In Brief

Biographical statement

Colin Martindale, PhD, is professor of psychology at the University of Maine and Honorary Professor of Psychology and Art at the Perm State Institute of Arts and Culture in Perm, Russia. He is also an academician at the International Informatization Academy in Moscow. He has served as acting director of clinical training at the University of Maine and as a Visiting Scientist at the Nijmegan Institute for Cognition Research and Information Technology at the University of Nijmegan.

He received his BA summa cum laude from the University of Colorado in 1964 and his PhD in clinical psychology in 1970 from Harvard University. He was also awarded a Doctorat Homoris Causa from the Université Catholique de Louvain.

He is the author, editor, or co-editor of 14 books, convention proceedings and journal special issues and has contracts as author or co-editor of six books. He is the author of around 185 scientific articles, chapters and reviews. He would have more publications if he hadn't gone all over the world to give 195 or so papers, invited addresses and colloquia. Among his more important books are "Cognition and Consciousness" (1981), "The Clockwork Muse: On the Predictability of Artistic Change" (1990) and "Cognitive Psychology: A Neural-Network Approach" (1991).

He is editor of Empirical Studies of the Arts, APA Div. 10's (Society for the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and Art) Bulletin of Psychology and the Arts and co-editor of Baywood Publishing Company's "Foundations and Frontiers" in Aesthetics book series. He currently serves on the editorial boards of Poetics, The Creativity Research Journal, The Journal of Creative Behavior, The Journal of Mind and Behavior and John Benjamin Publishing Company's "Linguistic Approaches to Literature" book series.

Among his honors and awards are the First Prize in the Ninth Annual Creative Talent Awards Program of the American Institutes for Research (for his PhD dissertation), the American Association for the Advancement of Science Sociopsychological Prize, The Gustav Theodor Fechner Award for Outstanding Contributions to Psychology and the Arts from the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics, the Rudolf Arnheim Award for Outstanding Contributions to Psychology and the Arts from APA's Div. 10, and the Paul M. Farnsworth Award for Outstanding Service to Div. 10.

Martindale served as Div. 10 president (1986-87) and as president of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics (1994-98). He has been active in both groups since the 1970s and has served in a variety of positions in both.

Most of his research has been on creativity, his evolutionary theory of artistic and literary change, and experimental aesthetics. However, he has also done work on psycholinguistics, computerized content analysis, author attribution, psychoanalytic theory, statistical methods, personality, abnormal psychology, interpersonal attraction and oligonucleotide frequencies in DNA. His current research is focused on testing predictions derived from his neural-network theories of creativity and beauty and on the importance of aesthetic factors in science.

Martindale's presidential statement

I'm honored to offer my candidacy for 2004 APA president in substitution for Dr. Linda Bartoshuk. Since the time until balloting has grown short, I only get 300 words to make my case. My full 18-point platform as well as a complete biographical statement and vita may be found at

I grew up in Colorado; my father was a poor tenant farmer. I was born with visual and hearing impairments. Perhaps these early experiences have given me more than the usual amount of sympathy for people who suffer from misfortune.

I earned my PhD in clinical psychology from Harvard in 1970 and came to the University of Maine, where I'm now professor of psychology. I have over 200 publications, edit two journals, serve on the board of editors of a few more and have received a number of awards. Details can be found on my Web page. Most of my current research would be classified as being in experimental psychology.

I consider myself neither a clinical nor an experimental psychologist, but just a psychologist. If elected, I'd continue the unification efforts begun by Phil Zimbardo and to be continued by Bob Sternberg. We must stop fighting and work together. We also have to stop overspecialization within both clinical and experimental psychology.

Right now, practicing clinicians (and their clients) face serious problems from insurance companies and managed care. If we don't attack with vigor, we shall lose. Our success is far from certain. If academics help practitioners, they'll remember when academics need help.

Your vote is more important than you may think, as a lot of members don't vote. I hope that members will read all the statements and rank all the candidates.