Ethics for Psychologists: A Commentary on the APA Ethics Code
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
This book is offered as a practical resource to help psychologists learn and apply the APA Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct. In three concise sessions, Ethics for Psychologists informs psychologists of salient considerations in ethical decision making. The first section acquaints the reader with the overall process of ethical decision making and describes the history of the APA Ethics Code.
The second part examines the 1992 revision of the Ethics Code in depth, including standards that are applicable to all psychologists and standards that may be more or less applicable to an individual psychologist depending on his or her professional role. The discussions in this section are conveniently organized in the same sequence as the standards from the APA Ethics Code. Each commentary provides additional descriptive material to address the questions that are likely to be raised by psychologists with regard to a given standard.
The last section puts the ethical principles in context by describing how psychology is regulated by professional organizations as well as local, state, and federal law.
List of APA Ethical Standards
- Learning the Process of Ethical Decision Making
- Changing the Rules That Govern Psychologists: The Evolution of the APA Ethics Code
II. Interpreting the Ethics Code
- General Standards
- Evaluation, Assessment, or Intervention
- Advertising and Other Public Statements
- Privacy and Confidentiality
- Teaching, Training Supervision, Research, and Publishing
- Forensic Activities
- Resolving Ethical Issues
- Putting Ethics Into Context
- APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
- APA Record Keeping Guidelines
- APA Ethics Committee Rules and Procedures
About the Authors
Mathilda B. Canter received her PhD from Arizona State University in 1965 and has been in independent practice as a clinical and consulting psychologist in Phoenix, Arizona since completing her postdoctoral internship. Long active in professional affairs on local, state, and national levels, Canter has served as Chair of the APA Ethics Committee and of the subcommittee that shepherded the current APA Ethics Code through to its adoption. A member of the APA Board of Directors, Canter is a past president of the APA Division of Psychotherapy, served for 10 years on the Arizona State Board of Psychologist Examiners, including terms as Secretary and Chair, and has served on the Board of the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB). She is also a Distinguished Practitioner of the National Academies of Practice. The APA Divisions of Psychotherapy and Independent Practice and the ASPPB have honored Canter for her contributions to professional psychology.
Bruce E. Bennett is the Executive Director of the APA Insurance Trust and a former member of the APA Board of Directors. He was instrumental in the drafting and passage of the new APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Bennett is a past president of the Illinois Psychological Association and served for many years as the Executive Director and Health Service Consultant to the Illinois Psychological Association. Prior to his relocation to the Washington, DC area, Bennett served on numerous committees of the APA and committees of the American Bar Association and the Illinois State Bar Association. Bennett's areas of expertise include professional liability and risk management, marketing and promotion of psychological services, ethics, and malpractice insurance issues. He is a coeditor of the APA monograph Professional Liability and Risk Management.
Stanley E. Jones completed his PhD in clinical psychology at the University of Florida at Gainesville. He worked several years in a mental health center based in Bronson, Florida and then moved to a private practice in Orlando, Florida. After 11 years of practice in Orlando, Jones accepted the position as Director of the APA Ethics Office, where he has served since July 1990. During his years in Florida, Jones was active in the Florida Psychological Association, serving in several positions, including President and Ethics Chair. In APA work, he was the Federal Advocacy Coordinator from Florida (1987–1990), served as the APA Liaison to the Champus Mental Health Advisory Panel (1988), and was elected to the APA Council of Representatives from Florida. In 1989, he was named Outstanding Psychologist of the Year in Florida.
Thomas F. Nagy received his PhD from the University of Illinois a t Champaign–Urbana in 1972. He joined the staff at Loyola University in Chicago the same year, beginning a diverse career that includes independent practice, consulting, and teaching. Currently, he is in independent practice in Palo Alto, California and is also affiliated with the Department of Psychiatry at Stanford University School of Medicine. Nagy has been active in the area of professional ethics since 1980, having chaired the Ethics Committee of the Illinois Psychological Association and served on ethics committees of the California and the American Psychological Associations. He chaired the original Task Force for the Revision of the Ethical Principles of Psychology and served on the Revision Comments Subcommittee from 1989 through 1992. As a part of his interest in consumer awareness of psychological issues, he consults regularly with students and patients, and he also provides consultation and workshop presentations for attorneys, educators, and institutions.