputation of being a publication of the highest quality. Founding editor David Lisak and current editor Sam Cochran have been able to assemble a highly skilled set of reviewers to make sure that the research we publish reaches the highest standards in our field.

We also see the results in the programming that is presented in the annual convention. This year, David Shepard is functioning as the Program Committee Chair, and has organized all the parts of our convention program—the symposia, papers, workshops, poster, discussions, and addresses. Please be sure to scan the program listing elsewhere in this issue of the Bulletin. I want to strongly encourage all our members (and especially graduate students) to join us in Hawaii for five days of highly stimulating presentations, and for numerous opportunities to participate in informal conversations about issues of mutual interest.

Personal Contributions
When Sam Cochran was president of our division in 2002, he asked members to comment on what they valued most about membership in the division. At the top of the list was our “collegial, relational orientation,” (Cochran, 2002).

The Midwinter Retreat, held this year in Kansas City, is a day-long opportunity to explore masculinity from a personal perspective. The retreat has a long tradition of providing men with an opportunity to connect at a very deep and personal level with other men who share similar views about the development of masculinity. For many years, this event has been coordinated by Mike Andronico and Gary Brooks, who have shared their considerable experience and skills in working with groups of men. This year, Fred Rabinowitz had agreed to join Mike in planning the experience. I’ve seen a preview of their plans, and I can assure you that the Midwinter Retreat will be well worth attending.

2004 marks the 9th year in our division’s history. An august group of men have made significant personal contributions to our division. Some of them have preceded me in this post of president: Ron Levant, Gary Brooks, Glenn Good, Mark Kiselica, Mike Andronico, James Dean, Sam Cochran, and Corey Habben. It is a daunting list. They have all made personal contributions to the welfare of our young and developing division. These men have been highly involved in our profession—writing articles and books, developing public policy statements, providing assistance to soldiers in uniform, mentoring graduate students on university campuses, and in providing therapy to individuals, couples, and groups. I applaud their contributions. I feel honored to take my turn in encouraging the consideration of gender in various settings.

Multicultural Contributions
Men with ancestral roots in Europe have been in the most powerful positions in this country since its founding more than 200 years ago. Men with backgrounds in Africa, Asia, and Latin America have not shared as easily or widely in the making of public policy decisions that have affected our culture. Nor have homosexual men, who have been isolated and assaulted simply for being themselves. Racial prejudice, ethnic prejudice, religious prejudice, and sexual prejudice have been harmful to many men over the first two centuries in this country’s history.

One consequence is that is more useful to think of masculinity in its plural form—masculinities. There is not one masculinity, even among those who share the mission of our division. It seems appropriate that our division give increased consideration to ways of making many voices of masculinity heard—voices shaped by the diverse influences that exist in this multicultural country. Some specific ideas along these lines will be addressed at the Midwinter Board meeting, and I will be offering some additional thoughts in the next Bulletin.

I want to encourage our division to think about ways in which we can stimulate more research, offer more public presentations, and develop more focused helping strategies (psychotherapy, consultation, coaching, mentoring) for boys and men of color and for homosexual men. Following our Board meeting, I plan to talk more about some initiatives along these lines in our listserv and in this column.

Both microwaves and masculinities come in many colors. Stayed tuned.

References
Brooks, G., & Good, G. (2000). The New Handbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy Approaches for Men. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cochran, S. V. (2002). Including the visibility of our spirit, strengths, resources. SPSMM Bulletin, Volume 7(2), p., 1.




EDITORIAL

Sports and SPSMM

Fred Rabinowitz, Ph.D.


I just got back from the gym and the noontime pickup basketball game. I feel an endorphin high from the running up and down the court and a psychological thrill from the occasional basket or pass or stifling defense I may have employed. I enjoy the friendly competition. I bask in the kibitzing with the guys I know just from the court. It feels good to catch up on life outside my usual sphere of daily travel. On another day of the week at noon, I play tennis with a male colleague from my department and on another lucky afternoon I golf with a couple of other male professors. My connection is through the physical activity we experience together. These sports break down the usual protective walls and lead to a more intimate male connection than would be possible in everyday life in my world. I love sports for the physical buzz and the social sharing made possible.

When I read the paper or watch ESPN I am struck by how distant my version of sports is to the corporate reality of college and professional sports. To be a division 1 college athlete or professional player earning millions of dollars is a totally distinct experience that has not much bearing to my love of playing. The recent uncovering of yet another scandal at the University of Colorado around recruiting and accusations of rape reveals a dark side to athletics. Gifted athletes need to be seduced by the mythic visions of parties and sex so that a particular college or university can sport a winning team. The rationale is that a winning team will bring money to the university through ticket sales, television contracts, and alumni giving. The athlete is merely a pawn in a larger game. Exploiting young men’s masculine egos is a means to an end. The athlete is promised the spoils of being an alpha male, which includes access to women, drugs, and VIP treatment. Little does he know that the only reason they sell him on the masculine power myth is because it benefits those in real power who make profits off of his effort.

When the system is exposed, the pawns are the first to be accused, followed by the coaches and those that used the system to do their jobs. The athletes, who thought that strippers and alcohol were the rewards for their athletic prowess, find that when they take liberties with women not being paid by the system, they are rightfully accused of rape and sexual assault. They have been tricked into believing that being a sexual stud was a part of the masculine identity they have earned from their prized value as an athlete. It doesn’t help that beer companies such as Coors create fantasies of partying in the Rockies with beautiful big-busted women in their commercials while splicing scenes of football and cheerleaders around their product. If I was a young man who had been anointed the king of men for my strength and athletic skills, I too might expect the spoils. Like it or not, the athlete is the role model for many young men who emulate these created heroes. Those who identify with the male superstar athlete also learn to expect the entitlements, inappropriately objectifying women and narcissistically elevating their own status.

I wish playing sports in our country was only about getting in shape, finding a healthy cathartic release for built up tension, and cultivating friendship. Unfortunately, this isn’t the vision of sports for Corporate America (C.A.). Most couch potatoes and male television watchers are the targets of C.A.’s concerted effort to relate sex and sports to sell its products. The Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity, with its emphasis on promoting healthy masculinity is David against this corporate Goliath. We represent a vision of masculinity that values relational connection not objectification. We believe men are acceptable in all their varieties, colors, and sexual preferences. Many of our members are at ground zero of this battle, finding in-roads to talk to students and athletes at the college and professional levels about being a man, relating to women, and seeing through the corporate cultural myth of male privilege. Many SPSMMers go into the middle school, high school, college, and professional sports environments to educate boys, men, and male athletes for their own good and the good of the people with whom they come in contact.

Our work in this division is a small but powerful antidote to Corporate America’s dosing of sexism to sell its products. For all those in the division who teach, write, protest, counsel, research, father, mother, and stand up in their everyday lives to make a difference for the boys and men of our world and in the process the girls and women, this column is for you! Let’s continue to actively support each other in the Promethean effort to make this world a better place for all of us.

[Return to top]


Candidates for SPSMM Division 51 Offices

Candidates for Division 51 Offices (2004 elections)
Ballots will come in the mail in late April or early May.

President (choose 1)
Larry Beer
Chris Kilmartin

APA Council Representative (choose 1)
Corey Habben
Neil Massoth

At Large (choose 2)
Gary Brooks
Matt Englar-Carlson
Gordon Finley
Vic Frazao
Derrick Gordon
Roberta Nutt

Secretary (choose 1)
Aaron Rochlen
David Shepard

President Statements

Larry Beer
It is an honor to be asked again to run for President of Division 51 of the American Psychological Association. This division is and has been my family within APA since its inception. My roles within our division have included newsletter committee, awards committee, cookbook creator and editor, and my current role as secretary. This past August I received an award for Distinguished Professional Service from this division.

I am excited about the opportunity to continue our line of outstanding individuals who have been president of Division 51. I have the two qualities that I think our division needs in a president. If elected I will bring both a good sense of business and a strong appreciation of family to the position.

As a business person I started a small group practice in 1989. In spite of these tough economic times for mental health practitioners, my business has grown steadily and now includes 20 clinicians. I believe our division needs to function more effectively as a business in order to grow and thrive. In order to do this we will need to first and foremost increase our membership. We know what a great division we have in terms of scholarship, programming and camaraderie. We need to invite others to be a part of what draws us to SPSMM. If elected, I will direct extra attention to membership issues since membership is the best source of both energy and funds for the division. I would see to it that our membership committee is composed of dedicated and well-connected individuals within APA who can increase our membership base in both number and diversity.

What has really drawn me to this division, though, is the sense of family I feel within it. The greatest meaning in my life comes from family. Within our divisional family I have been able to get to know and enjoy so many of you. While I would pursue the business aspects of our division aggressively, I would also insure that the intimacy we share with each other continues to grow. I have been able to keep the dual focus of business and personal connection within my group practice, and I think I can replicate that within our division. One of our division’s most cherished programs is the men’s dialogue we hold annually during midwinter. It creates a true connection between those who attend. We need to find opportunities to have a similar dialogue during APA’s annual convention so that those who can’t make it to Midwinter can enjoy this great experience. Further, we need to bring back respectful inter-gender dialogues and gay-straight dialogues during our convention in addition to the excellent programming we have every year. In closing, it is quite an honor to be asked to run for President of our division.
Thank you for considering my candidacy.

Christopher Kilmartin
I am honored, flattered, and humble to be considered for the presidency of Division 51 at a time marked by two watershed events: a lead article by Division 51 members in American Psychologist and the election of one of our own to the presidency of APA. We have come a long way in a relatively short period of time.

My priority as Division 51 President would be to (continue to) put Division 51 on the map. The Psychology of Men and Masculinity has come of age, and we need to inform the mainstream of Psychology that we have something to offer to virtually every traditional subfield in the discipline. Too often, gender issues are at the margins of scientific analysis, and we would all benefit from placing them at the center of inquiry when indicated.

A large part of what gave rise to the birth of gender psychology was the realization that gender roles are sometimes limiting and damaging. My position is that the negative aspects of traditional masculinity harm women and men, in that order. We must move the division forward by better addressing social justice issues: heterosexism, gender-based violence, racism, economic inequality, and sexism. Doing so will better balance our attention to the special problems of men with a commitment to acknowledging heterosexual White men’s power as-a-group and working to address quality of life issues for everyone. Privilege is a central feature of the psychology of men and masculinity.

A few words about my background: I am a Professor of Psychology at Mary Washington College, author of The Masculine Self , a comprehensive men’s studies textbook, and of Sexual Assault in Context: Teaching College Men about Gender. Together with John Lynch, I wrote The Pain Behind the Mask: Overcoming Masculine Depression. I have visited over 100 college and university campuses to consult on gender education and sexual assault prevention for college men, and to perform my solo theatrical comedy on men’s issues, Crimes Against Nature. I have been involved in men’s studies since my graduate school days in the mid-1980s and look forward to the opportunity to serve in an organization in which I am a proud member.

APA Council Representative Statements

Corey Habben
Having just completed my term as Division 51 President, I have been involved with Division 51 governance since my early days as a student in 1996. Having served as President, chair of the Membership Committee, and Student Coordinator, I am very excited about the prospect of serving the role of representative to the Council of Representatives. In addition to my eight years of work and familiarity with Division 51, I also bring with me a rich experience of APA cross-governance work during my five years as an active member of APAGS governance. This experience provided me with the opportunity to learn, understand, and negotiate the often-complicated world of APA governance and politics.

I would like to focus my energy toward representing Division 51 and advocating for our interests in Council meetings. In addition, your vote will help add an overlooked form of diversity to APA Governance; according to recent 1999 data, although 1 in 3 (33%) APA members/affiliates/associates were under the age of 40, only 1 in 20 (5%) of APA governance were under the age of 40. If you feel that APA needs more active early-career psychologists involved in governance, than I would like to take my experience and dedication to SPSMM and represent you as the next Council representative.
APA Division Membership: 12, 42, 51.

Neil Massoth
I served two terms as a member of Council (1993-1999) representing New Jersey. I loved my time on Council and, as a result, became increasingly involved in APA governance. I was elected to the Board of Governors of the APA College of Professional Psychology (now known as the Certification Oversight Committee of CAPP) and served 7 years. I am currently in my second year of a three year term on the APA Ethics Committee. I like psychologists; I like the work that psychologists do; I like to be involved. Returning to Council has been a goal since my prior term ended.

As a Council representative I will represent the interests of Division 51 and promise to make men's gender issues a respected rather than an overlooked issue. More importantly, I will represent diversity issues in general. The diversity representation among Council members has been poor, and it is vital that majority voices present diversity issues relevant to psychology and the general public. Diversity is synonymous with psychological health and growth.

Issues of concern that need Council action are the threats to the profession through: reduced reimbursement fees, reduced funding resulting in a loss of internship and training sites, and the loss of confidentiality through health coverage intrusion. The need for expanded marketplaces for psychological research and practice is obvious. Within our field I am concerned about the stalled movement in the attempts to reduce the divergence between science and practice.

I am a practicing clinician and a Professor of Psychology and Director of Clinical Training of the Ph.D. Program in Clinical Psychology at Fairleigh Dickinson University. I have yet to decide if I am a clinical academician or an academic clinician. I am a founding member of SPSMM, the first editor of the SPSMM Bulletin, and am currently in my second term as a member of the Board. I would love to represent this group that has been my APA home base.

Board of Directors At-Large (Two will be chosen)

Gary Brooks
Surely it can’t be that nearly fifteen years have elapsed since a small group of us gathered in Boston to strategize how we could move “men’s” studies from obscurity into a prominent place within organized psychology. So much has been accomplished since our first rudimentary gatherings as an “unaffiliated group” in New Orleans in 1989 and Boston in 1990. Today we are not only “affiliated, we are integrally woven with the leadership and conceptual fabric of APA.

Our membership is broadly represented within APA boards, committees, and offices (including, of course, one of our founders becoming the APA President-Elect). Our programs and publications have elevated the scholarly discourse about the psychology of men and masculinity, as well as promoted a profeminist and non-adversarial approach to gender relations. As gender is granted greater recognition as a major aspect of cultural diversity, men’s studies perspectives become central components of all psychological research, as well as attractive areas for aspiring graduate school scholars. While it seems clear that a great deal has been accomplished since our first organizational rumblings, much more can still be achieved.

First, it is likely that concerted effort can boost our division membership substantially. Although we will never become one of the larger APA Divisions, we can certainly achieve membership numbers more reflective of our notable influence within APA.

Second, we can continue to broaden our integration efforts with divisions representing non-mainstream men and women – persons of color and gay/lesbian/bisexual persons. Far too few of our members are co-members and participants of Divisions 35, 44 and 45. As we hope to attract new members to support our causes, we can productively consider how we might be more active in combating sexism, racism and heterosexism.

Third, we need to continue our activities to influence popular culture. Although the public appetite seems hungrier for the ideas of John Gray and Dr Phil, it might find more benefit and nourishment from men’s studies scholarship that truly “gets” the connection between traditional masculinity and common social maladies such as male teen violence, pornography, substance abuse, vehicular homicide, and steroid abuse. We “get it.” We simply need to persevere in our efforts to capture the airwaves. As I move along in my professional career, I can point to nothing that gratifies me more than my contributions to the psychology of men and masculinity. I have relished the symposia, the opportunities to publish, and the responsibilities of representing our division. I am willing to continue to try to contribute within the official division framework. If I am elected to do that, I will do so with considerable gratitude.

Regardless of elections, however, I will continue to be deeply committed to this very special group, since nothing compares to the joys of friendship with the men and women of this wonderfully caring organization.

Matt Englar-Carlson
I am honored and pleased to be nominated as a candidate for the position of Board Member at Large for Division 51. Within APA, I consider Division 51 to be my home and have greatly appreciated the support, information, and ideas that I get from other members of the division. Our division is truly a unique collection of men and women representing diverse backgrounds and perspectives, yet the professional discourse is refreshingly innovative and respectful. Based on my experiences within the division, I am highly motivated to look for ways in which I can meaningfully contribute to the governance of the division.

One of more meaningful aspects of SPSMM for me has been the ongoing professional mentoring provided by members. When I joined Division 51 as a graduate student, I immediately felt welcome. Now as a professional, I work to mentor graduate students in regards to their interest in the division. I would support continuing efforts to attract new student and professional members into the division with the hope that with controlled growth the division can continue to mentor and support all members in the manner that characterizes this division. Another area where I value the presence of SPSMM is the area of clinical training and education about men and masculinity. As an educator, I value the importance of working at both the macro and micro level to inform the public and mental health professionals about ways to understand men and effectively meet their clinical needs. I think this is an area where SPSMM can have a more marked impact on the field and the public.

Briefly, my education includes Master’s degrees in health psychology and counselor education and a doctorate in counseling psychology from the Pennsylvania State University. I have worked as an elementary school counselor and I am currently an assistant professor of counseling at California State University- Fullerton. Within SPSMM, I keep myself an active member presenting research at APA, serving on the Editorial Board for The Psychology of Men and Masculinity, serving as a program reviewer for APA, and attending the mid-winter meetings and men’s retreat when I am able. In the upcoming year I will serve as the program chair for the 2005 APA Conference in Washington, DC.

Gordon Finley
I would be very pleased to serve as a member-at-large for Division 51. So far, my involvement with Division 51 has been limited to reviewing manuscripts for, and now serving on the Editorial Board of, Psychology of Men and Masculinity. I very much share the goal outlined by Sam Cochran in his opening Editorial of expanding our division journal to become the core journal in the field.

My current and projected future research and social policy interests cover
a wide range of issues related to fathers, children, and divorce. My current research interests revolve around a set of recently published nurturant fathering and father involvement scales (Educational and Psychological Measurement, February, 2004), the development of parallel nurturant mothering and mother involvement scales, and looking at child outcomes in divorce. My family policy interests start from the position that, as family policy and divorce law stand today, both fathers and children do not fare well in the current system and that changes in divorce policy and law could benefit both.

Academically and professionally, I received a B.A. in Sociology and Anthropology from Antioch College and a Ph.D. in Social Relations from Harvard University. I have taught developmental psychology and more recently parent-child relations at the Universities of British Columbia, Toronto, California at Berkeley (visitor), and Florida International University here in Miami. Looking back, I have taught courses and published articles covering every stage of the life-cycle from along with cross-cultural work in Latin America and with field work in Mexico and Guatemala. I have Edited two small, specialty journals (Interamerican Journal of Psychology; Adoption Quarterly) and served on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and International Journal of Intercultural Relations.

My strongest emotional commitment related to Division 51, actually, is to the San Bernardino Mountains that sit just behind our Newsletter’s Editor’s university. It was at the South Fork of the Santa Ana River that I spent my boyhood summers in an old stone cabin built by my grandfather who was a land surveyor in the area.

Vic Frazao
I am very honored to be asked to run for an at large position to Division 51. My involvement in Men’s Issues at the local level began when I was asked to be a founding member of the San Diego Psychological Association Task Force on Men’s Issues many years ago. At APA meetings I heard about SPSMM and began attending their programs. I signed the cards for 2 or 3 years to make SPSMM a division of APA, and have been a member ever since. In addition to attending many interesting programs, the most important thing for me was the welcoming spirit of our division.

In early 2000, I was able to attend the mid-winter retreat and get to know some people on a more personal level. That translated to more contact at APA meetings, which I brought home to students at CSPP at Alliant University, where I teach. I have encouraged a number of students as well as San Diego colleagues to join Division 51, and have been gratified with their response, from meetings at the convention from their involvement and use of the list-serve, as well as from the increased interest in Men’s Issues at the school. I have worked to increase the library holdings of many of our member’s books, as well as to raise issues of men’s and boy’s issues in my consultation groups with the graduate students. I look to bring what I get at the national level to my local psychological association, and thereby to increase interest in Division 51. I am currently President of the San Diego Psychological Association, and would be honored to serve on the Division 51 board next year when my current duties are finished. Thank you for your consideration.

Derrick Gordon
My interest in Div 51 has grown out of my personal and professional interests in the role that men and boys play in our communities and society at large. Important in this consideration is the role of socialization and its impact on how men and boy's identities are shaped. I have worked in addressing issues related to domestic violence; the healthy involvement of low income, minority men in their children's lives; the promotion of health outcomes for poor men; and the social aspects of prevention with men. These activities have and continue to bring me close to this Division as I seek support and identify the key components used in this work across disciplines. I also feel that my experience, status as a man of color, and interests afford me the unique opportunity to add to the discussion that is ongoing in Division 51. I feel that my participation can add to the continued progress envisioned as Div 51 continues to grow, develop and move forward.

I am an Instructor in Psychiatry at the Yale University School of Medicine and at The Consultation Center, Division of Prevention and Community Research. I am the Director of Research, Policy & Program on Male Development. Currently, I serve as the clinical supervisor for the Connecticut State EVOLVE Program, a 26/52 week domestic violence batterer intervention program. I am involved in the Greater New Haven Domestic Violence Task Force where I have held various leadership positions. My interests also extend to work with the State of Connecticut’s Department of Public Health as it develops protocol and policy related to sexual assault prevention with men. I am Director of Research for the Male Involvement Network, which seeks to support low income, non-custodial fathers' healthy involvement with their children, families and community. This has lead to discussions at the city of New Haven level as we consider how to support men moving from incarceration to the community. In general, my interests include risk and protective factors for adolescents identified as at risk, fatherhood contributions to child development, the impact of violence on the development of children, fathers, and families and the impact of social and individual ethnic/racial identity on academic outcomes.

Roberta Nutt
I am pleased to be nominated to serve another term as Member-At-Large in Division 51. For those of you who do not know, I have been a member of the Society since its beginning, worked on the original by-laws, was the first Fellows Chair, and have been guest editor for a special issue of the newsletter. I also chaired the last search committee to select a new Editor for the divisional journal “Psychology of Men & Masculinity.” I have always enjoyed my service and association with SPSMM and look forward to it continuing for a long time.

In my work life, I am the founder and director of the Counseling Psychology doctoral program at Texas Woman’s University which also emphasizes Family Psychology and Women’s/Gender Issues. I also maintain a part-time private practice in Dallas.
Gender issues have always been an important part of my career interests—gender issues from both women’s and men’s perspectives. Most of my publications and presentations have focused on gender including being co-author with Carol Philpot, Gary Brooks, and Don-David Lusterman of the APA book “Bridging Separate Gender Worlds: Why Men and Women Clash and How Therapists Can Bring Them Together.”

I bring a strong psychology network to the division in that I have served elected or appointed positions in several other APA divisions including 17, 29, 35, and 43. For example, I have been a Past-President of Division 43 (Family) and am currently Treasurer of Division 17 (Counseling). I also serve on the APA/BPA Advisory Committee on Colleague Assistance, the College of Professional Psychology, the Scrivner Fund Oversight Committee of the American Psychological Foundation, and the Board of Trustees of the Texas Psychological Association. In the 1990s I served on the Texas State Board of Examiners including four years as Chair and followed that term with five years on the Education and Training for Credentialing Committee of ASPPB (Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards). These connections can be helpful in the development of joint initiatives.

In sum, I appreciate your support and look forward to my continued involvement with the Society.

Secretary

Aaron Rochlen
I vividly remember my first contact with division 51 members and the
executive officers at my first APA conference as a graduate student.
I was amazed at how nice everyone was and how comfortable each member
felt sharing personal information with each other. I was clearly
expecting a more formal business-like feel, and was pleased to have
this expectation shattered by professionals I deeply respected and
admired. As my exposure to division 51 members and the organization
expanded, it became more clear that maintaining an active involvement
with this division would continue to be an important professional
goal of mine.

Approximately seven years after that first meeting, the timing seems
ideal to be considered for a leadership role within the division. I
am currently in my fourth year as an Assistant Professor in
Counseling Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin. In my
first years in academia, I have been active in research and teaching
in the areas of men's underutilization of counseling services, the
marketing of therapy, men's attitudes toward different help-seeking
options, and male gender role conflict. As a recently licensed
psychologist, I'm also seeing clients in the Austin community and
have been making important bridges with other organizations in the
community (most notably the Austin Men's Center).

In addition, I have also been fortunate to have developed meaningful
professional and personal contacts with some of the leading writers,
activists, and clinicians who have had critical leadership roles in
Division 51 and its affiliated journal, Psychology of Men and
Masculinity. Briefly, my education includes a bachelor degree from
the University of Michigan and a doctorate from the University of
Maryland at College Park in Counseling Psychology.
In closing, I appreciate the opportunity to be nominated for
secretary, an important executive committee position. I have strong
organizational and communication skills. If elected, I am confident
that I would be able to carry out all of the responsibilities of the
position with integrity.

David Shepard
I am running for the position of secretary because it is an opportunity to give something back to an organization that has been so meaningful for me. When I joined the Division in 1998, it was my first experience with any APA division. I assumed that all divisions were characterized by the fellowship, warmth, mutual respect, and sense of fun that I found in SPSMM. It was only after I described my experiences with the Division to colleagues in other divisions that I found out what an extraordinary and unique organization 51 is. I know Larry Beer has found serving as Secretary to be a gratifying experience, and I would be delighted to be able to follow his example.

Larry has described the role of Division Secretary as that of a “communications specialist,” linking Division 51, APA, 51 leadership, and the Division’s membership. My experience this year as Program Chair for the Hawaii Convention has given me invaluable experience in performing this role. I have been communicating regularly with APA, Division officers, Division members, and potentially new members, as I have coordinated the process of creating a program of symposia and posters. Becoming Division Secretary would be an opportunity to build on these skills as well serve as an important voice on the executive committee.

I have been a psychologist since 1997, but have been involved in men’s issues since the 1970’s. In my first career, as an educational filmmaker and children’s television writer, the focus of my work was helping boys resist the pressures to adhere to constricting definitions of masculinity, as well as cope with the often painful experiences of male adolescent development. I have continued this emphasis both in my clinical work as a psychotherapist and in my university roles as a teacher and researcher. I have published in Psychology of Men and Masculinity, among other journals, and have most recently authored a chapter for a human development textbook that will introduce New Psychology of Men ideas to a new audience of counseling and psychology students. In addition to serving as this year’s Program Chair, I am a member of two Division Task Forces, and serve as a consulting editor for PMM. The position of secretary would be an opportunity to be of even greater service to the Division. I appreciate your support.

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DIVISION 51 PROGRAM FOR APA MEETING IN HAWAII


Executive Committee Meeting: [Executive Committee Meeting]
7/28 Wed: 8:00 AM - 9:50 AM
Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort and Spa
Sea Pearl Suite IV

Symposium: Enhancing Our Vision of Masculinity---Stories From Men of Color
7/28 Wed: 11:00 AM - 11:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 306A
Chair
Fredric E. Rabinowitz, PhD, University of Redlands
Participant/1stAuthor
William Ming Liu, PhD, University of Iowa
Title: Hey China Man: Foreignness and Asian American Masculinity
Joseph M. Cervantes, PhD, California State University--Fullerton
Title: On the Shaping of a Healer Tradition
Thomas Parham, PhD, University of California--Irvine
Title: Seed of Possibility in African American Manhood

Symposium: Gender Role Conflict Research---Four Empirical Studies and New Research Paradigm
7/28 Wed: 12:00 PM - 1:50 PM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 321B
Cochair
James M. O'Neil, PhD, University of Connecticut
Glenn E. Good, PhD, University of Missouri--Columbia
Participant/1stAuthor
Matthew J. Breiding, PhD, University of Notre Dame
Title: How Husbands' Gender Role Conflict and Hostility Affects Wives' Marital Adjustment
Jill Ridenhour Cortese, PhD, University of Southern California
Title: Gender Role Conflict, Personality, and Help-Seeking in Adult Men
Co-Author: Rodney K. Goodyear, PhD, University of Southern California
Mariola Magovcevic, MS, Clark University
Title: Gender Role Conflict, Self-Stigma, Non-Normativeness, and Perception of Health Problems
Co-Author: Michael E. Addis, PhD, Clark University
Thad Strom, MS, Michigan State University
Title: Gender Role Conflict and Dispositional Coping Styles in College-Age Men
James M. O'Neil, PhD, NONE
Title: New Research Paradigm for Implementing Gender Role Conflict Research
Discussant
Sam V. Cochran, PhD, University of Iowa

Symposium: What is Masculinity Anyway? A Critical Examination of Our Assumptions
7/29 Thu: 8:00 AM - 9:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 304B
Cochair
Abigail K. Mansfield, MA, Clark University
Michael E. Addis, PhD, Clark University
Participant/1stAuthor
Michael Bamberg, PhD, Clark University
Title: Masculinity From a Discursive Perspective
Andrew Smiler, PhD, University of Michigan
Title: Masculinity as a Social Identity
Donald R. McCreary, PhD, Defence R&D Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
Title: Critical Perspective on Masculinity
Michael E. Addis, PhD, NONE
Title: Masculinity as Context and Consequences
Discussant
Jill Morawski, PhD, Wesleyan University

Symposium: Psychotherapy With Men---A Video Demonstration and Discussion
7/29 Thu: 10:00 AM - 11:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 312
Chair
Matt Englar-Carlson, PhD, California State University--Fullerton
Participant/1stAuthor
Mark S. Kiselica, PhD, College of New Jersey
Melba J.T. Vasquez, PhD, Independent Practice, Austin, TX
John M. Robertson, PhD, Independent Practice, Lawrence, KS
Discussant
Mark Stevens, PhD, University of Southern California

7/29 Thu: 3:00 PM - 3:50 PM
Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort and Spa
Rainbow Suites I and II
Cochair
Mark S. Kiselica, PhD, College of New Jersey
Marty Wong, PhD, Independent Practice, Charleston, SC
Participant/1stAuthor
James Dean, PhD, Independent Practice, Brooklyn, NY
Title: Psychological Androgyny: Still Relevant After All These Years
Donald R. McCreary, PhD, Defence R&D Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
Title: Health Behaviors in Canadian Men 40 to 60 Years Old
Fredric E. Rabinowitz, PhD, University of Redlands
Title: Masculinity Inside the Fortress

Business Meeting: [Business Meeting]
7/29 Thu: 4:00 PM - 4:50 PM
Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort and Spa
Rainbow Suites I and II

Social Hour: [Social Hour]
7/29 Thu: 5:00 PM - 5:50 PM
Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort and Spa
Rainbow Patio

Symposium: Highly Achieving Racial and Ethnic Adolescent Boys---Theory, Research, and Practice Implications
7/30 Fri: 8:00 AM - 8:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 304B
Chair
William Ming Liu, PhD, University of Iowa
Participant/1stAuthor
Samuel Z. Lewis, BA, University of Iowa
Title: Identifying Barriers to Highly Achieving Racial and Ethnic Adolescent Boys
James T. Haley, MA, University of Iowa
Title: Parental Values and Value Orientations of Highly Achieving Racial and Ethnic Boys
Michael A. Lind, BA, University of Iowa
Title: Psychological and Vocational Types of Gifted and Talented Adolescent Boys
Co-Author: Nicholas C. Larma, BA, University of Iowa
Discussant
Mark S. Kiselica, PhD, College of New Jersey

Poster Session: [Poster Session]
7/30 Fri: 10:00 AM - 10:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Kamehameha Exhibit Hall
Participant/1stAuthor
Christine M. Boulton, BA, University of North Dakota
Title: Factors That Influence Rural Male Farmers' Willingness to Seek Counseling
Co-Author: Michael I. Loewy, PhD, University of North Dakota

Shawn M. Burn, PhD, California Polytechnic State University--San Luis Obispo
Title: Conformity to Traditional Masculinity and Relationship Satisfaction
Co-Author: Zachary Ward, BS, California Polytechnic State University--San Luis Obispo

Frederick W. Willoughby, PhD, Central Texas VA Health Care System, Temple, ZZ
Title: Men's Reactions to Variants of Self-Disclosure in Male Psychotherapists
Co-Author: Gary R. Brooks, PhD, Baylor University

William Ming Liu, PhD, University of Iowa
Title: Social Class and Masculinity Among Homeless Men: A Qualitative Examination
Co-Author: Ren Stinson, BA, University of Iowa
Co-Author: Sarah C. Haag, BA, University of Iowa
Co-Author: Jovan Hernandez, BA, University of Iowa

Tracy L. Tylka, PhD, Ohio State University at Marion
Title: Male Body-Shape Satisfaction and Preoccupation Questionnaires: Development and Validation
Co-Author: Derek Bergeron, MA, Ohio State University
Co-Author: Jonathan P. Schwartz, PhD, Louisiana Tech University

Ginger L. Welch, MS, Oklahoma State University
Title: Fatherhood and Employment: Health and Anger Outcomes in Job Insecurity
Co-Author: John S.C. Romans, PhD, Oklahoma State University

Gagan S. Khera, MA, George Washington University
Title: Relationship Between Acculturation and Gender Role Conflict Among South Asian Men

Travis L. Osborne, MA, University of Missouri--St. Louis
Title: Gender Role Conflict and Help-Seeking Behaviors in College Men
Co-Author: Jayne E. Stake, PhD, University of Missouri--St. Louis

Michael Waldo, PhD, New Mexico State University
Title: Differentiation and Attachment Among Men Arrested for Domestic Violence
Co-Author: Jonathan P. Schwartz, PhD, Louisiana Tech University
Co-Author: Cynthia M. Fife, BA, Louisiana Tech University

Chapman P. Benjamin, MS, University of North Texas
Title: Body Image and Eating Concerns of Gay Men
Co-Author: Patricia L. Kaminski, PhD, University of North Texas
Co-Author: Larry Own, BA, University of North Texas
Co-Author: Sandra Haynes, PhD, Metropolitan State College of Denver

Gordon E. Finley, PhD, Florida International University
Title: Toward a Conceptualization of Nonmarital Fathering

David M. Lawson, PhD, Texax A&M University
Title: Changes in Male Partner Abuser Attachment Style in Group Treatment
Co-Author: Saori Rivera, MA, Texas A&M University
Co-Author: Ashley Barnes, BA, Texas A&M University
Co-Author: Anne Leffingwell, Texas A & M University

Travis L. Osborne, MA, University of Missouri--St. Louis
Title: Masculine Gender Role Stress in Male Veterans With PTSD
Co-Author: Matthew Jakupcak, PhD, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA
Co-Author: Scott T. Michael, PhD, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA
Co-Author: Matthew Tull, PhD, University of Massachusetts Boston

Jennifer A. Lafferty, MA, Alliant International University--San Diego
Title: Relationships Among Gender Role Expectations, Empathy, and Aggressive Behaviors Among Early Adolescents
Co-Author: Sharon L. Foster, PhD, Alliant International University--San Diego

Melani M. Russell, BS, Louisiana Tech University
Title: Masculine Gender Role Conflict and Entitlement Attitudes
Co-Author: Jonathan P. Schwartz, PhD, Louisiana Tech University

Michael S. Boroughs, MA, University of South Florida
Title: Body Depilation in Males: Prevalence, Process, and Prospects
Co-Author: Guy Cafri, BA, University of South Florida
Co-Author: J.K. Thompson, PhD, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Jennifer M. Lane, MA, Clark University, Worcester, MA
Title: Conformity to Masculine Norms, Explanatory Style, and Depression

Guy Cafri, BA, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Title: Use of Testosterone Precursors and Ephedrine Among Adolescent Males
Co-Author: J.K. Thompson, PhD, University of South Florida

Ronald F. Levant, EdD, Nova Southeastern University
Title: Validation of Normative Male Alexithymia Scale (NMAS)
Co-Author: Glenn Good, PhD, University of Missouri--Columbia
Co-Author: Stephen Cook, PhD, Texas Tech University
Co-Author: Katherine Richmond, MS, Nova Southeastern University
Co-Author: Karen Owen, MS, Nova Southeastern University
Co-Author: Bryant Smalley, MS, Nova Southeastern University

Maryse Aupont, MS, Nova Southeastern University
Title: Validation of the Male Role Norms Inventory-Revised (MRNI-R)
Co-Author: Delilah O. Noronha, BS, Nova Southeastern University
Co-Author: Katherine Richmond, MS, Nova Southeastern University
Co-Author: Ronald F. Levant, EdD, Nova Southeastern University
Co-Author: Amanda T. House, MS, Nova Southeastern University

Jimmy D. Hurley, MS, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Title: Masculine Gender Role Stress and Aggression: The Mediating Effect of Anger Proneness
Co-Author: Angela Scarpa, PhD, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Co-Author: Thomas H. Ollendick, PhD, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Co-Author: Russell T. Jones, PhD, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Co-Author: Richard M. Eisler, PhD, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Sheree D. Conrad, PhD, University of Massachusetts Boston
Title: Trauma Symptoms, Adult Attachment Style, and Male Intimate Violence
Co-Author: Andrea Auxier, MA, University of Massachusetts Boston
Co-Author: J. Art Pearson, BA, University of Massachusetts Boston

Joo-Yeon Lee, PhD, University of Wisconsin--Madison
Title: Contemporary Understandings of Masculinity in Korean Society: Influence of Traditional Confucianism

Whit H. Missildine, MA, Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, NY
Title: Passion Thief: Masculinity and Intimacy Among HIV+ Men
Co-Author: Jeffrey T. Parsons, PhD, City University of New York Hunter College
Co-Author: The SUDIS Team, PhD, Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training, New York, NY

Rita A. Johnson, MS, COPE, Inc., Lebanon, MO
Title: Boys' Ideas About Masculinity, Gender Roles, and Family Violence
Co-Author: Deborah L. Cox, PhD, Southwest Missouri State University

Bruce A. Bidgood, PhD, University of Windsor, NONE, ON, Canada
Title: Does Male Batter Treatment Group Really Work? A Meta-Analysis
Co-Author: Laura Strathdee, BA, University of Windsor, NONE, ON, Canada
Co-Author: Kevin M. Gorey, PhD, University of Windsor, NONE, ON, Canada

Maryam Kia-Keating, MEd, Boston University
Title: Renegotiations of Masculinity Among Resilient Male Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse
Co-Author: Frances K. Grossman, PhD, Boston University
Co-Author: Lynn Sorsoli, EdD, Harvard Graduate School of Education

Garrett A. Gilchrist, MA, UNKNOWN, Seattle, WA
Title: Self-Determination, Male Body Image, and Health Behaviors: Does Size Matter?
Co-Author: Barbara E. Bisio, MA, UNKNOWN, Seattle, WA
Co-Author: Teresa DaVigo, BS, UNKNOWN, Seattle, WA

David H. Whitcomb, PhD, University of North Dakota
Title: Cross-Gender Perspectives on Teaching and Learning About Male Privilege
Co-Author: Denise Twohey, EdD, University of North Dakota
Co-Author: James Cummings, MA, University of North Dakota
Co-Author: Cyd G. McCray, MA, University of North Dakota

Julia M. Whealin, PhD, National Center for PTSD, Honolulu, HI
Title: Men's Experience of Unwanted Sexual Attention During Childhood

Christopher T. Kilmartin, PhD, Mary Washington College
Title: Sexual Assault in Context: Teaching College Men About Gender
Co-Author: Alison Green, Mary Washington College
Co-Author: Harriotte Heinzen, Mary Washington College
Co-Author: Michael Kuchler, Mary Washington College
Co-Author: Tempe Smith, Mary Washington College

Andrew Smiler, PhD, University of Michigan
Title: Media Genres, Masculinity Ideology, and Sexual Partners

Symposium: Masculinity and Femininity Ideologies, Conformity, and Role Strain
7/30 Fri: 12:00 PM - 1:50 PM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 323B
Chair
Ronald F. Levant, EdD, Nova Southeastern University
Participant/1stAuthor
Deborah Tolman, EdD, San Francisco State University
Title: Masculinity Ideology in Adolescent Girls’ and Boys’ Beliefs About Heterosexuality
Co-Author: Alice Michael, PhD, The Brookline Center, Brookline, MA
Lyn Mikel Brown, EdD, Colby College
Title: Fighting Like a Girl Fighting Like a Guy
Co-Author: Mark Tappab, EdD, Colby College
Ronald F. Levant, EdD, Nova Southeastern University
Title: Fifteen Years of Research on Masculinity and Femininity Ideologies
Co-Author: Katherine Richmond, MS, Nova Southeastern University
Robert-Jay Green, PhD, Alliant International University--San Francisco Bay Area
Title: Multiplex Model of Masculinity: Research Using the MASC Questionnaire
Co-Author: Reza Nabavi, MA, Alliant International University--San Francisco Bay Area
Co-Author: Turi Honegger, BA, Alliant International University--San Francisco Bay Area
Glenn E. Good, PhD, University of Missouri--Columbia
Title: Gender Role Conflict: Still a Vital Concept?
Co-Author: James M. O'Neil, PhD, University of Connecticut

Invited Address: [Levant]
7/31 Sat: 9:00 AM - 9:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 314
Chair
David S. Shepard, PhD, California State University--Fullerton
Participant/1stAuthor
Ronald F. Levant, EdD, Nova Southeastern University
Title: New Psychology of Boys and Men

Conversation Hour: Female and Male Therapists---Gender as a Psychotherapeutic Intervention With Male Clients
7/31 Sat: 1:00 PM - 1:50 PM
Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort and Spa
Honolulu Suite I
Cochair
John M. Robertson, PhD, Independent Practice, Lawrence, KS
Holly B. Sweet, PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Presidential Address: [Robertson]
7/31 Sat: 2:00 PM - 2:50 PM
Hilton Hawaiian Village Beach Resort and Spa
Honolulu Suite I
Participant/1stAuthor
John M. Robertson, PhD, Independent Practice, Lawrence, KS

Symposium: Substance Abuse, Men, and Masculinity---Integrating Theory, Research, and Treatment
8/01 Sun: 9:00 AM - 9:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 301B
Chair
William Ming Liu, PhD, University of Iowa
Participant/1stAuthor
Glenn E. Good, PhD, University of Missouri--Columbia
Title: Tough Enough? Contributions of Masculine Socialization to Men’s Substance Abuse
Co-Author: William Ming Liu, PhD, University of Iowa
Michael Mobley, PhD, University of Missouri--Columbia
Title: Culturally Competent Substance Abuse Treatment With Racial--Ethnic and Gay Men
Co-Author: William Ming Liu, PhD, University of Iowa
Gary R. Brooks, PhD, Baylor University
Title: Masculinity as Diathesis: User-Friendly Therapies for Male Substance Abusers
Co-Author: Frederick W. Willoughby, PhD, Central Texas VA Medical Center, NONE, TX
Symposium: Men and Mental Health Services---New Directions in Marketing and Treatment

8/01 Sun: 10:00 AM - 11:50 AM
Hawai`i Convention Center
Meeting Room 316B
Cochair
Michael E. Addis, PhD, Clark University
Jennifer M. Lane, MA, Clark University
Participant/1stAuthor
Aaron B. Rochlen, PhD, University of Texas at Austin
Title: Marketing Mental Health to Men: The Real Men, Real Depression Campaign
Co-Author: Ryan A. McKelly, BA, University of Texas at Austin
Mariola Magovcevic, MS, Clark University
Title: Strategies for Facilitating Men's Help-Seeking Behaviors
Co-Author: Jennifer M. Lane, MA, Clark University
Christopher T. Kilmartin, PhD, Mary Washington University
Title: Masculinity as a Cultural Variable in Psychotherapy
Jon A. Davies, PhD, University of Oregon Counseling and Testing Center
Title: Men’s Center: An Innovative Approach to Serving College Men
Discussant
Michael E. Addis, PhD


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MCKEACHIE TO BE HONORED AT APA CONVENTION

APA President, Diane F. Halpern, PhD, will be presenting Dr. Bill McKeachie with a presidential citation at the closing session of APA's 2004 annual convention. The closing session is scheduled from 12 noon - 1p.m. on Sunday, August 1 in the Kalakaua Ballroom at the Honolulu Convention Center. Dr. Halpern asked that I contact you so that you would include this information in your division newsletter because Dr. McKeachie is active in your division. In your upcoming newsletters and convention publicity, please encourage your colleagues to attend the closing session to support the citation recipients. Below I have provided a brief description of Dr. McKeachie's work and biographical information.

Wilbert J. (Bill) McKeachie-Dr. McKeachie is Professor Emeritus of Psychology and former Director of the Center for Research on Learning and Teaching at the University of Michigan where he has spent his entire professional career since earning his doctorate in 1949. His primary activities have been college teaching, research on college teaching, and training college teachers. He is Past President of the American Psychological Association; the American Association of Higher Education; the American Psychological Foundation; the Division of Educational, Instructional, and School Psychology of the International Association of Applied Psychology; and the Center for Social Gerontology. He is also Past Chairman of the Committee on Teaching, Research, and Publication of the American Association of University Professors, and of Division J (Psychology) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has been a member of the National Institute of Mental Health Council, the Veteran's Association Special Medical Advisory Group, and various other government advisory committees on mental health, behavioral and biological research, and graduate training. Dr. McKeachie has written numerous research articles and books, including the well-known Teaching Tips, Strategies, Research and Theory for College and University Teachers. Among other honors, he has received eight honorary degrees and the American Psychological Foundation Gold Medal for Lifetime Contributions to Psychology.

In addition to the presentation of the presidential citations, the closing session features a preview of the 2005 convention in Washington, DC as well as entertainment from the Makaha Sons and refreshments. The Makaha Sons sing traditional Hawaiian music and are known for their unique style of harmonies and their distinctive live performance.

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Psychology of Men and Masculinity  

Psychology of Men and Masculinity is among the world’s first scholarly publications devoted to the dissemination of research, theory, and clinical scholarship that advance the discipline of the psychology of men and masculinity. This discipline is defined broadly as the study of how men’s psychology is influenced and shaped by gender, and by the process of masculinization, in both its socially constructed and biological forms. We welcome scholarship that advances our understanding of men’s psychology, across the life span, across racial and ethnic groups, and across time.  

Examples of relevant topics include, but are not limited to, the processes and consequences of male gender socialization, including its impact on men’s health, behavior, interpersonal relationships, emotional development, violence, and psychological well-being; assessment and measurement of the masculine gender role; gender role strain, stress, and conflict; masculinity ideology; fathering; men’s utilization of psychological services; conceptualization and assessment of interventions addressing men’s understanding of masculinity; sexuality and sexual orientation; biological aspects of male development; and the victimization of male children and adults.  

Submitted manuscripts must be written in the style outlined in the 1994 Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (fourth edition). Psychology of Men and Masculinity will accept both regular length submissions (7,500 words) and brief reports (2,500 words). Submitted manuscripts must not have been previously published and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Four copies of the manuscript should be mailed to: Sam Cochran, PhD, 3223 Westlawn, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1100, Phone: (319) 335-7294, Fax: (319) 335-7298, Email: sam-cochran@uiowa.edu.

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Nominations for Fellows

Nominations for Fellow Status in divisions 51, APA are presently being accepted for 2005. If you are aware of a member who has been exemplary in the areas of Research or Service for the Psychology of Males and Masculinity (or if you yourself fit the mold), please forward names to our new Fellows Chair: Mark S. Kiselica, Ph.D., HSPP, NCC, LPC Professor and Chairperson, Department of Counselor Education, 332 Forcina Hall, The College of New Jersey, PO Box 7718, Ewing,NJ 08628-0718. Office phone: (609) 771-3462 email: kiselica@tcnj.edu

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Special Focus Section

EAST MEETS WEST: REFLECTIONS ON MASCULINITY AND FAITH

Special Focus Editor, Roderick D. Hetzel, Ph.D.
LeTourneau University

Over the past ten to fifteen years there has been an increased interest in religion and spirituality in the psychological community. In addition to emerging theories and empirical research, this topic also has elicited considerable debate and controversy. One past president of the American Psychological Association (APA) noted that the APA should seek to dismantle the entire system of organized religion: “It doesn’t matter which religion, they are all patriarchal. And that is one of the major sources of social injustice in our society and in our world. Every major religion puts women down and grants women second-class status” (Murray, 2001). These remarks seem to reflect a common, albeit negative, reaction to religion among psychologists. Recent research has confirmed that psychologists are much more likely to identify themselves as atheists or agnostics than the general public (McGovern, 1998; Shafranske, 1996).

Nevertheless, many people still find comfort and solace in their religious faith. Recent survey research revealed that 94% of American claim to believe in God or a higher power, 75% pray regularly, 67% are members of a local religious group, and 67% describe religion as “very important” in their lives (Gallup, 1995; Matthews, Larson, & Barry, 1993). Religious faith helps people find purpose in life and provides guidance for how to live life. The purpose of this special focus section is to offer some personal reflections on the intersection of masculinity and faith in the lives of two men’s studies scholars. The authors of these articles were asked to respond to one question: “How has your religious or spiritual background impacted your understanding of men and masculinity?” The author of the first article adopted an eastern (Buddhist) tradition while the author of the second article offered a western (Christian) perspective. It is hoped that these articles will contribute to ongoing dialogue and stimulate further theory development and empirical research in the area of masculinity and faith.

References
Gallup, G. (1995). The Gallup poll: Public opinion 1995. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources.
Matthews, D. A., Larson, D. B., & Barry, C. (1993). The faith factor: An annotated bibliography of clinical research on spiritual subjects. Rockville, MD: National Institute for Healthcare Research.
McGovern, C. (1998). Good for the soul, good for the mind. Alberta Report, 25, 22-26.
Murray, B. (2001, December). Same office, different aspirations. Monitor on Psychology, 32, 20-21.
Shafranske, E.P. (Ed.). (1996). Religion and the clinical practice of psychology. New York: Human Sciences Press.

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AN "IDEAL" MASCULINITY: A BUDDHIST APPROACH

John M. Robertson, Ph.D.

Psychologist in Independent Practice, Lawrence, Kansas

By birth, I am a North American male. By choice, I find much meaning in Buddhist perspectives. Although these two aspects of my identity are rooted in quite different cultures and traditions, both are central for me. They help shape the way I view my relationships, my occupation, my politics, and the universe. I am not a “teacher” in Buddhism (a position that is earned with much time and training), so I shall offer my views as a layperson. In brief, I want to describe what I have come to regard as an “ideal” masculinity for me. I shall try to show how these views are rooted in my experiences and readings in the Buddhist traditions. This model of masculinity includes several overlapping and interconnected elements.

Compassion
As a man in this culture, I have been socialized to provide for others, especially for members of my family. As a psychologist, I have been trained to give assistance to my clients. Buddhist thought goes beyond this, and suggests a more inclusive and proactive approach. It suggests that I become actively concerned for the welfare and suffering of all others, and that I provide helpful and kind responses. This approach includes four components: compassion (Pali: karuna), which may be defined as the ability to “be with” another person in pain; loving-kindness (meta), generally described as an extension of unconditional good will for all human beings; sympathetic joy (mudita), experienced as the expression of genuine joy in the success of others; and equanimity (upekkha), an even-handed, even-minded approach to life. Together these four responses to suffering are called the boundless states (brahmaviharas) in Buddhism.

Social Responsibility
Men in this culture are expected to take the protective role when a loved one is threatened with harm. Buddhism broadens this concern to include a protective stance toward elements in the natural world—the air, the water, the earth, and all other forms of life. The reason for this approach is that no form of life is regarded as more important than any other. All must be protected, because all life forms are mutually supportive and interdependent. The Dalai Lama (2001) illustrated this recently by commenting on how many tasks must be completed in order to produce a single slice of bread—planting, harvesting, transporting, baking, packaging, advertising, and so forth. Several factors must interact successfully—the seeds, the soil, the rain, the farmers, the mechanics, the bakers, the truck drivers. The web very quickly becomes all-inclusive. Given this interconnectedness, it becomes easier to identify with any suffering links in the chain of life—people in need, trees in the forest, or whales in the sea. Because each person, each form of life is important, a sense of tolerance is created--of other religions, philosophies, and ethnicities. This stance leads to an egalitarian view of gender. It informs political decisions about peace, human rights, and the environment. It drives respect for the planet, because each form makes a unique contribution—an herb that heals, a color that brightens, an insect that pollinates, a fruit that nourishes, a sound that sooths or warns. From this broader perspective, we are all genuinely one. The same life energy flows through many forms, all of which move through the birth-growth-decay-death cycle. Because life is one, my protective interests are directed toward the whole universe of life.

Awareness
North American men are socialized to be aware of things that are external and tangible—accomplishments, successes, exploits. By contrast, Buddhist thought emphasizes internal issues. A central feature of all Buddhist traditions is meditation, or “sitting” as it is often called. I find benefit in this emphasis on inward concentration and awareness. My own preference is for vipassana meditation, an approach that emphasizes “insight” or “seeing things as they are.” This practice focuses on mind-body connections, and requires a disciplined attention to the interactions between physical sensations (such as breathing) and the thoughts, judgments, and emotions of the mind (cf, Kornfield, 1993). Self-awareness develops in many areas of life--my body, my masculinity, my behavior, my spirituality. My understanding in these domains has been significantly enhanced by the practice of meditation. Participating in meditative and retreat rituals that have been developed over centuries has given me more self-awareness, an ever-developing inner calm, and a responsiveness to others. Meditative practices are rather simple to describe, yet can be quite challenging to practice. A typical vipassana meditation, for example, might include a focus on physical sensations at the moment; or an inward centering on the desire to be happy, well, or at peace; or an attentive concern for others in the house, the community, or the world.

Personal Responsibility
North American boys are taught to be independent, to be responsible for their own behavior. I was raised to accept responsibility for the choices I make in my life, and for the consequences that follow. I cannot depend on another person to rescue me, save me, or change me. Today, I continue to believe in the importance of my own responsibility for what I do. What Buddhism has offered is a set of over-arching ethical challenges that help define that responsibility. These obligations are summarized in the Five Precepts (pancasila): I will refrain from killing; I will not take that which is not given to me; I will not engage in sexual misconduct; I will not use false and hurtful speech; I will avoid toxic substances that harm my health. Each of these guidelines can be applied in many different settings and contexts.

Happiness
Commercials that advertise products for men often convey the idea that acquisition leads to happiness. The guy with the most toys is somehow better off Buddhism provides me with a very different way of thinking about happiness. The condition that makes happiness difficult to achieve is the problem of suffering (dukkha, which refers to dissatisfaction, discontent, stress). This condition includes not only the suffering of others I meet in my professional practice, but also my own suffering. According to Buddhist thought, suffering is caused by tendencies such as greed, acquisitiveness, jealousy, ill will, indifference, and fear. The long-term goal in life is to reduce the suffering and thereby create an opportunity for happiness. This can be best realized by making sure that my understanding of a situation is as accurate as possible, that my motivations are appropriate, that my words are harmonious, that my actions are suitable, that I have found an appropriate livelihood, that my efforts are adequate, that I am concentrating effectively, and that I am becoming increasingly mindful of what is important in life. Buddhists call this approach the Eightfold Path to awakened living.

Justice
As a male in this culture, I have been socialized to acknowledge the importance of laws or rules in many areas of life—playing sports, paying taxes, starting a business. If I respect the laws and play by the rules, life should go better for me. Sometimes, however, it doesn’t work out as planned. Justice is not always accomplished. Buddhist thought approaches this dilemma by emphasizing one central law in the universe, the law of cause and effect. This principle suggests that anything I do now will indeed have consequences later, though perhaps much later. To illustrate, my consciousness (character, disposition, nature) is the sum total of all my previous thoughts and acts. Whatever I have done previously still influences me. What I decide to do now will have an impact on what follows. Actions generate reactions. This is called kamma (Sanskrit: karma). Over time, my task is to improve my inner nature, to become ever more mindful of what is important, to live more compassionately, and to reduce my attachment to things that do not last. This development is slow and deliberate. While working along these lines, I must be patient, tolerant, and nonjudgmental. Although this process requires sustained effort over long periods of time, progress is possible and inevitable.

Conclusion
Over the last twenty-five centuries, nearly one third of the human race has found meaning in the simple tenets of Buddhism (Humphreys, 2002). Early in the twentieth century, Buddhists were the most populous religion on the globe. Political oppression reduced the official number of adherents dramatically in China and Southeast Asia. This oppression continues in Tibet, Burma, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and elsewhere. Yet Buddhism thrives. It has been growing in the West, and today about 1% of North America identifies as Buddhist (Barrett & Johnson, 1998) For me, the appeal of Buddhism is the emphasis on self-awareness, self-reliance, tolerance for other ways of thinking and being, and globally responsible actions. Also attractive is the propensity (especially among western Buddhists) to be experiential, egalitarian, practical, non-sectarian, and exploratory.These ideas seem useful to me in developing (for myself) an ideal masculinity—a person who experiences an abiding compassion for others, who daily makes socially responsible decisions, who develops a deep self-awareness, who takes responsibility for his personal behavior, who believes it is possible to be genuinely happy, and who works patiently toward these goals over the entire span of life.

References
Barrett, D. B., & Johnson, T. M. (1998). Religion: World religious statistics. In D. Calhoun (Ed.), Britannica book of the year (p. 314). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.
The Dalai Lama. (2001). An open heart: Practicing compassion in everyday life. (N. Vreeland, Ed.). Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
Humphreys, C. 2002). Twelve principles of Buddhism. http://budtempchi.org/12prin.html.
Kornfield, J. (1993). A path with heart: A guide through the perils and promises of spiritual life. New York: Bantam Books.

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RELATIONAL MASCULINITY: A CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE

Roderick D. Hetzel, Ph.D. Le Tourneau University

During the first twenty-six years of my life, if you had asked me about my religious faith I would have told you that I was either an atheist or an agnostic, depending on my mood and the type of day I was having. On a bad day I would have argued that we were just complex carbon-based life forms that had spontaneously arisen from the proverbial primordial soup. But on good days I suspected that there must be a larger “something” or “someone” out there that designed it all and kept watch over us—I just didn’t know what or who that something or someone was. I certainly wouldn’t have identified myself as a Christian during that time. Although my parents had dutifully sent me to Sunday school at the Methodist church near our home, I never caught the faith as a child. Growing up in the heyday of televangelism I had seen more than enough of Jerry Falwell and Jim Bakker—men who seemed more familiar with scandal than salvation—to know that I wanted nothing to do with Christianity. This conviction was strengthened by the gloomy faces of the men I saw each week at church. Religion was something people did more out of obligation than inspiration.

It wasn’t until I was coming to the end of my doctoral program in counseling psychology that I began to critically investigate the claims of Christianity. My agnosticism had given rise to a search for meaning that ironically took me straight to the faith that I had run from for so many years. But rather than resting on my own preconceptions, I decided to turn directly to the Bible for my own study. What I found stunned me. The Bible contained stories of regular people—not mindless automatons or one-dimensional pillars of faith—who stuck together and wrestled with the same real-life problems as people today. Even more amazing to me was the underlying story from Genesis to Revelation of a God who passionately pursued a relationship with his children just to offer them a hope for something better. Now this was a faith that made sense to me—a relational faith that had relevance for my life and fit well with my deepening understanding of human nature. In this article I would like to share with you how a biblical worldview has offered me a template for a relational masculinity.

What is a Relational Masculinity?
There is a growing acceptance that traditional male socialization teaches men to develop a nonrelational masculinity. From the playground to the boardroom, men are socialized to value independence over dependence, dominance over submission, and competition over cooperation. Boys learn at a very early age to devalue all things emotional and relational, which are seen as feminine and a threat to true masculinity. These boys grow into men who are skilled at building walls around themselves to project the image of self-reliance and self-sufficiency. Although this approach may work for a while, men ultimately find that the demands of life require a broader repertoire of coping strategies—many which involve traditional feminine behaviors such as expressing emotions or admitting vulnerability. Men then find themselves in the uncomfortable position of choosing between two equally unacceptable alternatives. They either must learn to connect with others and ask for help, or they must remain disconnected without resolving their problems. Both of these options leave men feeling conflicted and emasculated by their inability to achieve some culturally-defined masculine ideal. Recent scholarship has shown us that these conflicts are not isolated among a few deviant men with poor coping skills, but instead reflect the normative experiences of many men with a socialization process that encourages rigid adherence to unrealistic and ultimately unhealthy gender roles (Pleck, 1981; O’Neil, 1982).

In contrast to the nonrelational masculinity encouraged by traditional male socialization, a biblical worldview promotes what I would call a relational masculinity. The first and greatest commandment in the Christian faith is to fully and completely love God: “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength” (Mark 12:30). The Bible teaches that God purposefully created us to enter into and enjoy a love relationship with Him. At times the Scriptures depict God as a parent training a child while at other times God is portrayed as a lover in passionate pursuit of his beloved. Speaking through the prophet Hosea, God proclaimed, “I don’t want your sacrifices—I want your love! I don’t want your offerings—I want you to know me!” (Hosea 6:6). King David understood that he was created for relationship when he equated his desire to know God with the physical sensation of thirst: “As the deer pants for streams of water, so I long for you, O God. I thirst for God, the living God.” (Psalm 42:1-2). A Christian worldview calls men to a relational masculinity marked by a deepening love for God and a continued dependency upon Him as our Source and Sustainer.

A relational masculinity is also indicated by the second greatest commandment in the Christian faith is to fully and completely love one another: “Love your neighbor as yourself. There is no greater commandment than these.” (Mark 12:31). In the Genesis accounts of creation we learn that it was God’s original design for us to enjoy relationships with others. The night before his crucifixion Jesus met with his disciples and issued a final commandment: “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” (John 13:34-35). The first century church followed this edict as they met together on a daily basis for fellowship, the breaking of bread, and prayer (Acts 2). It was through these close and supportive relationships that men (and women) came together to share their lives. Relationships with other people are such an important part of a biblical worldview that New Testament writers frequently used a body metaphor to describe our connectedness: “Under his direction, the whole body is fitted together perfectly. As each part does its own special work, it helps the other parts grow, so that the whole body is healthy and growing and full of love.” (Ephesians 4:16). There are no Lone Rangers or Marlboro Men in the Christian worldview. Men to a relational masculinity defined by a selfless love for others and a commitment to connection and community.

Like many men, I had adopted a nonrelational masculinity during most of my younger years. I sought to convince myself that I could handle life on my own terms without help from anyone. If I just tried hard enough, I could overcome any obstacle on my own. Even when this nonrelational masculinity didn’t work for me—when it was obvious to everyone that I needed the help and encouragement of others—I somehow convinced myself that I still was my own man. This myth of independence was shattered when I discovered the foundational biblical truth that I was created for relationship with God and others. A nonrelational masculinity didn’t work for me because I was created to express my masculinity within the context of relationships. As I grew in my faith, I came to discard restrictive traits associated with a nonrelational masculinity and sought to embrace the relational masculinity I believed was taught by the Bible.

What does a relational masculinity look like? For me it involves a focus on relationships with God and others. It includes some attitudes and behaviors that western society traditionally has defined as feminine, including love (1 Cor 13), submission (Eph 5:21), confession (Jas 5:16), empathy (Rom 12:15), compassion (Eph 4:31-32), gentleness (Gal 6:1), humility (Rom 12:16), honesty (Eph 4:25), forgiveness (Matt 18:21-22), and encouragement (1 Thess 5:11). But it also includes some traits that typically are considered masculine, such as strength (Job 39), courage (Luke 13), and conviction (John 18:4-8). King David wrote, “One thing God has spoken, two things have I heard: That you, O God, are strong, and that you, O Lord, are loving.” (Psalm 62:11-12). To me, strength and love epitomize relational masculinity. One without the other is incomplete—strength without love is destructive and love without strength is impotent. My faith has shaped my understanding of what it means to be a man by providing me with a template of relational masculinity and helping me to cultivate attitudes and behaviors that lead to healthy emotional and relational functioning.

Relational Masculinity and Sexuality
Levant (1997) noted that one of the unhealthy outcomes of traditional male socialization is a nonrelational sexuality. Many men learn to experience their sexuality as “unconnected lust” (p. 10) that occurs outside the context of intimate relationships. Levant cites statistics showing that men are more prone to have sexually explicit fantasies, purchase more autoerotic material, masturbate more frequently, and have more anonymous sexual encounters than women. Brooks (1995) coined the term “centerfold syndrome” to describe the ways that men relate to women’s bodies, including objectifying women and using sex to validate one’s masculinity. Yet a fear of intimacy is the primary motivating force of male nonrelational sexuality.

I have found that a biblical worldview provides a useful alternative to the nonrelational sexuality promoted in our culture. The Christian church has taught celibacy before marriage and chastity during marriage as a biblical model of sexuality. Why such seemingly strict standards? Because our sexuality is designed for connection (Gen 2:24) as well as procreation (Gen 1:28) and pleasure (1 Cor 7:1-9). The Christian faith recognizes that expressing our sexuality involves a level of communication and vulnerability that only can find its full expression within the context of a committed intimate relationship. Our sexuality is a sacred part of our personhood that should not be given away lightly or casually. Mathew 7:6 illustrates this principle, urging us to “not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your pearls to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and then turn and tear you to pieces.” Like other men, I am regularly bombarded by cultural messages that promote nonrelational sexuality—from the swimsuit edition of Sports Illustrated to the halftime show of the Superbowl—and false promises that unconnected lust is next to (or above) godliness. For me, the Christian faith has provided a convincing justification and theological foundation for developing a relational sexuality as one component of a broader relational masculinity.

But a biblical worldview also has offered me a practical picture of what a relational sexuality looks like. Part of my journey towards developing a relational sexuality occurred while studying the revolutionary message Jesus Christ preached about women. Before his time, women were treated with disrespect and were significantly restricted by Jewish law and custom. They rarely were allowed to go out in public, were largely confined to their father's or husband's home, and were limited to roles of little or no authority. They were considered to be third-class citizens who were inferior to men and under the authority of men. Jesus overthrew centuries of Jewish law and custom by treating women and men as equals. He traveled and spent time with women, taught women students, and accepted women into his inner circle. He first revealed his divinity and resurrection to women. Jesus recognized the uniqueness of each woman and provided me with a role model of how to treat women with honor and respect. It was more difficult for me to objectify women after learning how much Jesus valued women. Through his counter-cultural commitment to relationships I was empowered to abandon my own cultural tendencies towards nonrelational sexuality.

Relational Masculinity and Marriage
Some of the most controversial passages in the Bible relate to the roles of husbands and wives in marriage. In all fairness, many Christians disagree on the correct interpretation of these passages. I’ve had more than one angry husband tell me in the course of marriage counseling that he wouldn’t have any marriage problems if his wife would just learn to submit to him. Nothing activates my counter-transference like that type of comment. Yet I have found that my marriage has been strengthened by following what I believe to be God’s plan for mutual submission in marriage.

Consider the following passages written by the Apostle Paul:
“18Let the Holy Spirit fill and control you. 19Then you will sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs among yourselves, making music to the Lord in your hearts. 20And you will always give thanks for everything to God the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 21And further, you will submit to one another out of reverence for Christ. 22You wives will submit to your husbands as you do to the Lord. 23For a husband is the head of his wife as Christ is the head of his body, the church; he gave his life to be her Savior. 24As the church submits to Christ, so you wives must submit to your husbands in everything. 25And you husbands must love your wives with the same love Christ showed the church. He gave up his life for her 26to make her holy and clean, washed by baptism and God's word. 27He did this to present her to himself as a glorious church without a spot or wrinkle or any other blemish. Instead, she will be holy and without fault. 28In the same way, husbands ought to love their wives as they love their own bodies. For a man is actually loving himself when he loves his wife. 29No one hates his own body but lovingly cares for it, just as Christ cares for his body, which is the church…32This is a great mystery, but it is an illustration of the way Christ and the church are one. 33So again I say, each man must love his wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.” (Eph 5)

While many have been deterred by the perceived one-sided submission these passages seem to advocate, I am impressed with Paul’s emphasis on mutual submission as a central component of healthy marriages. It fits well with my understanding of relational masculinity in two ways. First, submission to God is necessary before husbands and wives submit to one another (v. 18). This principle is consistent with other biblical passages stating that our relationships with other people tend to mirror our relationship with God (cf 1 John 4, Mark 12). Second, husbands and wives should submit to one another out of reverence for Christ. Paul begins this section with a general instruction for mutual submission (v. 21), but then continues with specific examples of submission for wives (v. 22-24) and for husbands (v. 25-33). Why did Paul tell women to submit and men to love? The answer can be found by interpreting these passages in the broader cultural context. At that time, wives were under the complete authority of their husbands and had to obey them in all circumstances. Perhaps some wives, who were now free in Christ, found submission difficult after so many years of abuse and mistreatment. Perhaps husbands, accustomed to having unlimited power as head of the household, were not used to treating their wives with respect and love. This letter must have caused considerable controversy within the church as it called wives and husbands to submit to one another, to value and honor the other as children of God, and to place the needs of the other and the relationship ahead of their own individual needs.

Although a more detailed exegesis is beyond the scope of the present article, I understand these passages to teach the importance of mutuality in marriage. Moreover, I believe that mutual submission is not truly possible until one embraces a relational masculinity. More traditional forms of masculinity usually do not include the ongoing relational awareneness that is required for mutual submission. My wife and I approach our marriage as an equal partnership and seek to understand and validate the needs and desires of each other. We equally share household tasks and decision-making responsibilities. The foundation of our marriage is a deep and abiding love for God and each other which we express through mutual submission to each other. We have not yet had a disagreement about who was the head of the family or who was supposed to submit to whom. I recognize that others may not agree with my views on mutual submission, but I have found this perspective consistent with my understanding of relational masculinity and biblical principles. We have been blessed with how well this approach works in our marriage.

Conclusion
Max Lucado (1986) wrote that the cross of Jesus Christ “rests on the time line of history like a compelling diamond. Its tragedy summons all sufferers. Its absurdity attracts all cynics. Its hope lures all searchers…Its bottom line is sobering. If the account is true, it is history’s hinge. If not, it is history’s hoax” (pp. 13-14). After exploring a variety of religious worldviews, I reached the conclusion that the Christian faith does indeed teach foundational truths about human nature that have relevance for our world today. For me, a biblical worldview provides a template for a relational masculinity that offers an alternative for those of us who are dissatisfied with the nonrelational masculinity promoted by traditional male socialization.

References
Brooks, G. R. (1995). The centerfold syndrome: How men can overcome objectification and achieve intimacy with women. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.
Levant, R. F. (1997). Nonrelational sexuality in men. In R. F. Levant & G. R. Brooks (Eds.)., Men and sex: New psychological perspectives (pp. 9-27). New York: John Wiley.
Lucado, M. (1986). No wonder they call him the savior. New York: Multnomah.
O’Neil, J. M. (1982). Gender role conflict and strain in men’s lives. In K. Solomon & N. Levy (Eds.)., Men in transition: Theory and therapy (pp. 5-44). New York: Plenum.
Pleck, J. H. (1981). The myth of masculinity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

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FATHERHOOD FOR GAY MEN BOOK REVIEW

Ed Tejirian, Ph.D.

On the front page of the New York Times of January 11, 2004 there appeared an article on children being raised by two gay men—in effect by two fathers. The article disclosed that in some instances the children were adopted while in others the route was via surrogacy. As is commonly the case between conventionally married partners, one of the two fathers sometimes chose to quit his job or put his career on hold in order to devote himself to full-time parenting.

In Fatherhood for Gay Men: An Emotional and Practical Guide to Becoming a Gay Dad, Kevin McGarry tells the story of his adoption of two infant boys born in Viet Nam. Unusually, McGarry is without a partner. While a fair number of countries permit adoption by single women, only a handful permit adoption by single men. Viet Nam is among those. McGarry's choice was to opt for male infants. The slim volume of 107 pages recounts how he came to his decision and the process of following through on it. At the same time, it is intended as a primer designed to help other prospective gay parents to undertake such a process for themselves. His motivation was the simplest in the world—he wanted to be a father. With the desire to be a parent, we have, in a sense, arrived at psychological rock-bottom because such a universal wish requires no further explanation.

I'm not aware that enough time has passed for children raised from the beginning by gay parents to have reached an age where they can be called upon to reflect on the experience. But the evidence that is in suggests that children still in their formative years can be as healthy and happy as their counterparts in conventional families. As of the book's publication date, both of Kevin McGarry's boys, still in the early childhood years, appear to be doing well. As for the future, the most serious problems experienced by people with a same-sex orientation result from external sources—from hostility and discrimination directed at them from elements within our political, religious, and educational institutions. The same would, I think, apply to McGarry's sons as well as children being raised by other gay parents.

In Life Curves: Sons Talk about their Gay Parents, Andrew Gottlieb reports on the feelings and thoughts of eleven sons who, in fact, did have gay fathers. However, in contrast to the situation where gay parents adopt, all the fathers were married to their mothers when their sons were born. This presents children with a situation that differs, in some important respects, from being raised by parents who acknowledge themselves to be gay from the outset. In the latter situation, as children acquire the categories necessary for understanding, they will grow up with the realization that their parents are gay. The sons in Life Curves did not grow up knowing this about their fathers, with the possible exception of Noah, age twenty-three, who said he realized it by the age of five. A further complicating factor is that in the eleven cases that Gottlieb talks about, the parents divorced, with the potential for stress and disruption in a child's life that this implies. However, in contrast with what sometimes occurs after a divorce, the fathers continued to play a role in their sons' lives.

The method used in the study was qualitative. An initial face-to-face interview was followed up by written dialogues through e-mail, except for one instance where no initial interview took place. In spite of these limitations, the sons' communications were emotionally revealing. My own experience in doing qualitative research is that people can be remarkably candid both in writing and in face-to-face interviews with a sympathetic and non-judgmental interlocutor. Nevertheless, the reliance on written communications might have meant that some issues—such as Paul's sexual relationship with his father, to be discussed below—were left without the deeper exploration that ongoing face-to-face dialogues would have made possible.

As they came to understand their father's sexual orientation, a number of the sons, during adolescence, questioned their own. In fact, however, only two of the eleven wound up identifying themselves as gay. Of these, Joseph came to an awareness of his same-sex orientation during adolescence, as is so commonly the case. The other, Paul, appears not have done so until sometime around thirty, although his life's story was quite divergent from the norm. His father engaged Paul in sex from the age of six to nineteen. Thus, while initiated by his father, somewhere along this time-line the sexual relationship must have become effectively consensual. Unfortunately, how this transition took place and its successive meanings for the boy, adolescent, and young man do not really get the exploration that the psychodynamically inclined reader would wish. Quite late, at some point after he married, Paul came to view what his father had done as abusive and confronted him. His father refused to apologize, nonchalantly observing that Paul had enjoyed the sex. However, a few years later he did apologize. That a father as well as a mother can be the object of erotic feelings by a boy is, I think, confirmed in clinical practice. However, most men who engage children sexually lack the insight into the emotional impact on a child of such engagement, as well as the emotional maturity to take responsibility for it. And this seems to be true of Paul's father, who remarried and, it seems, never identified as gay. In the interim, Paul's mother also remarried and, incredibly, Paul found himself the target of a stepfather who violently tried to force his sexual attentions on his stepson who, in this case, rejected them.

But Paul's father was the glaring exception to the rule. While the relationships between father and son were not without problems, they were on the whole characterized by varying degrees of contact, caring, and warmth by the fathers. And the feelings of love, affection, or pride on the part of the sons seem to have been correlated with the degree to which their fathers worked to maintain a positive and affirming relationship to them. Certainly, as a group, these fathers did that at least as well as non-gay fathers, if not better. Perhaps that helped to make their sexuality, in the end, a non-issue for their sons.

That said, one is left wishing that we could have heard the fathers' voices as well. Why did they marry and have children in the first place? We know that at least two were aware of their same-sex feelings at the outset and disclosed them to their prospective wives. If adoption had been an option for gay men in the era when they were young would they have chosen that route instead of marriage? How many others were aware of a competition in their feelings for men and women at the start? For how many did a shift in the balance of their feelings take place as the years passed? To what extent did the quality of their relationship with their wives affect the balance in these feelings? In a number of cases, the fathers were described by their sons as being true to themselves by coming out as gay. Were they less true to themselves when they married? Can the truth about a person change over time, or can there be more than one truth at a given time? These are questions that are precluded by simply describing these men as gay fathers.

In refuting—correctly—the pathological theory of homosexuality, it seems to me that the thinking about same sex feeling in particular and sexual feeling in general has become increasingly black and white and essentialist. And yet, the map of the human heart is more complex than the social categories of our culture suggest. Some years ago, a colleague and I ran a workshop at a conference on bisexuality. Its title was "How to live as a bisexual person." Over thirty people attended, evenly divided between men and women. We asked each one to say a few words about their stories. One woman said, "Until six months ago, I was a committed feminist lesbian, then I fell in love with a man. Now, some of my friends won't talk to me." A man said, "I used to think I was only gay, but now I realize that there's a room in my heart for women." And another woman observed, perhaps with hard-gained wisdom, "I used to think monogamy was hard. Now I think non-monogamy is hard too."

Although it skims lightly over this complexity, Life Curves nevertheless speaks quietly to us over the din of the angry voices of political opportunism and religious bigotry. It tells us that whether a father shares a part of his love with another man or with a woman, it's of little consequence as long as he truly loves his son.

Gottlieb, Andrew R. (2003) Life Curves: Sons Talk About Their Gay Fathers. New York: Harrington Park Press, 183 pp.
McGarry, Kevin (2003) Fatherhood for Gay Men: An Emotional and Practical Guide to Becoming a Gay Dad. New York: Harrington Park Press, 107 pp.

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EXPLORING PATHS TO MASCULINITY SYMPOSIUM REVIEW

Lorne Opler, M.A.

“Exploring Paths of Masculinity” was the theme of the 2nd annual men’s symposium held on Friday Jan 16 and Saturday Jan 17 at the University of Guelph, located approximately an hours drive west of Toronto, Ontario.

Held in a warm, rustic conference center located in the middle of the campus arboretum, this two-day event brought together men and women from both the university and the local communities to discuss a variety of issues pertinent to men’s psychology and mental health.

The event was an outgrowth of last year’s first ever men’s conference which was designed to complement an already established campus men’s support group. Founded by Bruno Mancini, Director of the university’s Counselling and Student Development Centre, and Rob Baldwin a professional counselor and therapist, the campus men’s group began several years ago with the aim of providing a safe, affirming and supportive place where male students could bring personal issues out in the open without fear, embarrassment or shame. The positive feedback and publicity this group received, prompted the co-founders to organize a day-long program in November 2002 devoted to further exploration of men’s issues and men’s development. The event, which was open to all students, staff and university faculty, proved to be a big success, inspiring the organizers to expand the conference to two days this year and to extend its reach into the local community.

With approximately 100 people of different ages, races, cultures, education levels, and sexual orientations, the conference provided a unique opportunity for the discussion of men’s issues from a wide variety of perspectives. Leading off the symposium on Friday afternoon was a speech by Fred Matthews, PhD, Director of Central Toronto Youth Services, a social service agency serving families and young people in Toronto’s urban core. In delivering the keynote address, “The Normalization of Shaming and Blaming in the Socialization of Boys and Young Men,” Dr. Matthews asserted that the process of blaming and shaming normalizes boys into manhood through typical admonishments such as, “big boys don’t cry” “aren’t you man enough?” “ You’re just a sissy!” Men who employ such tactics need to realize the role they play in contributing to such self- destructive stereotypes that affect the next generation of fathers, husbands and sons. Dr. Matthews also focused on the increasingly pronounced impact that body image is playing in male self-esteem. Despite the acknowledgement of steroid use becoming increasingly popular among average weightlifters, why is there not more effort being made to talk to young men about the self esteem issues that provoke the use of these drugs?

Dr. Matthews address was followed by a panel of four men of distinct ages discussing how their own individual identities have been shaped by different historical notions or definitions of masculinity. The day ended with a concert devoted to the stories men weave and the music men make.

The following day began with a discussion led by Ian Brown, author, TV host and writer for Canada's national newspaper, the Globe and Mail. In his discussion, "The Portrayal of Men in the Media and Its Impact," the columnist demonstrated how the media's current crop of fathers, From Homer Simpson to Ray Barone of Everybody Loves Raymond are depicted as rather bumbling, somewhat incompetent and often clueless. This is a radical departure from TV fathers of 40 years ago, when the Ward Cleavers of the airwaves always knew the answers, never once doubting their competencies or questioning their capabilities.

For me personally, the afternoon session, “Stories from the Diverse Paths of Masculinity” was the most moving and meaningful, as it highlighted the real life stories of four unique individuals sharing intimate reflections of their personal odysseys towards masculine self-acceptance and awareness. I was most affected by two men’s stories, in particular, as each presented an autobiography involving profound and intense self-discovery. Bill Allan, a counselor and men’s group leader, spoke candidly and openly about his battle with alcoholism and the childhood abuse which spawned the addiction. “I felt like an unwelcome visitor in my own home,” stated Allan, as he shared the struggle of being raised in a household with a remote alcoholic father and a stern, disciplinarian mother. “I grew up angry, scared & violent to hide the fear –I found anger masked the pain,” he recounted. Drinking by the age of 14, and visiting bars at 15, Allan eventually left home at 16, seeking surrogate “father” relationships with older men. “What lead me away from alcohol,” Allan shared, “was I got drunk one hot August night and almost killed a man with my hands, in a fit of drunken rage. A large part of me knew it was time to stop that night, that my drinking and my anger/raging were out of control. Something inside told me that there had to be a connection between the two. That was August 24, 1991--I haven't had a drink since.” Four to five years after getting sober, Allan met Rob Baldwin who introduced him to his men’s group. Seven years later, Allan himself is now leading a men’s group of his own in the southwestern Ontario city of Kitchener. Allan’s message is both simple and straightforward – anger does not have to be expressed with one’s hands. As he says, “There are other choices to be made --though most men don't know that they have other choices. It is a matter of reaching out to them with an open hand to let them know there are other workable ways, that do not depreciate or devalue them as Men. Men…do not have to turn to violence to resolve conflict.”
Quite different is the compelling story of Kyle Scanlon, a young man whose odyssey took him from birth as a biological female to adulthood as a female to male social activist. The journey from being born a female and reared as a girl to his gradual self awareness as a man, is much less about a biological or anatomical transformation, as it is about cognitive and emotional self identity and acceptance. Even as a young child, Kyle knew he was challenging gender norms, by recognizing how gender roles were imposed on him from a young age. By the time he hit adolescence, trying to separate gender identity from gender orientation proved a formidable and understandable challenge to him. What he was clear on, however, was his desire to find a safe and welcoming place to explore his masculinity. This he found in the lesbian community, where he comfortably was able to dress in men’s clothes, keep short hair, and adopt masculine traits that were accepted and understood in lesbian culture. However, he also knew that his sexual interests were directed not towards gay women, but towards gay men. Ultimately, the dilemma of living in a lesbian community as a biological female attracted to gay men left Kyle alone and isolated. But a fortuitous introduction to a documentary movie about the lives of transsexual men living regular, normal and drama free lives, provided the source of hope and inspiration he had long been seeking. Knowing now he was not alone, efforts to find others like him online brought him in contact with support groups that fortified his emerging sense of self-identity and self-confidence. By 1999, having firmly established his gender identity enough to adopt a male name, Kyle took the next step and began hormone treatments to fully establish himself as a man among men.

Today Kyle works as a coordinator of the Trans program at a community center in downtown Toronto, where he works to support other individuals making the transition from male to female or female to male. Kyle admits, “Appearance is so important in mainstream culture.” That is why those making the switch from male to female have a harder time with the transition, he says. Simply, there are greater physical difficulties and challenges that exist for men who attempt to pass as women in mainstream culture. And that is why Kyle is there to help. Indeed, Kyle concluded his speech by offering words that apply to all of us as men, regardless of our biology, orientation or self-identity. “Being a man is about what you do and what you accomplish…and not about your anatomical parts.”

The afternoon concluded with a dialogue between the husband and wife team of Drs. Kathryn Greenaway and John Theis, both psychologists, and both involved in helping couples enhance their communication skills in order to deepen the intimacy of their relationships.

With a healthy representation of women at this conference as well, the diversity of participants and speakers created a stimulating mix of conversation and debate which hopefully will continue with even greater success at next year’s symposium.

To learn more about the event, contact:
Rob Baldwin, MSW
Counselling Services,
Level 3, University Centre
The University of Guelph
Guelph, Ontario Canada N1G 2W1
Phone: (519) 824-4120, ext. 53244
Email: mensprog@uoguelph.ca

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Join SPSMM-L

Participate in SPSMM-L, the listserv for SPSMM members. It is a place to share current psychology of men and masculinity news, as well as updates regarding organizational aspects of SPSMM. If you have access to the Internet, you can subscribe to SPSMM-L at no cost. Send your request to spsmm@lists.apa.org—Michael E. Addis, PhD.

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SPSMM Mission Statement

The Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity (SPSMM) promotes the critical study of how gender shapes and constricts men’s lives, and is committed to an enhancement of men’s capacity to experience their full human potential. SPSMM endeavors to erode constraining definitions of masculinity which historically have inhibited men’s development, their capacity to form meaningful relationships, and have contributed to the oppression of other people. SPSMM acknowledges its historical debt to feminist-inspired scholarship on gender, and commits itself to the support of groups such as women, gays, lesbians and peoples of color that have been uniquely oppressed by the gender/class/race system. SPSMM vigorously contends that the empowerment of all persons beyond narrow and restrictive gender role definitions leads to the highest level of functioning in individual women and men, to the most healthy interactions between the genders, and to the richest relationships between them.

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Division 51 Central Office

Has your address changed?
Do you have a question about your membership?
Are you missing copies of the journal or newsletter?
Do you need a membership application sent to a friend?

Contact: Keith Cooke
Division 51 Administrative Office
American Psychological Association
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242

Phone: 202-336-6197 • Fax: 202-218-3599
Email: kcooke@apa.org
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Diverstity in Human Interaction Book Review

Robinson, J. D., & James, L. C. (Eds.). (2003). Diversity in human interactions: The tapestry of America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Andrew Smiler, Ph.D., University of Michigan

In the introduction of their book “Diversity in Human Relations: The Tapestry of America,” editors John D. Robinson (a Division 51 Fellow) and Larry C. James state that the book’s goal is “to serve as a guide to assist in understanding our diverse population” (Robinson & James, 2003, p. xix). To achieve this goal, chapters address the (abstract) meaning of majority vs. minority membership and diversity as enrichment and also identify beliefs, issues, themes, and values typically endorsed by ethnic/racial groups (Hispanic/Chicano-American, African/black-American, Asian-American, American Indian/native-American, Hawai’ian native, and biracial-Americans, separately), older adults, sexual orientation minorities, religious groups, and disabled groups. Moreover, each chapter follows a standard format that addresses the terms/labels in use, provides a brief history of that group in America, describes several important beliefs/issues/themes/values, and then describes the manner in which these issues may appear in the context of therapy and other venues.

In her chapter describing the indigenous people of Hawai’i, for example, Cynthia Kanoelani Kenui begins with discussion of the legal terms “Native Hawaiian” and “Part Hawaiian,” which refer to blood quanta of 100% and 50%, respectively, and the Hawai’ian language term “Kanaka Maoli” (indigenous peoples), which refers to lineage and connection to native culture. Hawai’ian history includes unification of 130 islands into a single kingdom (1795), legal regulation of names (which mandated that women and children adopt their husband’s/father’s surname and the provision of a gender-appropriate Christian name; 1860), American conquest of Hawai’i (1893), and the ban on Hawai’ian language and other customs (1898). The impact of these events are then discussed, primarily in their relation to basic cultural values, beliefs and traditions (e.g., the importance of family and clan, connection to the land, spiritual/religious practices such as hula). The first author of each chapter is a member of the group about which she/he writes, and thus the text includes relevant within-culture terms and references, as well as anecdotal illustrations.

Perhaps the greatest strength of this volume is that the authors highlight not only the difference between minority and majority groups, but also differences within each minority group. For example, M. A. Ybarro notes that the term “Chicano” has been adopted by politically active younger Mexican-Americans but was (and may still be) offensive to older Mexican-Americans. Issues regarding non-identification with or rejection by the minority group (e.g., light-skinned blacks, bisexuals, emotionally disabled) are regularly acknowledged. Several chapters acknowledge issues of “double jeopardy” or “double discrimination” that arise for individuals who experience membership in two or more minority groups. Chapter authors regularly stress the importance of asking individuals about the extent to which the minority groups’s values influence their lives.

Of particular relevance for D51 members is the general lack of information regarding gender issues. The editors explicitly acknowledge that they did not include a gender chapter because the issue has been well addressed in other places, but specific manifestations of masculinity (or femininity)within minority group are rarely discussed. The volume also lacks some depth, but that is not surprising given the broad introduction to minority groups. Future volumes may wish to include a chapter that describes the experience of majority membership (i.e., European-American), which would help readers identify values central to this group.

Overall, the editors and authors have accomplished their goal of providing a highly readable and highly informative volume. Although applications focus on therapeutic realms, the volume provides an excellent introduction to each of its minority groups/cultures that would also be useful for educators, human resources personnel and students (undergraduate and graduate). Editors Robinson and James and their authors have shown us the threads that help make up the American tapestry; we must now explore the weave.

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Application for Membership in SPSMM
Share this with a friend!

Name:_____________________________________  

Address:_________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________

Home Telephone:___(_____)_________-_______________

Office Telephone:___(_____)_________-_______________

Email:_________________________@_________________________

APA Membership Status:

Member/Fellow      Associate Member

Student Affiliate     Non-APA Member 

APA Membership No.:____________________

SPSMM Membership Status Desired:

Member (Psychology Doctorate, APA Member/Fellow) • $25

Associate Member (Associate Member of APA) • $25

Student Affiliate (Student Affiliate of APA) • $5

Affiliate (Interested in SPSMM & Non-APA Member) • $25

Sex: Male  Female

Race/Ethnicity:

European-American  African-American   Hispanic/Latino

Asian/Pacific Islander   American Indian/Alaskan   Other

Education:

PhD   EdD   PsyD   MA/MS   MD   Other

Make check payable to Division 51, SPSMM. Send application & check to Division 51 Administrative Office, American Psychological Association, 750 First St., NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242.

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SPSMM Policy on Book Reviews  

SPSMM provides book reviews for members to learn about the latest books in the field. Currently, book reviews are published in the SPSMM Bulletin because page space in the Division’s journal Psychology of Men and Masculinity (PMM) is at a premium with priority being placed on publishing manuscripts. This policy could be revisited once additional pages are allocated to PMM.

Persons interested in reviewing books or having their books reviewed in the Bulletin should contact the SPSMM Book Review Editor. The SPSMM Bulletin Book Editor will exercise his or her discretion as to which book will be reviewed in any given issue based on his or her judgment about the interests of the membership and mission of SPSMM. The current SPSMM Book Review Editor is Dr. Jay Wade, Department of Psychology, Fordham University, Dealy Hall, 441 E. Fordham Rd., Bronx, NY 10458.

Book reviewers must assert in writing that they do not have a conflict of interest or personal relationship that would interfere with providing an objective review. The Book Review Editor will select reviewers in response to an author’s request, and the author will provide a copy of the book to the Book Review Editor.

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Ray's Race and Walk

Division 47: Sport and Exercise Psychology
Presents
The 26th Annual Running Psychologists’
APA 5K “Ray’s Race and Walk”
Saturday, July 31, 2004
The annual race and walk at the 2004 Honolulu Convention of APA will be held on Saturday morning, July 31st, at 7 a.m.. The race will be held on the Kapliani Trail near Waikiki Beach, walking distance from the major hotels. More details will appear in the APA Monitor on Psychology, the Division 47 web site (www.APA47.org), and in your convention packet. If you pre-register, you will be notified via email or post.

Trophies will be awarded to the overall men’s and women's winners and to the top three in each 5-year age group, from under 25 to over 75. The top three male and female finishers who hold membership in Division 47 will receive awards. The top three finishers who are current Psi Chi members also will receive awards, as will the top three current Psi Chi National Council members. To honor the exhibitors at our meeting who provide excellent raffle prizes for us, a special award also will be given to the highest finishing male and female exhibitor.

Pre-registration will run until July 23rd which means that the entry form and fee must be received by that date. Please give us all the requested information including age and gender so that the race numbers can be labeled appropriately and save us time in determining your category for the results. THE ENTRY FEE FOR PRE-REGISTERED RUNNERS IS $20.00, which includes a commemorative t-shirt, raffle chance, and post-race refreshments. PAST July 23RD, CONVENTION, AND DAY-OF-RACE, REGISTRATION FEE IS $25.00. Pre-registration for students is $10.00 and convention/day-of-race student registration is $14.00. PLEASE pre-register to help us avoid too many convention and day-of-race registrations. Make your check payable to: Running Psychologists.
Division 47 members receive a discounted race entry of $10 as a value-added benefit of division membership. If you are an APA member and wish to apply for division 47 membership with this entry form, check the block on the form below and remit the discounted entry fee ($10) plus the Division dues ($22 for members, $8 for student affiliates). We will forward your application to APA for processing.

You may pick up your race number, shirt, and raffle ticket at the business meeting of Running Psychologists on Friday morning at 8AM (see the program for room number) or at the APA Division Services booth in the main Convention Area, beginning Wednesday morning. The 7th Annual Pre-Race Pasta Dinner will be held on Friday evening, July 30th, at 6:00 - 8:00 PM. Please mark your entry form to reserve a place at the party, details to follow.
Sponsored by: APA Insurance Trust - Psi Chi - American Psychological Association - Division 47 (Exercise and Sport Psychology)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2004: APA 5K “Ray’s Race” in Honolulu (Run or Walk for Diversity)
NAME: _____________________________________________________________________
First MI Last
ADDRESS: ______________________________________________
CITY: __________________________________________
STATE/PROV.: _________________ ZIP: _________
EMAIL: ______________________________________
TELEPHONE: _______________
PASTA PARTY? Y / N HOW MANY? ____ T-SHIRT SIZE: S M L XL XXL
AGE ON July 31st: _______ BIRTHDATE: ______________
GENDER: _________
CURRENT DIVISION 47 MEMBER? Y / N
SPONSOR OR EXHIBITOR Y / N ORG. NAME:________________________
PSI CHI MEMBER? Y / N
I WANT TO JOIN DIVISION 47 Y/N APA Status: Member___ Fellow___ Assoc___
Student Affiliate___ APA Member # _______
I assume all risks associated with running in this event including, but not limited to: falls, contact with other participants, the effects of the weather, including high heat and/or humidity, traffic and the conditions of the road, all such risks being known and appreciated by me. Having read this waiver and knowing these facts and in consideration of you accepting my entry, I, for myself and anyone entitled to act on my behalf, waive and release the Running Psychologists, Division 47 and the American Psychological Association, the City of Honolulu, their representatives and successors from all claims or liabilities of any kind arising out of my participation in this event even though that liability may arise out of negligence or carelessness on the part of the persons named in this waiver. I grant permission to all of the foregoing to use any photographs, motion pictures, and recording, or any other record of this event for any legitimate purpose.
I have read the above release and understand that I am entering this event at my own risk.signature date
------------------------------------------------------------ -------------__
___________
Member_____ Sponsor_____ Exhibitor_____ Student_____ Friend/Dependent_____
Make Check payable to:
Running Psychologists
Receipt before July 23rd: $20
(Student fee: $10)
On-site: $25/$14
Please return to: Suanne Shocket, 9625 Surveyor CT., Suite 210, Manassas, VA 20110-4408; Email: sshocket@compuserve.com Checks payable to Running Psychologists.

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Come and Get It!

The Division’s Cookbook is ready for release and people are raving about it. In the words of Sam Cochran, “This is a spectacular collection of recipes and stories, truly distinctive in the world of cookbooks . . . I will treasure this book for many years to come. After all, in what other cookbook will you find Lenore Walker’s Holiday Turkey, David Lisak’s inspirational recipe for red chile sauce, Murry Scher’s ‘best blueberry muffins in the world’ recipe, Ron Levant’s couscous-stuffed green pepper recipe, or David Rose’s Teppanyaki Pancake recipe (yum). All the recipes in the book are clearly ‘family favorites’ that are conveyed with a loving and charming sense of personal history. This is a cookbook that everyone must own!” The Division’s Cookbook is now available by sending a $20 check to Larry Beer at Child and Family Psychological Services, 5380 Holiday Terrace, Kalamazoo, MI 49009. Make your check payable to “Larry Beer.”

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Psychological Student of Men and Masculinity

Division 51 of the American Psychological

GOVERNANCE

January-December 2004


PRESIDENT
John Robertson, PhD
1012 Massachusetts Steet, Suite 206
Lawrence, KS 66044
Phone: 785-532-6927
E-mail: jrobertson@sunflower.com

PRESIDENT-ELECT
Fred Rabinowitz, PhD
Psychology Department
University of Redlands
1200 E. Colton Avenue
Redlands, CA 92373-0999

Phone: 909-793-2121 x3863
Fax: 909-335-5305
Email: fredric_ rabinowitz@redlands.edu

PAST PRESIDENT
Corey Habben, PsyD
Behavioral Health Clinic
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Building
6, Rm 3054
Washington, DC 20307-5001
Phone: 202-782-8034
Fax: 202-782-8379
E-mail: chabben@juno.com

SECRETARY
Lawrence B. Beer, EdD
6101 Rothbury Street
Portage, MI 49024-2390

Phone: (616) 372-4140
Fax: (616) 372-0390
E-mail: lbbkzoo@aol.com  

TREASURER (2006)
Michele Harway, PhD
Antioch University
801 Garden Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101

Phone: 805-962-8179 x320
Fax: 805-962-4786
E-mail: mharway@antiochsb.edu

MEMBERS-AT-LARGE
Michael Mobley, PhD
University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65201
Phone: 573-268-4811
E-mail: mobleymi@missouri.edu

Kurt DeBord, PhD
Counseling Services
University of Missouri-Columbia
Columbia, MO 65201
E-mail: debordkurt@yahoo.com

Neil A. Massoth, PhD
Psychology
Fairleigh Dickinson University

Teaneck, NJ 07666
Phone: (201) 692-2300
Fax: (201) 444-7201
E-mail: nmassoth@aol.com

Roberta Nutt, PhD
Department of Psychology
PO Box 22996, Texas Women's University
Denton, TX 76204
Phone: (573) 882-3084
E-mail: rnutt@mail.twu..edu

COUNCIL REPRESENTATIVE
Glenn E. Good, PhD
16 Hill Hall, University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211
Phone: (573) 882-3084
Fax: (573) 884-5989
E-mail: edcogood@showme.missouri.edu

POLICY ADVISOR
Ron Levant, EdD, ABPP
Office of the Dean
Center for Psychological Studies
Nova Southeastern University
3301 College Avenue
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314
Phone: (954) 262-5701
Fax: (954) 262-3859
E-mail: RLevant@aol.com

LEGISLATIVE ADVOCACY COORDINATOR
Taleb Khairallah
62 East 200 South 123-3
Ephram, UT 84627
Phone: (435) 253-8078
E-mail: talebk@iname.com

CODAPAR LIAISON TO DIVISION 51
Gloria Behar Gottsegen, PhD
5011 West Oakland Park Blvd—#210A
Lauderdale Lakes, FL 33313
E-mail: GGottsegen@aol.com
Phone: (954) 733-1685
Fax: (954) 733-1685

COMMITTEES

AWARDS
Corey Habben, Psy.D.

BULLETIN EDITOR
Fred Rabinowitz, PhD
Psychology Department
University of Redlands
1200 E. Colton Avenue
Redlands, CA 92373-0999

Phone: 909-793-2121 x3863
Fax: 909-335-5305
Email: fredric_ rabinowitz@redlands.edu

CONTINUING EDUCATION
Gary Brooks, PhD
Baylor University
Pager: (800) 752-3307 (ID#3988730)
E-mail:  Gbrooks300@aol.com  

FELLOWS
Mark S. Kiselica, Ph.D., HSPP, NCC, LPC (2004)
Fellow and Former President, Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity: Division 51, American Psychological Association
Professor and Chairperson
Department of Counselor Education
332 Forcina Hall
The College of New Jersey
P. O. Box 7718
Ewing, New Jersey 08628-0718
Office Phone: (609) 771-3462
Office Fax: (609) 637-5166
E- mail: kiselica@tcnj.edu

MEMBERSHIP AND RECRUITMENT
Michael Gottfried, PhD
423 Cardiff Ln
Manchester, MO 63021-5116
314-977-2323
Fax: 314-977-7165
E-mail: mike_gottfried@yahoo.com

NOMINATIONS AND ELECTIONS
Fred Rabinowitz, PhD

PROGRAM
David S. Shepard, Ph.D.
Dept. of Counseling,
California State University, Fullerton.
P.O. Box 6868,
Fullerton, CA 92834-6868;
714-278-3327
Fax: 714-278-4456
E-mail: dshepard@fullerton.edu

DIVISION 51 WEB SITE COORDINATOR
Laura Anibal Braceland
Division Services Coordinator
American Psychological Association
202-216-7602 (p)
202-218-3599 (f)
E-mail: lanibalbraceland@apa.org

DIVISION 51 LISTSERV FACILITATOR
Michael Addis, PhD
Department of Psychology
Clark University
950 Main Street
Worchester, MA 10610

E-mail: maddis@clark.edu

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Division 51 Webmaster: Laura Anibal Braceland

Last modification on: October 31, 2003