The Center for Psychology in Schools and Education (CPSE) promotes the high quality application of psychological science to programs and policies for schools and K-12 education. The office serves as a liaison both within APA and with national educational and scientific societies, federal agencies and the general public concerning the education and development of children and adolescents.
Understanding and Preventing Classroom Violence
An APA Board of Education Affairs task force was tasked with creating a resource aimed at helping K-12 teachers cope with and prevent the occurrence and threat of violent incidents in the classroom. This report outlines the task forces' recommendations for research, policy and practice.
National Survey on Classroom Violence (PDF, 119KB)
A BEA Task Force examining violence against teachers in the classroom generated a survey to gather firsthand feedback from teachers on their experiences. This survey received approximately 4,700 responses. This report is a summary of the survey analysis with the goal of informing future educational policy research.
Zero Tolerance Task Force Report
The APA Zero Tolerance Task Force report examines the impact of Zero Tolerance policies and makes recommendations regarding the implementation of these policies in elementary and secondary schools.
- Combating Teacher Stress (PDF, 1.4MB)
This brochure, "Teaching is fundamental: Ideas for friends and spouses supporting teachers’ early career challenges," includes strategies for recognizing signs of teacher stress, ideas to help reduce teacher stress and insights into the particular times during the school year when stress is likely to increase. It aims to inform those close to teachers about what to expect during their loved one’s first year in the classroom, and how they can offer support and encouragement.
Teacher Stress Module
The first few years in the classroom can be the most difficult for a new teacher who may feel overwhelmed by the complexity and responsibilities of his or her new role. This module, primarily aimed at preservice teachers and new educators, examines definitions and causes of teacher-related stress and provides strategies for recognizing, preventing and coping with stressful situations, events and triggers as they occur.
It is estimated that 40-80 percent of school-age children experience bullying at some point during their school careers and 10-15 percent may be either chronic victims or bullies themselves.
Improving Students' Relationships with Teachers to Provide Essential Supports for Learning Mini-Module
Improving students’ relationships with teachers has important, positive and long-lasting implications for students’ academic and social development.
Learning and Instruction
- Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education
CPSE focuses on K-12 STEM education research, as well as how psychological science can improve teaching and learning in STEM classrooms. CPSE’s recent work on STEM education includes an NSF-funded research study on the impact of specialized STEM high schools and a Presidential Task Force on Mathematics and Science.
- Report on the Teacher Needs Survey
This report analyzes responses from over two thousand teachers who were surveyed about their professional development needs in classroom management, instructional strategies, classroom diversity and parental communication.
The Other 3 Rs: Reasoning, Resilience and Responsibility
Sponsored by the James. S. McDonnell Foundation, this project involved the collaboration of the American Psychological Association, Montgomery County Public Schools and Vanderbilt University. A third grade curriculum promoting the teaching of Reasoning, Resilience and Responsibility was successfully piloted in the Montgomery County, Maryland Public Schools and is available here on our website.
Mini-modules for teachers:
Additional CPSE Resources
Multiple Social Science Research Methods in Education Research
The recent CPSE product, “Assessing intervention effects: The promise of multiple methods,” takes the reader through the lifecycle of a research study on the effects/effectiveness of a social intervention. This guide (PDF, 170KB) and its accompanying narrative (PDF, 519KB) are intended for instructional use with new researchers, as well as for consumers of educational research. Each section of the guide has a related section in this narrative. Sections are designed to be relatively independent, so that readers can select the section they wish to read and then study/use the associated sections. You can request hard copies of the chart in poster and fold out form by contacting Rena Subotnik.
Books, articles and reports by the CPSE.
External Links for Teachers
Research and technology, funding opportunities and other external links for teachers and educators.