Cultural Justification for Caregiving Scale

Construct: Caregivers’ culturally-based reasons for providing care

Reasons for providing careDescription of Measure: The Cultural Justification for Caregiving Scale (CJCS; Dilworth-Anderson et al., 2004 ) is a 10-item measure designed to assess caregivers' cultural reasons and expectations for providing care. Responses are coded as follows: 4 = Strongly Agree, 3 = Somewhat Agree, 2 = Somewhat Disagree, and 1 = Strongly Disagree. Items are summed, and scores may range from 10 to 40, with higher scores indicating stronger cultural reasons for giving care.

In a study of 169 caregivers, Dilworth-Anderson et al. (2004) found that the Cronbach alpha coefficient was.86. They also compared the factor structure of the CJCS across scores of individuals of varying races using a two-group confirmatory factor analysis as available in the M-Plus software package (Muthén & Muthén, 1998–2004). The chi-square difference test comparing the models indicated that the corresponding loadings were not significantly different across racial groups (χ2 = 9.382, 9df, p =.402).


Dilworth-Anderson, P., Goodwin, P. Y., Williams, S. W. (2004). Can culture help explain the physical health effects of caregiving over time among African American caregivers? Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 59B, S138-S145.