Narcissism and Machiavellianism in Youth: Implications for the Development of Adaptive and Maladaptive Behavior
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
The appearance of books such as Generation Me and The Narcissism Epidemic suggest a disturbing trend among today's adolescents. In both the popular and the professional literature, self-centeredness, preoccupation with social status, and overly ingratiating interpersonal tactics have garnered attention for how they may easily cross the line into the realm of antisocial behaviors such as aggression and violence. Clinical narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy have begun to emerge as particular targets of attention among researchers in various branches of psychology.
Both narcissism and Machiavellianism in adult populations and have been found to be risk factors for a variety of antisocial behaviors, from entitlement and exploitation to self-absorption and defensive egotism to violent psychopathology. And yet other studies have the potentially socially adaptive outcomes associated with these constructs. Only more recently has an attempt been made to examine these constructs in children and adolescents.
This book brings together international scholars who have begun to consider empirical questions related to narcissism and Machiavellianism in youth.
Narcissism and Machiavellianism in Youth highlights how knowledge of both narcissism and Machiavellianism may influence problematic youth social interactions as well as youth adaptation to developmental contexts such as peer relationships. The book brings together for the first time scholars who have empirically examined the emotional, social, and behavioral correlates of these constructs in youth.
Part I provides the context for understanding narcissism and Machiavellianism as potential risk and protective factors.
Part II discusses the theory and existing evidence on youth narcissism as it relates to problematic behaviors, adaptive functioning, parenting, cultural context, and children's perception of their own competence.
Part III discusses many of the same issues concerning Machiavellianism, with particular attention devoted to the emotional, behavioral, and social sequelae of Machiavellian tendencies for children.
The volume concludes with thoughts on a tentative research agenda for possible clinical interventions at various developmental stages.
Introduction: The Developmental Psychopathology of Narcissism and Machiavellianism
—Kurt K. Stellwagen, Patricia K. Kerig, and Christopher T. Barry
I. Overview of Self-Perception and Related Personality Constructs in Youth
- Emerging Personality in Childhood and Adolescence: Implications for the Development of Narcissism and Machiavellianism
—Jennifer L. Tackett and Sarah Mackrell
- Psychopathy, Narcissism, and Machiavellianism: Distinct yet Intertwining Personality Constructs
—Kurt K. Stellwagen
- Self-Esteem, Narcissism, and Machiavellianism: Implications for Understanding Antisocial Behavior in Adolescents and Young Adults
—Edward A. Witt, M. Brent Donnellan, and Kali H. Trzesniewski
- Developmental and Theoretical Influences on the Conceptualization and Assessment of Youth Narcissism
—Christopher T. Barry, Marion T. Wallace, and Matthew D. Guelker
- Adaptive and Maladaptive Narcissism in Adolescent Development
—Patrick L. Hill and Daniel K. Lapsley
- Defensive Egotism and Aggression in Childhood: A New Lens on the Self-Esteem Paradox
- On Environmental Sources of Child Narcissism: Are Parents Really to Blame?
—Robert S. Horton
- Moving Beyond Parents in the Etiology of Narcissistic Traits
—Jason J. Washburn and Leah D. Paskar
- Narcissism, Positive Illusory Bias, and Externalizing Behaviors
—Tammy D. Barry, Sarah J. Grafeman, Stephanie H. Bader, and Sarah E. Davis
- Early Adoption of Machiavellian Attitudes: Implications for Children's Interpersonal Relationships
- The New Scoundrel on the Schoolyard: Contributions of Machiavellianism to the Understanding of Youth Aggression
—Patricia K. Kerig and Holli E. Sink
- Young Machiavellians and the Traces of Shame: Coping With Vulnerability to a Toxic Affect
- Machiavellianism in Elementary School Children: Risk and Adaptation
—Hanneke Palmen, Marjolijn M. Vermande, Maja Deković, and Marcel A. G. van Aken
Conclusion: Current Themes, Future Directions, and Clinical Implications Regarding Narcissism and Machiavellianism in Youth
—Eva R. Kimonis, Melissa Harrison, and Tammy D. Barry
About the Editors
Christopher T. Barry, PhD, is an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg. He received his doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, with a specialization in children and adolescents. He completed his clinical internship at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky.
He currently serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. Dr. Barry has coauthored a book on the assessment of personality and behavior in children and adolescents and has published numerous book chapters and peer-reviewed journal articles related to child and adolescent clinical psychology.
Specifically, his research interest focuses on risk and protective factors related to child and adolescent problem behaviors, with a particular emphasis on self-esteem, narcissism, and psychopathy. He also conducts program evaluation of a residential program for at-risk adolescents and of a project-based science curriculum for middle school students.
Patricia K. Kerig, PhD, is a professor and the director of clinical training in the Department of Psychology at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City. She received her degree in clinical psychology from the University of California, Berkeley, with a specialization in children and families.
Her research honors include the Brodsky/Hare-Mustin Award from APA's Division 35 (Society for the Psychology of Women) and the New Contribution Award from the International Society of the Study of Personal Relationships.
Currently, she is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Family Psychology®; the Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma; and the Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma.
She is the author of three books, 26 chapters, 36 peer-reviewed articles, and has been an editor of seven volumes and six journal special issues on topics related to developmental psychopathology and family relations, including interparental conflict, parent–child boundary dissolution, adolescent dating violence, juvenile delinquency, and childhood trauma. She is active in empirical research regarding the interpersonal and intrapersonal processes that contribute to the development of psychopathology and resilience.
Kurt K. Stellwagen, PhD, is an assistant professor of psychology at Eastern Washington University, Cheney. He received his doctorate in school psychology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2006 after completing an internship in clinical psychology at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, College of Medicine, Memphis.
Dr. Stellwagen serves as a member of the graduate faculty at Eastern Washington University and mentors students pursuing degrees in school, clinical, and experimental psychology.
He maintains an active research program with a primary focus on the mechanisms that link exploitive (e.g., psychopathic and Machiavellian) personality traits with the development and maintenance of interpersonally aggressive behavior. A secondary interest is the role that social intelligence plays in the manifestation of antisocial behavior and delinquency. Dr. Stellwagen has published his research in peer-reviewed psychology, psychiatry, and neuropsychology journals.
Tammy D. Barry, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg. She obtained her MA and PhD in clinical psychology, with a specialization in children and adolescents, from the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. She completed her clinical internship at the University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham.
Dr. Barry has published numerous peer-reviewed articles and book chapters related to child psychopathology, with an emphasis on externalizing behaviors (e.g., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, aggression) and autism spectrum disorders. Specifically, Dr. Barry is interested in exploring contextual and biological correlates, including moderators and mediators, of these disorders. Her research has received federal grant support.