As part of her seminal research on attitudes toward women, Janet T. Spence, PhD, asked, "Who then likes competent women?" APA enthusiastically answered that question at its Annual Convention by presenting Spence with the 2001 APA Award for Outstanding Lifetime Contribution to Psychology, honoring the one-time APA president for her work as a scientist, scholar, teacher and leader.

"Your impeccable research and methodology are largely responsible for the integrity and credibility of the study of gender within scientific psychology," said APA President Norine G. Johnson, PhD, presenting the award. "You have continued to ask and answer the hard questions as you investigated the complex relationships connecting sex roles, gender attitudes and the lives of women and men."

Spence is also well-known as the innovative force behind several assessment instruments, including the Manifest Anxiety Scale, the Attitudes Toward Women Scale and the Personal Attributes Questionnaire. She has been an APA member for 50 years, and served in several leadership roles, including as APA's sixth woman president in 1993. Her other achievements include receiving the Award for Scientific Reviewing, from the National Academy of Sciences in 1993,--one of only two women to receive the honor to date.