American Psychological Foundation
At APA's 2005 Annual Convention in Washington, D.C., Aug. 18-21, the American Psychological Foundation (APF) will present the 2005 Gold Medal Awards for Life Achievement, which recognize distinguished and enduring contributions in the application, practice and science of psychology, as well as the promotion of psychology in the public interest. APF President Dorothy W. Cantor, PsyD, will present the medals at the APA/APF awards ceremony on Friday, Aug. 19, at 4 p.m. The recipients are:
Born in 1931 in the Bronx, N.Y., Jerome Sattler has made significant contributions to the psychological assessment of children and the education of a legion of applied and research psychologists. He began his teaching career in 1959 at Fort Hays Kansas State College and then held teaching positions at the University of North Dakota and San Diego State University (SDSU), where he taught until he retired in 1994. In 1971, Sattler received a Fulbright award and was a lecturer at the University of Kebangsaan in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He was an exchange professor at Katholieke Universiteit in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, in 1983 and at University College Cork, in Cork, Ireland, in 1989. He is currently a professor emeritus and an adjunct professor at SDSU.
Sattler's major publications include "Assessment of Children" (Jerome M. Sattler, 1973) and "Clinical and Forensic Interviewing of Children and Families" (Jerome M. Sattler, 1997). "Assessment of Children" has gone through four editions, trained more than 250,000 students and professionals, been referred to as "the bible" of assessment and has been rated by fellow psychologists as one of the 50 greatest books in psychology.
Sattler's early publications were on embarrassment, existential theory and personality. For the remainder of his career, he focused primarily on assessment issues. He analyzed the functions measured by the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale; studied the effects of cues on two Wechsler subtests; examined the effects of procedural, situational and interpersonal variables on individual intelligence tests; studied the effects of ethnicity on the psychologist-client relationship in assessment, interviews, counseling and psychotherapy, and experimental situations; evaluated halo effects in examiner scoring of intelligence test responses; and examined item bias on intelligence tests. His work has been cited more than 2,300 times in the Social Science Citation Index.
Sattler is a diplomate in clinical psychology and an APA fellow. In 1998, he received the Senior Scientist Award from APA's Div. 16 (School). In 2003, he received an honorary DSc from Central Missouri State University. He also is a co-author of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition and served as an expert witness in the Larry P. v. Wilson Riles case involving cultural bias of intelligence tests.
A. Eugene Shapiro earned his doctorate from New York University in 1953. He worked as a school psychologist for the Newark Board of Education for two years before becoming a psychologist for the Board of Coordinated Services in Rockland County, N.Y., where he worked with children with behavioral problems and with cerebral palsy and other neurological impairments. In 1953, Shapiro established a private practice partnership with fellow psychologist Marvin Metsky, PhD, which lasted nearly 30 years.
Shapiro has held appointments at mental health facilities at several medical centers; he obtained a diplomate in clinical psychology in 1958. He served as chair of the New Jersey Psychological Association Insurance Committee in 1965 and played a key role in obtaining the first state freedom-of-choice insurance law for psychologists in that state in 1968. In 1983, as a member of the APA Committee on Health Insurance, Shapiro helped secure the inclusion of psychologists under the definition of "physician" in the federal workers' compensation program. With former APA President Jack Wiggins Jr., PhD, Shapiro also helped establish the National Register of Health Service Providers, for which he served on the Board of Directors from 1974 to 1984.
Shapiro was a member of the "Dirty Dozen," a group of practitioners that fought for professionalism, licensure and third-party reimbursement. He has served on the APA Council of Representatives, the Board of Professional Affairs from 1978 to 1980, the APA Board of Directors from 1981 to 1983 and the Board of Educational Affairs from 1993 to 1996. He also served on the APA Insurance Trust from 1985 to 1990. He was a governor of the APA College of Professional Psychology from 1999 to 2002, and has served on the Education and Training Committee of APA's Div. 55 (American Society for the Advancement of Pharmacology) from 2002 to the present. In 2004, he received the Outstanding Contributions to RxP Education Award from Div. 55.
In 1983 he was elected to the National Academies of Practice as a distinguished practitioner in psychology. He was a member of the Organizing Council for a College of Professional Psychology in New Jersey from 1969 to 1974; the group's efforts led to the creation of the PsyD program at Rutgers University. Prior to his retirement in 2005, Shapiro was a professor and associate dean at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
Howard Leventhal has conducted systematic studies that have created new theoretical models of the cognitive processes underlying representations of illness and treatment and has related these processes to emotion and behavior. His studies were among the first to identify parallel routes for cognitive and affective processing; action plans for translating beliefs into behaviors; interpretation of symptoms that facilitate adaptation to painful and noxious stimuli and cigarette addiction; the identification of heuristics for the construction of common-sense models of illness and treatment; and the processes underlying self-assessments of health and how representations of illness and treatment affect the self.
Leventhal was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., in 1931. He attended Queens College and then the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In the summer of 1956, he was commissioned as lieutenant junior grade in the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Commissioned Corps in Washington, D.C. In 1958, Leventhal began a nine-year stint as an assistant and then associate professor at Yale University. There he examined the effects of cognitive complexity on impression formation under a National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant, but his USPHS service created an opportunity to conduct experimental studies on the effects of threat communications on health beliefs and behavior. These studies disconfirmed fear reduction as the mechanism for behavioral change and generated the parallel processing model:
Threat information is processed along parallel cognitive and affective pathways.
Action plans are critical for translating attitudes and beliefs into action.
In 1967, he accepted an appointment as professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1988, the researchers at the Wisconsin lab moved to the Institute for Health and Department of Psychology at Rutgers University. In collaboration with investigators at Mt. Sinai and the Robert Wood Johnson schools of medicine, Leventhal is currently directing a newly funded NIH Center for the Study of Health Beliefs and Behavior. The center's studies will develop and test models describing the conditions under which practitioners are able to infer patients' mental models of illness and treatment and identify the processes for helping them to use experience to bring their models into correspondence with biological reality.
James Gallagher obtained his PhD in child and clinical psychology in 1951 from Pennsylvania State University after completing an internship at the Southbury Training School for the Mentally Retarded in Connecticut. His earlier positions were as chief psychologist at the Dayton Hospital for Disturbed Children and assistant director of the Psychology Clinic at Michigan State University.
In his 13 years at the Institute for Research on Exceptional Children at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he conducted multiyear research projects on the tutoring of brain-injured children and the adjustment and education of highly gifted children in the schools. In 1966, Gallagher was recruited to be the first chief of the Bureau of Education for the Handicapped in the U.S. Office of Education. He was promoted in 1969 to deputy assistant secretary for planning research and evaluation for the U.S. Office of Education.
In 1970, he left Washington, D.C., for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he was the Kenan Professor of Education and director of the newly formed Frank Porter Graham Child Development Center. The research at this multidisciplinary center focused on the early years of development and included such well-known research efforts as the Abecedarian Project, directed by health studies professor Craig Ramey, PhD, and a platoon of other investigators who charted the effects of early intervention on children 6 months old from poverty backgrounds. These children and their families were followed into adulthood to measure the long-range impact of early intervention.
Gallagher served as chair of the North Carolina Minimum Competency Testing Commission for four years and as a member of the planning team for the development of the North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics, the first residential school for talented students in science and mathematics at the secondary level, which has been emulated by numerous states and countries. He has edited or written more than 100 articles, book chapters and books. He has been president of the Council for Exceptional Children, the National Association for Gifted Children and the World Council for Gifted and Talented Children as well as vice president for education for the American Association on Mental Retardation. His awards include the J. Wallace Wallin Award from the Council for Exceptional Children, the John Fogarty Award for Excellence in Government Service and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Association for Gifted Children, among others.
--COMPILED BY E. MERCK AND Z. STAMBOR
The American Psychological Foundation (APF) will honor Thomas E. Ludwig, PhD, with its 2005 Charles L. Brewer Award for Distinguishing Teaching of Psychology at the APA/APF awards ceremony on Friday, Aug. 19, during APA's 2005 Annual Convention in Washington, D.C., Aug. 18-21.
Ludwig received his PhD in human development and aging from Washington University in St. Louis in 1977. Since then he has been a faculty member at Hope College, where he teaches courses in developmental psychology, gerontology and introductory psychology and conducts research on developmental neuropsychology, with a particular focus on hemispheric specialization and interhemispheric collaboration via the corpus callosum.
Computer technology has played a major role throughout Ludwig's career. He wrote his first computer program in 1970, and in 1978 and 1981 he received grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Science Foundation to purchase microcomputers for use in his research on cognitive aging. He has been heavily involved in computer-assisted instruction both in and out of the classroom. He has organized faculty-training programs at Hope, developed and taught Hope's first online course in 1999 and assisted in implementing a campus-wide course management system.
In 1984, Ludwig began work on PsychSim, a set of 12 interactive simulations and demonstrations for introductory psychology classrooms. An expanded version called PsychSim II won the 1990 EDUCOM/NCRIPTAL Higher Education Software Award for Best Psychology Software. PsychSim5, released in 2004, has now grown to 42 activities and is in use at hundreds of universities around the world.
At APA's 2005 Annual Convention in Washington, D.C., Ludwig will deliver his Distinguished Teaching of Psychology Award Address, "Ten things I've learned from teaching psychology," on Saturday, Aug. 10, at 2 p.m. in Room 144A of the Washington Convention Center.
Former Irish President Mary Robinson will deliver APF's Lynn Stuart Weiss Lecture on the Psychological Study of Social Issues, "Bridging the language of human rights and development," at APA's 2005 Annual Convention on Friday, Aug. 19, at 1 p.m. in Room 207A of the Washington Convention Center.
From 1990 to 1997, Robinson was the first female president of Ireland, and, more recently, she was the U.N. high commissioner for human rights from 1997 to 2002. As an academic at Trinity College Law Faculty from 1968 to 1990, senator from 1969 to 1989 and barrister from 1967 to 1990, she has sought to use law as an instrument for social change, arguing landmark cases before the European Court of Human Rights, as well as in the Irish courts and the European Court in Luxemburg.
Robinson was educated at the Trinity College, King's Inns Dublin and Harvard Law School. In 1988, she and her husband founded the Irish Centre for European Law at Trinity College. Ten years later, she was elected chancellor of the university. A founding member and chair of the Council of Women World Leaders, Robinson is currently leading a New York-based project, the Ethical Globalization Initiative, which aims to foster more equitable international trade and development, strengthen responses to HIV and AIDS in Africa and shape humane international migration policies. This effort will be the focus of her convention talk.
APF is hosting a reception in conjunction with APA's 2005 Annual Convention in Washington, D.C., to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Wayne F. Placek Fund on Thursday, Aug. 18, at 6 p.m. at the U.S. Capitol. The Placek Fund supports research to increase the general public's understanding of homosexuality, as well as to alleviate the stress that gay men and lesbians might experience in current and future civilizations.
The reception will celebrate the release of the 2005 Placek Report, a 10-year retrospective, and it will also honor past grant recipients and their accomplishments in the field of lesbian, gay and bisexual psychology. All interested parties are welcome to attend; however, space is limited. To reserve complimentary tickets contact Elizabeth Merck via e-mail or at (202) 336-5622.
For more information, visit the Wayne F. Placek Fund Web site.
--COMPILED BY E. MERCK AND Z. STAMBOR