Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
The adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) has powerful ramifications for the future of psychotherapy. As the EBP movement spreads throughout healthcare, with its associated demands for demonstrable results, cost monitoring and accountability, mental health professionals are not in agreement on the best treatments and their bases or how to weight the factors that contribute to good outcomes. Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet engages the voices of a broad range of clinical researchers, practitioners, educators, and public policy advocates in a comprehensive discussion of the spectrum of issues and arguments in the current debate about EBP.
Acknowledging differences in the fundamental purposes of research and practice in psychology, a trio of distinguished editors (Carol D. Goodheart, Alan E. Kazdin, and Robert J. Sternberg) present a range of viewpoints on the role and nature of EBP from leading figures in clinical practice and research. Their intent is to instigate a dialogue among mental health professionals. To this end, the book offers distinctive perspectives, seeks common ground, and reveals legitimate differences, unanswered questions, and promising avenues for improving psychotherapy.
The chapter authors examine the evolution, politics, treatment approaches and implications of EBP in psychotherapy. In their cogent introduction and notes between the sections, the editors tie together the book's themes, discuss their implications, and present conclusions. The final chapter lays out a series of cautions regarding EBP in psychotherapy tied to the themes arising in the book.
—Carol D. Goodheart and Alan E. Kazdin
I. The Practice Perspective
- Uses and Misuses of Evidence: Managed Care, Treatment Guidelines, and Outcomes Measurement in Professional Practice
—Geoffrey M. Reed and Elena Eisman
- Evidence, Endeavor, and Expertise in Psychology Practice
—Carol D. Goodheart
- Theoretical Pluralism and Technical Eclecticism
—Jean A. Carter
- Cultural Variation in the Therapeutic Relationship
II. The Research Perspective
- Research Findings on the Effects of Psychotherapy and Their Implications for Practice
—Michael J. Lambert and Andrea Archer
- Evidence-Based Practice and Psychological Treatments
—Jonathan D. Huppert, Amanda Fabbro, and David H. Barlow
- Assessment and Evaluation in Clinical Practice
—Alan E. Kazdin
- The Research–Practice Tango and Other Choreographic Challenges: Using and Testing Evidence-Based Psychotherapies in Clinical Care Settings
—John R. Weisz and Michael E. Addis
III. Training, Policy, and Cautions
- Training the Next Generation of Psychologist Clinicians: Good Judgment and Methodological Realism at the Interface Between Science and Practice
—Steven J. Trierweiler
- Expanding the Terms of the Debate: Evidence-Based Practice and Public Policy
—Sandra J. Tanenbaum
- Evidence-Based Practice: Gold Standard, Gold Plated, or Fool's Gold?
—Robert J. Sternberg
About the Editors
Carol D. Goodheart, EdD, is a psychologist in independent practice in Princeton, New Jersey, and a contributing faculty member and clinical supervisor for the Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. She is an APA fellow and a Distinguished Practitioner of the National Academy of Psychology. Currently, she serves as treasurer and member of the Board of Directors of APA.
Dr. Goodheart chaired the 2005 APA Presidential Initiative Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice, which developed the policy recommendation on Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology adopted by APA. She is an author and editor of seven books and numerous chapters and articles related to health, women, and the practice of psychology.
Dr. Goodheart is a consulting editor of Professional Psychology: Research and Practice and a member of the editorial board of Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy. She is a past president of Psychologists in Independent Practice and recipient of Psychologist of the Year Award from both the New Jersey Psychological Association and Psychologists in Independent Practice, the largest division of APA. Visit her Web site.
Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, is director and chairman of the Child Study Center and John M. Musser Professor of Psychology and Child Psychiatry at Yale University School of Medicine and director of Child Psychiatric Services, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, Connecticut. He also directs the Yale Parenting Center and Child Conduct Clinic, an outpatient treatment service for children referred for aggressive and antisocial behavior and their families.
He received his PhD in clinical psychology from Northwestern University (1970). Prior to coming to Yale, he was on the faculty of Northwestern University, Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. He has been a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, president of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy, recipient of awards from APA and the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy, and chairman of the Department of Psychology at Yale.
Dr. Kazdin has served as editor of various journals: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Psychological Assessment, Behavior Therapy, Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, and Current Directions in Psychological Science. He was editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of Psychology, an 8-volume work published in 2000 under the auspices of APA and Oxford University Press. He has also edited a book series on Developmental Psychopathology and on Current Perspectives in Psychology. Currently, he is an associate editor of the Annual Review of Psychology.
His research focuses primarily on the development, treatment, and clinical course of aggressive and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents; child, parent, family, and contextual influences that contribute to child dysfunction; and critical processes within and outside of treatment that contribute to therapeutic changes in children, parents, and families. He is actively involved in clinical work and clinical research with children and families.
He is a diplomate of the American Board of Professional Psychology and fellow of APA. He has published approximately 550 articles and chapters and has authored or edited 40 books on treatment, child and adolescent disorders, and methodology and research design.
Robert J. Sternberg, PhD, is dean of the School of Arts and Sciences at Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts. Prior to that, he was IBM Professor of Psychology and Education in the Department of Psychology, professor of management in the School of Management, and director of the Center for the Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise (PACE) at Yale University. He continues to direct the PACE Center from Tufts.
Dr. Sternberg also was the 2003 APA president. He was on the APA Board of Directors (2002–2004) and of the Board of Trustees of the APA Insurance Trust (2004).
Dr. Sternberg is the author of more than 1,000 journal articles, book chapters, and books and has received over $18 million in government and other grants and contracts for his research. The central focus of his research is on intelligence, creativity, and wisdom, and he also has studied love and close relationships as well as hate. This research has been conducted in five different continents.
Dr. Sternberg is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and several other societies. He has won many awards from APA, the American Educational Research Association, the American Psychological Society, and other organizations.
Dr. Sternberg has been listed in the APA Monitor on Psychology as one of the top 100 psychologists of the 20th century and is listed by the Information Sciences Institute as one of its most highly cited authors (top .5%) in psychology and psychiatry. He also was listed in the Esquire "Register of Outstanding Men and Women Under 40" and was listed as one of 100 top young scientists by Science Digest. He is currently listed in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World, Who's Who in the East, Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare, and Who's Who in Science and Engineering.
Dr. Sternberg is best known for his theory of successful intelligence; investment theory of creativity (developed with Todd Lubart); theory of thinking styles as mental self-government; balance theory of wisdom; wisdom, intelligence, and creativity theory of leadership; and for his duplex theories of love and hate.
This is an important and timely publication, helping practitioners better evaluate what they are doing in terms of treatment. Ultimately, the beneficiaries will be the consumers, who are looking for the best treatment.
—Doody Enterprises, Inc.