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Latin American Student Conference Awards Prizes for Best Papers

Organized by a team of active and enthusiastic graduate students, the first meeting of the Latin American Student Association was held in Lima Perú and attracted nearly 2,000 student participants from nine Latin American countries.

Last August the first meeting of the Latin American Student Association was held in Lima, Perú. Organized by a team of active and enthusiastic graduate students, the meeting attracted nearly 2,000 student participants from nine Latin American countries. Earlier in the summer, the APA delegation at the SIP (InterAmerican Society of Psychology) meetings, including APA President Sharon Brehm, Office of International Affairs staff Sally Leverty and Merry Bullock, and Publications office staff Julia Frank-MacNeill, had met the student organizers who were enthusiastically promoting the conference.

APA offered to support the student congress by supplying a book to accompany the student prizes, and by offering to publish the winning papers at the post-graduate and undergraduate levels. The papers were selected from those presented at the conference, and were chosen by a jury at the conference in Lima, Peru. In this issue, we publish the abstracts of those papers in English and direct interested readers to the full Spanish versions in the appendix (see http://www.apa.org/international/pi/factores1.pdf and http://www.apa.org/international/pi/consumo1.pdf).


UNDERGRADUATE PAPER

The abstract for the recipients of the award for the best undergraduate conference paper is as follows:

Psycho-Social Factors Related to Eating Disorders
in Urban Adolescents in Lima, Perú

Jenny Judith Palpan Puma, Jorge Arturo Garay Jaramillo, Victoria Elizabeth Jiménez Meléndez, and Carlos Alberto Jiménez Salas

Universidad Nacional Federico Villarreal

ABSTRACT

This study measured psycho-social factors of anxiety, depression, self-concept and family dysfunction that are hypothesized to be related to adolescent eating disorders. Participants were students in a public education in Lima, Peru. Adolescence, a critical stage involving emotional, physical and social changes in the context of societal norms and laws, increases the risk of certain behaviors. The purpose of this investigation was to construct an explanatory model of eating disorders and to identify risk factors and protective factors for the development of eating disorders. The design of the non-experimental study was descriptive, comparative and correlational. 

The sample included 180 male and female students between the ages of 14 and 18 years who attended secondary school. Measures included an adapted EAT-26 scale, Goldberg’s anxiety and depression scale, the AF5, an inventory of the self concept, and a questionnaire concerning family dysfunction.

The results indicated that 22.2% of the sample had an eating disorder; and that 20,5% and 25.1% respectively were within the average of high and low risk. Overall, 20% of the men and 26% of the women presented symptoms of an eating disorder, a significant difference Student t (p <  .05). Odds Ratio analyses indicated that anxiety and family dysfunction represent risk factors, whereas the self concept was a protective factor. For males anxiety and family dysfunction were the primary risk factors. For females, depression and family dysfunction were risk factors and the self concept was a protective factor. Multiple regression analyses showed that familiar dysfunction is the greatest risk factor, followed by self concept. These analyses showed that family dysfunction was the only predictive factor for males, and that family dysfunction, self concept and depression were all risk factors for females.

Key Words: anxiety, depression, self concept, family dysfunction, eating disorder, adolescence.

Citation:
Palpan, J., Jiménez, C., Garay, J., Jiménez,, V. (2007). FACTORES PSICOSOCIALES ASOCIADOS A LOS TRASTORNOS DE ALIMENTACION EN ADOLESCENTES DE LIMA METROPOLITANA. Psychology International, Volume 18, Number 4, Appendix.


Carlos Alberto Jiménez Salas is an 8th cycle student in clinical psychology of the National University Federico Villarreal and is active in the child labor project.

Jenny Judith Palpan Puma is an 8th cycle student at the Federico Villarreal University in clinical psychology. She has helped organize symposia and conferences.

Victoria Elizabeth Jiménez Meléndez is an 8th cycle student at the Federico Villarreal National University in educational psychology and is active in symposia and conferences.

Jorge Arturo Garay Jaramillo is a 4th year student at the Federico Villarreal National University. He has taken part as volunteer in the psychological intervention of hospitalized children.


GRADUATE PAPER

The abstract for the recipients of the award for the best undergraduate conference paper is as follows:

Alcohol Consumption and Sexual Risk Behavior in Adolescents

Jorge Raúl Palacios Delgado, Mónica Ivon Bravo Flores, and Patricia Andrade Palos

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was analyze the differences in sexual risk behavior between adolescent alcohol users and non-users and to address the relationship between alcohol use and sexual risk behavior. The sample studied included 1000 public high school students between 14 and 22 years of age, 485 males and 515 females. Participants completed a survey that assessed alcohol consumption and sexual risk behavior. The results indicated differences between male and female in sexual risk behavior and alcohol use. Sexual behavior differed between alcohol users and non-users : alcohol users reported a higher frequency of sexual intercourse, lower use of condoms and more sexual partners. Alcohol consumption was significantly associated with age of first sexual intercourse, the frequency of sexual intercourse and the number of sexual partners. There was not a statistically significant association between condom use and alcohol consumption.

Key Words: Alcohol consumption, sexual risk behavior, condom use and adolescents.

Citation:
Palacios, D. J. R., Bravo, F. M. I. & Andrade, P. P. (2007). CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL Y CONDUCTA SEXUAL DE RIESGO EN ADOLESCENTES. Psychology International, Volume 18, Number 4, Appendix.


Jorge Raúl Palacios Delgado is pursuing doctoral work in social and psychological areas at National Autonomous University of México (UNAM) where he completed his undergraduate work with a degree of psychologist. His research and work focus is on biopsychosocial models of teenagers’ risk behavior. Mr. Delgado has participated in national and international congresses, has written about family and teenager behavior and is a  member of Mexican and international psychological societies.      

Mónica Ivon Bravo Flores graduated from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in psychology. She has published and participated in congresses on the topic of environmental risk perception and coping resources She organized a first congress on psychological and social dimensions of global change, and the first Latino American and Caribbean Behavioral Medicine Meeting, under the auspices of the International Society of Behavioral Medicine. Ms. Flores continúes her work on global change, as well as projects on work and teenagers.

Patricia Andrade Palos is a professor in psychology at UNAM. She has a doctorate in social psychology, and is a  member of the National System of Investigators level 1. She publishes in national and international magazines and journals and speaks widely.

Visit these links to read the complete conference papers in Spanish, in a PDF format:

FACTORES PSICOSOCIALES ASOCIADOS A LOS TRASTORNOS DE ALIMENTACION EN ADOLESCENTES DE LIMA METROPOLITANA

CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL Y CONDUCTA SEXUAL DE RIESGO EN ADOLESCENTES Ψ