The Americans With Disabilities Act and How It Affects Psychologists

The Law

Provides an overview of the ADA, its relevance to psychology and to psychologists working in a variety of settings. 1996, Pamphlet. Produced by the Committee on Disability Issues in Psychology (CDIP) of the American Psychological Association

The Law

The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is a federal statute designed to prevent discrimination and to promote equal opportunities for persons with disabilities. The ADA provides protection against discrimination for persons who have physical, sensory, or mental disabilities that substantially limit one or more daily life functions. The ADA provides civil rights protection to persons with disabilities in the areas of:

  • Employment,

  • Access to public services,

  • Access to public and private transportation,

  • Telecommunication services.

The ADA provides legal recourse for persons with disabilities to address discrimination based on their disability.

The ADA has four titles. These are:

Title I – Prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities in the area of employment including hiring and promotion practices, as well as employee benefits such as training, fringe benefits, and social opportunities that are designated as part of the job description.

Title II – States that local and state governments are prohibited from discrimination on the basis of a person's disability.

Title III – Mandates that all public accommodations to which the general public has access, including services, businesses, agencies, public transportation, and other entities, must be accessible to individuals with disabilities.

Title IV – States that all telecommunications must be accessible to individuals with disabilities.

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