Cover Story

Percentages of HIV cases reported in 1999 by gender:

Age  % Female  % Male 
13- to 19-year olds  63 47
20- to 24-year-olds  44 66

HIV data are reported by 33 states (not including California and New York) and the U.S. Virgin Islands. SOURCE: Youth and HIV/AIDS 2000: A New American Agenda. White House Office of National AIDS Policy.

In a study of 3,492 15- to 22-year-old men who have sex with men in seven metropolitan areas, researchers found a high percentage were infected with HIV, particularly blacks, men of mixed race or ethnicity, and Hispanics.

Characteristics  % HIV positive 
15- to 19-years-old 5.6
20- to 22-years-old 8.6
White 3.3
Black 14.1
Asian/Asian Am./Pacific Islander  
Hispanic 3
Mixed or other race 6.9
Heterosexual 12.6
Homosexual 3.8
Bisexual 7.5
Transgender 6.5

SOURCE: Valleroy, L.A., MacKellar, D.A., Karon, J.M., Rosen, D.H., McFarland, W., Shehan, D.A., Stoyanoff, S.R., LaLota, M., Celentano, D.D., Koblin, B.A., Thiede, H., Katz, M.H., Torian, L.V., & Janssen, R.S. (2000). HIV prevalence and associated risks in young men who have sex with men. Journal of the American Medical Association, 284(2), 198-204.