APA uses the Hare System for its presidential elections--a system that allows voters to rank their top choices for the office rather than voting for just one candidate.
The winner must reach the quota, which is determined by the total number of votes cast, divided by the number to be elected, plus one, and adding one to that total. As soon as a candidate reaches the quota with first choice votes, he or she is declared elected. Once a candidate is declared elected, the ballots used in reaching his or her elective quota are no longer a factor in the elections. However, remaining surplus ballots are transferred to the voters' second choices--as shown in the smaller boxes on the chart.