The Muscular Ideal: Psychological, Social, and Medical Perspectives

Pages: 265
Item #: 4317127
ISBN: 978-1-59147-792-1
List Price: $19.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 2007
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
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For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories


The muscular ideal is increasingly becoming the preferred body type for men, adolescent boys and even some women. Why is this body type the new ideal, and how did it develop? Why are some people driven to achieve heightened muscularity, and how do they do it? What risks to physical and mental health are involved when extreme behaviors are undertaken in the pursuit of the muscular ideal?

This edited book draws on new research to provide an overview of the muscular ideal, including historical and present socioeconomic trends, assessment and measurement issues, and clinical presentation of disorders such as muscle dysmorphia. Chapters also cover related issues such as steroid use, repeated cosmetic surgery, and prevention issues. The target audience includes sport and health psychologists, clinical and counseling psychologists, and graduate students in psychology, sociology, gender roles, and health and sport science courses.

Table of Contents


—Thomas F. Cash

The Muscular Ideal: An Introduction
—J. Kevin Thompson and Guy Cafri

I. Cultural, Social, and Psychological Perspectives

  1. Muscle Dissatisfaction: An Overview of Psychological and Cultural Research and Theory
    —James J. Gray and Rebecca L. Ginsberg
  2. Muscularity and Masculinity in the United States: A Historical Review
    —Lynne Luciano
  3. Size Matters: Connecting Subculture to Culture in Bodybuilding
    —Alan Klein

II. Definitions and Measurement

  1. The Drive for Muscularity Scale: Description, Psychometrics, and Research Findings
    —Donald R. McCreary
  2. Measurement of the Muscular Ideal
    —Guy Cafri and J. Kevin Thompson

III. Medical Issues, Treatment, and Prevention

  1. Muscle Dysmorphia: Characteristics, Assessment, and Treatment
    —Roberto Olivardia
  2. Muscle Enhancement Substances and Strategies
    —Michael S. Bahrke
  3. The Prevention of Anabolic Steroid Use Among Adolescents
    —Linn Goldberg and Dianne L. Elliot

IV. Special Topics

  1. Cosmetic Procedures to Enhance Body Shape and Muscularity
    —David B. Sarwer, Canice E. Crerand, and Lauren M. Gibbons
  2. Pursuit of Muscularity Among Adolescents
    —Lina A. Ricciardelli and Marita P. McCabe
  3. A More Muscular Female Body Ideal
    —Amanda J. Gruber

V. Conclusion

  1. The Muscular Ideal: Future Directions and Closing Comments
    — Joan C. Crisler and Sam V. Cochran

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors