Feature

A welcome to San Francisco

"The world absolutely needs the insights you bring to it, the observations you make on human interactions and the incredible, profound effect you have on the lives of families and children. We certainly welcome you...and the work that you do, not only in this city, but in urban centers across the country."

San Francisco Mayor Willie L. Brown Jr. at the
Annual Convention Opening Ceremony, dubbing the
week coinciding with APA's Annual Convention
"Psychology Week in San Francisco."

On prescription privileges

"We know the research showing that a majority of psychoactive medications--some say as many as 70 percent--are prescribed in primary care. And we know from working with our primary-care colleagues that their education in psychopathology and psychoactive medications is significantly less than ours. And we are under pressure from physicians to tell them what to [prescribe]...which puts us in an awkward position in terms of scope of practice and legislation. Certainly, in order to practice ethically, we need to educate ourselves extensively about psychopharmacology."

Steven Tulkin, PhD, California School of Professional
Psychology Alameda­Alliant University, on
overprescription of psychoactive medication.

"The authority to prescribe is the authority to unprescribe."

LCDR Morgan T. Sammons, PhD, Navy Medical
Center.

"Are we really a public that doesn't have enough access to pills? I don't think so....I believe the very essence of psychological practice is at stake."

Garland Y. DeNelsky, PhD, Cleveland Clinic
Foundation, speaking about prescription privileges
for psychologists.

On men

"Men don't want to be changed. It's the fundamental message you've heard over and over: It's acceptance. When you accept someone the way they are, then they can be themselves and then they can come out and be more. But if you're trying to change someone, they're resisting, resisting, resisting. You cannot pull out the best in them, without first accepting them. But I'm a little biased because I'm from Mars."

John Gray in the session, "Living Love--The
Necessary Skills for a Loving Relationship."

"Men are boys in recovery."

William Pollack, PhD, in the symposium "Men's
health--exploring research, policy, and practice."

On children and education

"Making school environments safe for our children is a fundamental responsibility of adults."

Beverly A. Greene, PhD, of St. John's University, on
the need for school personnel to make schools a
safe place for lesbian, gay and bisexual youth of
color.

"Twenty percent of school children have a foreign-born parent. As family psychologists, if we don't look at immigration issues, how can we serve children? How can we serve families?"

George K. Hong, PhD, of California State University,
Los Angeles, on America's changing demographics.

"Schools proudly state that they won't tolerate bullying...there are new rules to cover bullying and eradicating bullying is all the rage in the state legislatures. The large unspoken trend, however, is to regulate groups of children--to predict and manage them as sites of potential danger. The rights discourse has been shifted to one of dangerousness and risk management, to exclude rather than to punish appropriately. And I fear that bullying research, as it gets distilled into the popular press and to schools, is playing into, and, I daresay, perpetuating some of this frenzy into constricting rights of children."

Nan D. Stein, EdD, from the session "Negotiating
peer interactions during early adolescence--
bullying, harassment and jealousy."

On racial profiling

"In New York all citizens believe racial profiling occurs, and minorities say so more often. This general judgment that racial profiling occurs correlates to trust, belief and respect for police. And this undermines people's obedience of laws and cooperation with police to solve crimes."

Tom Tyler, PhD, New York University

"The largest stereotype of blacks is still criminality. Crime has an all-powerful, subtle image attached that effects our interactions with law enforcement. A profile can occur regardless of individual belief, but rather widely shared perceptions of criminality have bad consequences for African Americans."

Jennifer Eberhardt, PhD, Stanford University

On psychology's roots

"A wonderful legacy of providing services to underserved populations has gotten pushed aside....The challenge [for psychology] is to rediscover our community roots."

Victor de la Cancela, PhD, at "Building healthy
communities," part of the APA Presidential
Miniconvention.

On HIV

"There's a rise in HIV transmission among men who have sex with men in San Francisco. That's an alarming statistic. What's not reported is a 50 percent drop in HIV transmission among injecting drug users due to the success of the needle-exchange program."

Thomas J. Coates, PhD, director, AIDS Research
Institute, University of California, San Francisco.

On the nature of human cognition

"This is the puzzle: How could we get so different [from other primates] in such a short amount of time? The only real solution is something to do with cultural transmission...Let's raise a child [alone] on a desert island. Nobody tells him anything, nobody teaches him anything, nobody shows him anything. The question is what is this child's cognition going to look like as an adult? My hypothesis is it will look very, very similar to other apes. Maybe a little different, but generally speaking, it wouldn't be categorically different...I'm maintaining that without all of the cultural things that children inherit, it would pretty much be ape cognition...The nature of human cognition is cultural to its core."

Michael Tomasello, PhD, winner of the William
James Book Award for his book, "The Cultural
Origins of Human Cognition," on how transmitting
and improving upon cultural "artifacts," such as
language and numeric systems, from generation to
generation makes human cognition different from
that of nonhuman primates.

On patients with heart conditions

"I saw the first case of Peppermint-Patty phobia. A man was eating a peppermint patty on his porch and he was shocked by his implantable cardioverter defibrillator, and guess what he doesn't like to eat anymore? The coincidental pairings of behavior to shock are real for these patients."

Sam Sears, PhD, of the University of Florida,
speaking about his work addressing the
psychosocial issues of ICD patients at the session,
"Psychology builds a healthy world: new markets,
new research--families, health and psychology."

On team teaching

"One of the movements that we're seeing across the country is the importance of team teaching and being able to transcend disciplinary boundaries...It's a wonderful ideal and the challenges of it are extremely difficult because we don't speak the same language as those other people....Yet, increasingly in higher education, we're seeing people proposing a kind of cross-disciplinary effort as an ideal. And I think there's a lot to be spoken for it. I think there are also some fairly serious limitations, when we may not have money even to support regular disciplinary let alone interdisciplinary [efforts.]"

Jane S. Halonen, PhD, James Madison University,
giving the invited Harry Kirke Wolfe lecture for
introductory psychology teachers, part of the G.
Stanley Hall lecture series.

On psychology's role in genetics

"We all have genetic mutations--most of us are just unaware of which ones--and the road ahead promises massive change in the way health care is delivered because of the advances in the science of genetics. I hope psychology will play an important role in understanding and shaping the clinical applications of this information."

Susan McDaniel, PhD, of the University of Rochester
School of Medicine, speaking about genetic
counseling at the session "Psychology builds a
healthy world: new markets, new research--
families, health and psychology."