Reconciling Empirical Knowledge and Clinical Experience: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy
The art and science of psychotherapy requires both intuitive knowledge and empirical discipline. Therapists are artists, even mavericks. Researchers are scientists. Therapists do not want to be restricted in their treatment of patients. Researchers labor diligently within the strictures of the rules of empiricism: Hypotheses must be tested, refined, and retested, often repeatedly. The researchers' findings must be generalizable to populations outside the original test. The therapist works with individual clients and often must trust instinct in the fine-tuning each patient's treatment.
In Reconciling Empirical Knowledge and Clinical Experience: The Art and Science of Psychotherapy, scientist-practitioners reflect on their efforts to combine these disparate ways of knowing their own work. The contributors to this captivating volume share their successes,and their failures at balancing research with practice. This book is indispensable reading for all scientist-practitioners as well as anyone working in the social sciences who has experienced.
List of Contributors
—Stephen Soldz and Leigh McCullough
I. Challenges of Practice and Research
- Reflections of a Scientist–Practitioner
—Marvin R. Goldfried
- Origins of Process-Experiential Therapy: A Personal Case Study in Practice–Research Integration
- Graduate Training in Boulder Model Clinical Psychology Programs: The Evolving Tension Between Science and Art
—Michael E. Addis
- A Harmonious Marriage: Personal Reflections on 25 Years of Research and Therapeutic Practice in a National Health Service Settings
—David A. Winter
- Integrating Research and Practice in Psychotherapy
II. Dialogue and Cross-Pollination
- Cross-Pollination of Research and Practice: The Honeybee, the Unicorn, and the Search for Meaning
- Research and Practice as Essential Tensions: A Constructivist Confession
—Robert A. Neimeyer
- What Do You Believe In? Clinical Conviction or Empirical Evidence?
—Reiner W. Dahlbender and Horst Kaechele
- Research and Practice: Does Culture Make a Difference?
- Scientific Discipline Can Enhance Clinical Effectiveness
—Lorna Smith Benjamin
III. Benefits of a Researcher–Practitioner Alliance
- Building the Researcher–Practitioner Alliance: A Personal Journey
- With Science and Service We Can Survive and Thrive
—James O. Prochaska
- Integrating Research and Practice: What Have We Learned?
—Leigh McCullough and Stephen Soldz
About the Editors