Manual of Diagnosis and Professional Practice in Mental Retardation
Changes in the way mental retardation is defined have mainly reflected changing conceptions of how it should be measured. One important goal of this book is to institute a workable definition, founded on scientific and evolutionary perspectives, that provides guidelines for recognizing and classifying mental retardation within the context of a comprehensive, differential assessment and diagnostic process.
This comprehensive manual is the ultimate consolidated source of major findings from psychological science and practice in the field of mental retardation. The contributing authors address a broad range of topics—adaptive behavior, neuropsychology, biological factors in prevention and treatment, psychometrics, cultural and legal considerations, sexuality, and interdisciplinary collaboration in service delivery.
The standards and practices highlighted in this volume will serve as a starting point for further advances as well as for a more profound understanding of the developmental and behavioral processes that are involved in mental retardation and other disorders of human development.
—John W. Jacobson and James A. Mulick
- Definition of Mental Retardation
- The Social Ecology of Mental Retardation
—Sharon Landesman Ramey, Ellen Dossett, and Karen Echols
- Classification of Mental Retardation
—Maureen S. Durkin and Zena A. Stein
—John W. Jacobson and James A. Mulick
- Intellectual Development
—Donald K. Routh
- The Structure of Adaptive Behavior
—Keith F. Widaman and Kevin S. McGrew
II. Assessment and Diagnosis
- Mental Retardation and Assessment of Cognitive Processes
—J. P. Das and Jack A. Naglieri
- Everyday Intelligence and Adaptive Behavior: A Theoretical Framework
—Stephen Greenspan, Harvey N. Switzky, and James M. Granfield
- Adaptive Development, Survival Roles, and Quality of Life
—Rune J. Simeonsson and Rick J. Short
- Psychopathology in Mental Retardation
—Johannes Rojahn and Marc J. Tassé
- Assessment of Social Functioning
—Johnny L. Matson and David Hammer
- Neuropsychology and Mental Retardation
—Mark Schachter and Robert Demerath
- Major Technological Breakthroughs in the Diagnosis of Mental Retardation
—Richard E. McClead, Jr., James A. Menke, and Daniel L. Coury
- Behavioral Assessment
—Thomas R. Linscheid, Brian A. Iwata, and Richard M. Foxx
- Assessment of Quality of Life
—Laird W. Heal, Sharon A. Borthwick-Duffy, and Richard R. Saunders
III. Prevention and Treatment
- Prevention: Social and Educational Factors and Early Intervention
—Craig T. Ramey, Beverly A. Mulvihill, and Sharon Landesman Ramey
- Prevention: Biological Factors
—Alfred A. Baumeister and Pamela Woodley-Zanthos
- Cultural Considerations in Assessment, Diagnosis, and Intervention
—Deborah L. Coates and Peter M. Vietze
- Communicating Assessment Results in Mental Retardation
—James A. Mulick and James Bradford Hale
- Cognitive and Vocational Interventions for School-Age Children and Adolescents With Mental Retardation
—Alan C. Repp, Judy Favell, and Dennis Munk
- Families Coping With Mental Retardation: Assessment and Therapy
—Frank J. Floyd, George H. S. Singer, Laurie E. Powers, and Catherine L. Costigan
- Parent Training
—Bruce L. Baker
- Sexuality and Sexual Development
—Denise Valenti-Hein and Jason R. Dura
- The Mentally Retarded Offender
—George S. Baroff
—Mark H. Lewis, Michael G. Aman, Kenneth D. Gadow, Stephen R. Schroeder, and Travis Thompson
- Applied Behavioral Interventions
—Nirbhay N. Singh, J. Grayson Osborne, and Nancy H. Huguenin
- Behavior Therapies: A Multimodal Diagnostic and Intervention Model
—William I. Gardner, Janice L. Graeber, and Christine L. Cole
- Counseling and Psychotherapy
—Anne DesNoyers Hurley, Al Pfadt, Dan Tomasulo, and William I. Gardner
IV. Service Delivery
- Management and Organizational Issues in the Delivery of Psychological Services for People With Mental Retardation
—Todd R. Risley and Dennis H. Reid
- Interdisciplinary Collaboration in the Practice of Mental Retardation
—Dennis D. Drotar and Lynne A. Sturm
- Wraparound Services
—John D. Burchard, Margaret Atkins, and Sara N. Burchard
- Professional Advocacy and Legal Issues
—Richard J. Landau
- Concluding Comments
—James A. Mulick
Appendix A: Guidelines on Effective Behavioral Treatment for Persons With Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities: A Resolution by APA Division 33
Appendix B: Resolution on Facilitated Communication by the American Psychological Association
About the Editors
John W. Jacobson received his BS in psychology from Union College, Schenectady, NY; his MS in general applied psychology, applied operant specialty, from the University of Bridgeport, CT; and his PhD in general applied psychology, developmental disabilities sequence, from the University of Vermont, Burlington.
From 1972 to 1977 he worked as a psychology assistant in community developmental disabilities services, in an autism specialty educational center and a private practice, and as a university teaching assistant and instructor in behavior modification and self-management. After receiving his MS degree he worked as a staff neuropsychologist in the Neurology Service of the New Hampshire Hospital, Concord. Since 1978 he has been Associate Planner and applied researcher with the New York State Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, Albany. For the past decade he has also been affiliated with Independent Living in the Capital District, a community agency providing housing services for people with physical disabilities.
Dr. Jacobson has published extensively on the topics of developmental disabilities and population disability demographics, program evaluation, clinical services management and development, psychiatric disability, adaptive development, and treatment efficacy. He is principal editor of Community Living for People With Developmental and Psychiatric Disabilities and a member of the editorial boards of the American Journal on Mental Retardation, the Adult Residential Care Journal, and Behavioral Interventions.
He is a Fellow of the American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR) and has served as a state, regional, and national officer of AAMR. He is the 1994 recipient of the Association for Behavior Analysis Award for Excellence in Public Service in Behavior Analysis. Dr. Jacobson is a Fellow of APA and is currently President of the Division of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities (Division 33).
His present work focuses on clinical and managerial issues in the delivery of supported housing and individual support services for people with developmental disabilities.
James A. Mulick received his BA degree in psychology from Rutgers College in New Brunswick, NJ, and then completed graduate studies at the University of Vermont, where he received his MA and PhD degrees in general psychology, specializing in learning and behavioral development.
He completed a postdoctoral fellowship in clinical child psychology at the Child Development Institute, Division for Disorders of Development and Learning, at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He has held clinical supervisor positions at Murdoch Center, Butner, NC, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center for Mental Retardation in Waltham, MA, and the Child Development Center of Rhode Island Hospital in Providence.
Dr. Mulick has taught and held graduate faculty appointments at Northeastern University, the University of Rhode Island, and the Brown University Program in Medicine, and presently has joint appointments as Professor in the departments of Pediatrics and Psychology at The Ohio State University, Columbus.
Dr. Mulick has authored numerous publications in the areas of learning, developmental psychobiology, behavior analysis, mental retardation and developmental disabilities, policy analysis, and curriculum development for advanced and postdoctoral professional education. He is co-editor of the award-winning Handbook of Mental Retardation, Parent–Professional Partnerships in Developmental Disability Services, and Prevention of Developmental Disabilities, and Series Editor of the four-volume Transitions in Mental Retardation monograph series. He is a member of the editorial review boards of Research in Developmental Disabilities, The Behavior Analyst, Behavioral Interventions, and the American Journal of Mental Retardation.
Dr. Mulick has served in elected and appointed leadership roles in several scientific and professional societies, is a Fellow of APA, the American Association for Applied and Preventive Psychology, and the American Psychological Society, and a Clinical Fellow of the Behavior Therapy and Research Society. He is past President of APA's Division of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities (Division 33).
Research interests include basic and applied behavior analysis, ecological methods in behavior analysis, early childhood and developmental psychopathology, mental retardation, psychopharmacology, and policy analysis relating to children and to persons with disabilities.