The Science of Prevention: Methodological Advances From Alcohol and Substance Abuse Research

Pages: 458
Item #: 4318620
ISBN: 978-1-55798-439-5
List Price: $24.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 1997
Format: Hardcover
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Overview

The Science of Prevention: Methodological Advances From Alcohol and Substance Abuse Research explores ways for bringing greater methodological rigor to prevention research, gathering together the analyses and insights of prominent researchers who present examples of the problems—and the solutions—they have encountered in their own work.

Prevention researchers now conduct basic psychosocial research studying risk factors that vary in level from genes to communities. They also conduct efficacy research designed to evaluate new interventions focused on reducing risk for individuals, families, schools, and communities. The editors and contributors explore the implications of prospective longitudinal research that measures risk and protective factors, and illustrates developmental trajectories and the sequence of abuse. They look at intervention research with an eye toward how certain components may interact with individual and environmental factors and offer many concrete suggestions for improving methodological quality.

The methods discussed, while focusing on alcohol and substance abuse, are general enough to have pertinence for many kinds of research that take place in field settings, including smoking, risky sex, health problems, poor school performance, and criminal behavior. This volume is an invaluable resource for all social scientists interested in sound methodology.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Introduction: Overview of New Methodological Developments in Prevention Research: Alcohol and Substance Abuse
—Kendall J. Bryant, Stephen G. West, and Michael Windle

I. Expanding the Knowledge Base: Alternative Models

  1. Methodological Issues in Conducting Prospective Research on Alcohol-Related Behavior: A Report From the Field
    —Kenneth J. Sher and Phillip K. Wood
  2. Alternative Latent-Variable Approaches to Modeling Change in Adolescent Alcohol Involvement
    —Michael Windle
  3. Heavy Caffeine Use and the Beginning of the Substance Use Onset Process: An Illustration of Latent Transition Analysis
    —Linda M. Collins, John W. Graham, Susannah Scarborough Rousculp, and William B. Hansen
  4. Alternative Econometric Models of Alcohol Demand
    —W. G. Manning
  5. Behavioral Genetic Methods in Prevention Research: An Overview
    —Andrew C. Heath, Wendy S. Slutske, Kathleen K. Bucholz, Pamela A. F. Madden, and Nicholas G. Martin

II. Design and Analysis of Intervention Models

  1. Toward Understanding Individual Effects in Multicomponent Prevention Programs: Design and Analysis Strategies
    —Stephen G. West and Leona S. Aiken
  2. Time Series Analysis for Prevention and Treatment Research
    —Wayne F. Velicer and Suzanne M. Colby
  3. The Interactive Effect of Alcohol Prevention Programs in High School Classes: An Illustration of Item Homogeneity Scaling and Multilevel Analysis Techniques
    —Ita G. G. Kreft

III. Improving Methodological Quality

  1. Exploring the Measurement Invariance of Psychological Instruments: Applications in the Substance Use Domain
    —Keith F. Widaman and Steven P. Reise
  2. Analysis With Missing Data in Prevention Research
    —John W. Graham, Scott M. Hofer, Stewart I. Donaldson, David P. MacKinnon, and Jospeh L. Schafer
  3. Practical Power Analysis for Substance Abuse Health Services Research
    —Michael L. Dennis, Richard D. Lennox, and Mark A. Foss
  4. Assessing the Methodological Quality of Research in Narrative Reviews and Meta-Analyses
    —Robert L. Bangert-Drowns, Elisabeth Wells-Parker, and Isabel Chevillard

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors