This festschrift, dedicated to Herschel W. Leibowitz, examines some of the most interesting research currently being conducted in the field of visual perception and performance. In the spirit of their colleague and mentor, the contributors describe research into issues that have important practical applications in fields such as traffic safety, industrial design, and public health issues.
The opening section reprints a classic paper by Leibowitz on the symbiosis between basic and applied research. Subsequent sections reflect on and extend his work in psychophysics. They include chapters on clinical applications, such as early detection of glaucoma; night myopia and its controversial link to the resting state of accommodation; new insights about visual illusions; the reasons we fail to perceive the hazards of night driving; and finally, perceptual applications to other disciplines. This volume should be of interest not only to psychologists who study perception, but also to readers from related disciplines such as medicine, public health, physics, and the history of science.
I. A Symbiosis of Science, Service, and Mentorship
- Herschel W. Leibowitz's Approach to Psychological Science
—D. Alfred Owens, Jeffrey Andre, and Lewis O. Harvey, Jr.
- Why is That Important? Hersh Leibowitz As a Model for Mentors
—Sharon Toffey Shepela
II. Integrating Basic and Applied Research
- The Symbiosis Between Basic and Applied Research
—Herschel W. Leibowitz
- Living With Uncertainty in an Uncertain World: Signal Detection Theory in the Real World
—Lewis O. Harvey, Jr.
III. Clinical Applications
- The Use of a Visual Illusion to Detect Glaucoma: Frequency Doubling Technology Perimetry
—Chris A. Johnson
- On the Earliest Known Lenses
—Jay M. Enoch
- Controversies Concerning the Resting State of Accommodation: Focusing on Leibowitz
- Early Astigmatism Contributes to the Oblique Effect and Creates Its Chinese–Caucasian Difference
—Richard Held, Frank Thorn, James McLellan, Kenneth Grice, and Jane Gwiazda
V. Interactions With Visual Information
- Misperceiving Extents in the Medial Plane: The Paradox of Shepard's Tables Illusion
—Boris Crassini, Christopher J. Best, and Ross H. Day
- Field Dependence With Pitched, Rolled, and Yawed Visual Frame Effects
—Lawrence T. Guzy, Malcolm M. Cohen, and Sheldon M. Ebenholtz
- Perception and Action: Two Modes of Processing Visual Information
—Robert B. Post, Robert B. Welch, and Bruce Bridgeman
VI. Traffic Safety
- Twilight Vision and Road Safety: Seeing More Than We Notice but Less Than We Think
—D. Alfred Owens
- Educating Pedestrians About Their Own Nighttime Visibility: An Application of Leibowitzian Principles
—Richard A. Tyrrell and Chad W. Patton
VII. Perceptual Applications to Other Disciplines
- Basic and Applied Nausea Research Using an Optokinetic Drum
—Robert M. Stern
- What Is the Role of Vision During Stair Descent?
—Peter R. Cavanagh and Jill S. Higginson
Appendix: Selected Publications by Herschel W. Leibowitz
About the Editors