The Exemplary Care Scale

Construct: Degree to which a caregiver provides exemplary care to a care-recipient

Description of Measure: The Exemplary Care Scale (ECS; Dooley, et al. 2007) was developed to measure:

  • Provision of personalized care that extends beyond meeting basic needs
  • Respect for the care recipient’s feelings, wishes, opinions, and values.

CaregiverThe ECS contains 11 items that are rated on a Likert-type scale (1 = Never, 2 = Sometimes, 3 = Often, and 4 = Always). Factor analyses indicated that the ECS consists of two factors reflecting provision of exceptional care (Provide) and respect for care-recipient autonomy, wishes, etc. (Respect). The measure is fairly new and studies of its applicability are forthcoming. The scale was initially developed with samples of caregivers of older adults, but it appears to be relevant to caregiving scenarios across the lifespan.


Dooley, W. K., Shaffer, D. R., Lance, C. E., & Williamson, G. M. (2007). Informal care can be better than adequate: Development and evaluation of the Exemplary Care Scale. Rehabilitation Psychology, 52, 359-369.