Viewing Psychology as a Whole: The Integrative Science of William N. Dember

Pages: 704
Item #: 4318670
ISBN: 978-1-55798-474-6
List Price: $24.95
Member/Affiliate Price: $19.95
Copyright: 1998
Format: Hardcover
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Note: This book is out of print and no longer available for purchase.
Overview

This Festschrift in honor of William N. Dember provides a unique view of psychology as an integrated discipline, instead of an ensemble of subspecialties as it sometimes appears to be. Dember's wide-ranging contributions to perception, attention, motivation, and personality theory are rooted in his belief that, methodologically and conceptually, the whole of psychology is greater than the sum of its parts.

As testament to Dember's work in the whole of psychology, this book examines Dember's theories on the interplay among cognition, perception, and motivation in light of contemporary developments. These chapters not only extend Dember's research approach but also contribute to Dember's concern with applied psychology. This volume follows the course of Dember's own professional interests by beginning with chapters on basic research findings and theories and then concluding with applications of those research and theoretical outcomes.

This comprehensive, integrative, and in-depth volume stands as a fitting tribute to a man who viewed psychology as a whole science and will be appreciated by researchers, clinicians, and graduate students alike.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

About William N. Dember

  1. Introduction
    —Joel S. Warm, Michael F. Sherrick, and Robert R. Hoffman

Main Effects

I. Basic Perceptual Mechanisms and Phenomena

  1. What Degraded Images Tell Us About Perceptual Theories
    —William R. Uttal
  2. Motion Perception and Spatial Orientation
    —Michael F. Sherrick
  3. An Aftereffect of William Dember in Motion: Probing the Signal for Motion Parallax
    —Hiroshi Ono, Takao Sato, Satoshi Shioiri, and Hiroyasu Ujike

II. Basic Attentional Mechanisms and Phenomena

  1. Tests of Vigilance Taxonomy
    —Joel S. Warm and William N. Dember
  2. Arousal and Vigilance: The Role of Task Demands
    —Gerald Matthews and D. Roy Davies
  3. What's So Boring About Vigilance?
    —Mark W. Scerbo
  4. The Attentive Brain in Aging and Alzheimer's Disease
    —Raja Parasuraman

III. Novelty and Complexity

  1. The Exploration of Complexity and the Complexity of Exploration
    —Leonard S. Mark
  2. Individual Differences in Word Processing Strategies
    —Jon G. Temple and Astrid Schmidt-Nielsen
  3. Individual Differences in Approach to Novelty: The Case of Human Food Neophobia
    —Robert A. Frank and Bryan Raudenbush
  4. Observation and Choice
    —Joseph S. Lappin
  5. Spontaneous Alternation Behavior in Animals: Mechanisms, Motives, and Applications
    —Robert N. Hughes

Interactions

IV. Perception and Cognition

  1. On Possible Parallels Between Perceiving and Recalling Events
    —James J. Jenkins and J. Terrell Tuten
  2. Perception, Mental Retardation, and Intelligence
    —Robert Fox
  3. Memory Psychophysics and Similarity Comparison: Dember Revisited
    —William M. Petrusic and Peter H. Aubin

V. Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation

  1. A Russian Perspective on Optimism–Pessimism and the Future of the Russian Economy
    —Diane F. Halpern
  2. Holocaust Memory: Persistent Recall of Extreme Trauma
    —Robert Kraft
  3. Racism in the 1990s: Race-ing to the Year 2000
    —Charles L. Richman
  4. Distinguishing Between Optimism and Pessimism: A Second Look at the Optimism–Neuroticism Hypothesis
    —Edward C. Chang
  5. Interference Effects of Facial Affect
    —Dean G. Purcell, Alan L. Stewart, and Richard B. Skov
  6. Theoretical Issues in the Role of Appraisal in Emotion: Cognitive Content Versus Physiological Change
    —Jenefer Robinson

Applications

VI. Applied Psychology

  1. Insomnia and Metabolic Rate
    —Donna L. Arand
  2. From Optimal Complexity to Naltrexone Extinction of Alcoholism
    —John David Sinclair
  3. Allocating Functions in Human–Machine Systems
    —Peter A. Hancock and Stephen F. Scallen
  4. Individual Differences in Learning Style and Group Performance
    —Michael J. Naumes
  5. Enhancing Diagnostic Decisions
    —John A. Swets
  6. Compensation for the Effects of Time Delay in a Virtual Environment
    —W. Todd Nelson, Lawrence J. Hettinger, Michael W. Haas, Joel S. Warm, William N. Dember, and Thomas A. Stoffregen
  7. Touch Therapies
    —Tiffany M. Field

The Life and Work of William N. Dember

VII. Paths: Past and Future

  1. If You Come to a Fork in the Road
    —William N. Dember

Chronological List of Publications by William N. Dember

Conference Participants at "Psychology Beyond the Threshold"

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors