Lipids, Health, and Behavior

Pages: 341
Item #: 4318530
ISBN: 978-1-55798-384-8
List Price: $14.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $14.95
Copyright: 1997
Format: Hardcover
Note: This book is out of print and no longer available for purchase.

For years, physicians have advised their patients to reduce levels of serum cholesterol in order to decrease the chance of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Population studies, however, suggest that limiting cholesterol intake does not reduce overall mortality rates. Instead, although CVD rates do decrease, the incidence of violent death increases.

These startling, if somewhat tentative, results have augmented research into a significant area: the connection between lipid levels and human behavior. Lipids, Health, and Behavior presents a snapshot of the current state of knowledge in the field, as well as original research.

This book explores potentially critical connections between lipids and psychopathology (such as violence and schizophrenia) and the more complex interactions among lipids, behavior, and physical health. Lipids account for 50–60% of the dry weight of brain matter (cholesterol being only one of many type of lipids), and 40 years of research suggests that lipids are a key physiological mechanism influencing psychological outcomes.

A unique contribution to this young field of study, Lipids, Health, and Behavior will help shape the direction of continued investigation. Additionally, this multidisciplinary volume addresses concerns pertaining to a number of disciplines—including neurology, psychology, and cardiology—as well as implications for public health officials involved in shaping policy for the future.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

—David R. Jacobs, Jr.

—Marc Hillbrand and Reuben T. Spitz

  1. Introduction
    —Marc Hillbrand and Reuben T. Spitz

I. Lipids: Understanding the Biobehavioral Nexus

  1. Neurogenic and Behavioral Influences on the Plasma Lipids
    —Ray H. Rosenman
  2. Lipids, Personality, and Stress: Mechanisms and Modulators
    —Catherine M. Stoney and Sheila West

II. Lipids and Psychological Distress

  1. Anxiety Disorders and Serum Lipids
    —Chris Hayward
  2. Lipids and the Coronary-Prone Personality
    —Lorenz J. P. van Doornen
  3. Pathophysiologic Relationships and Linkage Among Triglycerides, Hypocholesterolemia, and Depression
    —Charles J. Glueck, Robert Kunkel, and Murray Tieger
  4. Cholesterol Lowering and Emotional Distress: Current Status and Future Directions
    —Steven M. Schwartz and Mark W. Ketterer

III. Lipids and Brain Function

  1. Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Cholesterol on Neuronal Cell Membrane Function and Drug–Membrane Interactions
    —R. Preston Mason, Robert T. Rubin, Pamela E. Mason, and Thomas N. Tulenko
  2. The Cholesterol–Serotonin Hypothesis: Interrelationships Among Dietary Lipids, Central Serotonergic Activity, and Social Behavior in Monkeys
    —Jay R. Kaplan, Stephen B. Manuck, M. Babette Fontenot, Matthew F. Muldoon,Carol A. Shively, and J. John Mann
  3. Plasma Lipoproteins and Apolipoproteins in Individuals Convicted of Violent Crimes
    —Frank M. Corrigan, Ronald F. Gray, E. Roy Skinner, Amanda Strathdee,and David F. Horrobin
  4. Schizophrenia and Membrane Lipids
    —David F. Horrobin

IV. Diet, Lipids, and Cognitive Processes

  1. Brain Lipids and Diet
    —Maria Teresa Tacconi, Federico Calzi, and Mario Salmona
  2. Dietary Fat and Cognitive Functioning
    —David Benton

V. Public Health Perspectives

  1. Hypocholesterolemia, Hypolipoproteinemia, and Risk of Death
    —Roy B. Verdery
  2. Low Serum Total Cholesterol and Mortality From Accidents and Suicide
    —Albertine J. Schuit, Jacqueline M. Dekker, and Evert G. Schouten
  3. Cholesterol Lowering, Low Cholesterol, and Noncardiovascular Disease
    —John C. LaRosa

VI. Concluding Issues

  1. Public Health Issues and Directions for Future Research
    —Reuben T. Spitz and Marc Hillbrand

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors