Temperament: Individual Differences at the Interface of Biology and Behavior

Pages: 362
Item #: 4318290
ISBN: 978-1-55798-222-3
List Price: $9.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $9.95
Copyright: 1994
Format: Hardcover
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Overview

Temperament establishes a bridge between behaviorally oriented researchers, who start with key behavioral patterns and look for associated neural processes, and biologically oriented researchers, who start from known biological events and try to predict the behavioral patterns associated with them. Leading investigators describe the neural processes, brain development, and genetics thought to be involved in the coding and creation of temperament. They also examine the biological roots of such behaviors as impulsivity and the ability to cope with stress. Most important, they extend the findings to postulate how biological differences contribute to individual development differences on these dimensions.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

  1. Introduction
    —John E. Bates

I. Basic Biological and Theoretical Perspectives

  1. Brain Substrates of Emotion and Temperament
    —Joseph E. Steinmetz
  2. Neural Bases of Infant Temperament
    —Charles A. Nelson
  3. A Psychobiological Approach to the Development of Temperament
    —Mary K. Rothbart, Douglas Derryberry, and Michael I. Posner
  4. The Concepts of Arousal and Arousability as Used in Temperament Studies
    —Jan Strelau
  5. Quantitative Genetics and Molecular Genetics
    —Robert Plomin and Kimberly J. Saudino

II. Temperament, Biology, and Individual Adaptation

  1. Psychoendocrine Studies of Temperament and Stress in Early Childhood: Expanding Current Models
    —Megan R. Gunnar
  2. Individual Differences in the Biological Aspects of Temperament
    —Susan D. Calkins and Nathan A. Fox
  3. Impulsive Unsocialized Sensation Seeking: The Biological Foundations of a Basic Dimension of Personality
    —Marvin Zuckerman

III. Implications of Biological Models of Temperament

  1. Methodological Implications of the Impending Engagement of Temperament and Biology
    —Warren O. Eaton
  2. Toward Practical Uses for Biological Concepts of Temperament
    —John E. Bates, Theodore D. Wachs, and Robert N. Emde
  3. Behavioral Research in the Brave New World of Neuroscience and Temperament: A Guide to the Biologically Perplexed
    —Theodore D. Wachs and Beverly King

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors