Assessing Hispanic Clients Using the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
Persons of Hispanic origin are the largest ethnic minority group in the United States. Practitioners involved in personality assessment will undoubtedly work with Hispanic clients who may be grappling with low English proficiency and other challenges of acculturation to U.S. society. Written by front-line experts in the use of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Assessing Hispanic Clients Using the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A discusses the utility of psychological tests based on U.S. norms in making clinical decisions for clients from different cultural backgrounds.
The MMPI instruments are the most extensively researched and widely used personality instruments with Spanish-speaking clients. The authors provide readers a critical sociocultural context in the use of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A in the clinical assessment of Hispanic clients in the U.S. and abroad. Psychologists and other practitioners are offered a practical guide for clinical interpretation of test results, with advice on addressing biases, challenges to protocol validity, and other potential barriers to the culturally appropriate and ethical use and interpretation of the tests. Butcher, Cabiya, Lucio, and Garrido provide a comprehensive review of the research literature, past and contemporary, on the use of the MMPIs with Spanish-speaking populations in the U.S. and internationally.
The authors describe the development and validation of Spanish-language versions of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A, offering scenarios from Mexico, Cuba, and other Spanish-speaking countries. A set of appendices include T score conversion tables for the Mexican MMPI versions and a listing of Spanish language translations.
List of Exhibits, Tables, and Figures
- The Challenge of Assessing Clients With Different Cultural and Language Backgrounds
- The International Assessment Context: Spanish Language Adaptations of the MMPI, MMPI-2, and MMPI-A
- Using the MMPI-2 to Assess Hispanic Clients Living in the United States
- Assessing the Credibility of a Hispanic Client's Test Responses
- Personality and Clinical Assessment of Hispanic Clients
- Clinical Interpretation of the MMPI-2 With Hispanic Clients: Case Studies
- Assessing Hispanic Adolescents With the MMPI-A
- Clinical Interpretation of the MMPI-A With Hispanic Clients: Case Studies
- Summary and Future Directions
- Spanish Language Translations and the Translators and Scale Developers of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A
- Compendium of References on Spanish-Language MMPI, MMPI-2, and MMPI-A
- T-Score Tables for the Mexican Version of the MMPI-2
- T-Score Tables for the Mexican Version of the MMPI-A
About the Authors
James N. Butcher, PhD, was born in West Virginia. He enlisted in the U.S. Army when he was 17 years old and served in the airborne infantry for 3 years, including a 1-year tour in Korea during the Korean War. After military service, he attended Guilford College, graduating in 1960 with a bachelor of arts in psychology. He received a master of arts in experimental psychology in 1962 and a PhD in clinical psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He was awarded Doctor Honoris Causa from the Free University of Brussels, Belgium, in 1990. In 2005, he was also awarded an honorary doctorate (Laurea Honoris Causa in Psicologia) from the University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
He was associate director and director of the clinical psychology program at the University of Minnesota for 19 years and is currently professor emeritus of psychology in the Department of Psychology. He was a member of the University of Minnesota Press's Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Consultative Committee, which undertook the revision of the MMPI in 1989. He was formerly the editor of Psychological Assessment, a journal of the American Psychological Association, and serves as consulting editor or reviewer for numerous other journals in psychology and psychiatry. Throughout most of his career he maintained a private clinical practice specializing in psychological assessment and psychotherapy.
Dr. Butcher has worked in the cross-cultural psychology field since 1970, conducting research and training psychologists in the use of the MMPI. He has written extensively on cross-cultural personality assessment and has worked with psychologists in many countries on MMPI and MMPI-2 assessment projects. He is a fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Society for Personality Assessment. He has published more than 50 books and more than 175 articles in the fields of abnormal psychology, cross-cultural psychology, and personality assessment.
Jose Cabiya, PhD, earned his doctorate in clinical psychology in 1983 from the State University of New York at Albany. He has been a professor at the Carlos Albizu University (CAU), San Juan, Puerto Rico, since 1983, and has been the director of the Scientific Research Institute at CAU since 1998. He has trained many of the Latino clinical psychologists now practicing or performing research in Puerto Rico and in the U.S. mainland. He has published extensively in national and international scientific journals on clinical interventions and psychological assessment, especially on the MMPI.
He has been performing research with the MMPI since the middle of the 1980s and was one of the coauthors of the Manual Supplement for the Hispanic Version of the MMPI-A. He has been project director of the Center for Research and Outreach in Hispanic Mental Health and Other Health Disparities funded by the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health since 2002. He also has had extensive clinical experience as director of the Psychology Department of the Puerto Rico State Psychiatric Hospital from 1984 to 1998 and in independent clinical practice from 1983 to the present.
Emilia Lucio, PhD, was born in Mexico City, Mexico. She is a full-time professor at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, the most prestigious university in Latin America. She earned her bachelor's degree, master's degree, and PhD at UNAM. She was also a special student at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. She has two specializations, one in humanist psychoanalysis and the other in narrative therapy. She is now the coordinator of a master's program in child psychotherapy and was the head of the Department in Clinical Psychology at UNAM for 8 years.
She has written more than 40 articles in national and international journals on the subjects of assessment, psychotherapy, and adolescence. She has also written 6 books. She has been assessor of more than 50 students in their master's and PhD theses. In 2006, she received an award for psychologist of the year from Psychologist College, Mazatlan Sinaloa, Mexico. Dr. Lucio has been in clinical practice for more than 30 years.
Maria Garrido, PsyD, was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico and obtained her PsyD in clinical psychology from the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology at Rutgers University, New Jersey, in 1988. She has worked as a private practitioner in Providence, Rhode Island, since 1991 and has been affiliated with the Psychology Department at the University of Rhode Island as adjunct professor since 1995. She has taught courses in personality assessment and provided clinical supervision to graduate students with a focus on the application of culturally competent strategies in all aspects of clinical work.
Much of her clinical work has focused on assessment of Spanish-speaking clients in forensic and educational settings. Most recently, she has taught objective personality assessment with the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A as visiting faculty at the Ponce School of Medicine, Ponce, Puerto Rico. She has made numerous presentations on the use of the MMPI-2 in the culturally appropriate assessment of Latino and Latina clients and has collaborated in recently published chapters that deal with the interpretation of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A profiles of Latino and Latina clients.