Prescriptive Authority for Psychologists: A History and Guide
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
Prescriptive Authority for Psychologists examines the struggle of psychologists to acquire the authority to prescribe psychotropic medications. The chapter authors, all psychologists at the forefront of the movement for prescriptive authority, recount the academic, political, and organizational issues that must be addressed to make this expansion of psychological practice a reality.
The book compares the history of the efforts of psychologists to acquire prescriptive authority with that of other healthcare professions, such as medical doctors, who at the beginning of the 20th century, competed with nurses and pharmacists for the right to prescribe. Authors provide details on the structure of existing prescriptive training programs as well as political strategies that advocates have used to advance legislation.
The book also examines the future of prescriptive authority and how psychologists can integrate it into their treatment armamentarium to achieve the goal of becoming primary providers of behavioral healthcare services. This volume is both an exciting history and a powerful piece of advocacy that bequeaths a vision of the future of psychological practice.
Foreword: Reflections on Prescriptive Authority and the Evolution of Psychology in the 21st Century
—Patrick H. DeLeon
- Introduction: The Politics and Pragmatics of Prescriptive Authority
—Morgan T. Sammons
- Early Efforts by Psychologists to Obtain Prescriptive Authority
—Ronald E. Fox
- Doubts About Prescribing
—Laura S. Brown
- The Prescriptive Authority Agenda: Evolving Structures and Efforts in the American Psychological Association
—Ruth Ullmann Paige and Elizabeth A. Robinson
- The Department of Defense Experiment: The Psychopharmacology Demonstration Project
—Gregory B. Laskow and Dennis J. Grill
- Experiences of a Department of Defense Prescribing Psychologist: A Personal Account
—Debra Lina Dunivin
- Training Programs
—Ronald F. Levant, Judith E. N. Albino, Anita B. Brown, Samuel A. Feldman, Raymond A. Folen, Peggy Kaczmarek, Elaine S. LeVine, Robert E. McGrath, Gloria D. Pickar, A. Eugene Shapiro, Steven R. Tulkin, and Cal VanderPlate
- The Struggle in the States
—Tommy T. Stigall, Charles A. Faltz, Raymond A. Folen, and Cal VanderPlate
- Alliances With Consumers Groups and Other Associations
—Linda F. Campbell Pat Gardner
- Psychopharmacology Examination for Psychologists Developed by the American Psychological Association Practice Organization's College of Professional Psychology
—Patricia M. Bricklin and Janet Ciuccio
- Prescribing Psychologists: The Future
—Morgan T. Sammons, Ruth Ullmann Paige, and Ronald F. Levant
About the Editors
Morgan T. Sammons, PhD, received his doctoral degree from Arizona State University in Tempe. He is one of the first graduates of the U.S. Department of Defense Psychopharmacology Demonstration Project. He has written and lectured extensively on psychopharmacology and prescriptive authority for psychologists. He is an associate editor of Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. Dr. Sammons is the coeditor of the book Combined Treatments for Mental Disorders: A Guide to Psychological and Pharmacological Interventions. He is a Commander in the U.S. Navy in full-time clinical practice as head of the Mental Health Department at the Naval Medical Clinic, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), immediate past president of the Maryland Psychological Association (2001/2002), representative to APA Council for Division 55 (American Society for the Advancement of Pharmacotherapy), and a member of the board of directors of the National Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology.
Ruth Ullmann Paige, PhD, has a group practice with focus on couples and people with chronic illness (multiple sclerosis, cancer, and diabetes). She is an APA Fellow, and her Washington State Psychological Association (WSPA) governance activities include Trustee of the APA Insurance Trust, member of the APA Presidential Unity Task Force, former member of the APA Board of Directors, Council of Representatives, Board of Professional Affairs, Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice, and President of WSPA. Advocacy on behalf of psychology has earned her an APA Presidential Citation (2000); a WSPA Sustained Contribution Award (1999); a WSPA Distinguished Psychologist Award (1990); the Karl F. Heiser Award (1994); and a Certificate of Appreciation (1997) from the Society for Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues. In 2002, she was awarded the APA State Leadership Award for work that assured representation of every state and division on the APA Council.
Ronald F. Levant, EdD, ABPP, earned his doctorate in clinical psychology and public practice from Harvard University in 1973. Since then, he has been a clinician in solo independent practice, clinical supervisor in hospital settings, clinical and academic administrator, and academic faculty member. He has served on the faculties of Boston, Rutgers, and Harvard Universities. He is currently dean and professor of the Center for Psychological Studies at Nova Southeastern University. He has also served as president of the Massachusetts Psychological Association, president of APA Division 43 (Family Psychology), cofounder and first president of APA Division 51 (Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity), two-term member and two-term chair of the APA Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice, two-term member of the APA Council of Representatives, and Member-at-Large of the APA Board of Directors. He is currently serving his second term as recording secretary of APA and as chair of APA’s Task Force on Promoting Resilience in Response to Terrorism.