The Transformation of Psychology: Influences of 19th-Century Philosophy, Technology, and Natural Science

Pages: 245
Item #: 431661A
ISBN: 978-1-55798-776-1
List Price: $39.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $29.95
Copyright: 2001
Format: Hardcover
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Overview

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At the end of the 18th century, leading minds of the age believed that psychology was inherently constrained from rising to the level of a natural science. By the beginning of the 20th century, scientific psychology was pervasive. How did this change occur so quickly? The Transformation of Psychology: Influences of 19th-Century Philosophy, Technology, and Natural Science reveals some of the intellectual, social, technological, and institutional currents and practices that were commonplace during the 19th century that fostered a radical reappraisal of the scientific possibilities for psychology.

Whereas the "standard" historical narrative focuses on Fechner's psychophysics, Helmholtz's physiology, and Wundt's physiological psychology, this volume explores a collection of diverse areas of study that attempted to render psychology scientific. Readers will encounter many fascinating currents of thought, from eugenics and mathematical beauty to prognosticators and phrenologists in this rich and insightful book.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Acknowledgments

Introduction
—Christopher D. Green, Marlene Shore, and Thomas Teo

  1. Eugenics and Other Victorian "Secular Religions"
    —Raymond E. Fancher
  2. Practical Phrenology as Psychological Counseling in the 19th Century United States
    —Michael M. Sokal
  3. Sealing Off the Discipline: William Wundt and the Psychology of Memory
    —Kurt Danziger
  4. Psychology and Memory in the Midst of Change: The Social Concerns of Late-19th-Century North American Psychologists
    —Marlene Shore
  5. The Psychology of Mathematical Beauty in the 19th Century: The Golden Section
    —John G. Benjafield
  6. Cause Into Function: Ernst Mach and the Reconstruction of Explanation in Psychology
    —Andrew S. Winston
  7. Charles Babbage, the Analytical Engine, and the Possibility of a 19th-Century Cognitive Science
    —Christopher D. Green
  8. Instincts and Instruments
    —Katharine Anderson
  9. Philosophic Doubts About Psychology as a Natural Science
    —Charles W. Tolman
  10. Karl Marx and Wilhelm Dilthey on the Socio–Historical Conceptualization of the Mind
    —Thomas Teo
  11. Early Development and Psychology: Genetic and Embryological Influences, 1880–1920
    —Fredric Weizmann

Index

About the Editors