Developing Individuality in the Human Brain: A Tribute to Michael I. Posner

Pages: 273
Item #: 4318019
ISBN: 978-1-59147-210-0
List Price: $19.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 2005
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
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The cognitive neuroscience revolution rests on two corner stones: simple experimental paradigms to capture critical components of the mind and new methods to watch what the brain is doing while working in these paradigms. Michael I. Posner has been a driving force behind the use of componential and functional analysis to enhance our knowledge of mind–brain relationships. His scholarship has been pivotal in opening up new theoretical and methodological trajectories in the field. Moreover, he has actively promoted the expansion of the cognitive neuroscience program to encompass psychology.

Developing Individuality in the Human Brain describes the breadth of Posner's influence on the field of cognitive, affective, and developmental neurosciences. In this volume, leading scientists explore the topics that are central to Posner's work, such as the power of componential analysis to uncover critical cognitive functions, how brain images can be used to test psychological theories of distinct cognitive functions, and how individual and developmental differences can be traced to differences in basic neurocognitive functions across people and developmental stages.

This thoughtful collection of essays deftly illustrates how Posner's examination of elementary processes has moved the field toward a fundamental level of understanding about human cognition. This basic understanding will greatly affect how we deal with cognitive development problems that derive either from deficiency of experience or from genetic differences.

Table of Contents



  1. A Tribute to Michael I. Posner
    —Steven W. Keele and Ulrich Mayr
  2. On the Functional Architecture of Language and Reading: Trade-Offs Between Biological Preparation and Cultural Engineering
    —Thomas H. Carr
  3. On the Role of Endogenous Orienting in the Inhibitory Aftermath of Exogenous Orienting
    —Raymond M. Klein
  4. Imaging Conscious and Subliminal Word Processing
    —Stanislas Dehaene
  5. Task Models in Prefrontal Cortex
    —John Duncan
  6. Imaging The Human Brain: Reflections On Some Emerging Issues
    —Marcus E. Raichle
  7. The Ontogeny of the Social Brain
    —Mark H. Johnson
  8. Frontostriatal and Frontocerebellar Circuitry Underlying Cognitive Control
    —B. J. Casey
  9. The Development of Effortful Control
    —Mary K. Rothbart and M. Rosario Rueda
  10. Socioeconomic Influences on Brain Development: A Preliminary Study
    —Martha J. Farah and Kimberly G. Noble
  11. Development and Plasticity of Human Cognition
    —Helen J. Neville
  12. How I Got Here
    —Michael I. Posner

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors

Editor Bios

Ulrich Mayr, PhD, received his diploma in psychology from the Free University Berlin in 1987 and his doctoral degree in philosophy in 1992 while working at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, Germany. After a postdoctoral year at the University of Oregon, he worked as a research scientist at the University of Potsdam, Germany, until 2000. Since then he has been associate professor at the University of Oregon, Eugene. His current research focuses on executive control of thought and action as well as on issues in cognitive aging.

Edward Awh, PhD, received his bachelor's degree in psychology in 1989 from Northwestern University, Chicago. He received his doctoral degree in cognitive neuroscience from the University of Michigan in 1996. He received postdoctoral training at the University of California, San Diego, from 1997 to 1998. Since 1999 he has been a faculty member of the psychology department of the University of Oregon, Eugene. His current research focuses on behavioral and neuroimaging studies of attentional control.

Steve W. Keele, PhD, received his doctoral degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1966. Afterward he spent two years on a postdoctoral fellowship with Michael I. Posner at the University of Oregon, Eugene, where he became assistant professor. In 1996, he retired from the University of Oregon, becoming professor emeritus. His areas of research have been in motor control and attention and more recently in cognitive neuroscience. His most recent work has emphasized common functions and the supporting brain areas that underlie both motor control and cognitive processes.

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