In addition to running companies, 44 percent of female millionaires do the bulk of their families' housework as compared with 4 percent of male millionaires, according to a study presented by Arizona psychologist Jude Miller Burke, PhD, in press in the Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health. Overall, however, male and female millionaires are more alike than different, scoring very high on measures of resilience, networking ability, transformational leadership style and conscientiousness.
Violence against teachers is reaching an epidemic level and might be contributing to attrition, according to an 2010 online survey by APA's Task Force on Violence Against Teachers. Almost one in five teachers, administrators and paraprofessionals reported being physically attacked at school in the past year, and more than one in four reported receiving verbal threats, said Dorothy Espelage, PhD, task force chair. Those percentages suggest that violence might be contributing to educator attrition over time, Espelage said.
Parents prefer that their children receive toys that foster unstructured and imaginative play, such as Play-Doh, rather than ones that can only be played with in a specific way, such as games that play songs in response to correct answers, according to research presented by Meryl Gardiner, PhD, of the University of Delaware. However, when choosing a toy as a gift for a child they don't know well, parents gravitate toward toys that claim to encourage brain development, regardless of whether they encourage structured or unstructured play, she and her collaborators found.
Military women have triple the risk for suicide compared with civilian counterparts and a higher risk for certain eating disorders, said Maj. Ruth Roa-Navarrete, PsyD, an Air Force psychologist who surveyed the research available on the experiences of military women, particularly women of color.Some research also shows that women who've deployed report higher levels of heavy drinking than male service members. Women service members who experience sexual assault while serving are nine times more likely to experience post-traumatic stress disorder, Roa-Navarrete said. Civilian practitioners need to screen women service members and veterans for suicide risk, and assess for military sexual trauma, violence in the home, substance abuse and disordered eating, she said.
Rural veterans have more negative attitudes toward mental health treatment for combat stress and other problems than their urban counterparts, according to research presented by psychologist Thomas Britt, PhD, of Clemson University. In a survey of 760 service members from the Army Reserves and the National Guard, Britt found that, overall, rural respondents had a poorer attitude about seeking treatment than urban respondents did. Rural veterans cited a variety of reasons they were hesitant to seek care, including that therapy would be "too distressing," that it required traveling too far and that they might be seen as "weak" by friends and family. Forty-four percent of rural respondents worried that they might be prescribed medication that would interfere with their ability to perform their jobs, added Britt.
Two common bird species, the Carolina chickadee and the tufted titmouse, show signs of stress in response to traffic noise, according to research presented by Jessica L. Owens, a University of Tennessee psychology graduate student. After being bombarded with simulated traffic noise for eight hours a day, the birds acted much as they do when they are in the presence of a predator—bunching up in tight groups, interacting more and behaving more cautiously.