Methodological Issues and Strategies in Clinical Research, Third Edition

Pages: 913
Item #: 431692A
ISBN: 978-1-55798-958-1
List Price: $49.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $39.95
Copyright: 2003
Format: Hardcover
Other Format: Softcover
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Note: This book is out of print and no longer available for purchase.
Overview

This third edition of the now-classic Methodological Issues and Strategies in Clinical Research is, like its predecessors, intended to assist students and professionals alike in increasing their mastery of the range of methodological approaches available with which to examine clinical issues and phenomena. Editor Alan E. Kazdin's goal is to foster a greater understanding of the implications of decisions about methodology and design in the context of contemporary research practices.

Presented are articles on experimental design; the principles, procedures, and practices that govern research; assessment of study constructs and their interrelationships; potential sources of artifact and bias; methods of data analysis and interpretation; ethical issues; and publication and communication of research findings.

The book's divisions mirror the logical and (often) the temporal order of the research process, focusing in turn on each step traversed during the course of an investigation:

  • Background and Underpinnings of Research
  • Beginning the Research Process
  • Methods: Principles and Practices
  • Assessment
  • Data Analysis, Evaluation, and Interpretation
  • Special Topics in Clinical Research
  • Ethics in Research
  • Publication and Communication of Research
  • Perspectives on Methodology

With 19 new articles and significantly revised and expanded introductory material, the third edition features many scholarly contributions that explicate core concepts, survey contemporary issues in research, and elaborate on ethical responsibilities in relation both to research participants and to science itself. Additions include articles on mediators and moderators of effects, on methods for studying the efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, and on ways of incorporating systematic observation and evaluation into clinical practice to improve patient care. A key concept reiterated throughout is that methodology, far from being a neutral tool for acquiring knowledge, is a powerful contributor to and determinant of the knowledge that one obtains.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

I. Introduction: Overview and Background

  1. Methodology: What It Is and Why It Is So Important
    —Alan E. Kazdin
  2. Unified Psychology
    —Robert J. Sternberg and Elena L. Grigorenko

II. Beginning the Research Process

  1. Getting Out of Our Conceptual Ruts: Strategies for Expanding Conceptual Frameworks
    —Allan W. Wicker
  2. Toward Terminological, Conceptual, and Statistical Clarity in the Study of Mediators and Moderators: Examples from the Child-Clinical and Pediatric Psychology Literatures
    —Grayson N. Holmbeck
  3. In Defense of External Invalidity
    —Douglas G. Mook
  4. When Small Effects Are Impressive
    —Deborah A. Prentice and Dale T. Miller

III. Methods: Principles and Practices

  1. Random Sampling, Randomization, and Equivalence of Contrasted Groups in Psychotherapy Outcome Research
    —Louis M. Hsu
  2. Stimulus Sampling in Clinical Research: Representative Design Reviewed
    —Brendan A. Maher
  3. Science, Ethnicity, and Bias: Where Have We Gone Wrong?
    —Stanley Sue
  4. Ethnic Representation in a Sample of the Literature of Applied Psychology
    —Leslie Case and Timothy B. Smith

IV. Assessment

  1. Constructing Validity: Basic Issues in Objective Scale Development
    —Lee Anna Clark and David Watson
  2. Clinical Applications of Analogue Behavioral Observation: Dimensions of Psychometric Evaluation
    —Stephen N. Haynes
  3. Psychological Testing and Psychological Assessment: A Review of Evidence and Issues
    —Gregory J. Meyer, Stephen E. Finn, Lorraine D. Eyde, Gary G. Kay, Kevin L. Moreland, Robert R. Dies, Elena J. Eisman, Tom W. Kubiszyn, and Geoffrey M. Reed
  4. Methodological Issues in Assessment Research With Ethnic Minorities
    —Sumie Okazaki and Stanley Sue

V. Data Analysis, Evaluation, and Interpretation

  1. On the Origins of the .05 Level of Statistical Significance
    —Michael Cowles and Caroline Davis
  2. Hypothesis Validity of Clinical Research
    —Bruce E. Wampold, Betsy Davis, and Roland H. Good III
  3. Things I Have Learned (So Far)
    —Jacob Cohen
  4. A Power Primer
    —Jacob Cohen
  5. Statistical Significance Testing and Cumulative Knowledge in Psychology: Implications for Training of Researchers
    —Frank L. Schmidt
  6. One Cheer for Null Hypothesis Significance Testing
    —Howard Wainer
  7. The Proof of the Pudding: An Illustration of the Relative Strengths of Null Hypothesis, Meta-Analysis, and Bayesian Analysis
    —George S. Howard, Scott E. Maxwell, and Kevin J. Fleming

VI. Special Topics in Clinical Research

  1. Research on Psychotherapy Efficacy and Effectiveness: Between Scylla and Charybdis?
    —Peter E. Nathan, Scott P. Stuart, and Sara L. Dolan
  2. Are Results of Randomized Controlled Trials Useful to Psychotherapists?
    —Jacqueline B. Persons and George Silberschatz
  3. Improving the Transition From Basic Efficacy Research to Effectiveness Studies: Methodological Issues and Procedures
    —Gregory N. Clarke
  4. The Role of Method in Treatment Effectiveness Research: Evidence from Meta-Analysis
    —David B. Wilson and Mark W. Lipsey
  5. Outcome Assessment: From Conceptualization to Implementation
    —Michael J. Lambert, John C. Okiishi, Arthur E. Finch, and Lynn D. Johnson
  6. Single-Participant Research Design: Bringing Science to Managed Care
    —David L. Morgan and Robin K. Morgan
  7. Drawing Valid Inferences From Case Studies
    —Alan E. Kazdin
  8. Efficacy and Specific Effects Data on New Treatments: A Case Study Strategy with Mixed Anxiety-Depression
    —Karla Moras, Leslie A. Telfer, and David H. Barlow
  9. Clinical Significance: Measuring Whether Interventions Make a Difference
    —Alan E. Kazdin
  10. Toward the Incorporation of Costs, Cost-Effectiveness Analysis, and Cost-Benefit Analysis Into Clinical Research
    —Brian T. Yates

VII. Ethics in Research

  1. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
    —American Psychological Association
  2. Moral Foundations in Research With Human Participants
    —M. Brewster Smith
  3. Ethical Transgressions of Psychology Graduate Students: Critical Incidents With Implications For Training
    —Barbara J. Fly, William P. van Bark, Laura Weinman, Karen Strohm Kitchener, and Patrick R. Lang
  4. Reflections on Determining Authorship Credit and Authorship Order on Faculty–Student Collaborations
    —Mark A. Fine and Lawrence A. Kurdek

VIII. Publication and Communication of Research

  1. Statistical Methods in Psychology Journals: Guidelines and Explanations
    —Leland Wilkinson and the Task Force on Statistical Inference
  2. Preparing and Evaluating Research Reports
    —Alan E. Kazdin
  3. Writing a Review Article for Psychological Bulletin
    —Daryl J. Bem

IX. Perspectives on Methodology

  1. Methodology: General Lessons to Guide Research
    —Alan E. Kazdin

Index

About the Editor