Advances in Clinical Cognitive Science: Formal Modeling of Processes and Symptoms

Pages: 319
Item #: 4318037
ISBN: 978-1-59147-784-6
List Price: $19.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 2007
Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
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Overview

Increasingly, contemporary quantitative cognitive science is appearing in mainstream clinical-science and clinical-practice journals, and many of the techniques under study hold promise for aiding individuals who have problems in living. The essays in this volume showcase fertile clinical applications of quantitative cognitive science in charting abnormalities among groups and individuals, and discuss ways in which readers can apply these techniques in their own research and potentially in clinical assessment and practice. The contributors are cognitive scientists who have formally modeled clinically relevant aspects of cognitive functioning or cognition-related symptoms among special populations, and clinical scientists who have adapted techniques of quantitative cognitive science to advance their clinical research and assessment.

The essays in this anthology feature findings from studies of specific clinical samples and a variety of disorders, but also present quantitative techniques and associated data-acquisition methods that have general application. As the editor and the chapter authors show, much of the clinically significant information lodged in clinical and experimental paradigms would be untapped but for the application of the kinds of formal task performance models detailed in this book. Many of the paradigms and models described are ideally suited for computer-assisted equipment, and can be extended to explorations of the neurocircuitry of assessed functions through contemporary fMRI and electrophysiological technology. This cutting-edge collection includes material not yet available in any other work.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Acknowledgments

Introduction
—Richard W. J. Neufeld

  1. Using Multinomial Processing Tree Models to Measure Cognitive Deficits in Clinical Populations
    —William H. Batchelder and David M. Riefer
  2. A Model-Based Storage–Retrieval Analysis of Developmental Dyslexia
    —Richard A. Chechile
  3. Cognitive Models for Evaluating Basic Decision Processes in Clinical Populations
    —Eldad Yechiam, Elizabeth S. Veinott, Jerome R. Busemeyer, and Julie C. Stout
  4. Modeling Visual Attention and Category Learning in Patients With Amnesia, Striatal Damage, and Normal Aging
    —W. Todd Maddox and J. Vincent Filoteo
  5. A Mathematical Process Account of Group and Individual Differences in Memory-Search Facilitative Stimulus Encoding, With Application to Schizophrenia
    —Richard W. J. Neufeld, David Vollick, Jeffrey R. Carter, Kristine Boksman, Lawrence R. Levy, Leonard George, and Jennifer Jetté
  6. Clinical Cognitive Science: Applying Quantitative Models of Cognitive Processing to Examine Cognitive Aspects of Psychopathology
    —Teresa A. Treat, Richard M. McFall, Richard J. Viken, John K. Krushke, Robert M. Nosofsky, and Shirley S. Wang
  7. Quantitative Response Time Technology for Measuring Cognitive-Processing Capacity in Clinical Studies
    —Richard W. J. Neufeld, James. T. Townsend, and Jennifer Jetté
  8. Using a Speech Perception Neural Network Simulation to Study Normal Neurodevelopment and Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenia
    —Ralph E. Hoffman and Thomas H. McGlashan
  9. Complex Dynamics in Depression: An Application to Long-Term, Mood-Rating Time Series
    —Rachel A. Heath, Elaine M. Heiby, and Ian S. Pagano

Glossary

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editor

Editor Bio

Richard W. J. (Jim) Neufeld, PhD, is professor in both the Department of Psychology and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada, where he also is a core faculty member of the Graduate Program in Neuroscience. He has received the Joey and Toby Tannenbaum Schizophrenia-Research Distinguished Scientist Award (being the first psychologist recipient), the Ontario Mental Health Foundation Senior Research Fellowship, and the University of Western Ontario Faculty of Social Science Research Professorship.

Dr. Neufeld is a past associate editor of the Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science and of the journal Psychological Assessment. He has served as a member of the Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards' Examinations Committee and was chairman of its Academic Standards Subcommittee. He was the first clinical scientist to be chairman of the board of the Ontario Mental Health Foundation and is a past director of the American Psychological Association/ Canadian Psychological Association-approved doctoral program in clinical psychology at his university.

Dr. Neufeld has authored or edited 7 books and journal special sections. His 150 publications and 20 technical reports have appeared in journals ranging from the Journal of Mathematical Psychology and the British journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology to the Journal of Abnormal Psychology and the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.