This volume brings together some of the outstanding contributions to the American Psychologist during its 50-year history, and in so doing gives readers a glimpse of the evolution of psychology as an academic discipline, a profession, and a means of promoting human welfare.

Psychology as a discipline has been around only a little over a century. The American Psychologist has played a key role in its evolution by providing a forum for various points of view, which are continually modified as new facts and theories emerge.

The Evolution of Psychology includes one article from each of the American Psychologist's 50 years. Criteria for selection included clarity and accessibility of language; diversity of topics; and timeliness. The selections presented here are as relevant today as when they were first published, providing an engaging overview of this dynamic field.

Table of Contents

List of Articles by Years

List of Contributors



I. Science: Models, Theory and Research

  1. Some Observations on the Organization of Personality (1947)
    —Carl R. Rogers
  2. Cognitive, Conative, and Non-Intellective Intelligence (1950)
    —David Wechsler
  3. Freud and the Image of Man (1956)
    —Jerome S. Bruner
  4. The Nature of Love (1958)
    —Harry F. Harlow
  5. The American Revolution (1960)
    —D. O. Hebb
  6. Some Cognitive Aspects of Motivation (1961)
    —W. C. H. Prentice
  7. Originality (1965)
    —Norman H. Mackworth
  8. Deception in Psychological Research (1969)
    —Julius Seeman
  9. Shaping of the Science (1970)
    —Forrest B. Tyler
  10. The Acquisition and Application of Knowledge: A Symbiotic Relation (1972)
    —Wendell R. Garner
  11. Behavior Theory and the Models of Man (1974)
    —Albert Bandura
  12. The Steep and Thorny Way to a Science of Behavior (1975)
    —B. F. Skinner
  13. What Is Psychology? (1978)
    —Jean Piaget (Constance Kamii, Translator)
  14. A Primer of Testing (1981)
    —Bert F. Green
  15. Can Research on Morality Be "Scientific"? (1982)
    —Norma Haan
  16. Psychoanalysis Arrives in America: The 1909 Psychology Conference at Clark University (1985)
    —Rand B. Evans and William A. Koelsch
  17. The Mythical Revolutions of American Psychology (1992)
    —Thomas H. Leahy

II. Professional Practice

  1. Psychology in the War (1946)
    —Walter S. Hunter
  2. Psychology and the Newspaper Man (1952)
    —AltonL. Blakeslee
  3. Therapy in Soviet Psychiatric Hospitals (1953)
    —Ivan D. London
  4. The Discovery and Encouragement of Exceptional Talent (1954)
    —Lewis M. Terman
  5. Some Thoughts on Television as an Educational Tool (1955)
    —George J. Wischner and Ivan H. Scheier
  6. Behavior Control and Social Responsibility (1962)
    —Leonard Krasner
  7. Instructional Technology and the Measurement of Learning Outcomes: Some Questions (1963)
    —Robert Glaser
  8. The Psychologist as an Expert Witness on the Issue of Insanity (1964)
    —Ray Jeffery
  9. Jean Piaget and the World of the Child (1966)
    —Read D. Tuddenham
  10. Psychology, Psychologists, and Psychological Testing (1967)
    —Anne Anastasi
  11. Schizophrenia, Language, and Reality (1973)
    —Roger Brown
  12. A Reconsideration of Context: Perspectives on Prediction–Mote in the Eye (1977)
    —Mary Kay Lane
  13. Family Experience and the Child's Development (1979)
    —Jerome Kagan
  14. Introducing Psychology (1984)
    —Henry Gleitman
  15. Back to the Future in the Education and Training of Psychologists (1989)
    —FlorenceL. Denmark
  16. Health Psychology: The Science and the Field (1990)
    —Shelley E. Taylor
  17. Development During Adolescence: The Impact of Stage–Environment Fit on Young Adolescents' Experiences in Schools and in Families (1993)
    —Jacquelynne S. Eccles, Carol Midgley, Allan Wigfield, Christy Miller Buchanan,David Reuman, Constance Flanagan, and Douglas Mac Iver

III. Public Welfare

  1. Ethics and the Social Sciences (1948)
    —Raymond B. Cattell
  2. Psychology Working for Peace (1949)
    —Hadley Cantril
  3. The Woman Problem (1951)
    —Edwin G. Boring
  4. Desegregation: A Psychological Analysis (1957)
    —Stuart W. Cook
  5. The Psychology of the Recession (1959)
    —George Katona
  6. The Role of the Behavioral Scientist in the Civil Rights Movement (1968)
    —Martin Luther King, Jr.
  7. Black and White in International Perspective (1971)
    —Otto Klineberg
  8. On Animal Aggression: The Roles of Strangeness and Familiarity (1976)
    —Peter Marler
  9. On Getting in Bed With a Lion (1980)
    —William Bevan
  10. Crime and Violence in America: The Victims (1983)
    —Max Siegel
  11. Placing Women in the History of Psychology: The First American Women Psychologists (1986)
    —Laurel Furumoto and Elizabeth Scarborough
  12. Self-Interest and Personal Responsibility Redux (1987)
    —Robert Perloff
  13. The Study of Sexual Behavior in Relation to the Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus: Caveats and Recommendations (1988)
    —June Machover Reinisch, Stephanie A. Sanders, and Mary Ziemba-Davis
  14. Homelessness and Public Policy Priorities (1991)
    —Charles A. Kiesler
  15. The Sociocultural Relevance of Sex Research: Challenges for the 1990s and Beyond (1994)
    —Gail Elizabeth Wyatt
  16. The Effects of Exposure to Violence on Young Children (1995)
    —Joy D. Osofsky

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editor