Cognitive Methods and Their Application to Clinical Research

Pages: 289
Item #: 4318018
ISBN: 978-1-59147-185-1
List Price: $19.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 2005
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
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Overview

The past 20 years have witnessed an explosion of research examining cognitive biases in individuals with a variety of clinical diagnoses. Clinical psychologists who conduct research in this area often adapt standard laboratory cognitive tasks to investigate cognitive correlates of psychopathology. Conversely, cognitive psychologists are increasingly more prone to use their standard laboratory tasks with clinical populations to extend their theories in clinically relevant directions and to subject their theories to tests not possible in other populations. However, clinical psychologists often have little background in cognitive psychology, and cognitive psychologists often have little training in conducting research with special populations.

This volume discusses the popularly used cognitive tasks in applied research, including the:

  • Stroop
  • Selective Attention
  • Implicit Memory
  • Directed Forgetting
  • Autobiographical Memory

For each, the contributors provide the background necessary for readers to ground themselves in the basics and be directed to more detailed information that they might need. The result is an ambitious text that will assist researchers from different backgrounds in finding important task-related data.

Clinical or experimental graduate students and researchers will find this book to be an up-to-date resource on conducting rigorous research.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Introduction: Applying Cognitive Methods With Clinical Populations
—Amy Wenzel and David C. Rubin

I. The Stroop Task

  1. The Stroop Task: Indirectly Measuring Concept Activation
    —Colin MacLeod and Colin MacLeod
  2. The Stroop Task in Cognitive Research
    —Colin M. MacLeod
  3. The Stroop Task in Clinical Research
    —Colin MacLeod

II. Selective Attention Tasks

  1. Selective Attention Tasks in Clinical and Cognitive Research
    —Jenny Yiend, Andrew Mathews, and Nelson Cowan
  2. Selective Attention Tasks in Cognitive Research
    —Nelson Cowan
  3. Selective Attention Tasks in Clinical Research
    —Jenny Yiend and Andrew Mathews

III. Implicit Memory Tasks

  1. Implicit Memory Tasks: Retention Without Conscious Recollection
    —Henry L. Roediger III and Nader Amir
  2. Implicit Memory Tasks in Cognitive Research
    —Henry L. Roediger, III and Lisa Geraci
  3. Implicit Memory Tasks in Clinical Research
    —Nader Amir and Amy Selvig

IV. Directed Forgetting Tasks

  1. Directed Forgetting Research: Finding Common Ground
    —Jonathan M. Golding and Richard J. McNally
  2. Directed Forgetting Tasks in Cognitive Research
    —Jonathan M. Golding
  3. Directed Forgetting Tasks in Clinical Research
    —Richard J. McNally

V. Autobiographical Memory Tasks

  1. Autobiographical Memory Tasks: Six Common Methods
    —David C. Rubin and Amy Wenzel
  2. Autobiographical Memory Tasks in Cognitive Research
    —David C. Rubin
  3. Autobiographical Memory Tasks in Clinical Research
    —Amy Wenzel

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors

Editor Bios

Amy Wenzel, PhD, is on the faculty in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. She received her AB with honors in psychology and religion from Duke University, and her MA and PhD in psychology from the University of Iowa. Dr. Wenzel has held positions as an assistant professor at the University of North Dakota and visiting professor at the American College of Norway. With John Harvey, she has coedited Close Relationships: Maintenance and Enhancement, A Clinician's Guide to Maintaining and Enhancing Close Relationships, and The Handbook of Sexuality in Close Relationships (also with Susan Sprecher). She has coauthored more than 40 articles and chapters on cognitive biases in anxiety disorders, postpartum anxiety disorders, and the impact of anxiety on close relationships.

David C. Rubin, PhD, is Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences and Senior Fellow in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development at Duke University. He received his BS in physics and psychology from Carnegie Mellon University, and his MA and PhD in psychology from Harvard University. Professor Rubin has held positions as an aerospace engineer for the National Aeronautics and Space Association (NASA); assistant professor at Lawrence University; visiting professor at the University of Aarhus, Denmark; visiting scientist at the Medical Research Council Applied Psychology Unit and at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin; a Fellow-in-Residence at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences; and an Erskine Fellow at the University of Canterbury. His 1995 book, Memory in Oral Traditions: The Cognitive Psychology of Epic, Ballads, and Counting-Out Rhymes was awarded the American Association of Publishers' Best New Professional/Scholarly Book in Psychology for 1995 and the William James Award from the American Psychological Association. His research interests are in the neural, behavioral, and cultural basis of memory for complex material and events, especially autobiographical memory.