As a science and health service profession, psychology is both relevant to, and continuously impacted by, public policy debates and decisions. However, few are aware of the interconnection between public policy and psychology, and fewer still act on this awareness. This volume will increase psychologists' understanding of and contribution to public policy formation. In turn, it should increase psychologists' involvement in the evaluation and implementation of public policy decisions in the hope that one day, policymakers will view input from the field as an expected and necessary component of policy formation and review.

This collection of chapters, some new and some previously published in the American Psychologist, conveys the reciprocal importance of public policy formation and psychology. Many of psychology's leading researchers, clinicians, and policymakers; including psychologists active in the development of public policy and the coordination of advocacy efforts for the discipline's betterment are brought together in this volume. These selections will provide readers with a greater understanding of policy evolution and deeper insights into the ways in which the discipline's involvement in public policy formation can enhance psychology's public standing and promote public support of the field.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Foreword: Psychology, Public Policy, and the Congressional Fellowship Program
—Raymond D. Fowler

Preface: Psychology and Public Policy—A Profession's Response to Public Need

Introduction: Reshaping Our Views of Our Field
—Raymond P. Lorion and Ira Iscoe

I. Coevolution of Psychology and Policy

Introduction: Public Policy—A Process With a Purpose
—Robert G. Frank and Joanne E. Callan

  1. Toward a Psychology of Change and Innovation
    —Seymour B. Sarason
  2. Public Policy and Public Service: Our Professional Duty
    —Patrick H. DeLeon
  3. Psychology and Public Policy in the "Health Care Revolution"
    —Charles A. Kiesler and Teru L. Morton
  4. Legal Policy Analysis and Evaluation
    —Michael J. Saks
  5. Psychology in the Public Interest: What Have We Done? What Can We Do?
    —M. Brewster Smith

II. Psychological Science as a Policy Resource

Introduction: A Renewed Need for Research on the Science of Public Policy
—Pamela Ebert Flattau and William Howell

  1. On Being Useful: The Nature and Consequences of Psychological Research on Social Problems
    —Nathan Caplan and Stephen D. Nelson
  2. On Getting in Bed With a Lion
    —William Bevan
  3. Social Scientists and Decision Makers Look at the Usefulness of Mental Health Research
    —Janet A Weiss and Carol H. Weiss
  4. The Role of Psychological Research in the Formation of Policies Affecting Children
    —Eleanor E. Maccoby, Alfred J. Kahn, and Barbara A. Everett
  5. Making Research Apply: High Stakes Public Policy in a Regulatory Environment
    —Dane Archer, Thomas F. Pettigrew, and Elliot Aronson

III. Public Health and Public Priorities

Introduction: Balancing Expertise With Practical Realities
—Russ Newman and Trudy Vincent

  1. Organized Psychology's Efforts to Influence Judicial Policy Making
    —Charles R. Tremper
  2. When Psychology Informs Public Policy: The Case of Early Childhood Intervention
    —Martin Woodhead
  3. Psychology and Public Policy: Tool or Toolmaker?
    —Baruch Fischoff
  4. How to Influence Public Policy: A Blueprint for Activism
    —Patrick H. DeLeon, Anne Marie O'Keefe, Gary R. VandenBos, and Alan G. Kraut
  5. Health Psychology in the 21st Century: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome as a Harbinger of Things to Come
    —Margaret A. Chesney
  6. U.S. Mental Health Policy: Proactive Evolution in the Midst of Health Care Reform
    —Gary R. VandenBos

IV. Policymakers: Their View

Introduction: Psychologists' Contributions to the Policy Process
—Henry Tomes and Annette U. Rickel

  1. Children and the Congress: A Time to Speak Out
    —George Miller
  2. Disability and Rehabilitation Research From Policy to Program: A Personal Perspective
    —David Bertsch Gray
  3. Psychology research and NIMH: Opportunities and Challenges
    —Alan I. Leshner
  4. Violence Against Women: The Congressional Response
    —Joseph R. Biden, Jr.

V. Thoughts From the Public Policy Front Line

  1. Moving Psychology Toward (Self) Recognition as a Public Resource: The Views of a Congressman Psychologist
    —Ted Strickland

Appendix: APA Congressional Fellows, 1974–1995

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors