Taxometrics: Toward a New Diagnostic Scheme for Psychopathology
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) provides a common language for mental health professionals and enhances the reliability of diagnoses; however, it does have its limitations. Notably, there is little basis for its current categorical representation of diagnostic entities.
In this volume, the authors present a much needed, alternative approach to developing the DSM-taxometrics, an applied data-analytic tool that discerns categories from continua and establishes defining indicators of identified categories. Integrating the work of Paul Meehl and colleagues, the book begins the ambitious task of "true diagnostics," that is, the application of taxometrics to psychopathological syndromes. In the book, the authors review what is known about the categorical nature of diagnoses, provide a user-friendly primer about taxometrics, and describe the methodology for applying taxometric procedures to diagnostic categories in the DSM. This provocative book will be of interest to any mental health professional who is committed to the refinement of diagnostic procedures.
Introduction: Taxometrics Can "Do Diagnostics Right"
- The Nature of Classification
- Evolution of Classification in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Current Problems and Proposed Alternatives
- An Analytic Primer: How Do You Do Taxometrics?
- Diagnosing a Taxon: Specific applications for the DSM
- Taxometric Studies of Psychopathology: Where Are the Taxa?
- Taxometric Studies of Psychopathology: Future Directions
About the Authors
Norman B. Schmidt received his PhD in 1991 from the University of Texas at Austin in clinical psychology. He completed his clinical internship at Brown University Medical Center as well as a NIH postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Texas at Austin. Currently, he is a Professor of Psychology at Florida State University where he directs the Anxiety and Behavioral Health Clinic.
Dr. Schmidt's work primarily focuses on the nature and treatment of anxiety disorders. He conducts experimental psychopathology research as well as prevention and treatment trials for anxiety disorders.
Dr. Schmidt has published over 80 articles and book chapters as well as a recent book, also published by APA, on combined treatments for mental disorders. Most of these articles focus on the nature, causes and treatment of anxiety problems as well as the medical or health consequences of pathological anxiety. He currently serves on the Editorial Boards of many of the leading psychopathology journals.
His research has been funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, the Department of Defense, Ohio State University, Ameritech Corporation and the Ohio Department of Mental Health. For his research, Dr. Schmidt has received numerous awards including the American Psychological Association's Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology in the Area of Applied Research.
Roman Kotov studied physics at the Moscow State University. He received a double BS in physics and psychology from the Ohio State University in 2000. He is currently a PhD candidate in clinical psychology at the University of Iowa.
Mr. Kotov's research interests include taxometrics, individual differences in psychopathology as well as cross-cultural studies. He has authored or co-authored several articles evaluating the taxonicity of constructs related to anxiety.
Thomas Joiner received his PhD in Clinical Psychology in 1993 from the University of Texas at Austin. He is the Bright-Burton Professor and Director, University Psychology Clinic, in the Department of Psychology at the Florida State University.
Dr. Joiner's recent papers on the psychology, neurobiology, and treatment of depression, suicidal behavior, anxiety, and eating disorders have established him as a leading international expert in these areas.
He has authored or edited six books and published close to 200 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Joiner was Associate Editor of the journal Behavior Therapy, and currently sits on many editorial boards.
Dr. Joiner has received numerous awards for his work including a Guggenheim Fellowship as well as the Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contribution to Psychology from the American Psychological Association in the area of psychopathology. His work has been supported by research grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and various foundations.