The Social Psychology of Group Identity and Social Conflict: Theory, Application, and Practice

Pages: 308
Item #: 4318088
ISBN: 978-1-4338-0927-9
List Price: $19.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 2004
Format: Softcover
Other Format: Hardcover
Availability: In Stock
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Overview

The Social Psychology of Group Identity and Social Conflict examines the far-reaching influence of Herbert C. Kelman, a psychologist who is both a scientist and a peacemaker. Kelman is renowned for his contributions to the study of social influence in social psychology as well as to international conflict resolution and the peace research movement. He developed the interactive problem solving method, which helped lay the groundwork for the 1993 Oslo agreement between Israel and the PLO. His work has profoundly affected the ways in which social psychologists think about the links between personal and national identity, between intragroup and intergroup processes and between individual behavior and the functioning of social systems.

In this edited volume, distinguished scholars elaborate on Kelman's scholarship through the examination of their own theories and research. Their work explores the four areas that have defined Kelman's career: the ethics of social research, conformity and obedience, national identity and nationalism, and ethnic conflict resolution.

The chapters consider the theoretical foundations of research on social influence and social conflict and the application of theory to issues of health, educational practices, organizational effectiveness, international peace, and the practice of conflict resolution.

This provocative collection of essays illustrates the broad scope that Kelman's work encompasses and demonstrates that psychology can be a powerful tool for individual, organizational, and societal change.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Foreword

Preface

About Herbert C. Kelman

I. Theoretical Foundations

  1. The Contributions of Herbert C. Kelman: Reinvigorating Lewin and Anticipating Dynamical Systems Models
    —Reuben M. Baron
  2. Social Psychology: Social or Psychological?
    —José R. Torregrosa
    • Comments on Chapters 1 and 2
      —Susan H. Korper
  3. Prejudice: Toward a More Inclusive Definition
    —Alice H. Eagly
  4. Identification as a Challenge to Dual-Process Theories of Persuasion
    —V. Lee Hamilton
    • Comments on Chapters 3 and 4
      —Erin Driver-Linn

II. Applications of Social Psychology

  1. Rigor and Vigor: Spanning Basic and Applied Research
    —Nancy E. Adler
  2. Achieving Equality of Student Internet Access Within Schools
    —Janet Ward Schofield and Ann Locke Davidson
    • Comments on Chapters 5 and 6
      —Jennifer A. Richeson
  3. Organizational Narcissism
    —Shoshana Zuboff
  4. Peace Architecture: The Prevention of Violence
    —Luc Reychler
    • Comments on Chapters 7 and 8
      —Jeffrey R. Seul

III. Social Psychological Approaches to the Practice of Conflict Resolution

  1. Extending the Interactive Problem-Solving Method: Addressing Multiple Levels of Conflict, Unacknowledged Trauma, and Responsibility
    —Donna Hicks and William Weisberg
  2. Identity and Power in the Reconciliation of National Conflict
    —Nadim N. Rouhana
    • Comments on Chapters 9 and 10
      —Rebecca Dale
  3. The Contribution of Bicommunal Contacts in Building a Civil Society in Cyprus
    —Maria Hadjipavlou
  4. Assessing the Social Psychological Support for Kelman's Interactive Problem-Solving Workshops
    —Cynthia Chataway
    • Comments on Chapters 11 and 12
      —Rhoda Margesson

IV. Reflections by Herbert C. Kelman

  1. Continuity and Change: My Life as a Social Psychologist
    —Herbert C. Kelman

Appendix A. Herbert C. Kelman's Graduate and Postgraduate Advisees

Appendix B. Herbert C. Kelman's Publications, 1945–2003

Index

About the Editors

Editor Bios

Alice H. Eagly, PhD, is a social psychologist who is professor of psychology at Northwestern University and Faculty Fellow in the Institute for Policy Research. She has served as president of the Midwestern Psychological Association, president of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology (Division 8) of the American Psychological Association (APA), chair of the Executive Committee of the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, and chair of the Board of Scientific Affairs of the APA.

She received the Distinguished Scientist Award from the Society of Experimental Social Psychology, Donald Campbell Award for Distinguished Contribution to Social Psychology from the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Gordon Allport Award from the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, citation as Distinguished Leader for Women in Psychology from the Committee on Women in Psychology of the APA, Distinguished Publication Award of the Association for Women in Psychology, and Sabbatical Award from the James McKeen Cattell Fund.

She has published many journal articles and book chapters. In addition, she has authored two books and edited two books and served as associate editor of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. She is particularly known for her work on attitudes, including the book Psychology of Attitudes that she wrote with Shelly Chaiken, her research on the psychology of gender, and her many articles implementing meta-analysis as well as other research methods.

Reuben M. Baron, PhD, is a social psychologist who is a research professor at the University of Connecticut. He has been an associate editor for the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin and consulting editor for Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, the Journal of Social and Personality Psychology, and Developmental Psychology.

He has coedited a social psychology textbook and published many journal articles and book chapters including three articles in Psychological Review. His article with David Kenny in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology on the moderator-mediator distinction received the third highest citation of any psychology article for a five-year period from 1985 to 1990.

His research in social perception has been supported by the National Science Foundation. He is particularly known for applying models from other domains such as Gibson's ecological perception approach, complex dynamical systems, and an evolutionary perspective to areas in social psychology such as social perception, social relations, and small groups.

He is currently engaged in research at the University of Connecticut on the emergence of cooperation in problem-solving contexts using a combination of ecological and dynamical systems models.

V. Lee Hamilton, PhD, is a social psychologist who has served as professor and chair of sociology at the University of Maryland. Recently, she has also been a visiting professor of psychology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong and of management at City University of Hong Kong.

She has served on the review board for sociology for the National Science Foundation and on editorial boards of both theoretical and applied journals. Her research has been supported by the National Science Foundation programs in law and society and in sociology since 1975 and has resulted in three coauthored books, one coedited book, and more than 40 articles, in addition to the current volume.

She has studied authority, responsibility, and justice throughout her career, both in the United States and across cultures; since the 1980s, she has also explored effects of downsizing on civilian and military populations. She has recently decided to take a "time-out" from her social psychological pursuits and will be enrolling in a master's of theological studies program in fall of 2003. Her primary focus will be care of those at the end of life and their families.