HOPE Training Modules
An HIV/AIDS Training Resource for HOPE Program Psychologist Trainers
John R. Anderson, PhD
David P. DeVito, MPA
The HOPE Program training modules were developed under contract No. HHSS280200900004C to the Center for Mental Health Services of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Rockville, MD.
Anderson, J. R., DeVito, D. P., & Rerucha, K. R. (2010). HOPE Training Resource Package 2010. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
HOPE Training Resource Package
The American Psychological Association (APA) HIV Office for Psychology Education (HOPE) Training Resource Package 2010 was designed specifically for use by HOPE trainers as they endeavor to train their fellow mental health professionals about the psychological, psychosocial and neuropsychological issues associated with HIV disease.
HOPE Training Resource Package Modules
The Training Resource Package includes the following nine (9) modules:
HIV Virology, Epidemiology, Clinical Course, Testing and Counseling, and Medical Treatments
Module 1 (PDF, 1.6MB) includes information regarding HIV virology, epidemiology, clinical course manifestations, antibody testing, HIV testing and counseling, medical treatments (including side effects, long term effects, and drug resistance), and prophylaxis information. Module 1 concludes with information about Microbicides and ongoing field research.
Integrating Primary and Behavioral Health into HIV/AIDS Care
Module 2 (PDF, 662KB) includes information regarding the integration of primary and behavioral healthcare to better meet the needs of HIV infected individuals. The module begins by providing the context of primary HIV healthcare within the United States and addresses the barriers to collaboration such as reimbursement, time, etc. The topic of triply diagnosed clients — those with mental illness, substance abuse, and HIV — is also addressed. The module concludes by addressing common roles of the mental health provider in assisting HIV/AIDS patients to better utilize primary care.
Assessment Strategies for the HIV/AIDS Infected Population
Module 3 (PDF, 1.2MB) includes information regarding assessment issues for mental health providers, and provides strategies for overcoming some of the inherent issues and barriers. The module begins by addressing the biomedical issues associated with HIV treatment, including neuropsychological disorders, somatic syndromes, and issues with adherence are approached. The module continues with setting the scene for psychological issues faced by HIV infected individuals including both epidemiological detail and illness specific information. Issues such as stigma, discrimination, and disclosure are addressed at length. Psychosocial issues including: social; environmental; spiritual; substance abuse; and, cultural issues conclude this module.
Intervention Strategies for the HIV/AIDS Infected Population
Module 4 (PDF, 795KB) includes information regarding interventions that have been proven to help increase the quality of life for HIV infected individuals. The module begins by addressing general issues in psychotherapeutic interventions, focusing on some common issues addressed in psychotherapy. Interventions are presented for multiple issues faced by infected HIV infected individuals. Interventions are presented with an overview, assessment techniques most widely used, pharmacological treatment options, and the psychotherapeutic treatment recommendations. The counseling technique Motivational Interviewing is introduced as well as the Stages of Change Theory.
Prevention Issues for HIV/AIDS Mental Health Providers
Module 5 (PDF, 977KB) includes information regarding prevention issues for mental health providers. Within this module issues with HIV stigma are addressed at length. Similarly, transmission risk behaviors and determinants of risk are discussed. The steps on how to effectively complete a risk assessment and developing a risk reduction plan are explained. Module 5 addresses and outlines the special considerations needed when working with diverse populations—this information can benefit anyone working with someone who is infected or affected.
HIV/AIDS and Families
Module 6 (PDF, 724KB) is specific toward the needs of families that are infected and/or affected with HIV. The definition of family, and familial factors that may influence an individual lay the foundation to the content of the module. Key issues and an introduction to the challenges of parenting for families affected by HIV are explained. Intervention strategies when working with family members, and/or family are introduced, with links for further information. This module helps tackle issues of disclosing status to family members, and facilitating the discussion with children. Issues such as permanency planning, dealing with multiple loss, grief, and the developmental aspects of dying are also included.
Work in the Lives of HIV-infected Individuals: Roles for psychologists
Module 7 (PDF, 837KB) includes information about HIV and employment. The module addresses challenges that may be faced by psychologists working with infected individuals. Module 7 begins with discussion about how work is important for general well-being of clients and why work may be an issue for clients. Information about social security benefits, HIV disability, and workforce (re)entry programs sponsored by the federal government are also covered. Assessment factors for clients are discussed to help psychologists prepare their clients for potential challenges and barriers faced when wanting to (re)enter the workforce.
Recreational Drug Use, Abuse, and HIV/AIDS
Module 8 (PDF, 555KB) includes information regarding drug use, abuse, and HIV/AIDS. Methamphetamine and its association with HIV is addressed at length, and additional drugs are introduced.
HIV/AIDS and the Transgender Population
Module 9 (PDF, 588KB) provides a brief introduction to the transgender population and HIV/AIDS. This brief overview includes information about the transgender culture, specific HIV risks and barriers to care, and recommended prevention strategies.
Office on AIDS Resources
Nearly 50 percent screened positive for mental health disorder.
Nearly 40 percent reported illicit drug use other than marijuana.
More than 12 percent screened positive for drug dependence (Bing et al., 2001).