Family Psychology: Science-Based Interventions presents innovative perspectives on the science of family intervention. The editors provide a thorough and concise historical overview of this emerging field, which is considered the applied branch of family psychology. Leading experts in the field present therapy techniques, procedures, and research strategies that are empirically based. Contributors stress the need to link research and practice so that the questions targeted by researchers are those confronted by clinicians and the results can directly influence the practice of family therapy. Also emphasized is the need to identify specific patient characteristics that set these patients apart from the rest of the population and, if addressed in a more focused manner, would enhance the effectiveness of the intervention.

Chapters offer strong empirical evidence and the most current developments for the treatment of a wide variety of marriage and family problems. Advances in couples and marital research include conceptual frameworks and treatments aimed at preventing marital distress and divorce and promoting marital adjustment. Chapters on family research discuss promising areas and challenges in moving prevention science into broader community settings, the specific value of prevention efforts, and the role of the family in these efforts. Of particular interest are chapters focusing on contextual considerations, which highlight the many ways in which gender and cultural factors can influence core constructs and processes. This book will be a valuable resource for advanced graduate students, family therapists, and family researchers committed to conducting clinically meaningful and scientifically sound intervention research.

Table of Contents





I. Science of Family Psychology: Overview of the Field

  1. Family Psychology Intervention Science: Introduction to an Emerging Area of Science and Practice
    —Howard A. Liddle, James H. Bray, Ronald F. Levant, and Daniel A. Santisteban
  2. The Developmental Status of Family Therapy in Family Psychology Intervention Science
    —James F. Alexander, Thomas L. Sexton, and Michael S. Robbins
  3. Studying a Matrix of Change Mechanisms: An Agenda for Family-Based Process Research
    —Guy S. Diamond and Gary M. Diamond

II. Advances in Assessment and Methods

  1. Conceptual Issues in Assessing Couples and Families
    —Douglas K. Snyder, Jebber J. Cozzi, and Laurel F. Mangrum
  2. Methodological Issues and Innovations in Family Psychology Intervention Research
    —James H. Bray

III. Advances in Marital Intervention Research

  1. Developments in Couple Therapy Research
    —Jackie K. Gollan and Neil S. Jacobson
  2. Preventive Interventions for Couples
    —Benjamin Silliman, Scott M. Stanley, William Coffin, Howard J. Markman, Pamela J. Jordan
  3. Toward a Scientifically Based Marital Therapy
    —John M. Gottman, Kimberly D. Ryan, Sybil Carrère, and Annette M. Erley

IV. Advances in Family Intervention Research

  1. Toward Prevention and Clinical Relevance: A Preventive Intervention Model for Family Therapy Research and Practice
    —William M. Pinsof and Alexandra B. Hambright
  2. Family-Focused Prevention Research: "Tough but Tender"
    —Patrick H. Tolan
  3. Toward Family-Level Attribute x Treatment Interaction Research
    —Michael J. Rohrbaugh, Varda Shoham, and Melissa W. Racioppo
  4. Linking Basic and Applied Research in a Prevention Science Process
    —Marion S. Forgatch and Nancy M. Knutson
  5. Mental Health Services Research and Family-Based Treatment: Bridging the Gap
    —Sonja K. Schoenwald and Scott W. Henggeler
  6. Challenges in a 30-Year Program of Research: Conduct Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, the Marital Discord and Depression Link, and Partner Abuse
    —K. Daniel O'Leary

V. Contextual Considerations in Family Intervention Research

  1. Conceptualizing Gender in Marital and Family Therapy Research: The Gender Role Strain Paradigm
    —Ronald F. Levant and Carol L. Philpot
  2. Integrating the Study of Ethnic Culture and Family Psychology Intervention Science
    —Daniel A. Santisteban, Joan A. Muir-Malcolm, Victoria B. Mitrani, José Szapocznik

Author Index

Subject Index

About the Editors

Editor Bios

Howard A. Liddle, EdD, Northern Illinois University, is director of the Center for Treatment Research on Adolescent Drug Abuse and professor of epidemiology and public health at the University of Miami. His program of clinical research has included serving as principal investigator on two National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) center grants, several large-scale controlled trials, treatment development, and process studies.

His research addresses the development, testing, and refinement of a family-based treatment for adolescent substance abuse. This treatment model has been recognized as an "exemplary" or "best practice" model by the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention "Strengthening Families" initiative and as an empirically supported treatment in the NIDA publication, Principles of Effective Drug Treatment, and the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Treatment Improvement Protocol Series volume, Adolescent Substance Abuse. His research on the efficacy of multidimensional family therapy has been recognized with career achievement awards from the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, the American Family Therapy Academy, and the Division of Family Psychology (Family Psychologist of the Year Award).

He is active in the research grant review process, serving on NIDA's treatment research study section. He is also actively involved in expert panels and scientific committees that address adolescent substance abuse in NIDA, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Addiction, the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, and the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

He was the founding editor of the Journal of Family Psychology in 1987, and he is also known for his work in the family therapy training and supervision area. His 1988 book, Handbook of Family Therapy Training and Supervision, remains a classic textbook in that specialty.

Daniel A. Santisteban, BA, Rutgers University, PhD, University of Miami, has led efforts in both the clinical and research arenas in his role as research associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Miami Center for Family Studies. He has been the principal investigator on two National Institute on Drug Abuse-funded treatment development studies designed to develop new variants of family therapy to address the special needs of adolescents with borderline personality diagnoses and clinically referred Hispanic youth and families. He has also served as co-principal investigator and project director on several large-scale clinical trials for testing the effectiveness of family interventions.

He is a family therapy trainer within the Center for Family Studies Training Institute and has focused on developing new culturally appropriate family treatment interventions for specialized populations. He has also published in the area of family therapy efficacy, engagement of reluctant family members into treatment, and on the important role that cultural factors play in treatment and research.

Ronald F. Levant, EdD, Harvard University, is a clinician in independent practice, clinical supervisor in hospital settings, clinical and academic administrator, and academic faculty member. He has served on the faculties of Boston, Rutgers, and Harvard Universities. He is currently dean and professor, Center for Psychological Studies, NOVA Southeastern University.

He has authored, coauthored, edited, or coedited more than 150 publications, including 12 books and 80 refereed journal articles and book chapters in family and gender psychology and in advancing professional psychology.

He has also served as president of the Massachusetts Psychological Association, president of APA Division 43 (Family Psychology), cofounder and first president of APA Division 51 (Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity), two-term member and two-term chair of the APA Committee for the Advancement of Professional Practice, two-term member of the APA Council of Representatives, and Member-At-Large of the APA Board of Directors. As a member of the Board of Directors he chaired the task force that resolved the longstanding issue of representation of small state psychological associations and divisions on the APA Council of Representatives through the creation of the "wildcard plan," which brought an expanded Council into being in January 1999. He is currently serving as recording secretary of the APA.

James H. Bray, PhD, is director of family psychology programs and associate professor in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas. He has received numerous awards, including election into the National Academies of Practice for Psychology, the Karl F. Heiser APA Presidential Award for Advocacy on Behalf of Professional Psychology, and the 1992 Federal Advocacy Award from the APA Practice Directorate.

He has published and presented numerous works in the areas of divorce, remarriage, adolescent substance use, intergenerational family relationships, and collaboration between physicians and psychologists. He was principal investigator of the federally funded longitudinal study Developmental Issues in StepFamilies Research Project and is principal investigator of a federally funded project on alcohol and other drug abuse in families with adolescents.

He is a member of the APA Council of Representatives for the Division of Family Psychology.

As a family and clinical psychologist he conducts research and teaches resident physicians, medical students, and psychology students. In addition to his research, he maintains an active clinical practice focusing on children and families.