Animal Models of Human Emotion and Cognition
Animal research has contributed enormously to our current knowledge of human physiology and basic brain function. But in recent years, concerns have been raised about the usefulness and validity of animal research aimed at illuminating our own behavior. This volume argues that animal studies do indeed provide valuable insights into our behaviors and presents studies illustrating how researchers are trying to better understand human emotion, development, and cognition.
Contributors from both the United States and Europe shed new light on such research topics as anxiety and schizophrenia; sensory development, self-recognition, and perception; amnesia, memory disorders, and hemispheric specialization; and various aspects of aggression. This volume will be of interest to experimental psychologists as well as to general psychologists who wish to better understand the applications of animal studies.
List of Contributors
—Marc Haug and Richard E. Whalen
I. Key Considerations
- On the Nature of Animal Models of Human Behavioral Dysfunction
—J. Bruce Overmier
- Justifying the Research Agenda
- On the Affective Nature of Human Nature: A Neurobiologist's Reflections
II. Psychiatric and Emotional Disorders
- Rodent Models of Human Neuroses and Psychoses
—Paul F. Brain and Lynne Marrow
- The Mouse Defense Test Battery: An Experimental Model of Different Emotional States
—Guy Griebel and David J. Sanger
- Latent Inhibition in Animals as a Model of Acute Schizophrenia: A Reanalysis
—Philippe Oberling, Olivier Gosselin, and Ralph R. Miller
- Startle-Response Measures of Information Processing in Animals: Relevance to Schizophrenia
—Mark A. Geyer, David L. Braff, and Neal R. Swerdlow
- Sensory and Integrative Development in the Human Fetus and Perinate: The Usefulness of Animal Models
—Benoist Schaal, Jean-Pierre Lecanuet, and Carolyn Granier-Deferre
- What Has the Psychology of Human Perception Learned From Animal Studies?
—Claude Bonnet and Christian Wehrhahn
- An Animal Model for a Physiological Interpretation of Human Bisexuality
- Self-Recognition in Nonhuman Primates: Past and Future Challenges
—James R. Anderson and Gordon G. Gallup, Jr.
- Animal Models of Medial Temporal Lobe Amnesia: The Myth of the Hippocampus
—Christopher A. Duva, Tom J. Kornecook, and John P. J. Pinel
- Animal Models of Global Amnesia: What Can They Tell Us About Memory?
—Dave G. Mumby
- Behavioral and Pharmacological Analyses of Memory: New Behavioral Options for Remediation
—J. Bruce Overmier, Lisa M. Savage, and Whitney A. Sweeney
- Nonhuman Primates as Models of Hemispheric Specialization
—Jacques Vauclair, Joël Fagot, and Delphine Dépy
- Animal Aggression: A Model for Stress and Coping
—Jaap M. Koolhaus, Sietse F. de Boer, Anne J. H. de Ruiter, and Bela Bohus
- Mouse Genes and Animal Models of Human Aggression
—Stephen C. Maxson
- Ethological and Welfare Considerations in the Study of Aggression in Rodents and Nonhuman Primates
—Augusto Vitale and Enrico Alleva
- Continuity Versus (Political) Correctness: Animal Models and Human Aggression
—D. Caroline Blanchard, Mark Hebert, and Robert J. Blanchard
About the Editors
Marc Haug, PhD, is director of research at the Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France. He coproduced, among other books, Heterotypical Behaviour in Man and Animals, The Aggressive Female, and, also with Dr. Richard E. Whalen, The Development of Sex Differences and Similarities in Behavior. A fellow of the New York Academy of Science, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, as well as of the European Neuroscience Association, Dr. Haug is serving as an adviser to the vice president for international affairs of the Université Louis Pasteur to promote higher education links with universities in the United States.
Richard E. Whalen, PhD, is professor emeritus at the University of California and is currently affiliated with the University of California, Riverside. He has taught and conducted research at the University of California, Los Angeles, the University of California, Irvine, and the State University of New York, Stony Brook. A cofounder, with Frank A. Beach, of the journal Hormones and Behavior, Dr. Whalen has coedited many books during his academic career and has published extensively in a wide range of other journals, including Science, Nature, the Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, Psychological Review, Brain Research, and Endocrinology.