Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Cross-National Comparative Studies
For individuals in the U.S. & U.S. territories
While much has been written about the plight of prisoners worldwide, the consequences for children of the incarcerated have been largely ignored.
This thorough and compassionate text presents the results from four recent large-scale studies undertaken with thousands of children in England, Sweden, the Netherlands, and the United States.
Drawing from a systematic meta-analysis of 50 studies, the authors provide a remarkably rich portrait of the impact of parental incarceration on child development.
Study components include the effects on children of their parents' arrest, trial, jail time, and return home, alongside the role of attachment relations, reduced quality of child care, social and economic strain resulting from reduced income, changes in discipline, social learning, and stigma among peers.
List of Figures and Tables
- Children's Experiences of Parental Incarceration
- Theoretical Foundations
- Key Questions and Research Methods
II. Recent Cross-National Studies
- Findings From England
- Findings From Sweden
- Findings From the Netherlands
- Findings From the United States
- Cross-National Comparisons
III. Research Synthesis and Conclusions
- Systematic Review
Appendix A: Measures in the English Study
Appendix B: Measures in the Swedish Study
Appendix C: Measures in the Dutch Study
Appendix D: Measures in the American Study
Appendix E: Technical Notes on the Systematic Review
About the Authors
Joseph Murray, PhD, is a senior research associate and Wellcome Trust Research Career Development Fellow in the department of psychiatry at the University of Cambridge. His main research interests are in developmental criminology, cross-national comparisons, and crime and violence in low- and middle-income countries. He was awarded the University of Cambridge Manuel Lopez-Rey Graduate Prize in Criminology in 2002; the University of Cambridge Nigel Walker Prize for his PhD in 2007; a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship in 2006; a Darwin College Research Fellowship in 2007; and the Distinguished Young Scholar Award of the American Society of Criminology, Division of Corrections and Sentencing, in 2008.
Catrien C. J. H. Bijleveld, PhD, studied psychology and criminal law at Leiden University, earning her degree in statistical analysis of categorical time series. After working as an assistant professor at Leiden University she moved to the WODC Research and Documentation Center of the Netherlands Ministry of Justice. In 2001, she moved to NSCR in Leiden, and became professor of criminological research methods at the Vrije University in Amsterdam. Her main research interests are in the areas of criminal careers, female offenders, the intergenerational transmission of offenders, genocide, and sex offending. She is the author of several textbooks and the editor of other volumes on crime and justice in the Netherlands and on the association between employment and offending.
David P. Farrington, OBE, is Professor Emeritus of psychological criminology and Leverhulme Trust Emeritus Fellow at the Institute of Criminology at Cambridge University. He received the Stockholm Prize in Criminology in 2013. His major research interest is in developmental criminology, and he is director of the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, which is a prospective longitudinal survey of more than 400 London males from ages 8 to 56. In addition to more than 600 published journal articles and book chapters on criminological and psychological topics, he has published nearly 100 books, monographs, and government publications.
Rolf Loeber, PhD, is a professor of psychiatry, psychology, epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh. He is director of the Life History Program and is principal investigator of two longitudinal studies, the Pittsburgh Youth Study and the Pittsburgh Girls Study. He has published in the fields of juvenile antisocial behavior and delinquency, substance use, and mental health problems. He is an elected member of the Koninklijke Academie van Wetenschappen (Royal Academy of Sciences) in the Netherlands and the Royal Irish Academy in Ireland.
A fine example of the kinds of hypothesis testing that can be done with rich available data sets and is particularly valuable because of the authors' ability to identify and work with data sets with common variable from different countries.